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Tunisia

Enhancing people participation in the decision-making process (TN0010)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Tunisia, First Action Plan, 2014-16

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: The Presidency of the Government (The General Directorate for Administrative Reforms and Prospective Studies, the Legal Advisor Services); The secretariat of State in charge of governance and civil service (The e-Government Unit)

Support Institution(s): All concerned public structures

Policy Areas

E-Government, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Tunisia End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

This commitment consists in preparing the legal framework of participation and development of an e-participation portal.
Consultations will be considered before all major public decision-making and before legal drafting. This framework is expected to determine the different stages to adopt legislation (laws, decrees,...) and to identify the intervening parties and the role of each of them in the process, according to a predefined calendar.
Develop an e-participation portal
This platform will facilitate communication and interaction with the various administration users. Multiple channels of communication will be adopted in order to enable them to express their opinions and make suggestions and share their ideas about public policies and programs formulation and to follow up their implementation. The portal development will be made according to a participatory approach that involves civil society representatives.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

10: Citizen participation in decisionmaking

Commitment Text: This commitment consists in preparing the legal framework for public consultation and development of an e-participation portal.

       Preparing a legal framework for public consultation:

Consultations will be considered before all major public decision-making and before legal drafting. This framework is expected to determine the different stages to adopt legislation (laws, decrees,…) and to identify the intervening parties and the role of each of them in the process, according to a predefined calendar.

Responsible Institution(s): The Presidency of the Government (The General Directorate for Reforms and Prospective Studies, the Legal Advisor Services)

       Develop an e-participation portal:

This platform will facilitate communication and interaction with the various administration users. Multiple channels of communication will be adopted in order to enable them to express their opinions and make suggestions and share their ideas about public policies and programs formulation and to follow up their implementation. The portal development will be made according to a participatory approach that involves civil society representatives.

Responsible Institution(s): The Secretariat of State in Charge of Governance and Civil Service (e-Gov Unit)

Supporting Institution(s): All concerned public structures

Start Date: July 2014 EndDate: February 2016

Commitment aim

This commitment was designed to draft a law to allow for online public consultations, and to build the first e-participation portal to improve civic engagement in key decision making. 

Status

Midterm: Limited

A first version of the e-participation portal was put in place in 2012 (http://www.consultations-publiques.tn). Although it did not allow citizens to view what others were saying, and lacked follow-up mechanisms on the implementation of the proposed reforms, it was used to conduct several public consultations. For example, it was used for the reforms related to social security and the judiciary. In interviews, several CSOs complained about the government’s limited efforts to publicise ongoing consultations and to raise awareness of the initiative.[Note 35: Stakeholder Forum held by the IRM researcher, September 2015.] Some criticised the fact that citizens with certain physical disabilities were unable to access the consultation portal, as well as the lack of publicity concerning the portal for expatriates. For more information, please see the 2014-2015 IRM Midterm Progress Report.[Note 36: OGP, Tunisia IRM Midterm Progress Report 2014-15, http://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Tunisia2014-15_IRM%20Progress%20Report_Eng.pdf.]

End of term: Limited

Due to the government’s self-assessment report, an online public consultation was organised in early 2016[Note 37: For the public consultation, see http://www.consultations-publiques.tn/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=212:2016-04-18-05-57-35&catid=78:consultation2016.] to discuss the legal framework for conducting online public consultations. The results of the consultations were not made public. According to Mrs. Imen Tazarki, Director of the General Administration of Reform and Prospective Administrative Studies, a decree on public consultation containing 16 articles was developed during the second semester of 2016.[Note 38: See the Tunisia OGP webpage, http://www.ogptunisie.gov.tn/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=37&Itemid=242] This occurred outside the assessment period for this report. The decree was supposed to be published in the official Journal of the Tunisian Republic (JORT) in November 2016. However, as of April 2017, the decree was still under review by the administrative court.

By July 2016, the e-participation portal, which was the second part of this commitment, was not yet fully operational. The government’s self-assessment reported that a technical committee was testing and evaluating the portal.[Note 39: For the 2016-2018 Action Plan see the Tunisia OGP country page: https://www.opengovpartnership.org/country/tunisia/assessment.

]

Did it open government?

