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Indonesia

Platform for Improved Legislative Data and Information (ID0106)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Indonesia Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: (a) Secretary General, (b) Head of Parliamentary Expertise Agency (c) Deputy for Parliamentary Leadership. (d) Head of Bureau for Parliamentary Media Communications. (e) 1st Head of Bureau for Sessions. (f) 2nd Head of Bureau for Sessions. (g) Head of Center for Data and Information. (h) Indonesia Parliamentary Center (IPC)

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Legislative, Open Parliaments, Open Regulations, Participation in Lawmaking, Public Participation, Records Management

IRM Review

IRM Report: Indonesia Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

What issues does the commitment address?
 Access to legislative information on the House official website(www.dpr.go.id) is still limited and not yet updated.
 Data on legislative activities is still distributed across different channels, i.e. standing/ad-hoc committees and not yet fully integrated in a dedicated information system channel.
 Online platforms for public participation in legislative activities are still limited. Meanwhile, public aspirations are quite diverse.
 Unavailability of systematic flow and control unit in the management of information data of legislation

What is the commitment?
 To increase the data and information speed and quantity of ongoing legislative activities.
 Promoting public participation in legislative activities.

How does the commitment address the problem?
 Availability of a dedicated website and mobile based legislative application (Legislative Information System/Sileg) with the latest, fast and up-to-date information will facilitate public participation in legislative activities.
 Milestone:
 Availability of assessment and policy papers on data management and session record management (summarized report, minutes of meeting, and transcriptions).
 Increase in the number of transcribers and archivists in each committee to facilitate more legislative data and information.
 Publicly published summarized reports and transcriptions of legislative sessions in three House committees in faster, more accurate, and regular manners as a pilot project.
 Up-to-date and user-friendly dedicated application for legislation or Legislative Information System (Sileg).
 Availability of a public participation channel on the Sileg application. Public can access and deliver their input and aspiration towards Sileg through an interactive shout box and email. In the long run, public can submit input and aspiration through a specialized website related with Sileg.
 Availability of Standard Operational Procedure/SOP in the management of data and information of Sileg.

How does the commitment relate to OGP values?
 This commitment will open the access to more information, while improving the data quality. This is relevant with the transparency value.
 This commitment will also allow public commentary on ongoing legislative activities, which is relevant with public participation value

See action plan for detailed information on milestones.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

1. Improvement of Data Management and Legislative Information Services

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

  • To increase the data and information speed and quantity of ongoing legislative activities.
  • Promoting public participation in legislative activities.

Milestones:

  1. Formulation of Assessment Guidelines and Reports.
  2. Advocacy of the recruitment of more functional staff members.
  3. Capacity building of the Secretary General in the management of data and information.
  4. Periodic monitoring and evaluation of publications of the legislative information system.
  5. Serial Workshop, public testing, monitoring and evaluation of publications of the legislative information system.
  6. Development of Sileg application.
  7. Serial Focus Group Discussion (FGD), Workshop, Monitoring and Evaluation.

Start Date: September 2018                                                              End Date: August 2020

Context and Objectives

The House of Representatives (DPR) or the Parliament of Indonesia has three different functions: legislation, budgeting, and oversight of the government. As the legislative authority, the House incorporates public will into law. However, given Indonesia’s archipelagic geography, determining the public will directly from its citizens is challenging for members of Parliament.

With technological advances, communicating with constituents has become easier. Citizens can access public information on Parliament’s website at dpr.go.id and learn of legislation being drafted. However, the information on Parliament’s website is mostly limited and outdated. [157] It is possible for Parliament to have already concluded legislation before citizens have access to information they need in order to participate in the process. Additionally, Parliament’s information disclosure policy does not specifically regulate what legislative information should be made available concurrently with the legislation process.

Opening up public access to information is mandated by Law No. 14/2008 on Public Information Disclosure. [158] The Law explicitly states that the purpose of disclosing information to the public is important to encourage greater citizen participation in the process of policy-making.

