Skip Navigation
Slovak Republic

Report on Public Participation in Lawmaking (SK0133)



Action Plan: Slovak Republic Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active


Lead Institution: Government Plenipotentiary for Civil Society Development

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Public Participation, Regulatory Governance

IRM Review

IRM Report: Slovakia Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i



Increasing public participation in the creation of public policies is regulated by the ROS ROS initiative alsoSlovak legislation, namely through the Institute of Preliminary Information and the Institute of Administrationon public participation. 39 Institute reports on public participation in rulemaking is toSlovak law was received by the adoption of Act no. 400/2015 Coll. on Legal Formationon the Collection of Laws of the Slovak Republic and on amendments and supplements to certain acts.The amendment of the Legislative Rules of the Government of the Slovak Republic introduced its formalized models.The purpose of introducing the institute reports on public participation in rulemaking was particularly:

• providing guidance during participatory law-making;
• Providing a means of declaring public involvement in lawmaking;• providing a feedback mechanism to the submitter.

From the analysis of application practice and discussions with legislative employeeslegislative branches of ministries and other central government bodies during the week of open governance in 2018 and 2019 several findings emerged:
• employees of individual legislative departments of ministries and others CSOs prefer to use the form of their own Report on Public Participation in Legal Formationas its formalized versions are not part of the Slov-Lex system on which it is basedthe legislative process takes place,
• formalized templates Reports on public participation are complicated and are usually completedbefore submitting an application for interdepartmental consultation,• there is a lack of feedback on participatory processes that have been carried out in the preparation of proposalslegislation,
• formalized templates of the Report on Public Participation in Lawmaking are appropriateas several questions cannot be answered within the statutory deadlineits elaboration, or they can be held responsible only after the interdepartmental comment procedure.

For these reasons and at the request of employees and employees of the legislative departments Ministries and other CSOs and civil society, models of the Report on Participation inin order to facilitate its elaboration.This will also encourage greater public involvement in the drafting of legislation and openness to legislationprocesses.

Specific milestone towards the goal:
18. Modify in a participatory manner the formalized templates of the Report on Public Participation in Creationlegislation and the resulting proposal to submit to the Government of the SR.
Deadline: 30 June 2020
Responsible: Government Plenipotentiary for Civil Society Development
Co-responsible: Deputy Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic for investments and informatisation, ministers, chairmenother central government bodies

Ongoing role in the topic of participation, still ongoing from Government Resolution no. 104/2017 is shownin Annex no. Point 1 4.2.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

8. Modify public participation report for legislative processes

Main Objective

“Amend the Report on Public Participation in the Drafting of Legislation.” [123]


  1. In a participatory manner, amend formalized templates of the Report on Public Participation in the Drafting of Legislation and submit the final draft to the Government of the Slovak Government.

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Slovakia’s action plan at

IRM Design Report Assessment





Civic Participation

Potential impact:


Commitment Analysis

The commitment to modify reports on public participation in the legislative process is new, but it builds on the previous efforts of the Office of the Plenipotentiary in the area of participative processes. Its main aim is to amend the formal templates that public administration uses in legislative processes to document civic participation. The milestone specifies that changes to templates will be adopted as a result of participatory process.

Therefore, the commitment is relevant to civic participation as amending the templates will consider inputs from CSOs. Ministries and public authorities already publish reports on public participation (informing how the public was engaged in the draft law-making [124]) on Slov-lex, along with other materials required for initiating legislative processes, so the commitment could make it easier to compare the extent of civic participation in legislative processes across public authorities.

Although the current templates have been generally well-received, [125] they have also faced criticism for their self assessment, yes-no format, and that their usefulness and informative value depends on how public administration uses them. [126] The legislation [127] that brought in the reports of public participation included four templates based on the level of public engagement (inform, consult, involve, and collaborate with the public in its broadest sense). The templates were designed to cover all stages of law-making, i.e., preparatory works, informing and engaging the public, and evaluating the whole process. The templates are checklists asking the public administration a set (14 to 33 depending on the level of public engagement) of yes-no questions about the character of law-making processes (e.g. appropriateness of the used communication tools). Public authorities should ideally offer additional information supporting their answers in the templates, but some do not. [128]

