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Cote d'Ivoire

Publish Communications to the Council of Ministers on Contracting Process on a Quarterly Basis (CI0005)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Côte d’Ivoire Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry delegate to the Prime Minister in charge of Budget and State's Portfolio

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption, E-Government, Fiscal Openness, Public Procurement, Publication of Budget/Fiscal Information

IRM Review

IRM Report: Côte d’Ivoire End-of-Term Report 2016-2018, Cote d’Ivoire Mid-Term IRM Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Current Situation or problem/question to be addressed/having to be resolved: Poor public information on public procurement operations in the State Budget execution; Main purpose: Give regular public briefings about public procurement operations; Brief description of the commitment: on line posting of the quarterly state of contracting operations; OGP challenges addressed by the commitment: Improvement of public services, increase in public integrity and more efficient management of public resources; Relevance: Give public briefings about contracting methods utilized by public entities to carry out their expenditures; Ambition: The Communication to the Council of Ministers in line with public procurements is online posted on the website of the Ministry to the Prime Minister in charge of Budget and State portfolio, no later than 45 days after the end of each quarter.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

3. , 4., and 5. Publishing information online

Commitment Text:

Commitment 3. Online posting of all tax and customs regulations

Commitment 4. Release the Communications to the Councils of Ministers on the quarterly implementation of the budget (45 days after the end of the quarter)

Commitment 5. Publish Communications to the Councils of Ministers on contracting process on a quarterly basis (45 days after the end of the quarter)

Brief description of the commitment

3. Online posting of all tax and customs regulations such as, Schedule to Finance Act, Tax and Customs Codes, etc.

4. Make the quarterly situation of State budget implementation available on line.

5. On line posting on the quarterly state of contract operations

Quantifiable and verifiable stages to achieve the commitment:

3. Online posting of all tax and customs regulations

4. Issue and make available online Communications to the Council of Ministers on State budget implementation on a quarterly basis (45 days after the end of the quarter)

5. Issue and post online Communications to the Council of Ministers on contracting process on a quarterly basis (45 days after the end of the quarter).

Responsible institution: Ministry reporting to the Prime Minister for the Budget and the State Portfolio

Supporting institutions: Cabinet of the ministry reporting to the Prime Minister on Budget and State Portfolio.

Start date: December 2016

End date: continuing

Context and Objectives

These commitments aim to inform the public regularly about current financial and customs measures, state budget implementation, and the awarding of procurement contracts. These commitments would result in the online publishing of all fiscal and customs papers, as well as discussions at the Council of Ministers concerning budget implementation and the awarding of procurement contacts. These commitments also highlight the government’s will to be more transparent regarding the management of public finances. According to the director to the prime minister’s office in charge of the budget and state portfolio,1 the public and economic operators have little knowledge of current fiscal and customs measures, state budget implementation, or the awarding of procurement contracts within the implementation of the state budget.

Because the commitments concern the transparency of state action in the areas mentioned, they are relevant to the OGP value of access to information. However, the commitments’ text lacks precision on the breakdown of data and does not mention whether the publications will be available in an open data format.

These commitments have a moderate potential impact. If implemented as written, the commitments will lead to the online availability of documents regarding fiscal texts and procurement contracts. The government2 and civil society representatives3 agreed that with this access, public services will improve, public integrity will increase, and public resources will be better managed. One of the commitments aims to improve the public’s knowledge of fiscal and customs measures applicable to the country and to ensure better visibility of government action. Publishing the information does not guarantee that citizens will be able to understand the texts. Also, even if the information is published, the public will not necessarily have access to the publications, as many do not have internet access or cannot read.4

Regarding commitment 4, communications on how the budget is utilized have been published online since 2014. This commitment does not contribute any new element and consequently has no potential impact.

Completion

3. To publish the fiscal and customs texts online: This commitment has been completed. The fiscal and customs texts are available free on the Ministry of Budget and State Portfolio website. The latest publication is dated 8 July 2017.5 According to the civil society assessment report dated October 2017, the texts published on the ministry website are up to date. Apart from the General Tax Code and the Guide to Fiscal Procedure, at least 50 other texts are published on the Tax Department’s website, including information on parafiscal levies, various fiscal taxes, land rights, advertising, and taxation of territorial communities.6 Civil society suggests, however, that the government publish this information in an open format, such as CSV or XML, and not as PDFs. The government confirmed that publications are systematically submitted for publication in accordance with this commitment.

4. To provide and publish online notices from the Council of Ministers regarding state finances (quarterly, 45 days after the end of the quarter): This commitment has been completed. According to the director of the prime minister’s State Cabinet for Budget and State Portfolio,7 the budget and all annexes are published in accordance with the quarterly monitoring principle. The information is available on the Ministry of Economy and Finance website. The latest publication dates from the end of March 2017.8 Therefore, the online publication was up to date on 30 June 2017,9 as confirmed by the president of the civil society platform. The Initial Finance Law is published on the General Directorate for Budget and Finance website. In accordance with the constitution, it should appear there until December. The 2018 version is available online.10

5. To provide and publish online notices from the Council of Ministers concerning the awarding of procurement contracts (45 days after the end of the quarter): This commitment has been completed. The government published information on the awarding of procurement contracts on the Procurement Directorate website. The website is up to date. It published communications between 1 July 201611 and 30 June 201712 in March, June, September, and December.

