Improve the Transparency and Local Gov Openness (TN0024)
Improve the transparency and local Gov Openness
IRM Midterm Status Summary
4. Improve transparency and local government openness
Developing practical mechanisms to facilitate the access to information and enshrine the principles of accountability and participation in the design and implementation of programs and projects at the local level.
- Drafting a practical guide to explains the principles of open government and various applications at the local level in order to encourage projects and initiatives which could be launched in this field.
- The development of an electronic platform for open data at the local level
Responsible institution: Services of governance, Presidency of the government, Ministry of local affairs and environment.
As mentioned in the NAP: Tunisian Association for Local Governance
As evaluated: Tunisian Association for Local Governance, Article 19, ATCP, FSVC
Start date: June 2016 End date: July 2018
Context and Objectives
Decentralization is part of the main political agenda of post-revolution Tunisia. The Tunisian constitution introduced the principles of decentralization through 12 articles.  Historically, local affairs were always part of the powerful Ministry of Interior. However, since 2016, the Tunisian government, under Prime Minister Habib Essid separated local affairs to a dedicated ministry. The first Minister of Local Affairs was Youssef Chahed, the Prime Minister at the time of writing this report.
In 2014, Tunisia drafted the “Urban Development and Local Governance Program” planning to finance it through a loan from the World Bank.  On October 2015, the program was officially launched  with a budget of 1,220 million TND (USD 530 million), with a USD 263 million loan from the World Bank.  This program aims to support local authorities and build their capacities by developing mechanisms for financial management, and reinforce the relationship with citizens to foster inclusiveness.
The reform of local affairs went through multiple complicated steps. The government merged and created new municipalities through decrees and planned to have local elections since 2014. These were postponed four times and were re-planned for May 2018.  Yet, the “code of municipalities”, to regulate municipalities, is not ready yet and the Tunisian parliament is being particularly slow in passing this major reform. Critics were severe about holding local elections without the code.
A website for local municipalities was developed as part of the “Urban Development and Local Governance Program” in 2015. This website includes open data, however, without any codebook accompanying the csv and excel files. The mid-term government self-assessment report does not mention if this portal was part of the commitment.
This commitment is relevant to the OGP value of access to information. Its specificity is medium, and it has a minor potential impact. Having a platform and a guide without having trained personnel at the local level means that this commitment is not likely to lead to major impact.
This commitment is not started. Neither a draft for a practical guide nor a platform for open data have been developed.
The government has prioritized organizing municipal elections and completing the fundamental laws related to local municipalities. Moreover, after the government change in 2016, Prime Minister Chahed, who was the Minister of Local Affairs, merged his former ministry with the Ministry of the Environment. This resulted in changes of multiple heads of departments.
The self-assessment report mentions that the Ministry of Environment and Local Affairs will put this commitment under the Tunisian-French cooperation to provide enough funding to execute the project.
Commitments related to Open Local Governance are important to the Tunisian democratic transition and the decentralization process. Therefore, if not completed under this action plan, this commitment should be expanded, clarified and carried forward. The IRM researcher recommends the following:
- Ensure this commitment is part of the Urban Development and Local Governance Program.
- Familiarize the upcoming municipal councils (the ones that will be elected in 2018) with open government principles.
- Involve the to-be-elected local officials following the local elections in May 2018 and develop a pilot project with limited municipalities across the country. This could be done with the municipalities of Tunis, Sousse, Marsa and Bizerta from the coastal regions, as well as the municipalities of interior regions such as Tozeur, Sidi Bouzid, Seliana and Kasserine.