Within Parliament, information disclosure is regulated further by House Regulation No.1/2010 on Information Disclosure. [159] The regulation specifies that all information pertaining to the organizational structure, programs, activities and performance, as well as an audited report of the House budget are deemed public information [160] that must be made available to the public. Exceptions [161] are made only for sensitive information that (i) may endanger national security, (ii) private information, (iii) confidential information, and (iv) undocumented information. Despite this regulation, Parliament has not consistently provided the most updated and recent public information on its website. Therefore, it has remained difficult for citizens to comprehensively inform themselves of House legislation.

Despite the Law and the House Regulation mandating proper information disclosure, Parliament has never established a clear compliance mechanism. For example, as access to legislative information remains low, citizen participation has also been strictly limited to conventional means, such as in-person participation and mail correspondence. [162]

To overcome this problem, Parliament developed a Legislative Information System (Sileg). It was intended to make it easier for citizens to access up-to-date and comprehensive legislative information. However, Parliament has not maintained the application [163] and it’s information is outdated and limited. A representative from the Indonesian Parliamentary Center (IPC) [164], which helped develop this commitment, stated a main problem was the lack of an enforcement mechanism to ensure Parliament’s compliance.

This commitment aims to redesign the Sileg application to better cater to the needs of an open parliamentary process. The current practice within Parliament is to publish legislative information after the legislative process has ended. This prevents the public voice from being considered during the legislative process. Therefore, the application will be designed to specifically ensure that Parliament publishes legislative information during the drafting stage, allowing citizens to access a draft law and form their opinions. The application will have a comment box for citizens to submit feedback directly.

Additionally, this commitment will build capacity of Parliament’s secretariat staff in managing legislative information and data. The House Secretariat will conduct routine evaluations to ensure compliance across Parliamentary work units.

Next Steps

This commitment presents equal challenges for both Parliament and citizens. Parliament must improve its information disclosure compliance.

In implementing this commitment, Parliament should focus on the following:

  • Develop a clear information disclosure mechanism for all Parliamentary work units and commissions. This includes a clear, standard procedure for all units to follow when producing, developing, and publishing legislative information through the website and Sileg. The mechanism could specify the detailed procedure for how each information is disclosed, the format of documents to be used, a reasonable time gap between the publication of a legislative information and the schedule of subsequent activity relative to that legislation, and the inclusion of a clear narrative of the legislation being drafted; and
  • In conjunction with development of the public feedback features on the Sileg application, Parliament can consider establishing a procedure that requires members of Parliament to provide reasoned responses to public comments. Additionally, the application might enable citizens to request feedback on how their opinion was taken into account or incorporated into legislation.

Furthermore, Parliament could also look into opportunities to either improve or integrate the following existing portals to encourage greater citizen participation:

  • Parliament’s online public complaints registration and tracking portal (dpr.go.id),
  • Parliament’s information service desk (PPID) portal (dpr.go.id), and
  • Parliament’s electronic procurement (LPSE) portal (dpr.go.id).

[157] Ahmad Hanafi (Indonesian Parliamentary Center), interview by IRM researcher, 8 Mar. 2019.

[158] Government of Indonesia, “Undang-Undang No. 14/2008 tentang Keterbukaan Informasi Publik” (2008), http://dpr.go.id/doksetjen/dokumen/-Regulasi-UU-No.-14-Tahun-2008-Tentang-Keterbukaan-Informasi-Publik-1552380453.pdf.

[159] House of Representatives, “Peraturan DPR No. 1/2010 tentang Keterbukaan Informasi Publik di DPR RI” (2010), http://dpr.go.id/doksetjen/dokumen/-Regulasi-Peraturan-DPR-RI-No.-1-Tahun-2010-Tentang-Keterbukaan-Informasi-Publik-di-DPR-RI-1552380559.pdf.

[160] Ibid., 3.

[161] Ibid., 4.

[162] Ibid.

[163] Hanafi, interview.

[164] Ibid.


