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Greece

Open Culture and Sports Data (GR0075)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Greece Action Plan 2019-2022

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Culture and Sports

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Greece Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Commitment 11: Open access to data of the Ministry of Culture and Sports

Current situation
The information is now covered by Law 4305/2014 on the «Open access and re-use of documents,
information and public sector data, amendment of Law 3448/2006 (Α΄ 57), adaptation of national
legislation to the provisions of Directive 2013/37/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council,
further strengthening of the transparency, regulation of issues regarding the recruitment competition
of the National School of Public Administration and Local Government and other provisions» (Official
Gazette Α’ 237/31.10.2014), with the differentiations provided for under the Directive regarding
libraries, museums and archives, and a specific provisions regarding the protection of cultural
heritage.

Description of Commitment
A wealth of data falling within the scope of Law 4305/2014 is available to the Ministry of Culture and
Sports and its supervised entities and will be made available for re-use in order to contribute to the
development and participation of citizens.

OGP Principles
Access to public information

Implementation entities, stakeholders
Implementation: Ministry of Culture and Sports
Cooperation with supervised entities.

Contact details: Ministry of Culture and Sport, Directorate for e-Government, Department for
Innovative Services & Simplification of Procedures

Objective
1. Open data release decisions
2. Updating of the datasets
3. Adaptation of datasets in accordance with the new structure of the Ministry’s services
4. Grouping and homogenisation of the datasets of the Ministry

Key milestones - Timetable
Milestone Completion
1. Open data release decisions
2. Updating of the datasets
3. Adaptation of datasets in accordance with the new structure of the Ministry’s services
4. Grouping and homogenisation of the datasets of the Ministry

IRM Midterm Status Summary

11. Open access to data of the Ministry of Culture and Sports

Main Objective

The published NAP mentions (p.35) the main objective for this commitment as follows:

"Description of Commitment: A wealth of data falling within the scope of Law 4305/2014 is available to the Ministry of Culture and Sports and its supervised entities and will be made available for re-use in order to contribute to the development and participation of citizens."

"Objectives: 1. Open data release decisions

  1. Updating of the datasets
  2. Adaptation of datasets in accordance with the new structure of the Ministry's services
  3. Grouping and homogenisation of the datasets of the Ministry."

Milestones

The published NAP mentions (p.35-36) the milestones for this commitment as follows:

"1. Open data release decisions

  1. Updating of the datasets
  2. Adaptation of datasets in accordance with the new structure of the Ministry's services
  3. Grouping and homogenisation of the datasets of the Ministry."

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Greece's action plan at https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Greece_Action-Plan_2019-2021_EN.pdf, p.35-36.

IRM Design Report Assessment

Verifiable:

Yes

Relevant:

Yes

Access to Information

Potential impact:

None

Commitment analysis

This commitment aims to restructure the way data are published by the Ministry of Culture and Sport (MCS) and ensure datasets are updated. It is relevant to the Access to Information OGP value because it commits to making open data release decisions that will lead to data being published.

Data.gov.gr contains more than 40 open datasets published by MCS as of May 2019, including lists of archaeological sites, educational facilities and archives of events and exhibitions. [89] These have many different formats and contain document collections, [90] along with some structured data, in non-machine-readable formats, [91] on fragmented topics and grouped in no particular order. The official MCS [92] website does not contain published reports on the lead agency's open data policy and practice. However, a number of published open data release decisions do exist (5 decisions) as of May 2019 in compliance with Law 4305/2014. [93]

No potential impact stemming from the implementation of this commitment. The Ministry did not mention any learning from implementation of the previous action plan in the design of this commitment, or integrating into this commitment feedback from the action plan co-design process. MCS explained that the grouping and homogenization process of datasets is critical because the units use different formats and data storage methods which leads to duplication of information. The Ministry explained that internal unit collaboration on this matter in an ad hoc manner will lead to homogenization of the information held within the Ministry. This cannot be considered to have sufficiently clear public facing impact. MCS did not clarify the rationale for selecting data sets to open, neither mentioned involvement of relevant stakeholders involved in the choice of the datasets. Civil society stakeholders stated that the lack of clarity of dataset release provisions means implementation of the commitment is far from the needs of stakeholders. [94]

Any changes to planned implementation could consider more structured internal collaboration to ensure a more complete and coherent overhaul of information storage and structure in the ministry rather than using an ad hoc approach. The grouping of datasets could be done in collaboration with dataset users to ensure that the logic for grouping is relevant to users and to the public sector. Greater collaboration with users and citizens could help in identifying datasets to publish. Desktop research [95] revealed a number of topical issues for this ministry's domain of responsibility for which publishing open data would have value and could help to improve policies and processes. An indicative example is information on protection of antiquities against catastrophes and theft (such as policies or data about incidents of theft) or information around the privatisation process of management of cultural monuments.

[92] https://www.culture.gov.gr , as mentioned in the official catalogue of the Hellenic Parliament, at https://www.hellenicparliament.gr/en/news/links/ministries .
[94] As reported by S.Loucopoulos, a CSO actor (Vouliwatch).
[95] Concerning Commitment 11 - Open access to data of the Ministry of Culture and Sports, news headlines concerning the lead Ministry have been desk-searched for the 12-month period prior to action plan release, namely the period from May 2018 up to April 2019. Headline search has been run on a number of Greek investigative journalism news outlets (Protagon.gr, The Press Project, Documento, TVXS) and on the Google News service, using the following queries, respectively: https://cutt.ly/KaCHEOE ; https://cutt.ly/laCHFkq ; https://cutt.ly/5aCHCeX ; https://cutt.ly/PaCH8Nh ; and https://cutt.ly/qaCJrCQ . The headlines harvested have been thematically encoded and clustered for topical issues concerning the lead Ministry's domain of responsibility, and the following list of identified topical issues has been produced (numbers in parentheses refer to partial with respect to total harvested results): financial corruption incidents (3/44); intellectual property rights protection (policies, information) (5/44); museums and monuments protection against vandalisms (incidents, policies) (4/44); museums and monuments restoration (projects, outcomes, policies) (5/44); non-competitive selection processes (direct contract awards, non-permanent staff) (1/44); personnel recruitment (calls, terms, deadlines, decisions) (3/44); privatization of cultural monuments management (cases, policies) (7/44); protection of antiquities against catastrophes and theft (policies, incidents) (4/44); protection of antiquities with respect to construction projects (policies, decisions) (3/44); public entrance to cultural sites (policies, ticket services, prices, discounts) (3/44); responses to personnel mobilizations and demands (2/44); and subsidies to the cultural sector (policies, calls, decisions, appeals) (4/44). These issues are not listed in any specific order, but they all correspond to topics which (a) fall under the lead Ministry's domain of responsibility; (b) meet the public's interest; and (c) are often the subject of ad hoc, opaque or problematic treatment, as testified by the news harvested. In this respect, releasing open data on these topics would be useful for the public, and could bring forward a positive impact in improving the relevant processes and policies of the lead ministry.

Commitments

Open Government Partnership