Skip Navigation
Brazil

Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative (BR0094)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Brazil National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: The House of Representatives

Support Institution(s): The Chamber of Deputies Federal Senate Interlegis Program Municipal Chamber of São Paulo Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais, Transparency International Labhacker - São Paulo Control and Inspection Institute Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies (DIEESE) Parliamentary Advisory Intersyndical Department (DIAP)

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Fiscal Transparency

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Lead government institution The House of Representatives Civil servant in charge for implementing at lead government institution Cristiano Ferri Soares de Faria Position - Department Manager/ Hacker Laboratory of the Chamber of Deputies E-mail cristiano.faria@camara.gov.br Telephone 55 61 3216 6005 Other involved actors Government The Chamber of Deputies Federal Senate Interlegis Program Municipal Chamber of São Paulo Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais Civil society, private sector, group of workers and multilateral actors Transparency International Labhacker - São Paulo Control and Inspection Institute Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies (DIEESE) Parliamentary Advisory Intersyndical Department (DIAP) Status quo or problem/issue to be addressed Need of promoting an open parliament institutionalization policy, which makes possible the commitment of society, congressmen and civil servants Main objective To improve the Legislative Houses transparency and participative openness, by the concerted efforts from different actors, looking for innovative and open solutions Commitment short description Tools &Best Practices mapping; integration and dissemination of technology and content OGP Challenge addressed by the Commitment Improvement of Public Services Increase of Public Integrity Establishment of more secure communities Commitment relevance Relevant for open government fostering at the Parliament Goal Repository Join forces of different actors (congressmen, civil servants and civil society) to foster open government actions in the parliament.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

11. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

Commitment Text:

Create and publicize a repository for Open Parliament institutionalization, with rules, tools, training, guidelines and practices

The commitment seeks to join forces of different actors (congressmen, civil servants and civil society) to foster open government actions in the parliament. Among the first initiatives are the mapping of tools, practices and norms that could compose an information repository, and the elaboration of a handbook on guidelines and competences.

11.1 – Mapping eligible tools, practices and standards for the repository

11.2 – Guide preparation, which comprises concept, guidelines, processes, and skills governances

11.3 – Integration and dissemination of technologies and selected content to the repository to Interlegis and its products

11.4 – Promoting dissemination and training actions on specific repository products

11.5 – Creation and dissemination of measurement program and awards the performance of homes in the worship of Transparency and Participation practices

11.6 – Open Parliament Annual Conference undertaking and dissemination

Responsible institution: The House of Representatives

Supporting institutions: The Chamber of Deputies, Federal Senate, Interlegis Program,

Municipal Chamber of São Paulo, Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais, Transparency International, Labhacker - São Paulo, Control and Inspection Institute, Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies (DIEESE), Parliamentary Advisory Intersyndical Department (DIAP)

Start date: December 2016.. End date: November 2018

Context and Objectives

This commitment aims to improve the level of transparency in the legislative houses. Specifically, the commitment involves creating and publishing a repository for Open Parliament tools, including trainings, guidelines, and practices. In addition, the government proposes creating a program that measures and awards transparency and participation practices in the legislature, as well as hosting an Open Parliament Annual Conference.

The legislature in Brazil has a strong tradition of adopting open government innovations. LabHacker is an open government innovation center of the lower chamber of the federal legislative branch. The Lab has a national and an international reputation in open government initiatives.[1] The center is responsible for key initiatives such as the main civic participation portal of the lower chamber, the e-Democracia website, and co-creation of legislative tools such as Wikilegis.[2] In addition, the Senate launched the Legislative Transparency Index in 2015.[3] Civil society, however, still perceives the legislature as nonparticipatory and not transparent, as Congress is trusted by only 10 percent of the population.[4]

The commitment is relevant to access to information and technology and innovation, given its focus on publishing online best practices in legislative transparency. LabHacker has a long tradition of collaborating with civil society organizations and hackers. Its Facebook[5] and YouTube pages feature illustrations of the recurring consultation and collaboration activities with the hacker community.[6] This commitment, however, does not have specific milestones that would improve civic participation.

The commitment’s level of specificity is medium. There are several measurable deliverables. These include mapping for the repository of eligible tools, practices and standards for legislative openness, an awards program for the best transparency and participation practices, and an Open Parliament Annual Conference. However, the content and scope of these deliverables remain unclear. For example, the commitment does not specify what kinds of tools and practices will be gathered and disclosed, or who is expected to participate in the conference.

The commitment has a positive potential impact because it seeks to promote open government innovations in a branch of government that citizens highly distrust. However, the potential impact is minor because the commitment focuses only on highlighting best practices. Greater potential impact lies in proposing specific reforms and innovations in legislative practices.

Completion

The commitment has seen limited completion.

The August 2017 monitoring report[7] noted that the mapping of eligible materials for the repository (milestone 11.1), the preparation of guidelines (milestone 11.2), and the establishment of the repository (milestone 11.3) have begun. The government’s self-assessment report notes that the mapping activity was completed but that the guidelines and the repository were still in 'early implementation stages (around 30%).' According to the government, as of April 2017, the lead implementers for this commitment were in charge of engaging their networks and partners to collect content for the repository. The ideas were collected and discussed online.[8] The government provided clear evidence of progress toward the gathering of information for the repository.[9]

A government official interviewed by the IRM researcher (Cristiano Ferri) stated that the level of participation from legislative government institutions has been high. However, the official observed that civil society participation has been low. The report and the interviewee also confirmed that planning has started for the dissemination and training activities (milestone 11.4) and Open Parliament Annual Conference (milestone 11.6). The creation and dissemination of an evaluation and awards program (milestone 11.5) has not started.

The action plan set a deadline of October 2017 for milestone 11.1, which puts the commitment behind the schedule.

