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Local Authorities for Transparency and Citizen Participation (ES0026)



Action Plan: Spain Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Inactive


Lead Institution: Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP)

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Finance and Civil Service, Local entities, University, Network Collaborating Partners and observers , UN-HABITAT/UCLG/SEGIB, Transparency International

Policy Areas

Access to Information, Capacity Building, E-Government, Fiscal Openness, Legislation & Regulation, Legislative, Open Data, Public Participation, Public Participation in Budget/Fiscal Policy, Publication of Budget/Fiscal Information, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


Promotional institution: Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP); Other actors: Government: Ministry of Finance and Civil Service; Civil society, private initiative, multilateral and working groups: Local entities University Network Collaborating Partners and observers UN-HABITAT/UCLG/SEGIB Transparency International; Status quo or problem addressed: The principles and recommendations of the Open Government Partnership indicate that a comprehensive strategy is needed. This means that all levels of government have to jointly bring themselves closer to the citizens by becoming more transparent and participatory. The level of local administration must move forward with these recommendations by supporting each other and other levels of government. Diagnosis of the situation: Little awareness in society Deficit in the use of mechanisms for participation and collaboration. Multiple rules, complex in many cases, not developed in some aspects, without sanctioning capacities. Local organization with very small municipalities with difficulties implementing legal obligations. Lack of coordinated action between levels of government and between the different local governments to facilitate and reinforce the participation and collaboration of citizens and society. Problem needing to be resolved: Lack of a space of articulation between local governments that allows building institutional strategies that are more homogeneous, simple and efficient for citizens.; Main objective: Promote the consolidation and operation of the Network of Local Entities for Transparency and Participation as an instrument for: Piloting the evolution of traditional local citizen participation policies towards open government policies. Generate an exchange framework that allows the FEMP to represent, in a sustained and specialized manner, the local administration in the construction of the country's overall open government strategy and facilitate the deployment of the purposes of other governments (Autonomous Communities) with the aim of achieving the maximum social impact.; Brief description of the commitment: Article 1 of the Law regulating the rules of local government describes municipalities as the immediate channels for citizen participation in public affairs, the approval of Law 19/2015 on Transparency and Good Governance and the will to make legislation and to develop its purposes, makes the FEMP Governing Board approve the implementation of the Network of Local Entities for Transparency and Citizen Participation to share insights, resources and promote innovation and the permanent improvement of the relationship between local governments and Citizens under the principles of Open Government, under the prism of governance and collaboration between governments and through the exchange of experiences, lifelong learning, networking and developing projects. Its inspiring VALUES are integrity, willingness to seek solutions, collaboration and exchange, learning and commitment to social innovation. General objectives: Local Governments 1.- Promote the progress of effective policies of transparency, participation and citizen collaboration of Spanish local entities as a whole to achieve stable frameworks of coexistence and favoring the economic and social development of the territories. Citizens/Society 2.- Facilitate the exercise of the rights of access to information and of citizen and society participation at local level, seeking involvement and commitment to public action. Public Value 3.- Reinforcing and increasing the confidence of citizens in local governments, assuming good governance commitments and exemplary practices in the areas of accountability, participation in decision-making and in the design and evaluation of public services. The shareholding partners of the Network are the Local Entities that express, through the corresponding agreement adopted by the Plenum of the Corporation, their express desire to join. Within the framework of the global organization of local representation, United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG), the objective is to create a Community of Practice to develop a strategy for the definition and implementation of open government policies at local level in different regions of the world highlighting the work developed at national level by the Network and the URBAN GLASS Ibero-America project.; OPG challenge addressed by the commitment: The commitment aims to operate, transversely, on the set of OGP challenges and considers them as links in a virtuous circle of progress. Increase in public integrity More efficient management of public resources Improvement of public services Increase in corporate responsibility Creation of safer communities; Relevance: The local entities in our country are, for normative reasons, of trajectory and practice, the level of government that articulates communities and territories and a key piece to making the principles of open government among the citizens real as well as activating their prominence. Many local entities have a significant deficit of resources, including those of knowledge, and a collaborative ecosystem must be favored, which spreads and disseminates values and practices and which is willing to share resources. The non-formalization of the commitment of the local entities with the policies of open government and the non-use of the network would suppose: Not reaching the Governments closest to the citizens. Limiting participation as many local entities have difficulty opening channels of collaboration using information technologies and the use of shared resources would allow this. To promote the fragmentation of modes of operation which imply inefficiency for the institutions and complexity for the citizens. This commitment considers it very important to avoid creating gaps in opportunities for participation by territories, people and topics or areas of action and aims to generate balancing mechanisms as well as homogeneous progress.; Aim: Open Government policies are currently in a phase of formulation and development. It is necessary to build systems for sharing, monitoring and evaluation to ensure the correct application of the same and identify if the axes that normalize it find the right balance. In this sense, one of the challenges identified in the deepening of open government models, both in Spain and in particular in Spanish local governments, is to establish an adequate link between policies of transparency and policies of participation and citizen collaboration. Although in the last stage, local governments have focused on transparency in the framework of open government strategies, participation and collaboration require an improvement in the quality of transparency, through the incorporation of mechanisms that offer citizens information about the traceability of the decisions that are adopted and the impulse towards a development that allows the achievement of an integral model of open government. The aim of the commitment is to generate work means and formulas, sustainable over time and accessible for all the members of the ecosystem of those interested in the development of the rights of the people and the principles of Open Government.