The way and frequency that current templates are used – or not – is a challenge which this commitment seeks to address. One interviewee stated in the previous IRM report [129] that in the current state, the templates might even increase the administrative burden of public servants, and they might decide to use their own reports instead. In some instances, these reports were more informationally rich than completed templates, as some legislators detailed the description of public engagement. For instance, while the template only asks yes-no questions if the key civil society actors were identified and engaged, public authorities [130] that used their own templates often listed these actors. The latest report by the Office of the Plenipotentiary from 2017 [131] concluded that although the use of templates slightly increased, relative to 2016, public administration still preferred to write reports on public participation in their own words rather than use the templates. Furthermore, as the new action plan [132] rightly points out, some of the questions in the templates are impossible to answer before the deadlines for completing the report. Also, as the action plan states, public servants who discussed the usefulness of reports during Open Government Weeks in Slovakia concluded that feedback on participatory processes related to draft proposals of legal regulations is missing. While the feedback to drafters from CSOs helps public servants to improve future processes, feedback to the public including citizens, CSOs, and other involved stakeholders on how their comments were addressed is equally important, and the Office of the Plenipotentiary could include this aspect in the discussion on how new reports should look.             


While addressing the issues identified by the commitment has been seen by civil society representatives as a positive step, [133] its impact is considered minor. This is due to the unclear impact on whether it enhances access to information or includes new information, or whether it creates new opportunities for civic participation. The Office of the Plenipotentiary [134] confirmed that there is a dedicated working group, consisting of the representatives of public administration, civil society, and academia, which discusses how new templates should look. Via Iuris, a prominent CSO, is a member of the working group and was invited to comment on the process. Another restriction on its impact comes from stakeholder assessments in previous IRM reports that these self-assessments by public administration do not include any oversight [135] or input from those who participated in the processes. The commitment does not address these issues.

[123] Office of the Plenipotentiary, Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2020 – 2021,
[124] Ibid.
[125] Mária Žuffová, Open Government Partnership, Slovakia Special Accountability Report 2014 - 2015,
[126] Interview with Veronika Prachárová, Slovak Governance Institute, 28 May 2020, Section VI - Methodology and Sources for more information.
[127] Government Office, Government Resolution no. 164/2016 on the Legislative rules of the Slovak government (4 May 2016), (in Slovak).
[128] For illustration, the report on public participation published by the Ministry of Environment documenting one of its legislative processes where no additional information was provided, (in Slovak). 
[129] Mária Žuffová, Open Government Partnership, IRM Slovakia Design Report 2017–2019,
[130] As an example of a public authority, which used its own template and provided a greater level of detail as it would should it have used the official checklist template is the Ministry of Finance in case of the Act on gambling, (in Slovak).    
[131] Office of the Plenipotentiary, Analýza zverejňovania správ o účasti verejnosti a predbežných informácií za rok 2016 (Analysis on the publication of preliminary information and reports on public participation for the year 2016),, and Analýza zverejňovania správ o účasti verejnosti a predbežných informácií za rok 2017 (Analysis on the publication of preliminary information and reports on public participation for the year 2017), (in Slovak).
[132] Office of the Plenipotentiary, Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2020 – 2021,
[133] Interview with Karolína Miková, Partners for Democratic Change, 5 May 2020, Section VI - Methodology and Sources for more information.
[134] Interview with Lucia Lacika and Skarlet Ondrejčáková, Office of Plenipotentiary, 11 March 2020, Section VI - Methodology and Sources for more information.
[135] Ibid, IRM Stakeholder meeting related to participation, and reference to the interview with Karolína Miková.  


  1. Publish Implementation Plans for Regulations

    SK0126, 2019, E-Government

  2. Regularly Publish Government Datasets

    SK0127, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Publish Data on Use of EU Grant Funding

    SK0128, 2019, Aid

  4. Publish Beneficial Ownership Data

    SK0129, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  5. Educational Resources Portal

