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Greece

Open Administrative Reconstruction Data (GR0070)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Greece Action Plan 2019-2022

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Greece Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Commitment 6: Open access to data of the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction

Current situation
The information is now covered by Law 4305/2014 on the «Open access and re-use of documents,
information and public sector data, amendment of Law 3448/2006 (Α΄ 57), adaptation of national
legislation to the provisions of Directive 2013/37/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council,
further strengthening of the transparency, regulation of issues regarding the recruitment competition
of the National School of Public Administration and Local Government and other provisions» (Official
Gazette Α’ 237/31.10.2014), with the differentiations provided for under the Directive regarding
libraries, museums and archives, and a specific provisions regarding the protection of cultural
heritage.

Description of Commitment
A wealth of data falling within the scope of Law 4305/2014 is available to the Ministry of
Administrative Reconstruction and its supervised entities and will be made available for re-use in
order to contribute to the development and participation of citizens.

OGP Principles
Access to public information

Implementation entities, stakeholders

Implementation: Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction
Cooperation with supervised entities.

Contact details: Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction, Directorate of E-government

Objective
1) Creation of a new open data site with advanced functionalities, screening, scoring and communication
mechanisms with users
2) Integration of new datasets
3) Mobilisation of entities of the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction for data publication
4) Improvement of the quality of datasets
5) Open data release decisions
6) Upgrading of digital applications and provision of additional datasets
7) Creation of new datasets, statistics and reports
8) Further expansion of the open data ecosystem by involving civil society
9) Integration of information of previous phases of the civil servant mobility system

Key milestones - Timetable
Milestone Completion
1) Creation of a new open data site with advanced functionalities,
screening, scoring and communication mechanisms with users
2) Integration of new datasets
3) Mobilisation of entities of the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction for data publication
4) Improvement of the quality of datasets
5) Open data release decisions
6) Upgrading of digital applications and provision of additional datasets
7) Creation of new datasets, statistics and reports
8) Further expansion of the open data ecosystem by involving civil society
9) Integration of information of previous phases of the civil servant mobility system

IRM Midterm Status Summary

6. Open access to data of the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction

Main Objective

The published NAP mentions (p. 24) the main objective for this commitment as follows:

"Description of Commitment: A wealth of data falling within the scope of Law 4305/2014 is available to the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction and its supervised entities and will be made available for re-use in order to contribute to the development and participation of citizens."

"Objectives: 1) Creation of a new open data site with advanced functionalities, screening, scoring and communication mechanisms with users

2) Integration of new datasets

3) Mobilisation of entities of the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction for data publication

4) Improvement of the quality of datasets

5) Open data release decisions

6) Upgrading of digital applications and provision of additional datasets

7) Creation of new datasets, statistics and reports

8) Further expansion of the open data ecosystem by involving civil society

9) Integration of information of previous phases of the civil servant mobility system."

Milestones

The published NAP mentions (p. 24-25) the milestones for this commitment as follows:

"1) Creation of a new open data site with advanced functionalities, screening, scoring and communication mechanisms with users

2) Integration of new datasets

3) Mobilisation of entities of the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction for data publication

4) Improvement of the quality of datasets

5) Open data release decisions

6) Upgrading of digital applications and provision of additional datasets

7) Creation of new datasets, statistics and reports

8) Further expansion of the open data ecosystem by involving civil society

9) Integration of information of previous phases of the civil servant mobility system."

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Greece's action plan at https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Greece_Action-Plan_2019-2021_EN.pdf, p.24-25.

IRM Design Report Assessment

Verifiable:

Yes

Relevant:

Yes

Access to Information

Potential impact:

Minor

Commitment analysis

This commitment aims to publish data held by the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction (MAR) on a new open data website and engage with civil society on open data topics. Given that MAR was dissolved following Greece's government change in 2019 and its portfolio has been transferred mainly to the Ministry of Digital Governance (MDG) with some activities transferred to the Ministry of Interior (MI), the lead ministries for this commitment are currently MDG and MI.

The commitment, if fully implemented, is expected to make available for reuse some more datasets curated by the lead agency and supervised entities and improve the quality of the datasets available for reuse. However, given that the commitment does not make clear how this aim will be achieved, it is not clear that it will meet the commitment objective of responding to the development and participation needs of citizens. Additionally, the commitment is expected to create a new data portal whose functional design will consider the needs of users and allow interaction and involve civil society in the expansion of the public open data ecosystem. The relative significance of these improvements is unclear due to insufficient specificity of the commitment text and milestone language. It is also unclear how far this commitment will change government practice with regard to publishing open data or interacting with civil society for this commitment specifically and in general.

