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Greece

Public participation in decision making (GR0013)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Greece Second Action Plan for 2014-2016

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reconstruction

Support Institution(s): National Center for Public Administration

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Legislation & Regulation, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Greece End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Enhancement of the consultation process in all levels (institutional/legal, operational, technical). More specifically the following areas will be improved:
- Institutional: Strengthening of current institutional/legal framework.
- Technical: The electronic system www.opengov.gr will be the focal point of information
provision and consultation conduction throughout the public sector. Also the functionality
offered for consultation of running consultations will be enhanced.
- Operational:
o Introduction of a unique methodology for deliberation conduction, which will apply to all public administration bodies.
o Adoption of a minimum consultation period.
o Highlight of best practices. Study of consultations with increased participation.
o Identification of consultations and submitted draft legislation. Existence of link between the consultation and final draft (a results table with the comments and suggestions that were accepted will be included). Adoption of same enumeration in both consultation provided and final draft, in order to better correlate
o Template for consultation results presentation.
o Annual assessment of results.
o Training and utilization of executives.
o Adoption of mechanisms for reaching and mobilizing citizens. CSOs will be invited to
actively participate in this process.
o Structured communication with all interested parties.
o Gradual integration of consultations at regional and local level (municipalities) on citizens’ everyday life issues.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 1.2. Public participation in decision making

Commitment Text:

Enhancement of the consultation process in all levels (institutional/legal, operational, technical). More specifically the following areas will be improved:

       Institutional: Strengthening of current institutional/legal framework

       Technical: The electronic system www.opengov.gr will be the focal point of information provision and consultation conduction throughout the public sector. Also the functionality offered for consultation of running consultations will be enhanced

       Operational:

o   Introduction of a unique methodology for deliberation conduction, which will apply to all public administration bodies.

o   Adoption of a minimum consultation period. 

o   Highlight of best practices. Study of consultations with increased participation.

o   Identification of consultations and submitted draft legislation. Existence of link between the consultation and final draft (a results table with the comments and suggestions that were accepted will be included). Adoption of same enumeration in both consultations provided and final draft, in order to better correlate

o   Template for consultation results presentation.

o   Annual assessment of results.

o   Training and utilization of executives.

o   Adoption of mechanisms for reaching and mobilizing citizens. CSOs will be invited to actively participate in this process.

o   Structured communication with all interested parties.

o   Gradual integraton of consultations at regional and local level (municipalities) on citizens’ everyday life issues.

Milestones - Timescales

1.2.1  Regulation/legislation in place by end of December 2015.

1.2.2 Operational and technical improvements: gradual implementation, ending June 2016. There will be pertaining Action Plan by the end of 2014 (that will be published), followed be incremental implementation and deployment.

1.2.3 Preparation of a plan for public administration training, awareness raising and citizen mobilization (December 2014), which will include the needed steps for gradual application.

Responsible institution: Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reconstruction

Supporting institution(s): National Center for Public Administration

Start date: December 2014                                                                              End date: June 2016

Commitment Aim:

This commitment forms part of Greece’s efforts at strengthening public participation, especially online, in decision making. It aims to improve participation in online consultations by consolidating the legal framework and improving operational and technical aspects required by the web platform. The government committed to establishing a minimum consultation period, introducing a consultation methodology for the public sector, devising a link between the consultation text and the final draft, and reaching out to mobilize meaningful stakeholder participation. Milestones for the above policy goals included:

      New regulation/legislation regarding consultations by end of December 2015;

      Operational and technical improvements by the end of June 2016; and

      A training and awareness plan by the end of December 2015.

Status

Midterm: Limited

Overall, The Openwise IRM research team found evidence of limited completion for this commitment. Greece had not begun implementing regulation or legislation, although commitment does not require completion of legislative action until December 2015.

Greece had partially implemented operational and technical improvements. The Openwise IRM research team found evidence of limited consultations, but there were no adequate mechanisms for the Parliament to adopt findings from these consultations. The training and mobilization plan has limited completion. Although there was no official proposal for training, awareness-raising or citizen mobilization, the National Center for Public Administration provided some guidance and technical support to the teams tasked with implementing consultations in each ministry.

End of term: Limited

According to information The Openwise IRM research team gathered during the government’s interministerial OGP meeting, there was no further evidence to support the advancement of this commitment.[Note 3: “Government interministerial OGP” (meeting, The Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reconstruction, 31 Aug. 2016).] Government officials confirmed that there had been no action regarding the launch of a new legal framework for online consultation. Members of the interministerial team that work for the National Center of Public Administration, which is responsible for operational updates to opengov.gr, mentioned some new technical improvements.[Note 4: Ibid.] These included automatic update of statistical data, efforts to decentralize the system by allowing public agencies to run their own consultations, security upgrades to withstand malevolent cyber attacks, and training seminars for public employees that use the system. Not all of the above actions were specifically stated in the action plan, and the IRM researcher found that Milestone 1.2.2 has limited completion.

Did it open government?

Access to information: Did not change

Civic Participation: Did not change

This commitment aimed to establish a new law that would revise existing legislative framework and achieve concrete technical and operational improvements for online consultations. These improvements sought to establish minimum requirements of conduct, but the vague wording of the commitment combined with overlapping actions within milestones limited their potential effect on civic participation. Overall, the implementation of this commitment did not change the status quo regarding the organization, execution and impact of online public participation on the actual decision-making process. For example, the average period for consultations has not changed between 2014 and 2016, remaining at an average 10 days according to opengov.gr websites. Although consultation participants can access information on the parliament.gr website concerning the impact of their input, the only available feedback is a scanned .pdf report of limited value.[Note 5: See Hellenic Parliament public consultation report, http://www.parliament.gr/UserFiles/2f026f42-950c-4efc-b950-340c4fb76a24/d-ergopro-ekthesi-2_XPress_Hamster_temp.qxp.pdf.]

