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Germany

Create Youth Strategy (DE0018)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Germany Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ)

Support Institution(s): Interministerial working group on youth, Child and Youth Welfare Association (AGJ), German Federal Youth Council, Kooperationsverbund Jugendsozialarbeit, Federal Association of Non-Statutory Welfare, German Youth Institute, “jugendgerecht.de – the Independent Youth Policy Office” (co-organisation of youth conference), among others

Policy Areas

Marginalized Communities, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Germany Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

What is the public problem that the commitment will address?
Young people want to help shape our society, and they want to be asked for input on setting
the political course for the future. Current debates about the relationship between young
people and politics show that many young people want to have a political say. It is also the
case that projects and decisions in all policy areas can have effects which are relevant, or
even specific, to young people.
The joint youth strategy of the Federal Government is meant to offer adolescents and young
adults the best possible conditions for mastering the challenges of this stage of their lives,
while taking the interests and needs of the younger generation into account appropriately.
This also requires youth participation in the development and implementation of such a
strategy.

What is the commitment?
To develop and implement a joint youth strategy, the Federal Government will involve young
people in as broad and substantive a way as possible through different formats, as young
people should be able to help shape “their” youth strategy themselves. The quality standards
for effective youth participation that were formulated as part of the National Action Plan
“For a Germany Fit for Children 2005-2010” apply to all of these formats. The results of the
participatory processes will be integrated into the implementation of the strategy via the
interministerial working group on youth. This will improve the substantive quality and longterm impact of the interministerial youth strategy.

How will the commitment contribute to solving the public problem?
Opportunities for participation will serve to stoke young people’s interest in politics and
enthusiasm about democracy, as well as to disseminate information about the youth
strategy specifically to the target group. The interministerial working group on youth, which
includes representatives of every federal ministry, will engage intensively with the results
of the participation formats and provide transparent feedback on which results can be
implemented in what way and, if applicable, which results cannot be implemented and why.

Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values?
Youth participation in the implementation of the Federal Government’s youth strategy will
create new and innovative options for substantive dialogue between the federal ministries
and adolescents and young adults. Information and communication on the youth strategy
will foster transparency. This also includes feedback on how the results of participation are
dealt with, including disclosure of what occurs and who is responsible.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

3. Youth participation in the Federal Government’s joint youth strategy

Main Objective

“To develop and implement a joint youth strategy, the Federal Government will involve young people in as broad and substantive a way as possible through different formats, as young people should be able to help shape “their” youth strategy themselves. The quality standards for effective youth participation that were formulated as part of the National Action Plan “For a Germany Fit for Children 2005-2010” apply to all of these formats. The results of the participatory processes will be integrated into the implementation of the strategy via the interministerial working group on youth. This will improve the substantive quality and long-term impact of the interministerial youth strategy.”

Milestones

3.1. Cabinet decision on the joint youth strategy of the Federal Government

3.2. A youth conference as an interim review of the implementation of the youth strategy to date as well as its design

3.3. The JugendPolitikTage 2021 (Youth Politics Days; form is yet to be determined) take stock of the youth strategy from the perspective of the younger generation and derive additional prospects for effective youth participation formats at federal level, among other things

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Germany’s action plan at: https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Germany_Action-Plan_2019-2021_EN.pdf.

Commitment Analysis
This commitment seeks to actively involve young people in the development and implementation of the federal government’s youth strategy. Specifically, it calls for holding a youth conference in 2020 as an interim review of the design and implementation of the youth strategy as well as a Youth Politics Days in 2021. The action plan also states that feedback will be provided on the participation in the youth strategy. The focus on strengthening youth participation makes this commitment relevant to the OGP value of civic participation.

Political interest among young people in Germany is rising and engagement practices are increasingly diverse, reaching beyond conventional institutional forms of political involvement. [18] 77% of young people between ages 12 and 25 report that they are satisfied with democracy in Germany. 59% describe Germany as overall fair, although the approval ratings are lower for children growing up in precarious circumstances. [19] Expert assessments however also find that children and young people have a comparatively limited influence on how their rights are promoted and upheld. [20] Participation is an essential right for children and young people, enshrined in human rights treaties. Meaningful participation is empirically positively associated with well-being and life satisfaction of young people and helps build skills for political engagement later in adult life. [21]

Young people between the ages of 12 and 27 account for 14 million people or 17% of the overall population in Germany, yet their share of the population eligible to vote is only 8%. [22] As young people below the age of 18 are not able to vote or run for political office in federal elections, alternative formats for youth engagement (such as this commitment) are important. The potential scope for engagement under this commitment is quite large, as the federal government’s youth strategy cuts across all policy fields and already lists more than 160 measures. [23] In addition, the commitment designates a specific inter-ministerial working group (Interministerielle Arbeitsgruppe Jugend) [24] as the point of contact for receiving feedback and explaining how this feedback was incorporated into the strategy. This could further support effective participation.

