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Greece Design Report 2019-2021

Greece’s fourth action plan focuses only on publishing open datasets from a variety of government ministries and agencies. The development of the action plan, which coincided with the challenging pre-election environment, provided limited opportunities for civil society and public engagement and as such, Greece acted contrary to the OGP process. The next action plan would benefit from a more collaborative process and a plan which addresses public procurement transparency, whistleblower protection, and a coherent national open data strategy.

Table 1. At a glance

Participating since:     2011

Action plan under review:    Fourth

Report type:        Design

Number of commitments:   11

Action plan development

Is there a multistakeholder forum:   no

Level of public influence:      Consult

Acted contrary to OGP process:      yes

Action plan design

Commitments relevant to OGP values:   11 (100%)

Transformative commitments:      0 (0%)

Potentially starred commitments:    0


GR0065 Open Education Data
GR0066 Open Rural Development Data
GR0067 Open Immigration Data
GR0068 Open National Defense Data
GR0069 Open Ministry of Interior Data
GR0070 Open Administrative Reconstruction Data
GR0071 Open Economic Data
GR0072 Open Local Government Data
GR0073 Open Justice Data
GR0074 Open Environmental Data

The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. Greece joined OGP in 2011. Since, Greece has implemented three action plans. This report evaluates the design of Greece’s fourth action plan.

General overview of action plan

The development of the fourth action plan took place during the politically challenging first months of 2019, a period which culminated in early general elections and subsequent change of government after the action plan was adopted. The Ministry of Administrative Reconstruction (MAR) led the OGP process for the development of the fourth action plan, although responsibility moved to the Ministry of Digital Governance after the July 2019 general election.

The action plan development process provided limited opportunities for civil society and public engagement, particularly compared to the previous development process for the third action plan. The process lacked a multistakeholder forum despite being an IRM recommendation, meaningful opportunities for the public and civil society to propose or shape commitments, or ongoing dialogue between government and civil society. Greece’s process to develop the action plan was coded as ‘consult’, and therefore the country acted contrary to the OGP process.

The absence of meaningful multistakeholder consultation is reflected in the commitments which do not reflect priorities other than publishing open data. The action plan promises to publish government-owned datasets in various sectors, including education, agriculture, defense and environment. However, in contrast to the previous plans, it falls short of proposing other measures and does not address broader challenges ensuring transparency and public engagement in decision-making. It also did not incorporate recommendations from the previous IRM report, to improve the commitments by ensuring they are problem-oriented and focusing on improving citizens’ lives.

The next action plan could therefore introduce commitments in areas that have been identified to be a priority by the civil society. These include public procurement transparency (particularly in relation to COVID-19 emergency procurements), whistleblower protection, and developing a national open data strategy in collaboration with civil society, business and citizens.


Table 2. Noteworthy commitments

Commitment description Moving forward Status at the end of implementation cycle
Commitment 2. Open access to data of the Ministry of Rural Development and Food

Publish a variety of open datasets held by the ministry

When implementing this commitment, the ministry could raise awareness among potential users of the datasets made available, as well as provide opportunities for the public to identify high-value datasets to be published. Note: this will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.
Commitment 3. Open access to data of the Ministry of Immigration Policy

Publish a variety of open datasets held by the ministry

The ministry of Immigration Policy could engage with migrant groups, and local, national and international organisations working on the ground. This could help ensure that the information published by the ministry have an impact on implementation of policy, and/or the care of migrants and asylum seekers arriving in Greece. Note: this will be assessed at the end of the action plan cycle.



IRM recommendations aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan. Please refer to Section V: General Recommendations for more details on each of the below recommendations.

Table 3. Five KEY IRM Recommendations

Adhere to the OGP’s Participation and Co-creation standards when co-creating action plans.


Establish a permanent and fully functional multi-stakeholder forum that ensures and overseas the co-creation process as well as provide effective monitoring during implementation.


Develop a national open public data strategy in a collaborative manner with non-governmental stakeholders that consolidates scattered data, ensures compliance with open data standards and quality, and prioritises publishing high-value datasets to address key economic, social, and political problems in Greece.


In a participatory manner, develop a commitment that enhances effective whistleblower protection in both the public and private sectors.


Enhance public procurement transparency, in particular by prioritising publishing information on procurements made through Ministerial or joint Ministerial Decisions, or other procurements related to the Covid-19 pandemic.





Filed under: IRM IRM Report

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