Development of the Open Budget System (TN0014)
Development of the open budget system in order to facilitate access to documents related to public finance and execution of the budget. This will guarantee the reuse of data by all users. This system will include a set of global data, which will be disseminated through the exploitation of automated information systems regarding the implementation of the State budget system, especially the system of management of the budget “ADEB”. This will be considered as an important step towards transparency, corruption fight and avoiding waste of public resources.
IRM End of Term Status Summary
13: Budget reports
Commitment Text: According to IBP-OECD international standards, 8 reports[Note 43: These are audit reports. Please see the IRM Midterm Progress Report 2014-2015 for further details, http://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Tunisia2014-15_IRM%20Progress%20Report_Eng.pdf.%5D related to budget must be published, but in Tunisia, only 6 reports are published. The proposal is to publish the two missing reports:
• Semi-annual report related to the budget.
• Audit report.
The 8 reports must be published in the appropriate deadlines according to international standards and also the citizen-budget must be published before the publication of the law of finance.
• Devoting fiscal transparency for public enterprises and institutions in order to oblige them to publish their financial statements.
Responsible Institutions: Ministry of Economy and Finance; the Unit of Follow-up of Public Enterprises and Institutions (Presidency of the Government)
Start Date: July 2014 End Date: June 2016
14: Open budget system
Commitment Text: Development of the open budget system in order to facilitate access to documents related to public finance and execution of the budget. This will guarantee the reuse of data by all users. This system will include a set of global data, which will be disseminated through the exploitation of automated information systems regarding the implementation of the State budget system, especially the system of management of the budget “ADEB.” This will be considered as an important step towards transparency, corruption fight and avoiding waste of public resources.
Responsible Institution(s): Ministry of Economy and Finance
Start Date: July 2014 End Date: December 2015
15: Exploring data existing in the budget management platform (ADEB)
Commitment Text: Data and information related to public structures budget and existing in the application dedicated to budget management (ADEB) will be used and published in an easy and readable format. Also public procurement providers will be allowed to follow up their payments through this system.
Responsible Institution(s): Ministry of Finance and Economy
Start Date: July 2014 End Date: June 2016
This cluster of commitments was concerned with open budget reporting. Up until 2013, Tunisia’s track record in budget openness was poor.[Note 44: International Budget Partnership, “Tunisia,” Open Budget Survey 2012, http://bit.ly/1ZjkNdI.%5D
With commitment 13, the government pledged to comply with international budget transparency standards by publishing the Budget Semi-Annual Report (produced by the Ministry of Finance), and the Audit Report (produced by the National Audit Court).
In commitment 14, the Ministry of Finance planned to set up an online platform, one that could be used easily by citizens with no background in finance or audits, for accessing and understanding budget information.
In commitment 15, the Ministry of Finance promised to implement an online tool to allow citizens to explore and reuse detailed data related to the budget and its execution from public institutions (ministries, government agencies, etc.). The tool was meant to be tailored to government contractors, and help them to track government payments.
Commitment 13 – Substantial: The Ministry of Finance published the 2014 Semi-Annual Budget Execution Report on May 2015.[Note 45: Republic of Tunisia, Ministry of Finance, “Semi-Annual Report on 2014 Budget Execution,” 2014, accessed, http://bit.ly/1mTVbrz.%5D This substantially completed this commitment. The audit report, which was the second part of the commitment, was not released. It was to be published after following internal feedback from the National Court of Audit.
Commitment 14 – Substantial: The Ministry of Finance secured support from the World Bank Group to set up an online citizen-friendly platform (ADEB) for exploring budget information. A prototype of the webiste was created and available through an unofficial website.[Note 46: BOOST, Open Budget Platform of the Minister of Economy and Finance of Tunisia, “Bienvenue sur le portail du budget ouvert du Ministère de l’Economie et des Finances de la Tunisie,” http://salasituacional.net/tunisia/template_fr/.%5D
Commitment 15 – Limited: The ADEB platform was not publically accessible at the time of the midterm assessment. The Ministry of Finance reported that the Computer Finance Center (CIMF) implemented the platform “ADEB Web” internally, but the platform was pending final validation.