Right to Information
TN0036, 2018, Capacity Building
Open Data Framework
TN0037, 2018, Capacity Building
Access to Geographic Information
TN0038, 2018, E-Government
Open Transport Data
TN0039, 2018, E-Government
Improve Water Resource Governance
TN0040, 2018, E-Government
TN0041, 2018, Anti-Corruption
Open Contracting in Hydrocarbons
TN0042, 2018, Anti-Corruption
TN0043, 2018, Anti-Corruption
TN0044, 2018, Anti-Corruption
TN0045, 2018, Marginalized Communities
Implement Initiatives to Apply the OGP at the Local Level
TN0046, 2018, E-Government
Online Administrative Services
TN0047, 2018, Capacity Building
Access to Civil Service
TN0048, 2018, Capacity Building
Joining the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative "EITI"
TN0021, 2016, Anti-Corruption
Modernizing the Regulatory Framework to Enforce The Right To Access to Information
TN0022, 2016, Capacity Building
The Completion of the Legal and Regulatory Framework of Open Data at the National Level
TN0023, 2016, Capacity Building
Improve the Transparency and Local Gov Openness
TN0024, 2016, Capacity Building
Enhance the Transparency in the Cultural Sector : “Open Culture”
TN0025, 2016, Capacity Building
Enhance the Transparency in the Environment and Sustainable Development Sector
TN0026, 2016, Aid
Enhancing Transparency in the Transport Sector
TN0027, 2016, Capacity Building
Promoting Financial and Fiscal Transparency
TN0028, 2016, Fiscal Openness
Elaborating a Legal Framework for Citizen’S Petitions
TN0029, 2016, Capacity Building
Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform
TN0030, 2016, Anti-Corruption
Developing New Mechanisms to Promote Interaction with the Youth and Enable Them to Pursue Dialogue About Public Policies
TN0031, 2016, Capacity Building
Adopting the Corporate Governance Referential on the Sectoral Level
TN0032, 2016, Capacity Building
Developing Mobile Applications Which Could Be Downloaded on the Mobile Phone to Reinforce Transparency of Government Activities and Participatory Approach
TN0033, 2016, Capacity Building
Enhancing Access to the Archive
TN0034, 2016, Capacity Building
The Development of an Electronic Mechanism to Ensure Transparency of Public Servants Recruitment
TN0035, 2016, Capacity Building
Strengthening Legal Framework for Corruption Fight
TN0001, 2014, Anti-Corruption
Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform
TN0002, 2014, E-Government
Publishing an Annual Report on Audit Activities in Public Sector
TN0003, 2014, Anti-Corruption
Review of the Legal Framework of Personal Data Protection and Ensuring Conformity with Article 24 of Tunisian Constitution
TN0004, 2014, Human Rights
Developing an Open Data Portal
TN0005, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport
Preparing a National Corporate Governance Repository
TN0006, 2014, E-Government
Establishing a Legal Framework That Regulates Communication and Interaction Within Public Sector and Between Public Structures and Citizens with Usage of ICT
TN0007, 2014, E-Government
Simplifying Administrative Procedures
TN0008, 2014, E-Government
Develop a Number of Administrative Services On-Line
TN0009, 2014, E-Government
Enhancing People Participation in the Decision-Making Process
TN0010, 2014, E-Government
Capacity-Building of Civil Servants and Citizens in the Area of Open Governance
TN0011, 2014, Capacity Building
Creation of a Structure Specialized in Training in the Governance Area
TN0012, 2014, Capacity Building
Publication of Budget Reports
TN0013, 2014, Anti-Corruption
Development of the Open Budget System
TN0014, 2014, Fiscal Openness
Use of the Data Extracted from the Application Dedicated to Budget Management (Adeb) in Public Sector
TN0015, 2014, Anti-Corruption
Publication of Reports Related to Attribution and Execution of Public Procurement and Audit Results
TN0016, 2014, Anti-Corruption
Publication of Recommandations Included in Audit Reports of Public Procurement
TN0017, 2014, Anti-Corruption
Development of an "Open Data" Platform Dedicated to Information Dealing with Oil and Mine Sector Investment
TN0018, 2014, Anti-Corruption
Improve Transparency in the Area of Infrastructure Projects
TN0019, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport
Devoting Transparency in the Environment Field
TN0020, 2014, E-Government