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Greece

Regulatory amendments for the management and provision of open data (GR0015)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Greece Second Action Plan for 2014-2016

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reconstruction

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Legislation & Regulation, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Greece End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Implementation of regulatory amendments that will facilitate further provision of open data managed by public bodies. This commitment entails the following 3 interventions:
1. Publication of instructions (based on current legislation) requiring the inclusion of open data dissemination on designing publicly funded IT projects.
2. Publication of licensing framework for public data.
3. Publication of open data dissemination guide (drawing from existing scientific literature and
expertise). Preparation and circulation to the central and local administration of a guide that will describe the obligations, procedures, methodology and technology for publishing open data. The guide will be written in clear and simple language. It will demonstrate the value of open data, the formats for publication and standard methodologies for optimal operational coordination of the process within each public body.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 2.2. Regulatory amendments on open data

Implementation of regulatory amendments that will facilitate further provision of open data managed by public bodies. This commitment entails the following 3 interventions:

1. Publication of instructions (based on current legislation) requiring the inclusion of open data dissemination on designing publicly funded IT projects.

2. Publication of licensing framework for public data.

3. Publication of open data dissemination guide (drawing from existing scientific literature and expertise).

Preparation and circulation to the central and local administration of a guide that will describe the obligations, procedures, methodology and technology for publishing open data. The guide will be written in clear and simple language. It will demonstrate the value of open data, the formats for publication and standard methodologies for optimal operational coordination of the process within each public body.

Milestones –Timescales

2.2.1 Publication of open data provision guide (December 2014)

2.2.2 Guidelines for including open data provision on the design of IT projects (June 2015)

2.2.3 Disclosure of open data licensing framework (June 2015)

Editorial Note: Commitments 2.1 and 2.2 were clustered

Responsible institution: Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reconstruction

Supporting institution(s): None

Start date: December 2014                                                                              End date: June 2015

Commitment Aim:

These commitments aim to introduce a modern legal framework for open data that fulfils European Union Member State requirements. Specifically, they propose to provide concrete guidelines to assist public agencies in their efforts to publish open datasets. These commitments also seek to establish guidelines to ensure that the design of publicly funded projects include provisions for publishing open data. Finally, these commitments aim to provide a licensing framework for open data.

Status

Commitment 2.1 Midterm: Complete

The government fully completed Commitment 2.1 by incorporating Directive 2013/37/EU into Law 4305/14, which also includes regulatory amendments that facilitate provision of open data managed by public bodies.

Commitment 2.2 Midterm: Limited

Overall, Commitment 2.2 saw limited completion by midterm. Greece only substantially implemented the first milestone, 2.2.1, concerning guidelines for an open data provision. The government took no action on the other two milestones for providing open data on the design of IT projects (2.2.2) or the disclosure of the licensing framework (2.2.3).

Commitment 2.2 End of term: Limited

This commitment proposed to publish instructions for the inclusion of open data in publicly funded IT projects, publish a licensing framework for public data, and publish an open data dissemination guide. Instead of addressing these commitments separately, the government incorporated a set of data guidelines from the recently passed 4305/14 law. According to information gathered during the interministerial OGP government group, passage of the Public Data Law 4305/14 covers basic open data licensing issues. Article 7 of Law 4305/14 requires public agencies to publish their data, information and documents and allow further use of these materials. However, at the time of writing (November 2016), there is no distinct licensing framework established by the law, and the government has done little towards producing one. The guidelines in the text of the law only state that in the extraordinary event that a licensing framework is necessary, public agencies are strongly encouraged to adopt an appropriate open licensing scheme that provides rights for further use without technical, financial or geographical restrictions. The Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reconstruction issued some guidelines through an open data dissemination guide that state public agencies are encouraged to use open, standardized licenses that conform with the national law on intellectual property and the corresponding regulations concerning licensing. The Openwise IRM research team found no further progress related to providing guidelines for designing publicly funded IT projects using open data as of January 2016.

Did it open government?