Early Results (if any)

According to the government, with these commitments, the public can research fiscal annexes from 2016 to 2017. They can also access the information free of charge online, which was not the case before the implementation of the commitments.

In addition, though it is not mentioned in the commitments’ text, citizens can report any irregularities that stem from government communications. The director of the prime minister’s State Cabinet for Budget and State Portfolio pointed out that within the framework of these commitments, an economic operator’s information unit is available online and by email. The unit systematically produces monthly reports and an annual report that is presented to economic operators. The unit also distributes the reports to the Tax Department (a joint commission including the private sector and the Tax Office) and a public-private monitoring body that is responsible for any concerns. Also, according to the director, the private sector or citizens can mail or email the prime minister’s State Cabinet for Budget and State Portfolio directly. The IRM researcher requested the economic operator’s information unit reports from the same government representative in two emails dated 5 and 21 February 2018. However, no proof was provided.

Next Steps

Commitments 3, 4 and 5 should be part of the next action plan. They enable the government to improve the culture of inquiry among citizens. However, simply publishing information does not ensure that the population has the knowledge or a better understanding of government operations. The government should therefore go further in the next national action plan. It should propose more concrete and specific commitments that will increase citizens’ knowledge and proactive participation in accessing information. The next action plan should also consider the barriers to accessing information.

1 Karim Traoré, Cabinet Director, Secretary of State for Budget and State Portfolio, interview by IRM researcher, 2 February 2018.

2 Ibid.

3 Civil society platform representative, interview by IRM researcher, 2018, followed by phone and email exchanges. 4 Civil society platform representative, interview by IRM researcher, 2018, followed by phone and email exchanges. 5 'Textes, Impôts,' Secrétariat d’Etat Auprès du Premier Ministre Chargé du Budget et du Portefeuille de l’Etat, http://budget.gouv.ci/fr/textes/textes-references-impots.

6 'Direction Générale des Impôts,' Code General des Impots, http://www.dgi.cgici.com/indexs.htm.

7 Karim Traoré, Cabinet Director, Secretary of State for Budget and State Portfolio, interview by IRM researcher, 2 February 2018.

8 'Exécution Budgétaire,' Eléments de Gouvernance, Exécution du Budget, Portail de l’Economie et des Finances, Ministère de l’Economie et des Finances, http://www.finances.gouv.ci/finances/execution-du-budget.

9 Civil society platform representative, interview by IRM researcher, 2018, followed by phone and email exchanges.

10 'Loi de Finances Initiale de l’année 2018,' Budget, Direction Générale du Budget et des Finances, Secrétariat d’Etat Auprès du Premier Ministre Chargé du Budget et du Portefeuille de l’Etat, http://dgbf.gouv.ci/loi- de-finances-initiales/.

11 'Les Communications en Conseil des Ministres 2016,' Direction des Marchés Publics, https://marchespublics.ci/fr/communication2.php?AN=2016.

12 'Les Communications en Conseil des Ministres 2017,' Direction des Marchés Publics, https://marchespublics.ci/fr/communication2.php?AN=2017.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 3, 4, 5:

Commitment 3: Release all tax and customs regulations

Commitment 4: Release the communications to the Councils of Ministers on the quarterly implementation of the budget (45 days after the end of the quarter)

Commitment 5: Publish communications to the Council of Ministers on contracting process on a quarterly basis (45 days after the end of the quarter)

Brief Description of the Commitments:

  1. Online posting of all tax and customs regulations such as, Schedule to Finance Act, Tax and Customs Codes, etc.
  2. Make the quarterly situation of State budget implementation available online.
  3. online posting of the quarterly state of contracting operations

Verifiable and measurable steps to achieve the commitments:

  1. Online posting of all tax and customs regulations
  2. Issue and make available on ine Communications to the Council of Ministers on State budget implementation on a quarterly basis (45 days after the end of the quarter)
  3. Issue and post online Communications to the Council of Ministers on contracting process on a quarterly basis (45 days after the end of the quarter)

Responsible Institution(s): Ministry in charge of Budget and Government Account, under authority of the Prime Minister

Supporting Institution(s): Minister Office in charge of Budget and Government Account, under authority of the Prime Minister

Start Date: December 2016 End Date: Continuous

Action Plan is available here:

Commitment Aim:

These commitments aim to regularly inform the public about tax and customs regulations, the implementation of the government budget, and execution of public procurement contracts. The commitments highlight the government's desire to bring more transparency to the management of public finances. More precisely, the commitments propose the online publication of all tax and customs regulations, as well as communications from the Council of Ministers.

