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Ireland

Invest in Data Infrastructure that will result in better Open Data (IE0045)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Ireland National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Department of Public Expenditure and Reform.

Support Institution(s): All government bodies

Policy Areas

Legislation & Regulation, Open Data, Records Management

IRM Review

IRM Report: Ireland End-of-Term Report 2016-2018, Ireland Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

To ensure the success of the Open Data Strategy it is essential that we invest in data infrastructure, such as systems, people, standards, unique identifiers, and processes to produce accurate, timely and linkable Open Data sets on topics citizens want to see. Objective: Strengthen the quality and quantity of potential Open Data sets by investing in data systems, people, standards, unique identifiers and processes. Status quo: There is much room to improve data infrastructure across the public sector. While some bodies have world class systems for their own purposes, other systems are aged, having suffered from a lack of new investment since the on-set of the recession. With a few notable exceptions, systems are generally not built to effectively share data or easily produce Open Data sets to the highest standards. Ambition: The Office of the Government Chief Information Officer (OGCIO) will work with DSP, Revenue, DJEI, CSO and other stakeholders to develop the concept of a National Data Infrastructure, including the initiation of pathfinder projects that will demonstrate the value of linking data from multiple sources. One of the objectives of this work will be to facilitate better sharing and a stronger analytics capability through the use of individual, business and location identifiers. Aligned with this, Data Sharing and Governance legislation will be enacted. The central aim will be to ensure an integrated / cohesive approach in terms of information flows between and within public organisations while ensuring best practice in regard to privacy, security and data protection. The OGCIO, supported by the ICT Advisory Board and Heads of Civil Service HR and PAS, will work with Human Resources staff to develop an ICT Human Resource Strategy. By aligning with the wider Civil Service HR Strategy and industry best practice, this strategy should result in better quality data infrastructure, and ultimately, more and better quality open data. The OGCIO will build on existing relationships and practice sharing with the most advanced data-enabled EU countries (specifically the Nordics and the Netherlands), taking advice as appropriate, to define the gap between Ireland and EU exemplars and identify strategies to make up the ground. In doing so, Ireland will seek to maximise our innovative use of data and our readiness for the European Single Market, and confirm that our operational, policy and legislative plans will establish Ireland as an eGovernment leader while maintaining compliance with Data Protection requirements. Lead implementing organisations: Department of Public Expenditure and Reform. 35 Timeline: January 2017 to June 2018.
Commitment 12: Invest in Data Infrastructure that will result in better Open Data. OGP values: Access to information. New or ongoing commitment :New. Lead implementation organisations: Department of Public Expenditure and Reform. Other actors involved - government All government bodies Verifiable and measurable milestones to fulfil the commitment New or ongoing Start date End date The OGCIO will work with DSP, Revenue, DJEI, CSO and other stakeholders to develop the concept of a National Data Infrastructure, including the initiation of pathfinder projects that will demonstrate the value of linking data from multiple sources New Jan 2017 June 2017 D/PER will work with Parliamentary Counsel to complete the drafting of the Data Sharing and Governance Bill and progress it through the Oireachtas to enactment. New Jan 2017 June 2017 The OGCIO, supported by the ICT Advisory Board and Heads of Civil Service HR and PAS, will work with Human Resources staff to develop an ICT Human Resource Strategy. New Jan 2017 June 2017 The OGCIO will build on existing relationships and practice sharing with the most advanced dataenabled EU countries (specifically the Nordics and the Netherlands), taking advice as appropriate, to define the gap between Ireland and EU exemplars and identify strategies to make up the ground. New Jan 2017 June 2017.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

12. Invest in Data Infrastructure that will result in better Open Data

Commitment Text:

Objective: Strengthen the quality and quantity of potential Open Data sets by investing in data systems, people, standards, unique identifiers and processes.

Milestones

12.1. The OGCIO will work with DSP, Revenue, DJEI, CSO and other stakeholders to develop the concept of a National Data Infrastructure, including the initiation of pathfinder projects that will demonstrate the value of linking data from multiple sources

12.2. D/PER will work with Parliamentary Counsel to complete the drafting of the Data Sharing and Governance Bill and progress it through the Oireachtas to enactment.

12.3. The OGCIO, supported by the ICT Advisory Board and Heads of Civil Service HR and PAS, will work with Human Resources staff to develop an ICT Human Resource Strategy.

12.4. The OGCIO will build on existing relationships and practice sharing with the most advanced data-enabled EU countries (specifically the Nordics and the Netherlands), taking advice as appropriate, to define the gap between Ireland and EU exemplars and identify strategies to make up the ground.

