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Burkina Faso

Ministry and Public Institution Data in Open Format (BF0011)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Burkina Faso Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Agence Nationale de Promotion des TIC (ANPTIC) (National ICT Promotion Agency)

Support Institution(s): All ministries and public institutions, All civil Society and Private Organizations

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Fiscal Openness, Open Data, Publication of Budget/Fiscal Information

IRM Review

IRM Report: Burkina Faso Design Report 2017-2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

What is the public issue for which the commitment is made to address?: The control of government action is restricted and this is due to difficulties in getting access to public data.; What is thecommitment?: Challenges : • Stimulating innovation and digital business creation ; • Increasing citizen participation ; • Strengthening democracy ; Global Objective : Making public data easily accessible in Burkina Faso Expected outcomes : • 500 set of data are available on the data.gov.bf Portal; How will such action contribute towards solving this public issue?: Availability of data will provide means for citizens to control government action and question Authority based on facts.; Why is such commitment relevant in terms of PGO Values?: Access to public data helps to ensure transparency and is a foundation for efficient citizen participation, which are values treasured at PGO.; Additional Information: This commitment builds on a wider public data opening policy existing since 2013.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

11. Collect and publish data [103] produced in Ministries and public institutions in open and accessible [104] format by all

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

“Collect and publish data [105] produced in Ministries and public institutions in open and accessible [106] format by all”

Challenges:

  • Stimulating innovation and digital business creation;
  • Increasing citizen participation;
  • Strengthening democracy;

Global objective: making public data easily accessible in Burkina Faso

Expected Outcomes:

  • 500 sets of data are available on the data.gov.bf Portal

Milestones/Deliverables/Activities:

Raising public actors awareness on data access

Hosting data collection campaigns

Processing and publishing 500 sets of data collected in open data

Start Date:  November 2017                                                                                     End Date:  June 2019

Action Plan is available here

Context and Objectives

This commitment addresses a lack of control for government performance, which, this action claims, is exacerbated by the difficulties in accessing good public statistics. In an effort to improve the country’s economic progress through technology, information, and communication tools (TICs), the government created the National Agency for the Promotion of Information and Communication Technologies in February 2014 (ANPTIC by its acronym in French). [107] The ANPTIC, in partnership with the World Bank and the Open Data Institute, launched the Burkina Open Initiative (BODI) on 5 June 2014.

According to the ANPTIC’s Director General in 2014, BODI’s goal is to publish non-sensitive data produced by administrations, the private sector, and civil society on a single platform, and to encourage its reuse. [108] According to Agnès Kabore, representative of the Center for Democratic Governance, most documents are available in PDF Format. [109] However, documents are not available in a reusable format and CSOs have expressed their preference for CSV and Excel formats. [110] The BODI section of the ANPTIC website has links to four reusable data applications, one open data platform, and one open election platform. [111] A CSO member expressed that over 200 datasets had been published thanks to the Open Data Portal in 2016. [112]

Despite improvements in developing open data platforms, citizens face challenges in accessing information and thereby are limited in their ability to influence their government. As of 2014, 3,440 individuals submitted information requests to Burkina Faso’s Ombudsman regional and headquarters. [113] According to the Open Burkina Project Coordinator, the lack of implementation of Law 051 of 2015 prevents citizens from successfully demanding information and holding the government accountable. The government and stakeholders could coordinate to prioritize which data should be published. Also, the government should maintain platforms to ensure functionality and publish data in a predictable, periodic, and sustainable fashion. [114]

In this context, the commitment seeks to enable citizens of Burkina Faso access to public data and statistics. The activities aim to raise awareness among public actors on open data, organize data collection campaigns, and publish 500 databases in an open data format. This commitment is relevant to the OGP value of access to information in that the government will disclose more information through the publication of datasets and develop an open data culture within public institutions.

As written in the action plan, some of the objectives, results and activities are specific enough to be objectively verified. Verifiability can be assessed by looking at the number of datasets published and processed in open data format, and the number of data collection campaigns conducted. There is room for clarity. For instance, the first two activities do not provide enough information as to the number of public actors to be trained or how many data collection campaigns will be conducted. There is also no way to monitor the effectiveness of the raising-awareness initiative. As for activity number three, the commitment does not provide a baseline defining the current number of available datasets, which prevents verifiability.