  1. Creation of an Open Government Forum

    ES0024, 2017, Public Participation

  2. Sectoral Commision on Open Government

    ES0025, 2017, Capacity Building

  3. Local Authorities for Transparency and Citizen Participation

    ES0026, 2017, Access to Information

  4. Open Government Initiatives Abroad

    ES0027, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  5. Participatory Web Space on Open Government

    ES0028, 2017, Capacity Building

  6. Observatory on Participation

    ES0029, 2017, Capacity Building

  7. Participatory Budgeting

    ES0030, 2017, E-Government

  8. Young People in Public Policies

    ES0031, 2017, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency Portal and the Right of Access

    ES0032, 2017, Access to Information

  10. Information Disclosure Program and Its Reuse

    ES0033, 2017, Access to Information

  11. Citizen’S Folder

    ES0034, 2017, E-Government

  12. ARCHIVE System

    ES0035, 2017, Access to Information

  13. Regulations for the Transparency Law

    ES0036, 2017, Access to Information

  14. Expand Economic-Financial Center

    ES0037, 2017, Access to Information

  15. Coordination of the Cadastre and the Land Registry

    ES0038, 2017, Capacity Building

  16. Information on Gender-Based Violence

    ES0039, 2017, Gender

  17. Training of Public Employees

    ES0040, 2017, Capacity Building

  18. Awareness-Raising and Training of Civil Society

    ES0041, 2017, Capacity Building

  19. Education in Open Government

    ES0042, 2017, Capacity Building

  20. Open Justice in Spain

    ES0043, 2017, Access to Information

  21. Transparency Portal

    ES0014, 2014, Access to Information

  22. Spanish Archives Portal, PARES

    ES0015, 2014, E-Government

  23. Open Education Resources

    ES0016, 2014, Education

  24. Accessibility of National Health System Microdata

    ES0017, 2014, Access to Information

  25. Access to and Re-Use of Geographic Information

    ES0018, 2014,

  26. Programmes on Opening up Information and Its Re-Use in the Public Sector

    ES0019, 2014, Access to Information

  27. Portal of the Administration of Justice

    ES0020, 2014, Access to Information

  28. Starred commitment Greater Control and Transparency in Public Grants

    ES0021, 2014, Civic Space

  29. Creation of the Spanish Council on Drug Dependence

    ES0022, 2014, Health

  30. Increased Participation of Sector Stakeholders in Defining the Goals of the National Maritime Rescue Plans.

    ES0023, 2014, Environment and Climate

  31. Starred commitment Law on Transparency, Access to Public Information and Good Governance

    ES0001, 2012, Access to Information

  32. Starred commitment Transparency and Accountability in the Official Development Assistance

    ES0002, 2012, Aid

  33. Law of Budgetary Stability and Financial Sustainability

    ES0003, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  34. Law Reform Grants

    ES0004, 2012, Civic Space

  35. E-Justice

    ES0005, 2012, E-Government

  36. Promotion of Social Networks to Facilitate Citizen Participation

    ES0006, 2012, E-Government

  37. Publication of Statistical Data on Crime

    ES0007, 2012, E-Government

  38. Review and Regulatory Simplification

    ES0008, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  39. Starred commitment E-Health

    ES0009, 2012, Health

  40. RED System

    ES0010, 2012, E-Government

  41. Streamlining Environmental Assessment Procedures

    ES0011, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  42. Streamlining Procedures for Business Creation

    ES0012, 2012, E-Government

  43. Reduction of Administrative Burdens for Farmers and Ranchers

    ES0013, 2012, Subnational

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