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Brazil

Open Data on the Federal Government (BR0084)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Brazil National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Planning, Development and Management

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Planning, Development and Management Chamber of Deputies Ministry of Justice and Citizenship, Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, Government Secretariat; Group Public Policy Research on the access to information (GPOPAI-USP), Socioeconomic Studies Institute (INESC) Open Knowledge Brasil Our Network São Paulo W3C Brasil

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Open Data, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Lead government institution: Ministry of Planning, Development and Management; Civil servant in charge for implementing at lead government institution: Elise Sueli Pereira Gonçalves; Position - Department General Coordinator/Data and Public Services Coordination; E-mail: elise.goncalves@planejamento.gov.br; Telephone: 55 61 2020-1123; Other involved actors: Government: Ministry of Planning, Development and Management Chamber of Deputies Ministry of Justice and Citizenship Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade Government Secretariat; Civil society, private sector, group of workers and multilateral actors: Group Public Policy Research on the access to information (GPOPAI-USP), Socioeconomic Studies Institute (INESC) Open Knowledge Brasil Our Network São Paulo W3C Brasil; Status quo or problem/issue to be addressed: Association failure between data provision and request; Main objective: To foster data provision and its use, enhancing the open data policy; Commitment short description: Carrying out communication activities aimed at society mobilization and sensitization, and making use of institutional channels for personal and virtual discussions about the theme; OGP Challenge addressed by the Commitment: Improvement of Public Services Establishment of more secure communities; Commitment relevance: Open data policy susceptibility identification; Goal: To raise government and society participation in discussions, in order to assure a bonding between open data requested from citizens and what is offered by the State, taking into account not only data, but IT tools as well and suitable ways of making information available

IRM Midterm Status Summary

I. Open Data on the Federal Government

Commitment Text:

Identify and implement mechanism for recognizing solvable or mitigable problems, upon the data presented by the government, which meets expectations from requesters and providers

To raise government and society participation in discussions, in order to assure a bonding between open data requested from citizens and what is offered by the State, taking into account not only data, but IT tools as well and suitable ways of making information available. In order to implement this initiative, the commitment envisages carrying out communication activities aimed at society mobilization and sensitization, and making use of institutional channels for personal and virtual discussions about the theme.

1.1 – Identification, among the parties involved in each action, the supplier of relevant resources, for enabling foreseen benchmarks, defined during the planning phase

1.2 – Evaluation of open data social participation, via virtual channels throughout the process

1.3 – Integrated information actions for mobilization and sensitization/Taking advantage of institutional channels, personal and virtual, for discussions about provided and requested open data

1.4 – Training for recognizing solvable problems, in themes (design thinking) – Ministries of Health, Environment, Justice and Citizenship, Culture, Education/ Identify, with the help of governmental agencies, concrete situations, which can be tackled with open data

1.5 – Systematization of information and problems perceived during training

1.6 – Identification of prospective data for alleviating problematic situations, assured the consensus among all actors

1.7 – Establishing a collective action agenda among the actors, for open data use

1.8 – Prioritization of two identified problems

1.9 – Implementation of two pilot experiments, with open data use, and with assured association between provided and requested data

Responsible institution: Ministry of Planning, Development and Management

Supporting institutions: Chamber of Deputies, Ministry of Justice and Citizenship, Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade Government Secretariat, Group Public Policy Research on the access to information (GPOPAI-USP), Socioeconomic Studies Institute (INESC), Open Knowledge Brasil, Our Network São Paulo, W3C Brasil

Start date: December 2016.. End date: November 2018

Context and Objectives

In spite of the increasing supply of open data by the government, the use of these datasets by civil society organizations, journalists, and the private sector is low. The commitment aims to better align the government supply of open data with the demand for data by the public. To do this, the commitment will generate new open data processes that identify both civil society needs and government capacity.

The commitment addresses a frequent issue raised by civil society. The 2017 Abrelatam and Condatos open data events, for example, focused on the need to measure the impact and use of open data efforts. Beth Noveck of GovLab emphasized at the August 2017 event, 'Don’t tell me how many datasets you opened, tell me how many lives you improved and problems solved.'[1] Thiago Ávila, from the Open Knowledge Foundation, suggests—based on a McKinsey and Company report—that by 2020, 67 percent of all open data in the world will be useless for solving problems unless we address the needs of users and uses of open data procedures.[2]

The commitment has medium specificity. On the one hand, it outlines the ultimate aim of running two pilot experiments using open data. It also specifies a series of intermediate steps. Those steps include evaluating the channels for participation on issues of open data, conducting trainings on how to identify problems that can be solved with open data, and identifying the type of data that is necessary for solving problems through government and civil society consensus. On the other hand, the scope of the various deliverables is unclear, reducing the measurability of the overall commitment.

