Skip Navigation
Romania

Raise Awareness About Corruption (RO0059)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Romania Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Justice (MJ), Directorate for Crime Prevention

Support Institution(s): Anti-Corruption General Directorate

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Justice for OG

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Raising public awareness on the impact of corruption
May – September 2019
Lead implementing agency/actor Ministry of Justice (MJ), Directorate for Crime Prevention Other actors involved State actors Anti-Corruption General Directorate CSOs, private sector, multilaterals, working groups What is the public problem that the commitment will address? Rejection of corruption acts by citizens, reporting irregularities or abuses are manifestations of civic spirit and respect for the rule of law. However, these values are not promoted and thoroughly explained, and there is still need to inform citizens on the legal obligations of institutions and civil servants and on how to fight the phenomenon of corruption, through available legal and civic means. Lack of information on the relevant legislation or on what does and what does not represent an act of corruption at the level of daily behaviour, are aspects that can favour the perpetuation of conduct that doesn’t encourage integrity, correctness and, last but not least, compliance with the laws. Commitment description What is the commitment? The Ministry of Justice will carry out a public information campaign, which will consist of an initial survey on the perception of corruption in Romania, in order to be able to choose a particular sector or a central theme that can be used to create deliverables and achieve the results: a TV spot, an audio spot, press releases, flyers and posters. How will the commitment contribute to solve the public problem? Increase the level of anticorruption education, by increasing the level of information of the public on the impact of corruption. Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values? Increased level of information and public awareness with a view to improve corruption prevention. Milestone activity with a verifiable Responsible agency / Start Date: End Date: 28 deliverable partner Perform an initial survey regarding the perception of corruption in Romania MJ May 2019 June 2019 Develop materials to be disseminated MJ June 2019 July 2019 Effective rollout of the campaign (media and press release) MJ July 2019 August 2019 Performing a follow-up survey regarding the perception of corruption in Romania MJ August 2019 September 2019 Additional information Budget 1.427.405 lei. The source already exists, with European funds being available for this action through the Operational Capacity Administrative Program (POCA), as part of the project "Strengthening the Administrative Capacity of the Technical Secretariat of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy 2016-2020 to support the implementation of anti-corruption measures". The financing contract was signed in November 2017 and will have a 22-month implementation period. Correlation with other government programs/strategies This commitment is connected to the SNA specific objective no. 4.2. - Increasing the level of information of the public regarding the impact of the corruption phenomenon, with actions including: - Organizing and running a public information campaign by the MJ in order to raise awareness and the level of anti-corruption education among citizens; - Organize and run sectoral public information campaigns in order to raise awareness and the level of anti-corruption education among citizens.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

12. Raising public awareness on the impact of corruption

Commitment Text: "The Ministry of Justice will carry out a public information campaign, which will consist of an initial survey on the perception of corruption in Romania, in order to be able to choose a particular sector or a central theme that can be used to create deliverables and achieve the results: a TV spot, an audio spot, press releases, flyers and posters."

Milestones:

    • Perform an initial survey regarding the perception of corruption in Romania
    • Develop materials to be disseminated
    • Effective rollout of the campaign (media and press release)
    • Performing a follow-up survey regarding the perception of corruption in Romania

Start Date: May 2019

End Date: September 2020

Editorial Note: The commitment text is abridged. The full text can be found in the OGP 2018-2020 national action plan.

Context and Objectives

According to Transparency International, public perception of corruption in Romania is among the highest in the European Union. [112] The lack of information on the relevant legislation, on what represents an act of corruption in daily practice, and on what to do when one observes it helps perpetuate corruption in the country. The most recent awareness raising campaigns on corruption are those of Transparency International (TI) in 2007, and of the General Directorate Anticorruption (DGA) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in 2014. [113] Consequently, this commitment aims to carry out a new awareness raising campaign that informs citizens on the legal obligations of institutions and civil servants and on how to fight corruption through available legal and civic means. [114] The milestones are verifiable, and by raising awareness on and facilitating access to anticorruption resources, the commitment furthers access to information.

The specifics of the campaign are lacking in the action plan. For example, according to an interviewed Ministry of Justice (MoJ) representative, this initial survey envisioned under Milestone 12.1 will differ fundamentally from the corruption barometer and the corruption perception indices of TI. [115] However, it is unclear what the desired sample size is, which sampling methodology will be employed (e.g., will only citizens be asked to fill in the questionnaire or also members of the public administration? Will it be an anonymous survey? Will the same sample be monitored twice, or will the two surveys be based on random drawings? etc.), and whether the survey questions and the survey results will be published after the awareness raising campaign is completed. Through this information campaign, MoJ wishes to have a lasting impact on the target group, [116] but the literature shows that awareness raising and persuasion campaigns have short-lived effects. [117] This is especially true when the target group is varied, as the MoJ representative explained, such as citizens that request public services, youth, business sectors, and employees of the public administration. [118] Because all of these groups have different motivations and incentives to care about, partake in, or report on corruption, [119] without a more targeted, continuous campaign, the potential impact of the commitment is likely to be minor.