Status

Midterm:

Commitment 3: Complete

Commitment 4: Complete

Commitment 5: Complete

These commitments were completed by the midterm. Fiscal and customs documents were available for free on the websites of both the Ministry of Budget and Government’s Account under authority of the Prime Minister [26] and the General Directorate of Taxes. [27] The government published the budget and the entire annexes every quarter on the website of the Ministry of Economy and Finances. As far as the initial finance law is concerned, the government published it on the website of the General Directorate of Budget and Finances and the Constitution states that this should continue until December. The same law for the year 2018 was already available online. [28] Finally, communications between 1 July 2016 and 30 June 2017 from the Councils of Ministers concerning public procurement contracts were published and up to date on the website of the Public Procurement Directorate in March, June, September, and December of each year. [29] For more information, please see the IRM midterm report 2016−2018. [30]

End of term:

Commitment 3: Complete

Commitment 4: Limited

Commitment 5: Complete

Commitments 3 and 5 remained completed at the end of term. However, despite being marked as completed at the midterm, the Councils of Ministers’ communications on budget implementation were not updated since March 2017. [31] This means that the government published communications for three out of four quarters during the first year of implementation and none during the second year.

All other documents associated with Commitments 3 and 5 remain available, online, and up-to-date.

Did It Open Government?

Access to Information: Did not change

These commitments aimed to provide the public with information regarding tax and customs regulations, the implementation of the government budget, and procurement operations in the implementation of the budget. However, the text of the regulations of tax and customs, as well as communications in the Council of Ministers on the execution of the budget and public procurement were already available online prior to the introduction of these commitments. As a result, these commitments did not change government practice with respect to access to information.

Carried Forward?

Commitments 3, 4, and 5 were not carried into the new national action plan for 2018−2020. A related commitment, Commitment 1, aims to develop and publish a citizen’s budget in 2019, to make budget information more easily understandable and accessible.

[26] Ministry in charge of Budget and Government Account website, http://budget.gouv.ci/douanes/textes.
[27] General Directorate of Taxes website, http://www.dgi.cgici.com/indexs.htm.
[28] “Initial 2018 Finance Law, Budget, General Directorate of Budget and Finances,” Website of the Government Secretariat in charge of Budget and Government Account under authority of the Prime Minister, 2018, http://dgbf.gouv.ci/loi-%20de-finances-initiales/.
[29] “Communications in Council of Ministers 2016,” Directorate of Public Procurements, https://marchespublics.ci/fr/communication2.php?AN=2016; “Communications in Council of Ministers 2017,” Directorate of Public Procurements, https://marchespublics.ci/fr/communication2.php?AN=2017.
[30] Aïcha Blegbo, Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM): Côte d’Ivoire Progress Report 2016–2018, OGP, 2018, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Cote-dIvoire_Mid-Term_IRM-Report_2016-2018_EN.pdf.
[31]“Budget Execution,” Ministry of Economy and Finance, 2017, http://www.finances.gouv.ci/finances/execution-du-budget.

Commitments

  1. Citizen Budget

    CI0016, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Participative Decentralized Development for Preschools

    CI0017, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Whistleblower Protection

    CI0018, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  4. National Integrity Strategy

    CI0019, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  5. Asset Declaration

    CI0020, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  6. Local Participation

    CI0021, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Local Anti-Corruption Measures

    CI0022, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  8. Contraception Distribution

    CI0023, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Open Data

    CI0024, 2018, Access to Information

  10. Liberalize Television Space

    CI0025, 2018, Civic Space

  11. Publish the Number of Carats of Diamond Exported and Accompanying Kimberly Process Certificates

    CI0001, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  12. Create and Operationalize 5 Local Mining Development Committees (CDLM)

    CI0002, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  13. Release All Tax and Customs Regulations

    CI0003, 2016, E-Government

  14. Release the Communications to the Councils of Ministers on the Quarterly Implementation of the Budget

    CI0004, 2016, E-Government

  15. Publish Communications to the Council of Ministers on Contracting Process on a Quarterly Basis

    CI0005, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  16. Interconnect Public Five (05) Universities and Two (02) Business Schools.

    CI0006, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Set up Virtual University of Côte D'Ivoire

    CI0007, 2016, Education

  18. Install a Virtual Single Window for Public Service Request and Receipt in Order to Facilitate Access to Public Information

    CI0008, 2016, Access to Information

  19. Create and Operationalize an Open Data Portal for Côte D'Ivoire

    CI0009, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Set up and Operationalize a National Competitiveness Monitoring Body

    CI0010, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  21. Promote Access to Public Information Act

    CI0011, 2016, Access to Information

  22. Ensure the Freedom the Press and Plurality of Expression

    CI0012, 2016, Civic Space

  23. Set up Five (05) Municipal Committees to Fight Against Racketeering

    CI0013, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  24. Promote Participatory Budget in 05 Communes

    CI0014, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Establish and Operationalize a National Monitoring Body for the Quality of Financial Services

    CI0015, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

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