Commitment 2.1 Access to information: Major

This commitment attempted to modernise the context for providing public data according to relevant European policies and to introduce a standard framework for licensing public datasets. The completion of this commitment through the incorporation of the European Directive into the Greek legal system serves as a precondition to increase the availability of an ever-growing amount of public information and data. This incorporation created a comprehensive legal framework that enforced the ‘open by default’ principle for public data. Moreover, the new law mandates that guidelines and a framework be issued for permitting license schemes regarding the reuse of public data. Thus, it had a major effect on opening government.[Note 6: Both government and civil society have acknowledged, at a public event during the early steps of the new law, the significance of law 4305/14 for opening data. "Workshop on the implementation of the new Law on Open Data in the Public Sector," F/OSS (20 Nov, 2014), https://ellak.gr/2014/11/imerida-gia-tin-efarmogi-tou-neou-nomou-gia-ta-anichta-dedomena-sto-dimosio-tomea/]

Commitment 2.2 Access to information: Marginal

Prior to this commitment, the systematic release of public datasets (regulatory amendments, guidelines and licensing framework) was rare. Therefore, the expected impact of the commitment was moderate. As a result of the new legal framework, the publication of open data in the central government platform has showed a steady increase during the months following the midterm IRM report. At the end of the implementation period (June 2016), there are now about 122 public agencies that have published over 2,200 datasets.[Note 7: Live updates on the number of agencies and datasets are found on the data.gov.gr homepage, http://data.gov.gr/.] However, these 122 agencies represent a rather small fraction of the total number of public agencies; 4,774 public agencies publish decisions on the Transparency (Diavgeia) Program.[Note 8: Live statistics are found on the Transparency (Diavgeia) Program homepage, http;//diavgeia.gov.gr. ] Further, CSOs raise two issues that point to persisting implementation problems. First, much of the data published at data.gov.gr have low quality in terms of machine readable format.[Note 9: Discussions with Theodoros Karounos, Vice President of Greek Free Open Source Society.] Also, a recent civil society request for specific information from the public administration received a limited government response. [Note 10: “Greece,” Access Info, https://www.access-info.org/decision-making-transparency/greece. ] This reveals the need to produce additional guidelines for clearer interpretation of the access-to-information legislation. For these reasons, and despite the fact that the commitment might achieve greater agency participation in the future, the impact of this policy remains marginal.

Carried forward?

The third Greek NAP does not carry forward Commitments 2.1 and 2.2. However, during a panel discussion at the interministerial OGP team meeting, The Openwise IRM research team found that the Ministry of the Interior is planning to introduce measures that will push more public agencies to provide open datasets.[Note 11: Members of the OGP government team, “Interministerial OGP” (post-meeting interview with the National Point of Contact Nancy Routzouni, Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reconstruction, 31 Aug. 2016).]

The Openwise IRM research team believes that the open data policy should be a continuing effort. The government might build upon these lessons learned. Therefore, IRM research team’s midterm suggestions continue to hold value and are as follows:

       Design training programs targeted at developing open government skills (technical, cultural, and operational) for public sector employees, in cooperation with the National School of Public Administration;

       Identify good practices within organisations that are relatively advanced in releasing their data. Learn what worked well, enhance efforts where appropriate, and disseminate these good practices to other organizations;

       Involve civil society members in implementing an open data law by organising periodic working meetings; organizations such as GFOSS and Vouliwatch have sent letters of interest during the September 2015 election period;

       Consider a quasi-decentralized organization by empowering local administration to define their own concrete goals, pursue local open data policies and open government action plans;

       Devise an agile open source scheme to modernize government IT systems that will produce data in open formats as soon as possible;

       Consider appropriate regulation that will advance the implementation of law 4305/14 by instituting an incentive/disincentive framework.


Greece's Commitments

  1. Framework law on Open & Participative Governance

    GR0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  2. Participation in the Assessment of the Public Sector

    GR0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  3. Publicity of Organisational Charts & Entities of the Public Sector

    GR0033, 2016, E-Government

  4. Accountability and Settlement of Disputes between the citizens and the Public Sector

    GR0034, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  5. Guide and Standardization for the provision of Services & for Procedures per Service/entity

    GR0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  6. Improvement of the open deliberation procedure

    GR0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  7. National Register of Line Managers of the Public Administration (Register)

    GR0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  8. Implementation of the assessment of employees and services and control methods

    GR0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  9. Implementation of a System for the Selection of Managers

