National Action Plan for Combating Corruption (MN0027)
Action Plan: Mongolia Action Plan 2016-2018
Action Plan Cycle: 2016
Lead Institution: Central Government Authority and other relevant organisations
Support Institution(s): Independent Agency against Corruption, Other relevant government organisations; MNCCI, NGOs work on governance and transparency MNB and “Mongolian News” Channel
Policy AreasAnti-Corruption Institutions, Capacity Building, Legislation & Regulation, Public Participation
Status quo or problem addressed by the commitment: Since the completion of the National Programme for Combating Corruption for 2002-2010, there hasn’t been any strategy or programme developed for combating corruption at the national level. Therefore it is necessary to define a comprehensive government policy against corruption and refine relevant legislations and actions and improve coordination between different agencies. Main Objective: Actively engage in and partner with the National Programme against Combating Corruption after it is approved. Brief Description of commitment (Within 140 characters): Ensure multilateral engagement of the OGP to implement the National Programme against Corruption.
IRM Midterm Status Summary
Ensure multilateral engagement of the OGP to implement the National Programme against Corruption.
Status quo or problem addressed:
Since the completion of the National Programme for Combating Corruption for 2002-10, there hasn’t been any strategy or program developed for combating corruption at the national level. Therefore it is necessary to define a comprehensive government policy against corruption and refine relevant legislations and actions to improve coordination between different agencies.
Actively engage in and partner with the National Programme against Combating Corruption after it’s approval.
6.1. Organize a meeting with the engagement of all stakeholders of the OGP to make implementation plans if the 'NAP' is approved.
6.2. Deliver proposals of the OGP stakeholders on engaging and cooperating in the actions to implement NAP.
Responsible institution: Central Government Authority responsible for Justice and other relevant organizations
Supporting institutions: Independent Agency against Corruption, other relevant government organizations, MNCCI, NGOs working on governance and transparency, MNB and 'Mongolian News' Channel
Start date: 30 June 2016
End date: 30 June 2018
Mongolia has committed to reducing corruption through a number of initiatives. Chapter 4 of the 2006 Law on Anti-Corruption established the Independent Authority Against Corruption (IAAC) to conduct corruption prevention, corruption studies, public awareness raising and education, and to investigate corruption offenses and review asset and income declarations of public officials.[Note81: Law of Mongolia on Anti-Corruption, available here: http://lehmanlaw.mn/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Anti-corruption2006.pdf.%5D Mongolia became a party to the United Nations Convention Against Corruption in 2006,[Note82: Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, Fourth session, 3 October 2011, https://www.unodc.org/documents/treaties/UNCAC/COSP/session4/V1186007e.pdf.%5D and joined the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s Istanbul Anti-corruption Action Network in 2012, which published its first and second monitoring reports in 2015.[Note83: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Anti-corruption Reforms in Mongolia, Joint First and Second Rounds of Monitoring of the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan, 9 October 2015, http://www.oecd.org/corruption/acn/Mongolia-Round-3-Monitoring-Report-ENG.pdf.%5D Despite recent anticorruption measures, public perceptions of corruption remain high in Mongolia, as evidenced by a 2017 recent survey by the Asia Foundation and Sant Maral Foundation,[Note84: The Asia Foundation and Sant Maral Foundation, Survey on Perceptions and Knowledge of Corruption, 2017, https://asiafoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/MG-SPEAK2017_ENG.pdf.%5D as well as Mongolia’s rank of 103 out of 180 countries in Transparency International’s 2017 Corruption Perception Index.[Note85: Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2017, available at: https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2017.%5D
Mongolia completed its first National Program for Combating Corruption between 2002 and 2010,[Note86: The National Anti-Corruption Programme 2002-2010, available (in Mongolian) at: http://www.legalinfo.mn/annex/details/3192?lawid=7014.%5D and parliament approved a new national anticorruption strategy in November 2016 that was developed by the then-President Ts. Elbegdorj in November 2015.[Note87: Independent Authority Against Corruption (IAAC), Comments to the Action Plan to implement the National Program for Combating Corruption submitted by government agencies and CSOs, 2016-2023, available here (in Mongolian): https://www.iaac.mn/page/92?menu=217&lang=en.%5D This commitment calls for the active engagement of OGP stakeholders in implementing the new National Program for Combatting Corruption. The involvement of stakeholders in implementing the anticorruption program is relevant to the OGP value of civic participation. The commitment provides few details on how exactly stakeholders priorities and proposals will influence the anticorruption program. While the anticorruption program is an important initiative to improve governance in Mongolia, it is unlikely that the activities outlined in this commitment will have any measurable impact on open government in Mongolia.