Access to information: Did not change

Civic participation: Did not change

The development of a legal framework and the creation of an e-participation portal could have a major impact on civic participation in decision making, as well as improve access to information vis-a-vis the legislative drafting process. Neither the legislative framework, nor the participation e-portal has been completely developed, and as a result, the status quo has not changed. Civil society members who participate in National Steering Committee meetings are following up on the development of the decree on public consultation. However, they remain skeptical about the 2017 launch date.

Carried forward?

This commitment was not included in the second action plan. Nevertheless, given the importance of citizen participation tools in post-revolutionary Tunisia, the IRM researcher believes the government should complete the portal and publicise it so that citizens and CSOs can use it to follow and consult on laws.


Tunisia's Commitments

  1. right to information

    TN0036, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. open data framework

    TN0037, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Access to geographic information

    TN0038, 2018, E-Government

  4. open transport data

    TN0039, 2018, E-Government

  5. Improve water resource governance

    TN0040, 2018, E-Government

  6. Join EITI

    TN0041, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. open contracting in hydrocarbons

    TN0042, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. anti-corruption framework

    TN0043, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  9. participatory budgeting

    TN0044, 2018, Audits and Controls

  10. youth participation

    TN0045, 2018, Marginalized Communities

  11. Implement initiatives to apply the OGP at the local level

    TN0046, 2018, E-Government

  12. online administrative services

    TN0047, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. access to civil service

    TN0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  14. Joining the extractive industries transparency initiative "EITI"

    TN0021, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Modernizing the regulatory framework to enforce the Right to Access to Information

    TN0022, 2016, Capacity Building

  16. The completion of the legal and regulatory framework of open data at the national level

    TN0023, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Improve the transparency and local Gov Openness

    TN0024, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Enhance the transparency in the cultural sector : “open culture”

    TN0025, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. Enhance the transparency in the environment and sustainable development sector

    TN0026, 2016, Aid

  20. Enhancing transparency in the transport sector

    TN0027, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting financial and fiscal transparency

    TN0028, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  22. Elaborating a legal framework for citizen’s petitions

    TN0029, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Developing an integrated electronic civil petition and corruption reporting platform

    TN0030, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  24. Developing new mechanisms to promote interaction with the youth and enable them to pursue dialogue about public policies

    TN0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Adopting the corporate governance referential on the sectoral level

    TN0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Developing mobile applications which could be downloaded on the mobile phone to reinforce transparency of government activities and participatory approach

    TN0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Enhancing access to the archive

    TN0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. The development of an electronic mechanism to ensure transparency of Public Servants recruitment

    TN0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  29. strengthening legal framework for corruption fight

    TN0001, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  30. Developing an integrated electronic civil petition and corruption reporting platform

    TN0002, 2014, E-Government

  31. Publishing an annual report on audit activities in public sector

    TN0003, 2014, Audits and Controls

  32. Review of the legal framework of personal data protection and ensuring conformity with article 24 of Tunisian constitution

    TN0004, 2014, Human Rights

  33. Developing an Open Data Portal

    TN0005, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport

  34. Preparing a national corporate governance repository

    TN0006, 2014, E-Government

  35. Establishing a legal framework that regulates communication and interaction within public sector and between public structures and citizens with usage of ICT

    TN0007, 2014, E-Government

  36. Simplifying administrative procedures

    TN0008, 2014, E-Government

  37. Develop a number of administrative services on-line

    TN0009, 2014, E-Government

  38. Enhancing people participation in the decision-making process

    TN0010, 2014, E-Government

  39. Capacity-building of civil servants and citizens in the area of open governance

    TN0011, 2014, Capacity Building

  40. Creation of a structure specialized in training in the governance area

    TN0012, 2014, Capacity Building

  41. publication of budget reports

    TN0013, 2014, Audits and Controls

  42. Development of the open budget system

    TN0014, 2014, Fiscal Transparency

  43. Use of the data extracted from the application dedicated to budget management (ADEB) in public sector

    TN0015, 2014, E-Government

  44. publication of reports related to attribution and execution of public procurement and audit results

    TN0016, 2014, Audits and Controls

  45. publication of recommandations included in audit reports of public procurement

    TN0017, 2014, Audits and Controls

  46. Development of an "Open Data" platform dedicated to information dealing with oil and mine sector investment

    TN0018, 2014, Extractive Industries

  47. Improve transparency in the area of infrastructure projects

    TN0019, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport

  48. Devoting transparency in the environment field

    TN0020, 2014, E-Government