For more information, please see the 2014-2015 IRM Midterm Progress Report.[Note 47: OGP, Tunisia IRM Midterm Progress Report 2014-15, http://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Tunisia2014-15_IRM%20Progress%20Report_Eng.pdf.%5D
End of term
Commitment 13 – Substantial: According to the government’s self-assessment report, the Semi-Annual Budget Report was published (May 2015), but the audit report was not released by the Court of Auditors. Thus, the commitment is not yet complete. The delay in publishing the audit report is due to internal issues within the Court of Auditors. According to the government’s self-assessment, the audit report is still being drafted.
Commitment 14 – Complete: The budget portal was launched in December 2015, and is currently open to the public at http://www.mizaniatouna.gov.tn, thereby completing this commitment. Information from the government’s internal financial tracking system (ADEB) is automatically pulled into the user-friendly plain language budget portal.
Commitment 15 – Substantial: The open budget portal contains open data sets, and allows users to track budgets and spending by goverment department.[Note 48: Portail Mizaniatouna Du Ministere Des Finances De La Tunisie, “Manuel de l’utilisateur de la base de données BOOST de la Tunisie,” http://www.mizaniatouna.gov.tn/tunisia/template_fr/Manuel_fr.php.%5D The government’s self-assessment reports that the commitment is substantially complete, and an implementation committee has been established to continue progress. However, the portal is still missing a few tools specified in the commitment text. For example, procurement providers are not yet able to follow up and track payments through the portal.
Did it open government?
Access to information: Marginal
Publication of the Semi-Annual Budget Report improved Tunisia’s ranking in the International Budget Project (IBP) 2015 Open Budget Index, from 89th to 66th (or a score of 42 out of 100).[Note 49: International Budget Partnership, “Tunisia,” Open Budget Survey 2015, http://bit.ly/1W5odkg.%5D Although this is a positive step, the delayed audit report has affected Tunisia’s OGP eligibility requirements. In 2015, Tunisia fell below the eligibility criteria since it no longer published the audit report in the correct time frame. The government was given a year to increase its score above the threshold. As of May 2016, the Tunisian government submitted a request to the IMF for an extension of funds to continue carrying out economic and fiscal reforms, including updating and improving audit reporting.[Note 50: International Monetary Fund, “Tunisia: Request for an Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia,” IMF Country Report No. 16/138 (June 2016), https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2016/cr16138.pdf.%5D At the close of the commitment’s implementation period in June 2016, however, the audit reports still had not been released.
Access to information: Major
The Tunisian Ministry of Finance launched a new portal, together with the World Bank, to increase the transparency of public spending and enable citizens to monitor government’s use of public funds. The Mizaniatouna (Our Budget) portal acts as a single point of entry for all financial information dating to 2008. It is accessible in French and Arabic, and provides texts and graphs to improve citizens’ ability to understand budget information, including budget deficits, public debt, and the cost of public subsidies.
ADEB is the Ministry of Finance’s internal system used for tracking government financial information. The Mizaniatouna portal pulls information directly from ADEB, and display it publicly in an easy to use format. A World Bank Senior Public Sector Specialist noted, “Tunisia’s transition from being one of the most secretive regimes in the region to becoming the frontrunner in terms of fiscal transparency is a very fulfilling experience. It offers great opportunities for deeper citizen engagement to improve the transparency and accountability of key public programs and services.”[Note 51: The Wolrd Bank, “Tunisia's Fiscal Transparency Revolution: from Secrecy to Full Openness”, 23 December 2015, http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2015/12/23/tunisia-fiscal-transparency-revolution-from-secrecy-to-full-openness%5D
Access to Information: Marginal
The interactive Mizaniatouna budget site includes transparency tools, such as a “pivot table” with which citizens can download raw data on public spending in open formats.[Note 52: Portail Mizaniatouna, isdatabank.info/boost_tunisia_fr/ ] The data have been collected and integrated with the World Bank BOOST database system, and are organised by sector (public remuneration, interest on government debt, public funding, etc.) and year (from 2008). While it is too early to assess how citizens have used the site since it came online, and how this initiative has changed government practice, it does represent a positive step toward greater fiscal transparency. Some members of civil society believe that the portal could still be improved to make data easier to reuse.[Note 53: Al Bawsala Interview with IRM researcher, 1 February 2017.] Developing and implementing the portal has had a major impact on opening government by making fiscal information available, but it is less clear how useful the data tools, in their current format, will be in allowing citizens to analyse public spending.