Responsible institution: Department of Public Expenditure and Reform

Supporting institutions: All Government bodies

Start date: January 2017

End date: June 2018

Editorial Note: The text of the commitment was abridged for formatting reasons. For full commitment text, visit: https://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Ireland_NAP_2016-2018.pdf.

Context and Objectives

Ireland’s first action plan included a commitment (under Actions 1.1-1.3) to develop open datasets to be housed in the newly developed portal, data.gov.ie. The IRM end of term report found that, by the end of 2016, there was substantial development of such datasets prior to the action plan, with the portal housing 4,887 datasets from 97 publishers, grouped in ten themes such as health, environment, transport, housing and zoning, and others.[Note: See the Ireland End-of-Term Report 2014-2016, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/ireland-end-of-term-report-2014-2016, pg. 15.] This commitment seeks to strengthen the quality and quantity of potential open data by developing the concept of a National Data Infrastructure, drafting relevant legislation, developing an ICT HR strategy, and sharing ‘best practices’ on the theme with the leading open data EU member states.

The commitment includes actions that will make data more available, namely the development of a National Data Infrastructure and the Data Sharing and Governance Bill, thus making it relevant to the OGP value of access to information. The milestones include actions that are verifiable and measurable (the National Data Infrastructure, the Data Sharing and Governance Bill, and the ICT HR Strategy), though Milestone 12.4 on building relationships with other EU member states on open data is slightly vague. Overall, the specificity is marked as high. If fully implemented, the different initiatives could improve the quality and quantity of potential datasets depending on the investment taken. However, it is not apparent how it will change ‘business as usual,’ so the potential impact is marked as moderate. In other words, it is not transformative because successive actions, as well as Ireland’s future relationships with other EU states on this issue, remain unclear.

Completion

The overall progress in the first year of implementation is substantial and on schedule. The government states that its progress on the milestones includes the following:

Milestone 12.1: Substantial progress has been made in developing the concept of a National Data Infrastructure, including a roll out of the SAFE 2 registration (related to the PSC and MyGovID). This ensures that data related to citizens is associated with the person securely as well as using Eircodes (newly developed postal codes in Ireland) when gathering data during the provision of public services.

Milestone 12.2: The General Scheme (i.e. main headings/aspects) of the Data Sharing and Governance Bill has been completed: in May 2017, the Joint Committee on Finance and Public Expenditure and Reform undertook requisite pre-legislative scrutiny.[Note: ‘Opening Statement,’ Joint Committee on Finance, Public Expenditure & Reform, and Taoiseach Draft General Scheme of the Data Sharing & Governance Bill,’ 18 May 2017, https://www.oireachtas.ie/parliament/media/committees/finance/2017/DPER-Opening-Statement-PLS-Data-Sharing.pdf. ]

Milestone 12.3: In year one, the government reported that a sub-group of the ICT Advisory Board is working on an ICT HR Strategy in the civil service in line with the Civil Service Renewal Programme.

Milestone 12.4: Regarding policy learning from other EU member states, the government participated in a July 2017 conference, along with representation from Denmark, Estonia, and Luxembourg, that examined the benefits of a well-functioning data ecosystems.

However, it should be noted that stakeholders were not consulted during the last year and have therefore not been involved in the implementation of the commitment. This is evidenced by comments from an interview with one civil society leader working on open data who stated that ‘there has not been public consultation on this,’ or on comments made in the IRM public stakeholder meeting.[Note: Interview with open data expert, October 2017. Stakeholder meeting as discussed in Section 1.]

Early Results

There is some evidence that the investment in data infrastructure has improved the quality of open data and the data is being used by the public. Considering that there were 4,887 datasets from 97 publishers, grouped in ten themes at the end of 2016, by the end of 2017 there were 5,486 datasets from 99 publishers on 14 themes. A member of civil society who is a leading expert interviewed for this report confirms that ‘there is new, more detailed, better data on the portal, that is more frequently updated.’[Note: Interview with open data expert, October 2017.]

Next Steps

Given the strong progress so far, this commitment is likely to be completed and does not need to be carried forward to the next action plan.