    GR0039, 2016, Capacity Building

  10. Digital Repository for Pubic Administration Studies

    GR0040, 2016, Capacity Building

  11. Provision of Open Cultural Data

    GR0041, 2016, E-Government

  12. Geospatial Maritime Data

    GR0042, 2016, E-Government

  13. Ship/Company and Seafarer Registers

    GR0043, 2016, E-Government

  14. Marine and Maritime Activity

    GR0044, 2016, E-Government

  15. Starred commitment Public Property Open Data

    GR0045, 2016, E-Government

  16. KPI’s for the implementation of Public and EU Financed Projects

    GR0046, 2016, E-Government

  17. Data and Statistics for Greek National Exams

    GR0047, 2016, E-Government

  18. Protocol Digitization

    GR0048, 2016, E-Government

  19. Informative Actions on open data for young people in Secondary and higher Education

    GR0049, 2016, Education

  20. Open Education

    GR0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Provision of open data for Justice

    GR0051, 2016, E-Government

  22. Enhanced statistical data of justice open to the public

    GR0052, 2016, E-Government

  23. Open provision of Geo-data

    GR0053, 2016, E-Government

  24. Open-Participatory Budget

    GR0054, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  25. Regional Council Platform (Open Regional Council)

    GR0055, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open - Participatory Budget

    GR0056, 2016, E-Government

  27. Capture and Evaluation Platform for Regional Technical Projects

    GR0057, 2016, E-Government

  28. City Dashboard

    GR0058, 2016, E-Government

  29. Online Consultation Platform

    GR0059, 2016, E-Government

  30. Open Data Index for cities and local administrations

    GR0060, 2016, E-Government

  31. Linked, Open and Participatory Budgets

    GR0061, 2016, E-Government

  32. School of data for public servants

    GR0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. The collaborative wikification of public services procedures

    GR0063, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Strengthening openness and accessibility of the Parliament

    GR0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Institutional and technological upgrading of Transparency Program

    GR0012, 2014, E-Government

  36. Public participation in decision making

    GR0013, 2014, Capacity Building

  37. Integration of PSI Directive on the re-use of public sector information

    GR0014, 2014, E-Government

  38. Regulatory amendments for the management and provision of open data

    GR0015, 2014, Capacity Building

  39. Implementation of platform for central distribution of public open data

    GR0016, 2014, E-Government

  40. Provision of open geospatial data

    GR0017, 2014, E-Government

  41. Provision of open cultural data

    GR0018, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  42. Provision of open data for offshore companies

    GR0019, 2014, E-Government

  43. Open provision of Public Sector critical data sets

    GR0020, 2014, E-Government

  44. Open invitations for filling posts in the public sector

    GR0021, 2014, E-Government

  45. Public administration organizational chart publication

    GR0022, 2014, Capacity Building

  46. Coordination and monitoring of Open Government policy

    GR0023, 2014, Audits and Controls

  47. Reorganization of inspectorate bodies and strategic alliance development against corruption

    GR0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  48. Tracking changes on bills (from submission to voting by Plenum)

    GR0025, 2014, E-Government

  49. Usability and functionality improvements of the ‘Parliamentary Transparency’ section of the Hellenic Parliament website

    GR0026, 2014, E-Government

  50. Improvement of the Hellenic Parliament Website and implementation of new standards-technologies

    GR0027, 2014, E-Government

  51. Provision of historical parliamentary documents to the public

    GR0028, 2014, E-Government

  52. Enhancement of Social Media Policy in the Hellenic Parliament

    GR0029, 2014, E-Government

  53. On line provision of Exhibitions

    GR0030, 2014, Capacity Building

  54. Increase number of legislative acts going through online deliberation

    GR0001, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  55. Capitalize on citizen comments and suggestions

    GR0002, 2012, Public Participation

  56. Operate central e-procurement information system

    GR0003, 2012, E-Government

  57. Operate central ERP information system

    GR0004, 2012, E-Government

  58. Operate central HRMS information system

    GR0005, 2012, E-Government

  59. Open data regarding prices, as collected by Prices Observatory

    GR0006, 2012, Open Data

  60. Resolve legal issues regarding state geo-data

    GR0007, 2012, Land & Spatial Planning

  61. Offer additional taxation data

    GR0008, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  62. Augment functionality of the Transparency Program

    GR0009, 2012, E-Government

  63. Publicise Public Sector procurement information

    GR0010, 2012, E-Government

  64. Enable open, transparent and safeguarded document circulation

    GR0011, 2012, E-Government