Early Results (if any)

Given the limited progress in implementing the commitment, there are no early results to report.

Next Steps

The commitment addresses an important policy issue and should be continued. It will be key to document the achievements of the Open Parliament repository, including independent analyses carried out by civil society (e.g., academics). In addition, future commitments related to the legislature should aim to implement specific openness reforms. These reforms should be based on the published best practices, such as crowdlaw, which is 'the practice of using technology to tap the intelligence and expertise of the public in order to improve the quality of law-making.'[10]


[1] Julie Simon, Theo Bass, Victoria Boelman, and Geogg Mulgan, Digital Democracy: The Tools Transforming Political Engagement, Nesta, February 2017, http://www.nesta.org.uk/sites/default/files/digital_democracy.pdf.

[3] 'Senado lança Índice de Transparência do Legislativo,' Open Government Partnership, Brazil Federal Government, 28 December 2015, http://bit.ly/2GyLCcG.

[4] Julia Affonso, Fausto Macedo, and Mateus Coutinho, 'Confidence in the Judiciary Is Only 29% of the Population, Says FGV,' Estadao, 28 October 2016, http://politica.estadao.com.br/blogs/fausto-macedo/confianca-no-judiciario-e-de-apenas-29-da-populacao-diz-fgv/.

[5] Hacker Laboratory—Chamber of Deputies, Facebook, https://www.facebook.com/LabHackerCD.

[6] LabHacker Chamber of Deputies, YouTube, https://www.youtube.com/user/LabHackerCD/videos.

[7] Ministerio da Transparencia, Fiscalizacao e Controladoria-Geral da Uniao, Relatorio de Status de Execucao de Compromisso, http://www.governoaberto.cgu.gov.br/central-de-conteudo/documentos/2017-29-agosto-rse_11.pdf.

[8] According to the government, the thread created to discuss the project was formerly available at: https://discourse.interlegis.leg.br/.../marco-1.../15. In addition, the government noted that the pad with the open parliament content repository was formerly available at: http://pad.w3c.br/p/Parlamento_Aberto. This information was provided by the government in a comment during the pre-publication review of this report, 24 April 2018.

[9] The government provided the link to a google document with relevant information during the pre-publication review of this report, 24 April 2018.

[10] Beth Noveck, Gabriella Capone, and Victoria Alsina, 'Re-Imagining Lawmaking,' Legislature 2.0: CrowdLaw and the Future of Lawmaking, GovLab, 14 November 2017, http://thegovlab.org/legislature-2-0/.


Brazil's Commitments

  1. Subnational Good Governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data Policy

    BR0101, 2018, E-Government

  3. Scientific Data Governance

    BR0102, 2018, E-Government

  4. Capacity-Building and Oversight on Nutrition Policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport Data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase Participation in Legislative Process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and Rural Land Registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. Climate Change Policy Evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water Resource Management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, E-Government

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’S Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Environment and Climate

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Development of a Methodology for Social Participation on the Monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the Formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of Educators, Political Agents, Public Managers, Councilors for Social Policies and Community Leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage States and Municipalities to Endorse the OGP Four Principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.Nano

    BR0038, 2013, Oversight of Budget/Fiscal Policies

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education Within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of Knowledge and Capacity-Building of Managers and Public Resources Operator’S Partners and of Councilors for Social Control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for Strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a Unified and Interactive Information Panel on the Implementation of the Water for All Program, Which Can Be Publicly Accessed Through the Internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital Inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of Tools for Increasing Transparency and Enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Capacity Building

  43. Disclosure of Data from the Execution of the Union Budget and from Government Purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  44. Dissemination of the Public Open Data Culture to the Local Governments

    BR0049, 2013, Capacity Building

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the Disclosure of Open Data

    BR0050, 2013, E-Government

  46. Disclosure of Information from Government Systems in an Open Data Format

    BR0051, 2013, Open Data

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (E-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Health

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Audits and Controls

  50. Increasing Public Transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of Recommendations to Carry Out Public Audiences to Serve as Reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, E-Government

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host Cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Audits and Controls

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of Monitoring Reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, E-Government

  57. Encouragement of Social Participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  58. Formulation and Implementation of the Ministry of Defense’S Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Records Management

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents Produced by Brazil’S Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Education

  61. Improvement of Data Transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Legislation & Regulation

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, E-Government

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of Health Services Through the Increased Use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory Development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Capacity Building

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the Formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Justice

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the Database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria Da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of Processes for Prior Consultation Under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’S (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Human Rights

  79. Capacity Building Programs

    BR0001, 2011, Capacity Building

  80. Distance Education Program

    BR0002, 2011, Capacity Building

  81. Guide for Public Officials on Access to Information

    BR0003, 2011, Capacity Building

  82. Information Services Model

    BR0004, 2011, E-Government

  83. Diagnostic Study on the Transparency Values of Executive Branch

    BR0005, 2011, Right to Information

  84. Diagnostic Study on Role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Justice

  85. Research Study to Identify the Demands of Society in Regard to Access to Information

    BR0007, 2011, Right to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1St Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Capacity Building

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Capacity Building

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Capacity Building

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, E-Government

  94. INDA Capacity Building Plan

    BR0016, 2011, Capacity Building

  95. INDA Awareness- Raising Activities

    BR0017, 2011, Capacity Building

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, E-Government

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, E-Government

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, E-Government

  101. Facilitate Access to Specific Databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive School Development Plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, E-Government

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Education

  106. Contractual Management of IT Services

    BR0028, 2011, E-Government

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic Integration of Ombudsman Units

    BR0030, 2011, E-Government

  109. Continued Training for Public Ombudsman Units

    BR0031, 2011, Capacity Building

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Open Data