It should be noted that the government proposed a new version of the commitment milestones[3] in August 2017, with the approval of civil society. The government plans to use the updated version of the commitment for the rest of the implementation period. The new version includes as a final deliverable the same two pilot experiments. However, it also includes more consultation and collaborative processes (such as a survey and a data-sharing report), as well as a private-sector-sponsored award for the best innovation.

The commitment is relevant to the following OGP values: access to information, civic participation, and technology and innovation. It proposes both releasing new open data and involving citizens in the identification of priority datasets for release.

The commitment has a minor potential impact, as written. The release of datasets based on an initial identification of end-user demands constitutes an important rethinking of open data processes. However, pilot experiments are more likely to inspire future projects rather than produce a direct impact on open government, especially within a two-year period. A government representative (Augusto Herrmann) shared this viewpoint but acknowledged that the potential impact in the long term could be higher. Ultimately, the success of the commitment will depend on the selected pilot experiments, which will in turn depend on the quality of the prioritization process and the issues addressed.

Completion

The level of commitment completion is limited.

Milestones 1.1-1.5 were completed: the identification of the actors with the resources to achieve the milestones, the evaluation of social participation in the field of open data, the mobilization and awareness-raising activities, and the systematization of information were delivered. However, these milestones were not fulfilled as they were originally intended. Milestones 1.6-1.9 were not started as of mid-2017.

The government did, internally, propose a new set of milestones in July 2017. These milestones have not been submitted to OGP to be considered as formal milestones of the commitment. (Though they have been discussed with civil society counterparts during all monitoring meetings, there is still a need to submit them to OGP.)

The IRM assessment is based on the formal action plan submitted to OGP (and not on new and unofficial milestones). However, the commitment’s progress follows a slightly different pace under the proposed new milestones. The first proposed milestone closely mirrors milestones 1.2 and 1.3. It involves collecting information to identify key areas that could use more open datasets. To implement this milestone, the government developed a survey to identify civil society problems that can be solved with open data.[4] It also began an analysis of information requests by civil society representatives of Colab, a research center at the University of São Paulo that carries out research on access to information and transparency. The analysis has not been published as of the writing of this report. This information is being systematized and drafted as a report with the participation of civil society.[5]

Actions on the other four new milestones have not started. The government (Augusto Herrmann) and the Institute for Socioeconomic Studies (INESC, Carmela Zigoni)—both interviewed by the IRM researcher—confirmed this.

As written in the action plan, milestone 1.4 was planned to be delivered by October 2017, which puts the commitment currently behind schedule. As the government representative mentioned during the interview, the team responsible for the commitment changed—and has become smaller—since the start of the action plan. Consequently, the government needed to redesign the milestones and provide a more focused approach. Thus, the redesign delayed implementation. This information was confirmed by INESC, which was also interviewed by the IRM researcher.

Early Results (if any)

Based on the preliminary draft of the report on the nature of current information requests,[6] civil society primarily demands data related to public expenditures in health and education. Beyond this initial assessment, however, limited results have been achieved. The full picture of this commitment’s results will emerge once the pilot projects are implemented.

Next Steps

The commitment constitutes a first step toward promoting more effective open data policies and should continue to be implemented. The government should define other specific activities that align civil society needs with government open data plans and advance these efforts. These efforts can be advanced by building on existing and unused open datasets. Work should also be done to align civil society needs with the pro-active disclosure of other information and documents (not only datasets).


[1] Elza Maria Albuquerque and Natalia Mazotte, 'Look at the Problem and Measure the Impact: Key Findings at the Meeting of the Latin American Open Data Community,' Open Knowledge Brasil, 1 September 2017, https://br.okfn.org/2017/09/01/olhe-o-problema-e-meca-o-impacto-principais-achados-no-encontro-da-comunidade-latino-americana-de-dados-abertos/.