These commitments were not included in the second action plan. The IRM researcher suggests collecting feedback and working with CSOs and Mizaniatouna site users to assess how the portal and data are being used, and whether the tools can be improved.
Right to Information
TN0036, 2018, Capacity Building
Open Data Framework
TN0037, 2018, Capacity Building
Access to Geographic Information
TN0038, 2018, E-Government
Open Transport Data
TN0039, 2018, E-Government
Improve Water Resource Governance
TN0040, 2018, E-Government
TN0041, 2018, Capacity Building
Open Contracting in Hydrocarbons
TN0042, 2018, Capacity Building
TN0043, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions
TN0044, 2018, Audits and Controls
TN0045, 2018, Marginalized Communities
Implement Initiatives to Apply the OGP at the Local Level
TN0046, 2018, E-Government
Online Administrative Services
TN0047, 2018, Capacity Building
Access to Civil Service
TN0048, 2018, Capacity Building
Joining the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative "EITI"
TN0021, 2016, Capacity Building
Modernizing the Regulatory Framework to Enforce The Right To Access to Information
TN0022, 2016, Capacity Building
The Completion of the Legal and Regulatory Framework of Open Data at the National Level
TN0023, 2016, Capacity Building
Improve the Transparency and Local Gov Openness
TN0024, 2016, Capacity Building
Enhance the Transparency in the Cultural Sector : “Open Culture”
TN0025, 2016, Capacity Building
Enhance the Transparency in the Environment and Sustainable Development Sector
TN0026, 2016, Aid
Enhancing Transparency in the Transport Sector
TN0027, 2016, Capacity Building
Promoting Financial and Fiscal Transparency
TN0028, 2016, Fiscal Transparency
Elaborating a Legal Framework for Citizen’S Petitions
TN0029, 2016, Capacity Building
Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform
TN0030, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Developing New Mechanisms to Promote Interaction with the Youth and Enable Them to Pursue Dialogue About Public Policies
TN0031, 2016, Capacity Building
Adopting the Corporate Governance Referential on the Sectoral Level
TN0032, 2016, Capacity Building
Developing Mobile Applications Which Could Be Downloaded on the Mobile Phone to Reinforce Transparency of Government Activities and Participatory Approach
TN0033, 2016, Capacity Building
Enhancing Access to the Archive
TN0034, 2016, Capacity Building
The Development of an Electronic Mechanism to Ensure Transparency of Public Servants Recruitment
TN0035, 2016, Capacity Building
Strengthening Legal Framework for Corruption Fight
TN0001, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform
TN0002, 2014, E-Government
Publishing an Annual Report on Audit Activities in Public Sector
TN0003, 2014, Audits and Controls
Review of the Legal Framework of Personal Data Protection and Ensuring Conformity with Article 24 of Tunisian Constitution
TN0004, 2014, Human Rights
Developing an Open Data Portal
TN0005, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport
Preparing a National Corporate Governance Repository
TN0006, 2014, E-Government
Establishing a Legal Framework That Regulates Communication and Interaction Within Public Sector and Between Public Structures and Citizens with Usage of ICT
TN0007, 2014, E-Government
Simplifying Administrative Procedures
TN0008, 2014, E-Government
Develop a Number of Administrative Services On-Line
TN0009, 2014, E-Government
Enhancing People Participation in the Decision-Making Process
TN0010, 2014, E-Government
Capacity-Building of Civil Servants and Citizens in the Area of Open Governance
TN0011, 2014, Capacity Building
Creation of a Structure Specialized in Training in the Governance Area
TN0012, 2014, Capacity Building
Publication of Budget Reports
TN0013, 2014, Audits and Controls
Development of the Open Budget System
TN0014, 2014, Fiscal Transparency
Use of the Data Extracted from the Application Dedicated to Budget Management (Adeb) in Public Sector
TN0015, 2014, E-Government
Publication of Reports Related to Attribution and Execution of Public Procurement and Audit Results
TN0016, 2014, Audits and Controls
Publication of Recommandations Included in Audit Reports of Public Procurement
TN0017, 2014, Audits and Controls
Development of an "Open Data" Platform Dedicated to Information Dealing with Oil and Mine Sector Investment
TN0018, 2014, Extractive Industries
Improve Transparency in the Area of Infrastructure Projects
TN0019, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport
Devoting Transparency in the Environment Field
TN0020, 2014, E-Government