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Brazil

Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms (BR0088)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Not Attached

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Government Secretariat

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Transparency, Oversight and Comptroller General of Brazil Government Secretariat Ministry of Planning, Development and Management, Democratic City Institute Polis University of Campinas Health NationalCouncil

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Public Participation, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Lead government institution: Government: Secretariat; Civil servant in charge for implementing at lead government institution: Jailton Almeida do Nascimento; Position - Department General Coordinator/ Social Participation in Public Management Coordination; E-mail: jailton.almeida@presidencia.gov.br; Telephone: 55 61 34113199, Other involved actors Government Ministry of Transparency, Oversight and Comptroller General of Brazil Government Secretariat Ministry of Planning, Development and Management Civil society, private sector, group of workers and multilateral actors Democratic City Institute Polis University of Campinas Health NationalCouncil Status quo or problem/issue to be addressed Need of fostering free digital technology use and transparency tools, integrated to social participation mechanisms Main objective To develop strategies, which are able to promote social participation transformation into concrete, transparent, focused on citizens ‘needs and on their regions governmental actions, in addition to spreading and multiplying local government adherence to social participation digital mechanisms Commitment short description Disseminate the use of tools for transparency and of free digital technologies, mainly on the local level, and developing strategies, which promote social participation transformation into concrete, transparent, focused on citizens ‘needs and on their regions governmental actions OGP Challenge addressed by the Commitment Improvement of Public Services More effective public resources management Establishment of more secure communities Commitment relevance Defining ways of implementing initiatives, which are able of developing the current social participation paradigm. Goal Social Participation System Consolidation/Strengthening

IRM Midterm Status Summary

5. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

Commitment Text:

Integrate online tools on a single platform, in order to consolidate/strengthen the Social Participation System (SPS)

The commitment essentially aims at defining ways of implementing initiatives, which are able of developing the current social participation paradigm. For that, it is necessary to foster free digital technology use and transparency tools, integrated to social participation mechanisms used in concrete government actions and focused on citizens’ needs.

5.1 – Workgroup formation, with civil society and government representatives

5.2 – Social Participation System online interaction tool and Best Practices inventory taking

5.3 – Hackathon, for creating citizen-driven interaction solutions in social participation platforms

5.4 – Monitoring and evaluation strategy development for social participation mechanisms, allowing data opening and interaction among actors

5.5 – Definition of a single platform structure, as well as the content of the available information

5.6 – Platform testing

5.7 – Platform strengthening

5.8 – Platform launch

Responsible institution: Government Secretariat

Supporting institutions: Ministry of Transparency, Oversight and Comptroller General of Brazil, Ministry of Planning, Development and Management, Democratic City, Institute Polis, University of Campinas, Health National Council

Start date: December 2016 . End date: November 2018

Context and Objectives

As stated in the action plan, the federal government offers a variety of mechanisms for public participation, but their use by civil society is disperse. Civil society organizations work disconnected one from another. In addition, the government recognizes that public service delivery should incorporate mechanisms for public participation, so that users of government services can give feedback. To address this issue, the government seeks to integrate online participation tools into a single platform that will strengthen the Social Participation System (which is a set of participatory mechanisms run by the Government Secretariat).

As a country, Brazil has pioneered mechanisms for online civic participation. The first experiences in the country date back to 2000.[1] A watershed co-creation process between government and civil society led to the publication of the Brazilian Internet Bill of Rights in 2014.[2] However, the overall success of such mechanisms and their use by government to implement decisions is not widespread.[3] For example, more than 75 percent of public services do not have a public evaluation system.[4] Therefore, this commitment addresses an area of great national expertise that shows a great need for improvement and cohesion, particularly at the federal level.[5]

The commitment’s level of specificity is medium. On the one hand, the government outlines a series of steps to launch the unified participation portal. These include convening a working group with both government and civil society; conducting a hackathon to create new participatory innovations; and planning, testing, and launching the portal. On the other hand, it remains unclear who exactly will participate in the working group, the hackathon, or the monitoring. The commitment also does not make clear the expected characteristics and features of the portal. The commitment is relevant to the OGP values of civic participation and technology and innovation, because it aims to create a portal to streamline access to mechanisms for civic participation.

The commitment has a minor potential impact to improve open government standards in Brazil. The rating reflects the commitment’s focus on grouping existing mechanisms rather than directly promoting or improving civic participation. In the long term, the commitment could have a major impact if it increases the overall level and efficiency of participation. However, this would require complementary actions and initiatives that go beyond the scope of this commitment.

Completion

The commitment has seen limited completion. Most of the milestones implemented relate to the pre-stages of the policy change.

The formation of a collaborative workgroup (milestone 5.1) has been implemented, as recorded in the monitoring meetings of the commitment.[6] Government and civil society organizations participate in the working group. Those organizations include academics (e.g., University of Brasilia), government research agencies (e.g., Institute for Applied Economic Research [IPEA]), and civil society (e.g., Cidade Democrática). Federal executive agencies, (e.g., Ministry of Planning, Development, and Management [MPOG]; Ministry of Transparency, Oversight, and Comptroller-General; Government Secretariat) also participate.

The government substantially completed the inventory of tools and best practices of social participation systems (milestone 5.2). The research on best practices includes work previously done by government agencies such as IPEA,[7] the Secretariat of Government,[8] and the MPOG.[9] However, the government has published no organized and public inventory of participatory tools so far.

Milestones 5.3-5.8 have not yet started. However, a government representative (Jailton Almeida) mentioned that the platform referenced in the commitment is being studied.