[2] Elza Maria Albuquerque and Thiago Avila, 'What Will We Do with the 40 Trillion Gigabytes of Data Available in 2020?' Open Knowledge Brasil, 29 September 2017, https://br.okfn.org/2017/09/29/o-que-faremos-com-os-40-trilhoes-de-gigabytes-de-dados-disponiveis-em-2020/.

[3] Ministerio da Transparencia, Fiscalizacao e Controladoria-Geral da Uniao, Relatorio de Status de Execucao de Compromisso, http://www.governoaberto.cgu.gov.br/central-de-conteudo/documentos/2017-30-agosto-rse_1.pdf.

[4] 'Questionario para Directionar os Esforcos do Governo Federal na Abertura de Dados,' Google Groups, 3 August 2017, https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/inda-br/NnwFPtVFVjQ/I7KvDSysDQAJ.

[5] 'Ministerio do Planejamento, Desenvolvimento e Gestao,' Google Drive, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1yId6y8n8AyVhYSKd1SqwRzNGXPqkJHqSDV1yikA0-do/edit.

[6] 'Ministerio do Planejamento, Desenvolvimento e Gestao,' Google Drive.


Commitments

  1. Subnational Good Governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data Policy

    BR0101, 2018, E-Government

  3. Scientific Data Governance

    BR0102, 2018, E-Government

  4. Capacity-Building and Oversight on Nutrition Policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport Data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase Participation in Legislative Process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and Rural Land Registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. Climate Change Policy Evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water Resource Management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Starred commitment Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, E-Government

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’S Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Environment and Climate

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Development of a Methodology for Social Participation on the Monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the Formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of Educators, Political Agents, Public Managers, Councilors for Social Policies and Community Leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage States and Municipalities to Endorse the OGP Four Principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.Nano

    BR0038, 2013, Oversight of Budget/Fiscal Policies

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education Within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of Knowledge and Capacity-Building of Managers and Public Resources Operator’S Partners and of Councilors for Social Control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for Strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a Unified and Interactive Information Panel on the Implementation of the Water for All Program, Which Can Be Publicly Accessed Through the Internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital Inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of Tools for Increasing Transparency and Enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Capacity Building

  43. Disclosure of Data from the Execution of the Union Budget and from Government Purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  44. Dissemination of the Public Open Data Culture to the Local Governments

    BR0049, 2013, Capacity Building

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the Disclosure of Open Data

    BR0050, 2013, E-Government

  46. Disclosure of Information from Government Systems in an Open Data Format

    BR0051, 2013, Open Data

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (E-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Health

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Audits and Controls

  50. Increasing Public Transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of Recommendations to Carry Out Public Audiences to Serve as Reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, E-Government

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host Cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Audits and Controls

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of Monitoring Reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, E-Government

  57. Encouragement of Social Participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  58. Formulation and Implementation of the Ministry of Defense’S Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Records Management

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents Produced by Brazil’S Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Education

  61. Improvement of Data Transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Legislation & Regulation

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, E-Government

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of Health Services Through the Increased Use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory Development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Capacity Building

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the Formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Justice

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the Database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria Da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of Processes for Prior Consultation Under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’S (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Human Rights

  79. Capacity Building Programs

    BR0001, 2011, Capacity Building

  80. Distance Education Program

    BR0002, 2011, Capacity Building

  81. Guide for Public Officials on Access to Information

    BR0003, 2011, Capacity Building

  82. Information Services Model

    BR0004, 2011, E-Government

  83. Diagnostic Study on the Transparency Values of Executive Branch

    BR0005, 2011, Right to Information

  84. Diagnostic Study on Role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Justice

  85. Research Study to Identify the Demands of Society in Regard to Access to Information

    BR0007, 2011, Right to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1St Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Capacity Building

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Capacity Building

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Capacity Building

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, E-Government

  94. INDA Capacity Building Plan

    BR0016, 2011, Capacity Building

  95. INDA Awareness- Raising Activities

    BR0017, 2011, Capacity Building

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, E-Government

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, E-Government

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, E-Government

  101. Facilitate Access to Specific Databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive School Development Plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, E-Government

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Education

  106. Contractual Management of IT Services

    BR0028, 2011, E-Government

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic Integration of Ombudsman Units

    BR0030, 2011, E-Government

  109. Continued Training for Public Ombudsman Units

    BR0031, 2011, Capacity Building

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Open Data