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Burkina Faso Design Report 2017-2019

Burkina Faso seeks to increase civic participation, foster local governance, and fight corruption following a period of political transition. Improvements can be made to commitment design in terms of traceability and diagnosis of problems. Ensuring that information on the OGP process in the country is available to the public is highly encouraged.

Table 1. At a glance

Participating since: 2016
Action plan under review: 2017−2019
Report type: Design Report
Number of commitments:  13

Action plan development
Is there a multistakeholder forum? yes
Level of public influence:  consult
Acted contrary to OGP process: no*

Action plan design
Commitments relevant to OGP Values: 8 (62%)
Transformative commitments: 0 (0%)
Potential stars: 0 (0%)

Action plan implementation
Completed commitments: N/A
Commitments with Major DIOG: N/A
Commitments with Outstanding DIOG: N/A

The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. Burkina Faso joined OGP in 2016. This report evaluates the design of Burkina Faso’s first plan, the 2017−2019 action plan.

General overview of action plan

The action plan matches the open government context in Burkina Faso. Three commitments seek to increase access to information through law, two address civic participation on local budgetary issues, and four increase accountability and reduce corruption in government practices.

The formation of decision-making and technical bodies encouraged discussions among stakeholders during action plan development. However, an online document repository and improvements in convening meetings are still needed.

The co-creation approach allowed inclusion of commitments by civil society organizations (CSOs). Yet the scope of the co-creation process may have been restricted by budgetary considerations and inconsistent meetings with stakeholders.

Some commitments are structured to encourage local governance through greater financial autonomy and citizen involvement in budgetary processes. One commitment seeks to achieve final implementation of a law recently approved that governs access to information.

Table 2. Commitments to watch

Commitment description Moving forward
1. Sign protocols of operations to perform in the 21 areas where competences shall be transferred to municipalities (11) and regions (10) Increasing local governance, fostering decentralization, and directly impacting citizens’ lives will remain key. This commitment could link the effort to formalize protocols to a participatory budget cycle and public accountability mechanism at the local level. Doing so would make the commitment relevant to OGP values and increase its ambition.
10. Ensure the right to the access public information and administrative documents for all citizens.  Effectively address the barriers government has faced in implementing the law of access to information so the law enters into force and the National Authority for Access to Public Information (ANAIP) can start working.

 

Recommendations

The IRM recommendations aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan.

Table 3. Five KEY IRM Recommendations

Improve commitment design so that commitment goals, activities, and expected results are quantifiable, specific, relevant, consistent, strategic, and effectively address the source of problems.
Ensure the executive and the legislative branches work together to approve key supplementary legislation, particularly Law No. 051-2015 / CNT, granting right of access to public information and administrative documents.
Ensure that OGP decision-making and technical bodies in Burkina Faso build a website reporting on the OGP process.
Consider including a commitment that supports public involvement in approving a draft constitution via referendum.
Ensure that government agencies, led by the National Council for the Modernization of Administration and Good Governance, account for budget considerations when developing the action plan and coordinate with implementing agencies to guarantee availability of funds.

 

* OGP’s Participation & Co-creation Standards were updated in 2016 to support participation and co-creation throughout all stages of the OGP cycle. The Participation & Co-creation Standards outline “basic requirements” which all OGP member countries are expected to meet, and “advanced steps” which, although not obliged to meet, countries will be supported and encouraged to do so. In this line, the Steering Committee resolved in 2017 that if a government does not meet the IAP “involve” requirement during development, or “inform” during implementation of the NAP, as assessed by the IRM, it will be considered to have acted contrary to OGP Process.

Given that guidance materials were not yet published during the rollout period of this new policy, countries developing 2017-2019 action plans were given a one action plan cycle grace period. Therefore, Burkina Faso is not considered to have acted against the OGP process. For more information visit Section 6 of the OGP Handbook – Rules and Guidance for Participants (https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/OGP_Handbook-Rules-Guidance-for-Participants_20190313.pdf).

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Filed under: IRM IRM Report

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