Overall, success of this commitment will largely depend on the extent to which young people are able to influence the design and implementation of the youth strategy, as well as how the two main activities (the youth conference in 2020 and the Youth Politics Day in 2021) are conducted. The responsible unit in the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth provided the IRM researcher with additional details that suggest an expansion of ongoing youth engagement and higher visibility across all ministries during this programming. [25] This further corroborates the prospect for tangible results. However, considering that the commitment is confined to two events and does not provide clear, measurable targets, it’s overall potential impact is assessed as minor.

[18] BMFSFJ, Kinder- und Jugendbericht Bericht über die Lebenssituation junger Menschen und die Leistungen der Kinder- und Jugendhilfe in Deutschland [Children's and youth report on the living situation of young people and the services of child and youth welfare in Germany] (2017), 15.
[19] BMFSFJ, In gemeinsamer Verantwortung: Politik für, mit und von Jugend. Die Jugendstrategie der Bundesregierung [Shared responsibility: Politics for, with and by youth. The federal government's youth strategy] (2019), https://www.bmfsfj.de/blob/141940/a9789d196ec8313b0b6bda4d5fd18eae/in-gemeinsamer-verantwortung-politik-fuer-mit-und-von-jugend-data.pdf.
[20] See literature referenced in Sabine Andresen und Renate Möller, Children’s Worlds+ Eine Studie zu Bedarfen von Kindern und Jugendlichen in Deutschland, Bertelsmann Stiftung, (2019), https://www.bertelsmann-stiftung.de/fileadmin/files/Projekte/Familie_und_Bildung/Studie_WB_Children_s_Worlds__Gesamtauswertung_2019.pdf.
[21] Sabine Andresen and Renate Möller, Children’s Worlds+ Eine Studie zu Bedarfen von Kindern und Jugendlichen in Deutschland (Bertelsmann Stiftung, 2019), https://www.bertelsmann-stiftung.de/fileadmin/files/Projekte/Familie_und_Bildung/Studie_WB_Children_s_Worlds__Gesamtauswertung_2019.pdf.
[22] BMFSFJ, In gemeinsamer Verantwortung: Politik für, mit und von Jugend. Die Jugendstrategie der Bundesregierung.
[23] Id.
[24] BMFSFJ, “Jugend beteiligen, Jugend sichtbar machen” [Involve youth, make youth visible] (25 Oct. 2018), https://www.bmfsfj.de/bmfsfj/jugend-beteiligen--jugend-sichtbar-machen/130136.
[25] BMFSFJ Unit 501, 13 March 2020, email to IRM researcher. 

Commitments

  1. Participatory Development of Research and Innovation Policy

    DE0022, 2019, Public Participation

  2. Participatory Creation of Regulatory Policy

    DE0023, 2019, Open Regulations

  3. Digital Strategy Pilot for Rural Regions

    DE0024, 2019, Subnational

  4. Open Government in North Rhine-Westphalia

    DE0025, 2019, Access to Information

  5. Policy Co-Creation in North Rhine-Westphalia

    DE0026, 2019, Land Rights and Spatial Planning

  6. Data Sovereignty in North Rhine-Westphalia

    DE0027, 2019, Access to Information

  7. Open Government Portal in Saxony

    DE0028, 2019, E-Government

  8. Open-Source Software in Public Administrations in Schleswig-Holstein

    DE0029, 2019, Subnational

  9. Regional Open Government Labs

    DE0016, 2019, Public Participation

  10. Civil Society Consulation on Foreign Policy

    DE0017, 2019,

  11. Create Youth Strategy

    DE0018, 2019, Marginalized Communities

  12. Craete Federal Agency for Digital Innovation

    DE0019, 2019,

  13. Transparency and Participation in International Aid

    DE0020, 2019, Access to Information

  14. Strengthen and Socialize Open Data Policy

    DE0021, 2019, Access to Information

  15. Conditions for OGP Participation

    DE0001, 2017,

  16. Open Data in Administrative Practice

    DE0002, 2017, Access to Information

  17. Open Data Environment

    DE0003, 2017, Access to Information

  18. Access to Spatial Data

    DE0004, 2017, Access to Information

  19. Financial Transparency - EITI Standard

    DE0005, 2017, Access to Information

  20. Transparency in Development Policy

    DE0006, 2017, Access to Information

  21. Starred commitment Open Data for Intelligent Mobility

    DE0007, 2017, Access to Information

  22. Citizen Participation in Environmental Policy and Urban Development

    DE0008, 2017, Capacity Building

  23. Electronic Procedures for Family Benefits

    DE0009, 2017, E-Government

  24. Knowledge Network for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex People

    DE0010, 2017, E-Government

  25. Local Alliances for Family Initiative

    DE0011, 2017, Public Participation

  26. Share of Women and Men in Leadership Positions, Private and Private Sectors

    DE0012, 2017, E-Government

  27. Open Access to Academic Literature

    DE0013, 2017, E-Government

  28. Science Year 2018

    DE0014, 2017, Public Participation

  29. Federal Competition “Living Together Hand in Hand”

    DE0015, 2017, Citizenship & Immigration

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