    SK0130, 2019, Capacity Building

  6. National Open Science Strategy

    SK0131, 2019, Capacity Building

  7. Continuous Education for Participatory Policymaking

    SK0132, 2019, Capacity Building

  8. Report on Public Participation in Lawmaking

    SK0133, 2019, Public Participation

  9. Civil Society - Government Partnerships

    SK0134, 2019, Local Commitments

  10. Legislation Materials Portal

    SK0135, 2019, Access to Information

  11. Monitor Fulfillment of the Next Action Plan

    SK0136, 2019, Public Participation

  12. Open Data Portal

    SK0058, 2017, Access to Information

  13. Submit a Draft Law on Data to the Government.

    SK0059, 2017, Access to Information

  14. Public Administration Employee Training

    SK0060, 2017, Access to Information

  15. Data Publication Standards

    SK0061, 2017, Access to Information

  16. Update Open Data Portal

    SK0062, 2017, Access to Information

  17. Open Data Publication

    SK0063, 2017, Access to Information

  18. Open Data Awareness-Raising

    SK0064, 2017, Access to Information

  19. Survey About Open Data

    SK0065, 2017, Access to Information

  20. Publish Open Data

    SK0066, 2017, Access to Information

  21. Analysis of Open Data

    SK0067, 2017, Access to Information

  22. Open Data Strategy

    SK0068, 2017, Access to Information

  23. Develop Standards for Publicly Available Application Programming Interfaces and Submit Them to the Commission for the Standardization of Information Systems in Public Administration.

    SK0069, 2017, E-Government

  24. Ensure Open Data Publication

    SK0070, 2017, Access to Information

  25. Survey of Public Demand for Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0071, 2017, E-Government

  26. Publish Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0072, 2017, Access to Information

  27. Enable the Disclosure of Source Code and Development Using Open Methods for Newly Developed Plug-Ins and Extensions of Web Browsers and Client Applications.

    SK0073, 2017, Access to Information

  28. Custom-Made Information Systems

    SK0074, 2017, Access to Information

  29. Publish Open Source Software Data

    SK0075, 2017, Access to Information

  30. Study About Open Source Software

    SK0076, 2017, Access to Information

  31. Feasibility Study on NGO Satellite Account

    SK0077, 2017, Access to Information

  32. Define the Minimum Scope and Structure of the Disclosed Data on the Use of European Structural and Investment Funds, the EEA Financial Mechanism, Norwegian Financial Mechanism, the Swiss Financial Mechanism and Subsidy Schemes From the State Budget.

    SK0078, 2017, Aid

  33. Publish Financial Data

    SK0079, 2017, Access to Information

  34. Propose Changes to Central Register of Contracts Regulation

    SK0080, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  35. Create Space for the Publication of Local Self-Government (Municipality) Contracts in a Single Central Repository.

    SK0081, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  36. Establish and Operate a Repository of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic for Storage, Long-Term Archiving and Access to Educational Resources.

    SK0082, 2017, Access to Information

  37. Open Education Resources

    SK0083, 2017, Access to Information

  38. Reach Out to Partners Who Have Provided Educational Resources After 2008 to the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic Or to Its Directly Managed OrGanizations, with a Suggestion to Make Educational Resources Available Under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) Public License.

    SK0084, 2017, E-Government

  39. Enforce Public Licensing

    SK0085, 2017, Education

  40. Make Educational Resources Available in Local Langage

    SK0086, 2017, Education

  41. Ensure Availability of University Textbooks

    SK0087, 2017, Access to Information

  42. Introduce Specific Rules for Open Publication and the Obligation to Provide Free Access of Selected Publicly Funded Publica-Tions

    SK0088, 2017, Access to Information

  43. Analyze the Possibility of Applying Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) Public License As Standard for Selected Works Mandatorily Published in the Central Registry of Theses and Dissertations.

    SK0089, 2017, E-Government

  44. Awareness-Raising About Open Education Resources

    SK0090, 2017, E-Government

  45. Publish the Outcomes of the Approval Process of Educational Resources on the Web-Site of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic.

    SK0091, 2017, Access to Information

  46. To Introduce the Basic Principles of Open Access to Scientific Publications Under a Public License Under the Operational Program Research and Innovation.

    SK0092, 2017, Access to Information

  47. Ensure the Implementation of Public License Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)

    SK0093, 2017, Access to Information

  48. Establish Contact Office for Open Access.

    SK0094, 2017, Access to Information

  49. Establish Conditions for Passportization of Open Research Data Under a Public License and Monitor Its Implementation in Practice.

