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Indonesia

Formulation of the Open Parliament Indonesia Roadmap (ID0109)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Indonesia Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: (a) Leaders of the Indonesian House of Representatives, (b) The Household Committee, (c) Committee for Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation, (d) Secretary General of the Indonesian House of Representatives, (e) Legislative Expertise Agency, (f) Bureau for PR and Parliamentary Communications (g) Bureaus of Sessions, (h) Bureau for Law and Public Complaints, (i) Bureau of the Committee for Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation, (j) Research Center, (k) Archive and Museum Division (l) IT Division

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Open Parliaments, Participation in Lawmaking, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Indonesia Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

What issues does the commitment address?
 Parliamentary transparency is implemented based of the parliament’s capacity and public expectation of the parliament in terms of participation, transparency, and accountability
 So far, the mapping of public demands for parliamentary services to improve public participation, transparency, and accountability, is yet to be mainstreamed.
 The majority of current research on public perspective of parliamentary performance is conducted by Poltracking and CSIS.
 In the context of working towards transparency, participation, and accountability, these research papers have focused mainly on measuring impacts rather than the collection of supporting data for parliamentary policy-making.

What is the commitment?
Formulating the Open Parliament Indonesia (OPI) Roadmap for the next 5 years. This Roadmap will be used in the formulation of OPI National Action Plan in the future.

How will the commitment address the problem?
 The Roadmap is a set of recommendations for the resolutions of challenges facing the parliament in promoting political transparency, participation and accountability. Recommendations that are formulated based on field mapping and public expectation will provide strong legitimacy in building the parliamentary capacity in the delivery of public transparency, accountability, and participation.

How does the commitment relate to OGP values?
 This commitment will promote public participation in the formulation of policies on improving the management of parliamentary participation, transparency, and accountability.
 This commitment will also improve the parliament’s accountability of its institutional capacity-building.
 This commitment will also make available more information on parliamentary database in the formulation of internal policies on institutional capacity-building.

See action plan for additional commitment milestones.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

4. Formulation of the Open Parliament Indonesia Roadmap

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

Formulating the Open Parliament Indonesia (OPI) Roadmap for the next 5 years. This Roadmap will be used in the formulation of OPI National Action Plan in the future.

Milestones:

  1. A baseline survey on constituents.
  2. Formulation of the roadmap document.
  3. Discussions on Open Parliament Indonesia Roadmap.

Start Date: September 2018                                                              End Date: August 2020

Context and Objectives

Commitments included in the open parliament action plan focus heavily on improving parliamentary transparency. This focus on improving information disclosure compliance can be understood by looking at Parliament’s record of past transparency.

In 2014, the Central Information Commission (KIP) [173] ranked the House of Representatives twelfth among all public institutions in terms of information disclosure compliance. The report gave the parliament’s information disclosure a 65.5% compliance score. [174] While the KIP did publish subsequent reports after 2014 [175], none included the House of Representatives in the ranked list.

During an interview with the IRM researcher, the Indonesian Parliamentary Center (IPC) reiterated the need to reform Parliament’s information disclosure compliance. [176] The first three commitments will improve information disclosure compliance within Parliament. This commitment will address the problem at the strategic and policy level. The Open Parliament Indonesia Roadmap will be a key component in the implementation of the open parliament initiative.

The Roadmap will cover a five-year period to align with the government’s National Mid-Term Development Plan (RPJMN). It will be the reference strategic document for all programs and activities related to the objective of opening up Parliament. Currently, Parliament has had to resort to research provided by academia and think tanks. To streamline public will and input on improving parliamentary processes, multiple actors will be involved in developing this Roadmap. Additionally, the Roadmap will mandate the incorporation of a public participation element in parliamentary processes. [177]

The formation of the Roadmap will include a public survey. Through this survey, Parliament hopes to gather information on the most urgent needs and demands of the public as well as feedback on how citizens can participate meaningfully in parliamentary processes. [178] The survey results will factor into the strategic direction of the Roadmap. Afterward, stakeholders involved in parliamentary processes will adopt the Roadmap to develop the strategies relevant to their respective functions. Beyond the survey, however, the scale and scope of the process are still unclear. Therefore, it is difficult to determine if this process will provide an opportunity for public voices from different groups and sectors to be included in the design of the Roadmap.

Next Steps

In implementing this commitment, Parliament could focus on the following aspects:

  • Consult the Central Information Commission (KIP) to gather feedback on how Parliament can improve its information disclosure compliance;
  • Consult the OGI National Secretariat to learn from its experience on developing the Open Government Indonesia Roadmap; and
  • Proactively include voices from the academic community, civil society, government, private sector, and under-represented groups to capture their perspectives on how the Roadmap could contribute to improving the lives of citizens.

[173] Central Information Commission, “Hasil Pemeringkatan Keterbukaan Informasi di Badan Publik 2014” (2014), 12, https://komisiinformasi.go.id/?portfolio=laporan-hasil-pemeringkatan-2014.

[174] Ibid.

[175] Central Information Commission, “Hasil Pemeringkatan Keterbukaan Informasi di Badan Publik Publik 2015” (2015), https://komisiinformasi.go.id/?portfolio=keputusan-tentang-hasil-pemeringkatan-keterbukaan-informasi-publik-tahun-2015; “Hasil Pemeringkatan Keterbukaan Informasi di Badan Publik 2016” (2016), https://komisiinformasi.go.id/?portfolio=laporan-hasil-pemeringkatan-2016; “Hasil Pemeringkatan Keterbukaan Informasi di Badan Publik 2017” (2017), https://komisiinformasi.go.id/?portfolio=laporan-hasil-pemeringkatan-2017.

[176] Ahmad Hanafi (Indonesian Parliamentary Center), interview by IRM researcher, 8 Mar. 2019.

[177] Ibid.

[178] Ibid.


Commitments

Open Government Partnership