Skip Navigation

Establishing the Open Parliament Indonesia Institution (ID0110)



Action Plan: Indonesia Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active


Lead Institution:  Leaders of the House,  Leaders of the Factions,  The Household Committee,  Committee for Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation,  Secretary General of the Indonesian House of Representatives,  The House of Representatives’ Expertise Agency,  Deputy Secretary General for Administration,  Bureau for PR and Parliamentary Communications.  IPC, WFD.

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Legislative, Open Parliaments, Participation in Lawmaking, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Indonesia Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


What issues does the commitment address?
The Open Parliament Institution is the main implementing unit of the National Action Plan. Today, the Indonesian House of Representatives is yet to assign an institution that will implement the Open Parliament Indonesia Action Plan.

What is the commitment?
Establishing the Open Parliament Indonesia, which shall include Members of the Indonesian House, as well as representatives from the Secretariat General of the House and civil societies.

How will the commitment address the problem?
The availability of an OPI Secretariat will ensure the implementation of action plan and provision of budget and supporting resources. This shall include the action plan implementing mechanism.

How does the commitment relate to OGP values?
This commitment will provide more opportunities and promote more public participation in achieving an open parliament. Meanwhile, the role of society in an open parliament will improve the parliament’s accountability to the public.

See action plan for additional commitment milestones.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

5. Establishing the Open Parliament Indonesia Institution

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

Establishing the Open Parliament Indonesia, which shall include Members of the Indonesian House, as well as representatives from the Secretariat General of the House and civil societies.


  1. Formulation of a policy paper on OPI model institution.
  2. Formulation of a Decree of the Organizational Structure of Open Parliament Indonesia based on the principles of collaboration and co-creation.
  3. Formulation of the OPI implementation mechanism.
  4. Monitoring and evaluation.
  5. Making reports.

Start Date: September 2018                                                                  End Date: June 2020

Context and Objectives

The House of Representatives of Indonesia declared the Open Parliament Indonesia (OPI) initiative in August 2018. [179] This marked a major step in furthering interparliamentary cooperation in Indonesia. Before joining the open parliament initiative, the House of Representatives was already active in other international frameworks such as the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the Global Organization of Parliamentarians against Corruption (GOPAC).

Shortly following this declaration, Parliament created five open parliament commitments for inclusion in Indonesia’s fifth action plan. In this particular commitment, Parliament aims to establish an Open Parliament Indonesia institution to support the implementation of the open parliament initiative.

According to the IPC, an OPI institution is necessary for a variety of reasons: [180]

  • Sustaining open parliament implementation, regardless of transitions in House leadership, through a mechanism that mandates the parliament allocate budget and resources to enact and support open parliament activities;
  • Creating an incentive for civil society to participate in open parliament initiatives through a clear mechanism for collaboration between Parliament and civil society; and
  • Coordinating the development and implementation of open parliament action plans across Parliamentary work units and civil society representatives.

Before establishing the OPI institution, the House will collaborate with civil society to study open parliament implementation in other countries. In an interview, the IPC explained that Parliament has been exploring several options that can work for an OPI institution. Ideally, the institution would be incorporated as an official work unit within the parliament, such as with the Open Governance Permanent Parliamentary Council [181] in Georgia. The OPI institution will then be formalized through a House Regulation. Additionally, the creation of an implementation mechanism could also help establish clear rules of procedure for future open parliament action plans.

This commitment carries moderate potential impact to change the landscape of citizen engagement in parliamentary process as well as establishing a clear avenue for civil society to collaborate with the parliament in achieving open parliament objectives. However, as this would mean establishing an entirely separate process from the existing OGI-coordinated mechanism, OPI would need to start building the open parliament framework in Indonesia from scratch. The 2019 election season could also bring leadership changes that restrict the implementation of this commitment.

Next Steps

Indonesia’s participation and leadership in a wide array of international initiatives to open up parliamentary processes indicate Parliament’s commitment to abide by global standards of openness and transparency. In November 2018, Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives for 2014–2019 Fadli Zon met with Anthony Smith, Chief Executive Officer of the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) at the Indonesian Embassy in London. [182] In this meeting, WFD reiterated its intention to continue the partnership with the House in improving parliamentary transparency and citizen engagement in Indonesia.

To achieve strong implementation, Parliament must continue to nurture such partnerships. Not only do they provide an opportunity to be part of a global forum working on a similar goal, but Parliament can learn from the best practices and failures that parliaments in other countries have experienced. By doing so, Parliament can ensure an effective and efficient implementation of open parliament in Indonesia.