    SK0095, 2017, Access to Information

  50. Establish and Operate a Repository to Provide Storage, Long-Term Archiving and Ac-Cess to Slovak Scientific and Academic Publications, Research Data and Gray Literature.

    SK0096, 2017, Access to Information

  51. Design Systematic Benchmarking Monitoring Mechanisms for the Measurement and Comparison and Propose Further Analyses Related to Acquiring, Processing and Re-Use of Research Data and Open Access Scientific Publications.

    SK0097, 2017, Access to Information

  52. Raise Awareness About Open Access in Academic Community

    SK0098, 2017, Access to Information

  53. Participate in International Coordination on Open Education Reforms

    SK0099, 2017, Access to Information

  54. Participatory Public Policy

    SK0100, 2017, E-Government

  55. Citizen-Traingin on Public Policy Making

    SK0101, 2017, Capacity Building

  56. Create Engaging Public Policies

    SK0102, 2017, Capacity Building

  57. Government Employee Peer-Exchange

    SK0103, 2017, Capacity Building

  58. Evaluate Identified Participatory Processes of Creation and Implementation of Pub-Lic Policies and Disseminate Examples of Good Practice Based on This Evaluation.

    SK0104, 2017, Capacity Building

  59. Promote Partnership and Dialogue Between Public Authorities, Citizens and NGOs at National, Regional and Local Level in the Area of Participatory Public Policy-Making.

    SK0105, 2017, Capacity Building

  60. Propose a Recommendation of Internal Guidelines on the Use of Free On-Line Tools in Participatory Creation of Public Policies.

    SK0106, 2017, Capacity Building

  61. Create Learning Tools in the Field of Participation.

    SK0107, 2017, Capacity Building

  62. Use Educational Tools About Participation in Formal Education Using Informal Learn-Ing Methods.

    SK0108, 2017, E-Government

  63. Develop Recommendations for Embedding Participatory Processes Into Organiza-Tional Processes, Internal Guidelines and Other Documents for the Needs of Central Government Bodies.

    SK0109, 2017, Capacity Building

  64. Reassess the Implementation of the Publication of Assessments of Judges in Terms of the Clarity and Making Further Analysis Easier

    SK0110, 2017, E-Government

  65. Specify Which Court Decisions Do Not Need to Be Published.

    SK0111, 2017, E-Government

  66. Standardize Submission Requirements for Slov-Lex Portal

    SK0112, 2017, Access to Information

  67. Draft Legislation About the Responsibility of Judges

    SK0113, 2017, E-Government

  68. Draft Legislation to Ensure Public Scrutiny of Judges

    SK0114, 2017, Judiciary

  69. Prepare Legislation That Will Ensure the Publication of the Seat of Office of Individual Prosecutors

    SK0115, 2017, E-Government

  70. Create Draft Legislation to Extend the Right to Recommend Candidates for the Post of Attorney-General.

    SK0116, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  71. Participatory Analysis of Prosecutor's Affairs

    SK0117, 2017, E-Government

  72. In a Participatory Manner, Analyze the Selection Procedures

    SK0118, 2017, Justice

  73. Awareness-Raising About Anti-Social Activities

    SK0119, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  74. Analyze and Evaluate Preliminary Information and Reports on Public Participation in the Process of Drafting and Commenting on Draft Legislation.

    SK0120, 2017, E-Government

  75. Analyze and Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Electronic Collective Petition.

    SK0121, 2017, E-Government

  76. Identify the Person Responsible for Implementing the Tasks of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019 in the Organization.