Milestones 5.1-5.3 were expected to be delivered by October 2017, which puts the commitment behind schedule.

Early Results (if any)

The commitment outlines its main results as streamlined (no longer fragmented) online mechanisms for public participation. These mechanisms would follow benchmarks such as Crystal Ballot Portal of Colombia.[10] Such mechanisms could improve public services and public resource management. However, due to the limited completion of the commitment, it is too early to evaluate results.

Next Steps

During the second action plan, the government delivered Participa.br, a consultation portal that grouped several tools for civic participation. Several government and civil society organizations use the portal.[11] The government should heed the lessons learned and use the technologies developed as part of this previous commitment in its implementation of the current commitment. Other ways to improve the commitment include building on benchmark initiatives from the private sector, such as Colab.re, to increase the effectiveness of citizen participation and government responses.[12] (For example, Colab.re uses mobile technology and provides game-like features in dialogues with public servants.)


[1] 'Online Deliberation in Brazil between Initiatives of Digital Democracy and Social Networks of Conversation,' Repositório Institucional, Universidade Federal de Bahia, https://repositorio.ufba.br/ri/handle/ri/19267.

[2] Carlos Affonso Souza, 'Notes on the Creation and Impacts of Brazil’s Internet Bill of Rights,' The Theory and Practice of Legislation 5, no. 1 (2017): 73­–94, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/20508840.2016.1264677.

[3] Aline Camogo, 'Engajamento, Participação e Transparência como Meios para Alancar a Democracia Digital: O Potencial do Uso da Internet,' Comunicação—Reflexões, Experiências, Ensino 11, no. 11 (2016): 77–89, http://ojs.up.com.br/index.php/comunicacao/article/view/537.

[5] 'Online Deliberation in Brazil between Initiatives of Digital Democracy and Social Networks of Conversation.'

[6] 'Execution and Monitoring Meetings,' Open Government Partnership, Brazil Federal Government, last modified 13 April 2018, http://www.governoaberto.cgu.gov.br/noticias/2017/monitoramento/3o-plano-de-acao-brasileiro/participacao/reuniao_meio%20ambiente.

[9] 'Government Debates New Culture of Services, Social Participation and Public Transparency,' Open Government Partnership, Brazil Federal Government, http://www.planejamento.gov.br/noticias/ultimas-noticias/governo-debate-nova-cultura-de-servicos-participacao-social-e-transparencia-publica.

[10] Urna de Cristal: Portal de Gobierno Abierto de Colombia, http://www.urnadecristal.gov.co/.

[11] 'Brazil End-of-Term Report 2013–2016,' Open Government Partnership, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/brazil-end-of-term-report-2013-2016.


Brazil's Commitments

  1. subnational good governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data policy

    BR0101, 2018, E-Government

  3. Scientific data governance

    BR0102, 2018, E-Government

  4. Capacity-building and oversight on nutrition policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase participation in legislative process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and rural land registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. climate change policy evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water resource management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Starred commitment Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, E-Government

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’s Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Environment and Climate

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Development of a methodology for Social Participation on the monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of educators, political agents, public managers, councilors for social policies and community leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage states and municipalities to endorse the OGP four principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.nano

    BR0038, 2013, Oversight of Budget/Fiscal Policies

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of knowledge and capacity-building of managers and public resources operator’s partners and of councilors for social control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a unified and interactive information panel on the implementation of the Water for All Program, which can be publicly accessed through the internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of tools for increasing transparency and enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Capacity Building

  43. Disclosure of data from the execution of the Union budget and from Government purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  44. Dissemination of the public open data culture to the local governments

    BR0049, 2013, Capacity Building

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the disclosure of open data

    BR0050, 2013, E-Government

  46. Disclosure of information from government systems in an open data format

    BR0051, 2013, Open Data

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (e-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Health

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Audits and Controls

  50. Increasing public transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of recommendations to carry out public audiences to serve as reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, E-Government

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Audits and Controls

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of monitoring reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, E-Government

  57. Encouragement of social participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  58. Formulation and implementation of the Ministry of Defense’s Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Records Management

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents produced by Brazil’s Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Education

  61. Improvement of data transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Legislation & Regulation

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, E-Government

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of health services through the increased use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Capacity Building

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Justice

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of processes for prior consultation under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’s (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Human Rights

  79. Capacity building programs

    BR0001, 2011, Capacity Building

  80. Distance education program

    BR0002, 2011, Capacity Building

  81. Guide for public officials on access to information

    BR0003, 2011, Capacity Building

  82. Information services model

    BR0004, 2011, E-Government

  83. Diagnostic study on the transparency values of executive branch

    BR0005, 2011, Right to Information

  84. Diagnostic study on role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Justice

  85. Research study to identify the demands of society in regard to access to information

    BR0007, 2011, Right to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1st Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Capacity Building

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Capacity Building

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Capacity Building

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, E-Government

  94. INDA capacity building plan

    BR0016, 2011, Capacity Building

  95. INDA awareness- raising activities

    BR0017, 2011, Capacity Building

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, E-Government

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, E-Government

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, E-Government

  101. Facilitate access to specific databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive school development plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, E-Government

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Education

  106. Contractual management of IT services

    BR0028, 2011, E-Government

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic integration of ombudsman units

    BR0030, 2011, E-Government

  109. Continued training for public ombudsman units

    BR0031, 2011, Capacity Building

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Open Data