IRM End of Term Status Summary


Ireland's Commitments

  1. Promote Transparent Climate Policy Development

    IE0031, 2016, Environment and Climate

  2. Support Public Participation Networks

    IE0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  3. Improve Access to Justice: Reducing Costs

    IE0033, 2016, Judiciary

  4. Improve Access to Justice: Framework to Assist Vulnerable Persons

    IE0034, 2016, Judiciary

  5. Improve Access to Justice: Oversight of Legal Practitioners

    IE0035, 2016, Justice

  6. Enhance Citizen Engagement in Policy Making: General

    IE0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  7. Enhance Citizen Engagement in Policy Making: Youth

    IE0037, 2016, Marginalized Communities

  8. Enhance Customer Engagement

    IE0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  9. Improve Access To Government Services Through Technology

    IE0039, 2016, Capacity Building

  10. Participatory Budgeting

    IE0040, 2016, Participation in Budget Processes

  11. Improve Transparency of Government Service Providers

    IE0041, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  12. Enhance Fiscal Transparency

    IE0042, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  13. Introduce Modern Document Management Procedures

    IE0043, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  14. Develop an Open Data Strategy 2017-2020

    IE0044, 2016, E-Government

  15. Invest in Data Infrastructure that will result in better Open Data

    IE0045, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  16. Starred commitment Develop a Code of Practice for the Governance of Charities

    IE0046, 2016,

  17. Starred commitment Public Sector Standards Bill

    IE0047, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  18. Establish a Register of Beneficial Ownership

    IE0048, 2016, Asset Disclosure

  19. Establishment of best practice standards for Open Data

    IE0001, 2014, Capacity Building

  20. Establishment of Ireland’s Open Data Platform

    IE0002, 2014, E-Government

  21. Undertake an audit of key datasets for publication

    IE0003, 2014, Open Data

  22. Establish a roadmap for the Open Data and an evaluation framework to provide assessment of the ongoing Open Data

    IE0004, 2014, Open Data

  23. Establishment of an Open Data Ireland Governance Board (ODIGB) and Steering and Implementation Group (SIG) for Open Data Ireland

    IE0005, 2014, Open Data

  24. Signing up to the G8 Open Data Charter

    IE0006, 2014, Open Data

  25. Implementing Open Data

    IE0007, 2014, Open Data

  26. Improve computer literacy through implementation of proposed new Digital Strategy for Schools

    IE0008, 2014, Capacity Building

  27. Review national and international practice to develop revised principles / code for public engagement/consultation with citizens, civil society and others by public bodies.

    IE0009, 2014, Public Participation

  28. Starred commitment Hold referenda arising from the recommendations of the Constitutional Convention

    IE0010, 2014, Gender

  29. Starred commitment Ethics Reform

    IE0011, 2014, Conflicts of Interest

  30. Strengthening Freedom of Information - Implement the Code of Practice for Freedom of Information (FOI).

    IE0012, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  31. Reform of FOI

    IE0013, 2014, Capacity Building

  32. Starred commitment Regulation of Lobbying

    IE0014, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  33. Starred commitment Encourage, Protect and Raise Awareness of Whistleblower Duties and Protections

    IE0015, 2014, Whistleblower Protections

  34. MEASURES TO INCREASE CITIZEN PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING ON POLICY AND LEGISLATIVE PROPOSALS. Systemic pre-legislative scrutiny of draft bills

    IE0016, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  35. Develop and deliver access to environmental information (AIE) training module for public officials

    IE0017, 2014, Capacity Building

  36. INCREASE CITIZEN PARTICIPATION AT LOCAL LEVEL. Pilot approach to implementation of Public Participation Networks

    IE0018, 2014, Private Sector

  37. Provide legal base for public participation framework in local government

    IE0019, 2014, Capacity Building

  38. Undertake a feasibility study on possible means of enabling further citizen engagement in local authority budgetary processes

    IE0020, 2014, Participation in Budget Processes

  39. SUPPORT CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE AS CITIZENS. Develop, finalise and publish the first Government Strategy on children and young people's participation in decision-making.

    IE0021, 2014, Capacity Building

  40. Maximise participation and understanding of young people in civic life

    IE0022, 2014, Capacity Building

  41. Development of an ICT Strategy

    IE0023, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  42. Data sharing and governance bill

    IE0024, 2014, E-Government

  43. Public Services Card

    IE0025, 2014, E-Government

  44. Single Customer View

    IE0026, 2014, E-Government

  45. Local Government Portal

    IE0027, 2014, E-Government

  46. New Local Enterprise Offices

    IE0028, 2014, Public Service Delivery

  47. Review and enhancement of complaints procedures and using feedback to improve services across the public service; A review of citizen complaints procedures will be undertaken.

    IE0029, 2014, Public Participation

  48. Enhance customer engagement

    IE0030, 2014, Public Participation