    SK0122, 2017, E-Government

  77. Coordinate the Working Group on the Implementation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0123, 2017,

  78. Develop the Final Evaluation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0124, 2017, E-Government

  79. Prepare and Submit for the Government of the Slovak Republic the OGP National Action Plan for the Following Period.

    SK0125, 2017, E-Government

  80. List of Open Data Datasets

    SK0023, 2015, Access to Information

  81. Publish Open Data

    SK0024, 2015, Access to Information

  82. Survey of Open Data

    SK0025, 2015, Access to Information

  83. Publish Relevant Open Datasets

    SK0026, 2015, Access to Information

  84. Starred commitment Open Data Publication Strategy

    SK0027, 2015, Access to Information

  85. Grant Scheme Open Data Portal

    SK0028, 2015, Access to Information

  86. Web Portal Promotion Campaign

    SK0029, 2015, Access to Information

  87. Evaluate Grant Funding Open Data Application

    SK0030, 2015, Access to Information

  88. Digital Education Resources

    SK0031, 2015, Access to Information

  89. Map Existing Repositories

    SK0032, 2015, Access to Information

  90. Analyze Procurement Process for Education Resources

    SK0033, 2015, Access to Information

  91. Textbook Procurement Process

    SK0034, 2015, Access to Information

  92. Pilot Procurement Process

    SK0035, 2015, Access to Information

  93. Raise Awareness of Education Resources

    SK0036, 2015, Access to Information

  94. Join Multilateral Activities in Europe and Beyond That Support the Creation, Improvement, Sharing and Re-Use of Open Educational Resources.

    SK0037, 2015, Access to Information

  95. Map Existing Scientific Repositories

    SK0038, 2015, Access to Information

  96. Identify Barriers to Open Data Access

    SK0039, 2015, Access to Information

  97. Submit Analysis of Open Data Publication

    SK0040, 2015, Access to Information

  98. Data Publication Mechanism

    SK0041, 2015, Access to Information

  99. Raise Awareness About Open Access in Academic Community

    SK0042, 2015, Access to Information

  100. Assist Other Countries with Open Access Strategy

    SK0043, 2015, Access to Information

  101. Participatory Policy-Making

    SK0044, 2015, Public Participation

  102. Workshops on Public Involvement in Policymaking

    SK0045, 2015, Capacity Building

  103. Starred commitment Develop Public Policy with Civil Society

    SK0047, 2015, Civic Space

  104. Starred commitment Develop Criteria for Evaluating Participation in Policymaking

    SK0048, 2015, Public Participation

  105. Evaluate Policy Creation

    SK0049, 2015, Public Participation

  106. Map Legislative Environments

    SK0050, 2015, Open Parliaments

  107. Carry Out a Public Campaign to Promote the Collective Electronic Petitions.

    SK0051, 2015, Capacity Building

  108. Publish Evaluation of Justices

    SK0052, 2015, Judiciary

  109. Analyze Publication of Judicial Decisions

    SK0053, 2015, Judiciary

  110. Uniform Reporting of Judicial Decisions

    SK0054, 2015, Judiciary

  111. Publish List of Names of Prosecutors

    SK0055, 2015, Judiciary

  112. Final Evaluation of OGP Action Plan

    SK0056, 2015, Public Participation

  113. Develop Next Action Plan

    SK0057, 2015, Public Participation

  114. Starred commitment Open Data Portal Launch

    SK0001, 2012, Access to Information

  115. Publishing Datasets

    SK0002, 2012, Access to Information

  116. Datasets Mapping

    SK0003, 2012, Access to Information

  117. Data Standards

    SK0004, 2012, Access to Information

  118. Improved Register of Contracts

    SK0005, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  119. Starred commitment Continuous Dataset Publising

    SK0006, 2012, Access to Information

  120. Starred commitment ITMS Dataset

    SK0007, 2012, Access to Information

  121. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring

    SK0008, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  122. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Prepare Tender for Web Application

    SK0009, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  123. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Portal Launch

    SK0010, 2012, E-Government

  124. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0011, 2012, Capacity Building

  125. Starred commitment Apply Participatory Policy Making

    SK0012, 2012, Public Participation

  126. Lawmaking Public Participation Rules

    SK0013, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  127. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0014, 2012, Public Participation

  128. Collective e-Petitions

    SK0015, 2012, E-petitions

  129. Collective e-Petitions – Draft Amendment

    SK0016, 2012, E-petitions

  130. OGP Steering Committee

    SK0017, 2012,

  131. Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0018, 2012, Access to Information

  132. Develop Criteria for Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0019, 2012, Access to Information

  133. Conduct First Evaluation Using Openess Barometer

    SK0020, 2012, Access to Information

  134. Whistleblowers Protection Act

    SK0021, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  135. 2014-2015 Action Plan Development

    SK0022, 2012,

Open Government Partnership