If implemented as written, the commitment will contribute to solving the problem, but not to a full extent. Therefore, the potential impact of this commitment is minor. The commitment’s activities seek to publish information and build open data capacity. While the commitment will produce 500 datasets in open data format, there are no specific activities addressing citizens’ needs to hold government institutions accountable for policies concerning publication of data. As the implementation decree for Law 051 has not been yet been approved, citizens cannot effectively demand that the government publishes data, regardless of the government’s efforts to make data available. In addition, access to open data is compromised by the country’s access to internet rate of 11%. [115]

Next steps

  • This commitment could be continued and improved. In order to enhance the commitment’s design, rephrase activities in quantitative terms (e.g., the number of campaigns, the number of datasets, the number of actors trained).
  • Improve coordination between the government and CSOs to prioritize which data tools to share and periodically maintain these tools.
  • Include specific activities ensuring that citizens have means to hold government accountable for publishing data as requested.
  • Consider a monitoring and evaluation mechanism to track the effectiveness of awareness campaigns for government officials.
  • A major binding constraint for this commitment is the lack of implementation of Law 051 of 2015 concerning the access to information, which is related to Commitment 10. Draw upon recommendations for Commitment 10 to adopt mechanisms that accelerate the Law’s implementation.
[103] Open data mean[s] data produced by ministries and institutions (examples of [datasets]: [databases] listing schools, listing teachers[).] [104] Open and accessible format means the type of reusable file (CSV, Excel[).] [105] Open data mean[s] data produced by ministries and institutions (examples of [datasets]: [databases] listing schools, listing teachers[).] [106] Open and accessible format means the type of reusable file (CSV, Excel[).] [107] National Agency for the Promotion of Information and Communication Technologies (Burkina Faso), anptic.gov.bf/accueil. [108] Mathieu Bonkoungou, “Burkina Faso: Government opens digital data to the public” (SciDevNet, 16 Jun. 2014), https://www.scidev.net/afrique-sub-saharienne/donnees/actualites/burkina-faso-le-gouvernement-ouvre-les-donn-es-num-riques-au-public.html. [109] Agnès Kabore, Resercher, Center for Democratic Governance. interview by IRM researcher. 15 February 2019 [110] Agnès Kabore, Resercher, Center for Democratic Governance. interview by IRM researcher. 15 February 2019 [111] Open Data Burkina Faso, National Agency for the Promotion of Information and Communication Technologies [112] Malick Lingani, “The state of Open Data in Burkina Faso” (School of Data, 5 Nov. 2016), https://schoolofdata.org/2016/11/05/the-state-of-open-data-in-burkina-faso/. [113] “2014 Activity Report” (Burkina Faso Ombudsman’s Office, 2014) 11, http://www.mediateurdufaso.org/les-rapports.html. [114] Tinto Idriss, Open Burkina Project Coordinator, interview by IRM researcher. 15 February 2019 [115] “Burkina Faso Internet usage, broadband and telecommunications reports” (Internet World Stats, accessed Aug. 2019), https://www.internetworldstats.com/af/bf.htm.

Commitments

  1. Implement Community Policing

    BF0014, 2019, Capacity Building

  2. Awareness-Raising About Tax Compliance

    BF0015, 2019, Subnational

  3. Mining Sector Transparency

    BF0016, 2019, Access to Information

  4. Asset Declaration Reform

    BF0017, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  5. Modernize Civil Status System

    BF0018, 2019, Capacity Building

  6. Complaint Processing System

    BF0019, 2019, Capacity Building

  7. Access to Justice for Vulnerable People

    BF0020, 2019, Access to Justice

  8. Socio-Economic Empowerment for Women and Youth

    BF0021, 2019, Capacity Building

  9. Increase Women's Representation in Decision-Making

    BF0022, 2019, Capacity Building

  10. Popularize the Virtual Counter of Public Administration (GVAP)

    BF0023, 2019, E-Government

  11. Strengthen Communication About Open Government

    BF0024, 2019, E-Government

  12. Sign Protocols of Operations Where Competence Shall Be Transferred to Municipalities and Regions

    BF0001, 2017, Capacity Building

  13. Respect Time Limit Required for Issuing Legal Acts

    BF0002, 2017, Capacity Building

  14. Vulnerable Persons Access to Legal Aid Funds

    BF0003, 2017, Access to Justice

  15. Online Registration for Post-Baccalaureate and Baccalaureate Competitions

    BF0004, 2017, Capacity Building

  16. Registration and Complaints Handling Mechanism

    BF0005, 2017, Capacity Building

  17. Specialized Judicial Areas for Economic Crimes

    BF0006, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  18. Citizen Committees to Control Racket in Public Administration

    BF0007, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  19. Capacities of Disciplinary Committees

    BF0008, 2017, Capacity Building

  20. Virtual Window of Public Administration

    BF0009, 2017, Access to Information

  21. Right of Access to Public Information and to Administrative Documents

    BF0010, 2017, Access to Information

  22. Ministry and Public Institution Data in Open Format

    BF0011, 2017, Access to Information

  23. Access Information and Citizen Involvement in State Budget

    BF0012, 2017, Capacity Building

  24. Community Dialogue on Local Budget (EDIC)

    BF0013, 2017, Capacity Building

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