Commitments

  1. Platform for Improved Legislative Data and Information

    ID0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Make Legislative Information More Accessible

    ID0107, 2018, E-Government

  3. Improving Documentation and Access to Information on Parliamentary Sessions

    ID0108, 2018, E-Government

  4. Formulation of the Open Parliament Indonesia Roadmap

    ID0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Establishing the Open Parliament Indonesia Institution

    ID0110, 2018, Legislative

  6. Extractives Data Management

    ID0092, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  7. Transparency and Participation in Health Data

    ID0093, 2018, E-Government

  8. Public Service Data

    ID0094, 2018, E-Government

  9. Participatory Education Budget

    ID0095, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Participatory Village Government Planning

    ID0096, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Civic Participation in E-Legislation Portal

    ID0097, 2018, E-Government

  12. Election Data Openness

    ID0098, 2018, Access to Information

  13. Health Service Data

    ID0099, 2018, E-Government

  14. Public Consultation Reform

    ID0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. LAPOR!-SP4N Quality Improvements

    ID0101, 2018, Capacity Building

  16. Complaint System for Environment

    ID0102, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  17. Government Procurement Transparency

    ID0103, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  18. Strenthening Open Data

    ID0104, 2018, Access to Information

  19. Improvements to Legal Aid

    ID0105, 2018, Access to Justice

  20. Open Government Strategic Plan

    ID0047, 2016,

  21. Public Agency Consultation Guidlines

    ID0048, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Good Governance Manual and Public Consultations to Reach SDGs

    ID0049, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Geospatial Information Management

    ID0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Monitoring Public Services by Ombudsman

    ID0051, 2016, E-Government

  25. Ombudsman Overseeing Public Services

    ID0052, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  26. Public Services at Ministry of Education and Culture

    ID0053, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Public Services at Ministry of Religious Affairs

    ID0054, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  28. Development of LAPOR into SP4N

    ID0055, 2016, Capacity Building

  29. Public Complaints Administration Integration into LAPOR!-SP4N

    ID0056, 2016, Capacity Building

  30. LAPOR!- SP4N as Citizen Aspiration and Complaints Platform

    ID0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  31. 1 Million Complaints Via LAPOR! by 2016

    ID0058, 2016, E-Government

  32. LAPOR! Public Accountability

    ID0059, 2016, Public Participation

  33. Interconnectivity of SOEs to LAPOR!

    ID0060, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Environment and Forrest Sector Public Complaints

    ID0061, 2016, E-Government

  35. Strengthened Village Governance

    ID0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Health

    ID0063, 2016, E-Government

  37. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Education and Culture

    ID0064, 2016, E-Government

  38. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education

    ID0065, 2016, E-Government

  39. Public Information Disclosure at Higher Education Institutions

    ID0066, 2016, E-Government

  40. Budget Transparency Information System

    ID0067, 2016, E-Government

  41. Inter Agency Data Governance

    ID0068, 2016, Capacity Building

  42. Open Data Implementation

    ID0069, 2016, Capacity Building

  43. Public Complaints Channels

    ID0070, 2016, Capacity Building

  44. Information Disclosure at Village Levels

    ID0071, 2016, E-Government

  45. Increase in Number of Open Data

    ID0072, 2016, Access to Information

  46. Improved Public Services

    ID0073, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Transparency in the Regional Government Budget System

    ID0074, 2016, E-Government

  48. Procurement Disclosure in Bandung

    ID0075, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  49. Enhancing the LAPOR! Application

    ID0076, 2016, E-Government

  50. Public Complaints Services in the City of Bandung

    ID0077, 2016, Public Participation

  51. Information Disclosure on Citizens’ Proposals to DPRD

    ID0078, 2016, E-Government

  52. Greater Public Participation in Disseminating Development Information

    ID0079, 2016, Education

  53. "One Data Indonesia” in Semarang.

    ID0080, 2016, Access to Information

  54. One Data Basis for Semarang

    ID0081, 2016, Access to Information

  55. Enhanced Public Information Disclosure

    ID0082, 2016, E-Government

  56. Public Monitoring of Services in Semarang

    ID0083, 2016, Capacity Building

  57. Access to Information on DPRD

    ID0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  58. Data Governance of DPRD

    ID0085, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  59. Infrastructure for Fublic Information Disclosure

    ID0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  60. Public Information Communications Strategy

    ID0087, 2016, Subnational

  61. Information Through Jakarta.Go.Id Portal

    ID0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  62. Public Services Complaint Channel