In January 2017, the government held the National Anti-Corruption Forum, where participating CSOs and government ministries and agencies submitted feedback on the development of the action plan to implement the new National Program for Combatting Corruption.[Note88: See (in Mongolian): http://www.iaac.mn/files/6e396b8e-a4cd-41d6-8a42-535892425542/ATUH.tusuld.sanal.pdf.%5D By March 2017, the government had developed an action plan to implement the new National Program for Combatting Corruption, with the first phase to be implemented between 2016–19, and the second phase to be implemented between 2020-2023.[Note89: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action plan Joint First and Second Rounds of Monitoring: Mongolia Progress Update, 13 September 2017, pg. 10, https://www.oecd.org/corruption/acn/OECD-ACN-Mongolia-Progress-Update-September-2017-ENG.pdf.%5D The IRM inquired with the Cabinet Secretariat regarding who was involved in drafting the anticorruption program. The IRM also asked about any plans to actively engage OGP stakeholders during the implementation of the program, but did not receive a response to either inquiry. For more information, see Section IV: Methodology and Sources. Based on the lack of additional information, the commitment is assessed as having limited implementation at the end of the first year of the action plan.
Given that the National Program for Combating Corruption has been approved, this commitment does not need to be carried forward to future action plans. However, the implementation the anticorruption program could serve as commitments in future action plans, if they are clearly relevant to OGP values.
Mobile application for citizens feedback and requests
MN0022, 2016, E-Government
Improve provision and quality of education and health services
MN0023, 2016, E-Government
Civic engagement in decision making
MN0024, 2016, Legislation & Regulation
Transparent funding of political parties
MN0025, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Create favourable environment for media and journalism
MN0026, 2016, Civic Space
National Action Plan for Combating Corruption
MN0027, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Transparency of loans and aid from foreign countries
MN0028, 2016, Aid
Online registration of VAT
MN0029, 2016, Capacity Building
Improve glass account system
MN0030, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Make government procurement process transparent
MN0031, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Transparency of contracts of public resource exploiting
MN0032, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Information transparency of the owners of the entities with rights to use mineral resources
MN0033, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Make licenses, information and activities of the companies transparent and effective by government
MN0034, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Monitor and ensure implementation of Information Transparency and Information Access Right Act by establishing National Information Transparency Committee and creating structure of Information commissary.
MN0001, 2014, Legislation & Regulation
Modernize performance indicators of information transparency of public organizations into ―”citizen targeted” ones.
MN0002, 2014, Capacity Building
Launch ―Transparent account systemǁ in order to enable consistent, transparent reporting to the public and to provide comprehensive information on budget revenue collection, income and expenditure details, as well as public procurement and investments.
MN0003, 2014, Fiscal Transparency
Develop central information database of minerals, oil, and land tenure license owners, open to the public.
MN0004, 2014, E-Government
Ensure transparency all agreements on investment, stability and production- sharing of public-owned resources such as water, minerals, oil and land.
MN0005, 2014, Extractive Industries
Publish list of mandatory public information on environment such as information regarding any action harmful to natural environment and people’s health.
MN0006, 2014, Environment and Climate
Disclose information to the public relating to foreign loan assistance projects and programs, including the total amounts, terms, payback duration and general provisions related to the loan rate, board members, and implementation bodies. Information about the terms of implementation of the projects as well as general conditions of contracts between suppliers and buyers shall be disclosed as well.
MN0007, 2014, Aid
Disclose budget funded procurement contracts above 80.0 million MNT.
MN0008, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement
Ensure civic engagement in planning and developing public services at central and local levels by introducing communication channels such as organizing e-conferences, public hearings, and open meetings.
MN0009, 2014, Public Participation
Launch “Smart Government” program, for delivering e-public services to the people regardless of distance and location through the public service portal.
MN0010, 2014, E-Government
Create a single access public service for citizens without requiring supplementary state registered data, based on principles of “One citizen-One public servant”.
MN0011, 2014, Public Service Delivery
Improve and develop smart e-service capability for “One window-public service” and introduce it as a standard unit of public service.
MN0012, 2014, E-Government
Increase number of “Public service online machines” at local levels for delivering public services to individuals in remote areas, as well as increase the content of its data.
MN0013, 2014, E-Government
Report public feedback on government performance received from the Government’s “11-11” center. Government shall also establish a data system that responds to and tracks petitions and enquiries.
MN0014, 2014, Public Participation
Develop and publish E-mapping of crime occurrence.
MN0015, 2014, E-Government
Create a united information database on law enforcement activities, crimes and violation records, and ensure that the database is accessible to relevant bodies.
MN0016, 2014, E-Government
Introduce a system of random disclosure to the public of asset and financial statements of any public servants.
MN0017, 2014, Asset Disclosure
Publish the asset and financial statements of officials who work in organizations with a high likelihood of corruption index on websites and ensure citizen monitoring.
MN0018, 2014, Asset Disclosure
Create regulation that repeals decisions made without due participation of citizens and contradict public interests, as well as hold the officials at fault accountable.
MN0019, 2014, Legislation & Regulation
Deliver the draft laws, acts, amendments and administrative rules to public attention in due time. In particular, create an opportunity for people to access such information from “Public Service Online Machines”, Citizens Chambers, and the public libraries at each provincial level.
MN0020, 2014, Capacity Building
Strengthen the capacity of citizens by implementing certain projects to enhance legal knowledge of target groups using simple language.
MN0021, 2014, Capacity Building