The commitment's text, as it reads in the action plan, is verifiable but does not contain any detail or specificity about the milestones in relation to the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction. The commitment has sufficient relevance to the Access to Information OGP value, as it seeks to disclose more information and improve the quality of the information disclosed to the public. [51] This is one of the few commitments in the action plan that comes somewhat close to civic participation. Milestone 8 can be expected to create opportunities for civil society to be involved in further expansion of the open data ecosystem, but it is unclear what the ecosystem is, how civil society involvement is meant to operate, and whether this involvement is meant to influence decision-making or not. Interview responses provided by MAR [52] mentioned some ideas about working together with civil society and private sector organisations to inform public decisions but no concrete plans to deploy a formal public influence instrument. [53]

Data.gov.gr contains more than 110 open datasets MAR (as former lead ministry) had published as of May 2019. [54] MAR's official website (as former lead institution) [55] contains a published report on MAR's overall electronic government strategy. [56] This report presented open availability of public information as one out of 10 strategic objectives, without however going into implementation guidelines. Of the new lead agencies for this commitment, [57] only the website of MI had published its open data policy and practice as of 2016. [58] This same report also provides an account of open data progress following publication of the relevant law in 2014 and an action plan for 2016.

MDG representatives explained that the data.gov.gr platform includes only basic communication facilities such as contact form, advanced users' room and a satisfaction questionnaire. MDG did not provide a specific rationale for not enhancing the existing data portal. MDG explained that meetings have taken place since the entry into force of Law 43.05/2014, which formed the catalyst for mobilisation of resources to publish data prior to the publication of the action plan. MDG explained that the concept of data quality as machine readability of published datasets was already met by most of the datasets published prior to the fourth action plan and explained that MAR, as the former lead agency of this commitment, had issued one open data release decision prior to publication of the fourth action plan, whereas there were around 180 applications available upon publication of the fourth action plan. MDG did not provide further details on these topics. In terms of civil society involvement in the expansion of the open data ecosystem, MDG explained that prior to publication of the fourth action plan, it had held some discussions with the Federation of Greek Industries. MDG, however, did not mention any plans about continuing these discussions with FGI or other stakeholders.

With respect to the integration of previous phases of the civil servant mobility system, the Ministry of Interior, which inherited this part of the former MAR portfolio, did not provide information on this issue.

In terms of ambition, milestone 1 on a new, more interactive open data site, milestone 6 on web services, and milestone 8 on involvement of civil society constitute an ambition beyond the usual activities of the institution and broader public sector, as institutions do not often update the ability to interact with their websites or web services or involve civil society in decision-making. The remaining milestones and activities do not depart from current practice and, at the same time, do not constitute any step forward beyond what is already mandatory to achieve according to legislation; thus, they are not considered ambitious.

To assess potential impact, some of the feedback provided by the lead agency of this commitment needs to be considered. MDG did not mention taking up some specific experience from implementation of the previous action plan in the design of this commitment or integrating into this commitment feedback from the action plan co-design process given that there were no relevant comments submitted in the online consultation. Concerning the rationale behind choosing datasets to open, MDG did not mention involvement of relevant stakeholders outside the public sector or continuation of relevant discussions with FGI but did mention that datasets with high added value as perceived by MDG would be a factor.

This commitment is coded as having minor potential impact because of the new open data website that will be created to serve the needs of open data users. The commitment also seeks to work with civil society to improve the open data ecosystem overall (albeit remaining imprecise about what this will entail) and will ultimately lead to newly created and better-quality datasets being available to the public. The lack of specificity about how the commitment could be implemented restricts the assessment of the potential impact.

Any improvements to planned implementation need to consider selecting datasets that are relevant to data users and external stakeholders. Non-governmental stakeholder interviews did not reveal specific high-value datasets that they would like to see published through this commitment's implementation. Further desktop research [59] revealed however that public officials' performance, the recruitment process, and salaries were topical issues and that publishing open data related to these could have value in informing the public and could help to improve government processes.