Next steps

Representatives from both MoJ and TI recognize the importance of raising awareness on the impact of corruption and on how to prevent it. [120] Nevertheless, given their short-lived effects, their repetition is essential to changing mindsets and business-as-usual practices. If this commitment is carried forward to the next action plan, it could be designed and executed in the following ways: 

  • MoJ could open the survey methods, samples, results, and the analyses thereof, and allow citizens to understand how many people were surveyed, how they were selected, what questions were they asked, what metrics were employed, etc. This metainformation will provide the information necessary to judge the efficiency of the campaign and to inform on the design of future campaigns.
  • MoJ could require that all information materials created by the private contractor (radio, TV, and printed materials) be published under open access—so that the ministry and other interested parties can reuse them freely.
  • Given the short-term effects of the awareness raising campaigns, MoJ could consider repeating them more frequently. To this end, MoJ could partner with civil society [121] and with the media, to ensure that viable old promotional materials (e.g., from the current campaign, from the 2014 DGA campaign, etc.) are recycled and brought to the public’s attention on a more permanent basis. According to the TI representative, there are many useful tools and solutions that TI holds, but there are also solutions that come from other public institutions—e.g., the Romanian railway system has a "General Complaints Telephone Number" printed on its tickets that can be used to report corruption. [122]

[112] Transparency International (2018) "Corruption perception index", available at http://bit.ly/2kINIjS.

[113] The 2007 TI campaign "Don’t bribe" is presented [in Romanian] at http://bit.ly/2kkXkkS, and the 2014 campaign "Don’t bribe and don’t receive bribes! Avoid and denounce corruption" of the General Directorate Anticorruption (Ministry of Interior) is presented [in Romanian] at http://bit.ly/2kLlapU.

[114] Interview with Irina Lonean, Transparency International: Romanian Chapter (TI), 29 August 2019.

[115] Interview with Ruxandra Banica, Ministry of Justice (MoJ), 29 August 2019.

[116] Interview with Ruxandra Banica, MoJ, 29 August 2019.

[117] Alan S. Gerber, James G. Gimpel, Donald P. Green, Daron R. Shaw (2011) "How Large and Long-lasting Are the Persuasive Effects of Televised Campaign Ads? Results from a Randomized Field Experiment", American Political Science Review, vol. 105 (1), pp. 135-150.

[118] Interview with Ruxandra Banica, MoJ, 29 August 2019.

[119] Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Communication for Behavior Change in the 21st Century: Improving the Health of Diverse Populations. Speaking of Health: Assessing Health Communication Strategies for Diverse Populations. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2002. 3, Health Communication Campaigns Exemplar, available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK222234/.

[120] Interview with Irina Lonean, TI, 29 August 2019 Interview with Ruxandra Banica, MoJ, 29 August 2019.

[121] According to the TI and MoJ representatives, MoJ has not partnered with or elicited the support of civil society in the creation or dissemination of the current information materials (Interview with Irina Lonean, TI, 29 August 2019; Interview with Ruxandra Banica, MoJ, 29 August 2019.)

[122] Interview with Irina Lonean, TI, 29 August 2019.


Commitments

  1. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  4. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  6. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, Access to Information

  10. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, Access to Information

  11. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  12. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, Access to Information

  14. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  15. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, Access to Information

  16. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Access to Information

  17. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Access to Information

  18. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, Access to Information

  19. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Starred commitment Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  29. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Access to Information

  31. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  32. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Access to Information

  34. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  36. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Access to Information

  37. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, Access to Information

  38. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Access to Information

  39. Starred commitment Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  40. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Access to Information

  41. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Access to Information

  42. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Access to Information

  43. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  44. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  45. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Access to Information

  46. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Access to Information

  47. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014,

  48. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Access to Information

  49. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Access to Information

  50. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Access to Information

  51. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Access to Information

  52. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Access to Information

  53. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Access to Information

  54. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Access to Information

  55. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Access to Information

  56. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Access to Information

  57. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Access to Information

  58. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Access to Information

  59. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, Access to Information

  60. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, Access to Information

  61. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Access to Information

  62. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Access to Information

  63. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Access to Information

  64. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Access to Information

  65. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Access to Justice

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!