In implementing this commitment, Parliament should consider the following steps:

  • Explore the opportunities to streamline the open parliament process with the OGI National Secretariat by collaborating on the creation of standard references;
  • Consult the OGI National Secretariat to learn from its experience in coordinating OGP process as well as in developing the National Strategy for the OGI National Secretariat; and
  • Replicate a mechanism similar to OGP’s multistakeholder forum to gain and maintain high-level support and engagement for the open parliament initiative.

[179] House of Representatives, “Open Parliament Dekatkan DPR dengan Rakyat” (2018),

[180] Ahmad Hanafi (Indonesian Parliamentary Center), interview by IRM researcher, 8 Mar. 2019.

[181] Parliament of Georgia, “Open Governance Permanent Parliamentary Council” (accessed Mar. 2019),

[182] Puguh Hariyanto, “DPR RI dan WFD Sepakat Dukung Keterbukaan Parlemen di Level Global” (Sindo News, 17 Nov. 2018),


  1. Platform for Improved Legislative Data and Information

    ID0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Make Legislative Information More Accessible

    ID0107, 2018, E-Government

  3. Improving Documentation and Access to Information on Parliamentary Sessions

    ID0108, 2018, E-Government

  4. Formulation of the Open Parliament Indonesia Roadmap

    ID0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Establishing the Open Parliament Indonesia Institution

    ID0110, 2018, Legislative

  6. Extractives Data Management

    ID0092, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  7. Transparency and Participation in Health Data

    ID0093, 2018, E-Government

  8. Public Service Data

    ID0094, 2018, E-Government

  9. Participatory Education Budget

    ID0095, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Participatory Village Government Planning

    ID0096, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Civic Participation in E-Legislation Portal

    ID0097, 2018, E-Government

  12. Election Data Openness

    ID0098, 2018, Access to Information

  13. Health Service Data

    ID0099, 2018, E-Government

  14. Public Consultation Reform

    ID0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. LAPOR!-SP4N Quality Improvements

    ID0101, 2018, Capacity Building

  16. Complaint System for Environment

    ID0102, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  17. Government Procurement Transparency

    ID0103, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  18. Strenthening Open Data

    ID0104, 2018, Access to Information

  19. Improvements to Legal Aid

    ID0105, 2018, Access to Justice

  20. Open Government Strategic Plan

    ID0047, 2016,

  21. Public Agency Consultation Guidlines

    ID0048, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Good Governance Manual and Public Consultations to Reach SDGs

    ID0049, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Geospatial Information Management

    ID0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Monitoring Public Services by Ombudsman

    ID0051, 2016, E-Government

  25. Ombudsman Overseeing Public Services

    ID0052, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  26. Public Services at Ministry of Education and Culture

    ID0053, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Public Services at Ministry of Religious Affairs

    ID0054, 2016, Public Service Delivery

  28. Development of LAPOR into SP4N

    ID0055, 2016, Capacity Building

  29. Public Complaints Administration Integration into LAPOR!-SP4N

    ID0056, 2016, Capacity Building

  30. LAPOR!- SP4N as Citizen Aspiration and Complaints Platform

    ID0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  31. 1 Million Complaints Via LAPOR! by 2016

    ID0058, 2016, E-Government

  32. LAPOR! Public Accountability

    ID0059, 2016, Public Participation

  33. Interconnectivity of SOEs to LAPOR!

    ID0060, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Environment and Forrest Sector Public Complaints

    ID0061, 2016, E-Government

  35. Strengthened Village Governance

    ID0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Health

    ID0063, 2016, E-Government

  37. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Education and Culture

    ID0064, 2016, E-Government

  38. Public Information Disclosure Through Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education

    ID0065, 2016, E-Government

  39. Public Information Disclosure at Higher Education Institutions

    ID0066, 2016, E-Government

  40. Budget Transparency Information System

    ID0067, 2016, E-Government

  41. Inter Agency Data Governance

    ID0068, 2016, Capacity Building

  42. Open Data Implementation

    ID0069, 2016, Capacity Building

  43. Public Complaints Channels

    ID0070, 2016, Capacity Building

  44. Information Disclosure at Village Levels

    ID0071, 2016, E-Government

  45. Increase in Number of Open Data

    ID0072, 2016, Access to Information

  46. Improved Public Services

    ID0073, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Transparency in the Regional Government Budget System

    ID0074, 2016, E-Government

  48. Procurement Disclosure in Bandung

    ID0075, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  49. Enhancing the LAPOR! Application

    ID0076, 2016, E-Government

  50. Public Complaints Services in the City of Bandung

    ID0077, 2016, Public Participation

  51. Information Disclosure on Citizens’ Proposals to DPRD

    ID0078, 2016, E-Government

  52. Greater Public Participation in Disseminating Development Information

    ID0079, 2016, Education

  53. "One Data Indonesia” in Semarang.