[51] The commitment meets some basic requirements for this value as (a) it pertains to government-held information (milestones 7 and 9); and (b) it provides open access to information (milestone 5). Still, it is not clear whether and how the commitment meets some further basic requirements for the Access to Information value, namely(c) not be restricted to data but pertain to all information; (d) promote transparency of government decision making and carrying out of basic functions; and (e) strive to meet the 5-Star model for Open Data design.
[52] Email responses to interview questions provided on 15 May 2020, by Mr. A.Dimitriou and Mr. A.Sklapanis, MAR contacts referred to by lead contact Ms.A.Balou.
[53] More details on how this will be done, however, are not provided in the commitment text.
[55] http://www.ydmed.gov.gr , as mentioned in the official catalogue of the OpenGov.gr platform, at http://www.opengov.gr/minreform/ .
[56] Greek Strategy for Electronic Governance 2014-2020 (in Greek), published on 15 April, 2014, available at http://www.ydmed.gov.gr/wp-content/uploads/20140415_egov_strategy.pdf .
[57] https://www.ypes.gr , for MI, and https://mindigital.gr/ , for MDG, as mentioned in the official catalogue of the Hellenic Parliament, at https://www.hellenicparliament.gr/en/news/links/ministries .
[58] Annual Report on the Availability and Reuse of Open Data in Application of Article 12C, Law 4305/2014 (in Greek), published on April 21, 2016, available at https://www.ypes.gr/etisia-ekthesi-gia-ti-diathesi-kai-peraitero-chrisi-ton-anoichton-dedomenon-se-efarmogi-toy-arth-12g-toy-n-4305-2014/ .
[59] Concerning Commitment 6 - Open access to data of the Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction, news headlines concerning the lead Ministry have been desk-searched for the 12-month period prior to action plan release, namely the period from May 2018 up to April 2019. Headline search has been run on a number of Greek investigative journalism news outlets (Protagon.gr, The Press Project, Documento, TVXS) and on the Google News service, using the following queries, respectively: https://cutt.ly/2aCY2d2 ; https://cutt.ly/XaCY5Ig ; https://cutt.ly/SaCUyYW ; https://cutt.ly/RaCUdHy ; and https://cutt.ly/GaCUvlf . The headlines harvested have been thematically encoded and clustered for topical issues concerning the lead Ministry's domain of responsibility, and the following list of identified topical issues has been produced (numbers in parentheses refer to partial with respect to total harvested results): non-competitive selection processes (non-permanent staff) (2/27); public sector salary costs (1/27); public servants leaves (policies, decisions) (4/27); public servants mobility (policies, calls, decisions) (3/27); public servants performance evaluation (policies, decisions) (2/27); public servants recruitment (policies, calls, decisions) (10/27); and public service delivery (policies, channels, procedures) (5/27). These issues are not listed in any specific order, but they all correspond to topics which (a) fall under the lead Ministry's domain of responsibility; (b) meet the public's interest; and (c) are often the subject of ad hoc, opaque or problematic treatment, as testified by the news harvested. In this respect, releasing open data on these topics would be useful for the public, and could bring forward a positive impact in improving the relevant processes and policies of the lead Ministry.

Commitments

  1. Open Education Data

    GR0065, 2019, Access to Information

  2. Open Rural Development Data

    GR0066, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Open Immigration Data

    GR0067, 2019, Access to Information

  4. Open National Defense Data

    GR0068, 2019, Access to Information

  5. Open Ministry of Interior Data

    GR0069, 2019, Access to Information

  6. Open Administrative Reconstruction Data

    GR0070, 2019, Access to Information

  7. Open Economic Data

    GR0071, 2019, Access to Information

  8. Open Local Government Data

    GR0072, 2019, Access to Information

  9. Open Justice Data

    GR0073, 2019, Access to Information

  10. Open Environmental Data

    GR0074, 2019, Access to Information

  11. Open Culture and Sports Data

    GR0075, 2019, Access to Information

  12. Sports whistleblower platform

    GR0076, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  13. Open data from Ministry of Culture & Sports

    GR0077, 2019, Access to Information

  14. Publish anonymized open agricultural data

    GR0078, 2019, Access to Information

  15. Promoting open agricultural data to interested stakeholders

    GR0079, 2019, E-Government

  16. Citizen participation for update of Digital Transformation Bible

    GR0080, 2019, E-Government

  17. Monitoring platform for action plan

    GR0081, 2019, E-Government

  18. Amend EETT regulation

    GR0082, 2019, Access to Information

  19. Framework Law on Open & Participative Governance

    GR0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Participation in the Assessment of the Public Sector

    GR0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Publicity of Organisational Charts & Entities of the Public Sector

    GR0033, 2016, E-Government

  22. Accountability and Settlement of Disputes Between the Citizens and the Public Sector

    GR0034, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  23. Guide and Standardization for the Provision of Services & for Procedures Per Service/Entity

    GR0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Improvement of the Open Deliberation Procedure

    GR0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. National Register of Line Managers of the Public Administration (Register)

    GR0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Implementation of the Assessment of Employees and Services and Control Methods

    GR0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Implementation of a System for the Selection of Managers

    GR0039, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Digital Repository for Pubic Administration Studies

    GR0040, 2016, Capacity Building

  29. Provision of Open Cultural Data

    GR0041, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Geospatial Maritime Data