    ID0089, 2016, Public Participation

  63. Strengthening of Data Governance

    ID0090, 2016, Access to Information

  64. Public Participation in Development Planning

    ID0091, 2016, E-Government

  65. Strengthening Transparency Infrastructure of Public Bodies

    ID0028, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  66. Strengthening Infrastructure of Central and Local Information Commission

    ID0029, 2014, Capacity Building

  67. Strengthening Institutional and Human Resources Infrastructure for Public Services

    ID0030, 2014, Public Participation

  68. Improve Quality of Openness in Health Services

    ID0031, 2014, Health

  69. Improve Quality of Openness in Education Services

    ID0032, 2014, E-Government

  70. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Law Enforcement

    ID0033, 2014, E-Government

  71. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Goods and Services Procurement

    ID0034, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  72. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Business Development and Investment Sector

    ID0035, 2014, Capacity Building

  73. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Land Affairs

    ID0036, 2014, Land Rights and Spatial Planning

  74. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Management of Migrant Workers

    ID0037, 2014, Citizenship & Immigration

  75. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Hajj Management

    ID0038, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  76. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Natural Resources Management

    ID0039, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  77. Improve Public Participation in Development Planning

    ID0040, 2014, E-Government

  78. Improve Public Participation in House of Representative and Regional Representative Council

    ID0041, 2014, Legislative

  79. Improve Public Participation in Environmental Preservation

    ID0042, 2014, Environment and Climate

  80. Community Empowerment to Handle Poor Society and People with Disabilities and Special Needs

    ID0043, 2014, Health

  81. Community Empowerment to Support Environmental Sustainability

    ID0044, 2014, Environment and Climate

  82. Community Empowerment to Strengthen Agriculture Sector

    ID0045, 2014, Capacity Building

  83. Community Empowerment to Develop Creative Sector

    ID0046, 2014, E-Government

  84. Motor Vehicle Services

    ID0013, 2013, Infrastructure & Transport

  85. Public School Funding

    ID0014, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  86. Hajj Services: Ministry of Religious Affairs

    ID0015, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  87. Marriage Services: Office of Religious Affairs

    ID0016, 2013, Public Service Delivery

  88. Toll Roads

    ID0017, 2013, Public Service Delivery

  89. Land Affairs Transparency

    ID0018, 2013, E-Government

  90. Forest Management

    ID0019, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  91. Transparency and Accountability in Natural Resources Management Activity

    ID0020, 2013, Access to Information

  92. Oil, Gas, and Mining Revenue Transparency

    ID0021, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  93. Appointments of Information and Documentation Management Officials (PPID) in National Agencies and Enactments of their Standard Operating Procedure

    ID0022, 2013, Access to Information

  94. Starred commitment Formulation of a Working Plan and a Well-Operated Tracking System for Business/Investment Licensing Servies in 10 Provinces and 10 Regencies/Cities

    ID0023, 2013, E-Government

  95. Encouraging the Acceleration of the Operational Formation for Information Services in Local Government through the Formation of Local Government's PPID and its Tools

    ID0024, 2013, Access to Information

  96. Encouraging Comprehensive Implementation of Open Government in Pilot Province/Regency/City

    ID0025, 2013, Subnational

  97. Integration of Performance-Based Budgeting

    ID0026, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  98. Ensuring the Publication of Budget Plan (RKA/DIPA)

    ID0027, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  99. Poverty Reduction

    ID0001, 2011, E-Government

  100. Education Subsidies

    ID0002, 2011, Education

  101. Health Subsidies

    ID0003, 2011, Health

  102. Police

    ID0004, 2011, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  103. High Corruption Risk

    ID0005, 2011, E-Government

  104. Civil Service Recruitment

    ID0006, 2011, Capacity Building

  105. Land Administration

    ID0007, 2011, E-Government

  106. National Budget Information

    ID0008, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  107. District Budget Information

    ID0009, 2011, Fiscal Openness

  108. e-Procurement

    ID0010, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  109. One-Map Portal

    ID0011, 2011, E-Government

  110. Environmental Openness

    ID0012, 2011, Anti-Corruption

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