    ID0080, 2016, Access to Information

  54. One Data Basis for Semarang

    ID0081, 2016, Access to Information

  55. Enhanced Public Information Disclosure

    ID0082, 2016, E-Government

  56. Public Monitoring of Services in Semarang

    ID0083, 2016, Capacity Building

  57. Access to Information on DPRD

    ID0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  58. Data Governance of DPRD

    ID0085, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  59. Infrastructure for Fublic Information Disclosure

    ID0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  60. Public Information Communications Strategy

    ID0087, 2016, Subnational

  61. Information Through Jakarta.Go.Id Portal

    ID0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  62. Public Services Complaint Channel

    ID0089, 2016, Public Participation

  63. Strengthening of Data Governance

    ID0090, 2016, Access to Information

  64. Public Participation in Development Planning

    ID0091, 2016, E-Government

  65. Strengthening Transparency Infrastructure of Public Bodies

    ID0028, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  66. Strengthening Infrastructure of Central and Local Information Commission

    ID0029, 2014, Capacity Building

  67. Strengthening Institutional and Human Resources Infrastructure for Public Services

    ID0030, 2014, Public Participation

  68. Improve Quality of Openness in Health Services

    ID0031, 2014, Health

  69. Improve Quality of Openness in Education Services

    ID0032, 2014, E-Government

  70. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Law Enforcement

    ID0033, 2014, E-Government

  71. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Goods and Services Procurement

    ID0034, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  72. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Business Development and Investment Sector

    ID0035, 2014, Capacity Building

  73. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Land Affairs

    ID0036, 2014, Land & Spatial Planning

  74. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Management of Migrant Workers

    ID0037, 2014, Citizenship & Immigration

  75. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Hajj Management

    ID0038, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  76. Accelerate Open and Good Governance Practices in Natural Resources Management

    ID0039, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  77. Improve Public Participation in Development Planning

    ID0040, 2014, E-Government

  78. Improve Public Participation in House of Representative and Regional Representative Council

    ID0041, 2014, Legislative

  79. Improve Public Participation in Environmental Preservation

    ID0042, 2014, Environment and Climate

  80. Community Empowerment to Handle Poor Society and People with Disabilities and Special Needs

    ID0043, 2014, Health

  81. Community Empowerment to Support Environmental Sustainability

    ID0044, 2014, Environment and Climate

  82. Community Empowerment to Strengthen Agriculture Sector

    ID0045, 2014, Capacity Building

  83. Community Empowerment to Develop Creative Sector

    ID0046, 2014, E-Government

  84. Motor Vehicle Services

    ID0013, 2013, Infrastructure & Transport

  85. Public School Funding

    ID0014, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  86. Hajj Services: Ministry of Religious Affairs

    ID0015, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  87. Marriage Services: Office of Religious Affairs

    ID0016, 2013, Public Service Delivery

  88. Toll Roads

    ID0017, 2013, Public Service Delivery

  89. Land Affairs Transparency

    ID0018, 2013, E-Government

  90. Forest Management

    ID0019, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  91. Transparency and Accountability in Natural Resources Management Activity

    ID0020, 2013, Access to Information

  92. Oil, Gas, and Mining Revenue Transparency

    ID0021, 2013, Anti-Corruption

  93. Appointments of Information and Documentation Management Officials (PPID) in National Agencies and Enactments of their Standard Operating Procedure

    ID0022, 2013, Access to Information

  94. Starred commitment Formulation of a Working Plan and a Well-Operated Tracking System for Business/Investment Licensing Servies in 10 Provinces and 10 Regencies/Cities

    ID0023, 2013, E-Government

  95. Encouraging the Acceleration of the Operational Formation for Information Services in Local Government through the Formation of Local Government's PPID and its Tools

    ID0024, 2013, Access to Information

  96. Encouraging Comprehensive Implementation of Open Government in Pilot Province/Regency/City

    ID0025, 2013, Subnational

  97. Integration of Performance-Based Budgeting

    ID0026, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  98. Ensuring the Publication of Budget Plan (RKA/DIPA)

    ID0027, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  99. Poverty Reduction

    ID0001, 2011, E-Government

  100. Education Subsidies

    ID0002, 2011, Education

  101. Health Subsidies

    ID0003, 2011, Health

  102. Police

    ID0004, 2011, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  103. High Corruption Risk

    ID0005, 2011, E-Government

  104. Civil Service Recruitment

    ID0006, 2011, Capacity Building

  105. Land Administration

    ID0007, 2011, E-Government

  106. National Budget Information

    ID0008, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  107. District Budget Information

    ID0009, 2011, Fiscal Openness

  108. e-Procurement

    ID0010, 2011, Anti-Corruption

  109. One-Map Portal

    ID0011, 2011, E-Government

  110. Environmental Openness

    ID0012, 2011, Anti-Corruption

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!