    GR0042, 2016, Access to Information

  31. Ship/Company and Seafarer Registers

    GR0043, 2016, Access to Information

  32. Marine and Maritime Activity

    GR0044, 2016, Access to Information

  33. Starred commitment Public Property Open Data

    GR0045, 2016, Access to Information

  34. KPI’s for the Implementation of Public and EU Financed Projects

    GR0046, 2016, E-Government

  35. Data and Statistics for Greek National Exams

    GR0047, 2016, E-Government

  36. Protocol Digitization

    GR0048, 2016, E-Government

  37. Informative Actions on Open Data for Young People in Secondary and Higher Education

    GR0049, 2016, Access to Information

  38. Open Education

    GR0050, 2016, Access to Information

  39. Provision of Open Data for Justice

    GR0051, 2016, Access to Information

  40. Enhanced Statistical Data of Justice Open to the Public

    GR0052, 2016, E-Government

  41. Open Provision of Geo-Data

    GR0053, 2016, Access to Information

  42. Open-Participatory Budget

    GR0054, 2016, Access to Information

  43. Regional Council Platform (Open Regional Council)

    GR0055, 2016, E-Government

  44. Open - Participatory Budget

    GR0056, 2016, E-Government

  45. Capture and Evaluation Platform for Regional Technical Projects

    GR0057, 2016, E-Government

  46. City Dashboard

    GR0058, 2016, Access to Information

  47. Online Consultation Platform

    GR0059, 2016, E-Government

  48. Open Data Index for Cities and Local Administrations

    GR0060, 2016, Access to Information

  49. Linked, Open and Participatory Budgets

    GR0061, 2016, E-Government

  50. School of Data for Public Servants

    GR0062, 2016, Access to Information

  51. The Collaborative Wikification of Public Services Procedures

    GR0063, 2016, Capacity Building

  52. Strengthening Openness and Accessibility of the Parliament

    GR0064, 2016, Access to Information

  53. Institutional and Technological Upgrading of Transparency Program

    GR0012, 2014, Access to Information

  54. Public Participation in Decision Making

    GR0013, 2014, Capacity Building

  55. Integration of PSI Directive on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    GR0014, 2014, Access to Information

  56. Regulatory Amendments for the Management and Provision of Open Data

    GR0015, 2014, Access to Information

  57. Implementation of Platform for Central Distribution of Public Open Data

    GR0016, 2014, Access to Information

  58. Provision of Open Geospatial Data

    GR0017, 2014, Access to Information

  59. Provision of Open Cultural Data

    GR0018, 2014, Access to Information

  60. Provision of Open Data for Offshore Companies

    GR0019, 2014, Access to Information

  61. Open Provision of Public Sector Critical Data Sets

    GR0020, 2014, Access to Information

  62. Open Invitations for Filling Posts in the Public Sector

    GR0021, 2014, E-Government

  63. Public Administration Organizational Chart Publication

    GR0022, 2014, Capacity Building

  64. Coordination and Monitoring of Open Government Policy

    GR0023, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  65. Reorganization of Inspectorate Bodies and Strategic Alliance Development Against Corruption

    GR0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  66. Tracking Changes on Bills (From Submission to Voting by Plenum)

    GR0025, 2014, E-Government

  67. Usability and Functionality Improvements of the ‘Parliamentary Transparency’ Section of the Hellenic Parliament Website

    GR0026, 2014, E-Government

  68. Improvement of the Hellenic Parliament Website and Implementation of New Standards-Technologies

    GR0027, 2014, Access to Information

  69. Provision of Historical Parliamentary Documents to the Public

    GR0028, 2014, E-Government

  70. Enhancement of Social Media Policy in the Hellenic Parliament

    GR0029, 2014, E-Government

  71. On Line Provision of Exhibitions

    GR0030, 2014, Capacity Building

  72. Increase Number of Legislative Acts Going Through Online Deliberation

    GR0001, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  73. Capitalize on Citizen Comments and Suggestions

    GR0002, 2012, Public Participation

  74. Operate Central e-Procurement Information System

    GR0003, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  75. Operate Central ERP Information System

    GR0004, 2012, E-Government

  76. Operate Central HRMS Information System

    GR0005, 2012, E-Government

  77. Open Data Regarding Prices, as Collected by Prices Observatory

    GR0006, 2012, Access to Information

  78. Resolve Legal Issues Regarding State Geo-Data

    GR0007, 2012, Land Rights & Spatial Planning

  79. Offer Additional Taxation Data

    GR0008, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  80. Augment Functionality of the Transparency Program

    GR0009, 2012, E-Government

  81. Publicise Public Sector Procurement Information

    GR0010, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  82. Enable Open, Transparent and Safeguarded Document Circulation

    GR0011, 2012, E-Government

Open Government Partnership