Carried forward?

The improvement of the online open consultation service is included in the Third Greek National Action Plan. The scope of these improvements is similar to those of the previous plan. Improvements include legal and operational actions either rephrased or taken verbatim from the second plan. Specifically, the enhancement of the legal framework gives emphasis to establishing a methodology that would require concise official responses to participants regarding the extent to which their input influenced the consultation life cycle.


Greece's Commitments

  1. Framework law on Open & Participative Governance

    GR0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  2. Participation in the Assessment of the Public Sector

    GR0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  3. Publicity of Organisational Charts & Entities of the Public Sector

    GR0033, 2016, E-Government

  4. Accountability and Settlement of Disputes between the citizens and the Public Sector

    GR0034, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  5. Guide and Standardization for the provision of Services & for Procedures per Service/entity

    GR0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  6. Improvement of the open deliberation procedure

    GR0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  7. National Register of Line Managers of the Public Administration (Register)

    GR0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  8. Implementation of the assessment of employees and services and control methods

    GR0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  9. Implementation of a System for the Selection of Managers

    GR0039, 2016, Capacity Building

  10. Digital Repository for Pubic Administration Studies

    GR0040, 2016, Capacity Building

  11. Provision of Open Cultural Data

    GR0041, 2016, E-Government

  12. Geospatial Maritime Data

    GR0042, 2016, E-Government

  13. Ship/Company and Seafarer Registers

    GR0043, 2016, E-Government

  14. Marine and Maritime Activity

    GR0044, 2016, E-Government

  15. Starred commitment Public Property Open Data

    GR0045, 2016, E-Government

  16. KPI’s for the implementation of Public and EU Financed Projects

    GR0046, 2016, E-Government

  17. Data and Statistics for Greek National Exams

    GR0047, 2016, E-Government

  18. Protocol Digitization

    GR0048, 2016, E-Government

  19. Informative Actions on open data for young people in Secondary and higher Education

    GR0049, 2016, Education

  20. Open Education

    GR0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Provision of open data for Justice

    GR0051, 2016, E-Government

  22. Enhanced statistical data of justice open to the public

    GR0052, 2016, E-Government

  23. Open provision of Geo-data

    GR0053, 2016, E-Government

  24. Open-Participatory Budget

    GR0054, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  25. Regional Council Platform (Open Regional Council)

    GR0055, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open - Participatory Budget

    GR0056, 2016, E-Government

  27. Capture and Evaluation Platform for Regional Technical Projects

    GR0057, 2016, E-Government

  28. City Dashboard

    GR0058, 2016, E-Government

  29. Online Consultation Platform

    GR0059, 2016, E-Government

  30. Open Data Index for cities and local administrations

    GR0060, 2016, E-Government

  31. Linked, Open and Participatory Budgets

    GR0061, 2016, E-Government

  32. School of data for public servants

    GR0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. The collaborative wikification of public services procedures

    GR0063, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Strengthening openness and accessibility of the Parliament

    GR0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Institutional and technological upgrading of Transparency Program

    GR0012, 2014, E-Government

  36. Public participation in decision making

    GR0013, 2014, Capacity Building

  37. Integration of PSI Directive on the re-use of public sector information

    GR0014, 2014, E-Government

  38. Regulatory amendments for the management and provision of open data

    GR0015, 2014, Capacity Building

  39. Implementation of platform for central distribution of public open data

    GR0016, 2014, E-Government

  40. Provision of open geospatial data

    GR0017, 2014, E-Government

  41. Provision of open cultural data

    GR0018, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  42. Provision of open data for offshore companies

    GR0019, 2014, E-Government

  43. Open provision of Public Sector critical data sets

    GR0020, 2014, E-Government

  44. Open invitations for filling posts in the public sector

    GR0021, 2014, E-Government

  45. Public administration organizational chart publication

    GR0022, 2014, Capacity Building

  46. Coordination and monitoring of Open Government policy

    GR0023, 2014, Audits and Controls

  47. Reorganization of inspectorate bodies and strategic alliance development against corruption

    GR0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  48. Tracking changes on bills (from submission to voting by Plenum)

    GR0025, 2014, E-Government

  49. Usability and functionality improvements of the ‘Parliamentary Transparency’ section of the Hellenic Parliament website

    GR0026, 2014, E-Government

  50. Improvement of the Hellenic Parliament Website and implementation of new standards-technologies

    GR0027, 2014, E-Government

  51. Provision of historical parliamentary documents to the public

    GR0028, 2014, E-Government

  52. Enhancement of Social Media Policy in the Hellenic Parliament

    GR0029, 2014, E-Government

  53. On line provision of Exhibitions

    GR0030, 2014, Capacity Building

  54. Increase number of legislative acts going through online deliberation

    GR0001, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  55. Capitalize on citizen comments and suggestions

    GR0002, 2012, Public Participation

  56. Operate central e-procurement information system

    GR0003, 2012, E-Government

  57. Operate central ERP information system

    GR0004, 2012, E-Government

  58. Operate central HRMS information system

    GR0005, 2012, E-Government

  59. Open data regarding prices, as collected by Prices Observatory

    GR0006, 2012, Open Data

  60. Resolve legal issues regarding state geo-data

    GR0007, 2012, Land & Spatial Planning

  61. Offer additional taxation data

    GR0008, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  62. Augment functionality of the Transparency Program

    GR0009, 2012, E-Government

  63. Publicise Public Sector procurement information

    GR0010, 2012, E-Government

  64. Enable open, transparent and safeguarded document circulation

    GR0011, 2012, E-Government