Public Administration of the Czech Republic’s Open Data Ecosystem (CZ0018)
Action Plan: Czech Republic Action Plan 2016-2018
Action Plan Cycle: 2016
Lead Institution: Ministry of the Interior
Support Institution(s): State administration authorities; Committees of Government Council for Information Society
Policy AreasCapacity Building, E-Government, Legislation & Regulation, Open Data, Records Management
STATE AND DEFINITION OF THE PROBLEM TO BE ADDRESSED BY MAKING THE COMMITMENT Running the National Open Data Catalogue in 2015 started the sequential process of publishing and cataloguing open data in the Czech Republic. CTO, SAO, CTIA, MI, MF, MT, the Moravian-Silesian Region, the Vysočina Region, CSO, CSSA and COSMC, the town of Bohumín, the town of Děčín, and the municipality of Huntířov recoded their data in the National Catalogue. Most public administration institutions do not publish and do not catalogue open data because there is no legislative duty to do so. Enshrining the National Open Data Catalogue in the legislation is a subject of the amendment of Act No. 106/1999 Coll., on free access to information, implemented within the draft of a proposed law, which changes some laws in connection with adoption of the Act on Services Creating Trust in Electronic Transactions (the draft of the proposed law was considered in the Chamber of Deputies when the Third Action Plan was being prepared). In addition to enshrining open data in the legislation, it is also necessary to provide knowledge support on open data for individual public administration institutions. The public administration of the Czech Republic’s National Open Data Catalogue and the standards for publishing and cataloguing the open data of the Czech Republic’s public administration in accordance with the development of needs and standards approved by the European Commission must be regularly adjusted and extended. To advance the principles of public administration open data and their access, it is necessary to support and develop the methods and standards needed to provide and continuously improve the quality of public administration open data, both from the technical and process aspects. MAIN OBJECTIVE Support and develop the open data ecosystem. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE COMMITMENT 1. Develop open and interconnected data standards. 2. Educate public administration employees. 3. Provide assistance for public administration authorities in opening data. 4. Develop the National Open Data Catalogue. 5. Develop a dialogue between public administration institutions and the general public.
IRM Midterm Status Summary
4.2.2 Supporting the Development of the Public Administration of the Czech Republic's Open Data Ecosystem
Most public administration institutions do not publish and do not catalogue open data because there is no legislative duty to do so. In addition to enshrining open data in the legislation, it is also necessary to provide knowledge support on open data for individual public administration institutions. To advance the principles of public administration open data and their access, it is necessary to support and develop the methods and standards needed to provide and continuously improve the quality of public administration open data, both from the technical and process aspects.
Main Objective: Support and develop the open data ecosystem. Develop open and interconnected data standards. Educate public administration employees. Provide assistance for public administration authorities in opening data.
Develop the National Open Data Catalogue. Develop a dialogue between public administration institutions and the general public.
1. Developing open and interconnected data standards (measurement method: functioning and existing standards are available on opendata.gov.cz)
2. Public administration employee training on publishing and cataloguing open data (measurement method: according to the project application – 3 x conference on open data and 10 x 1-day training)
3. Providing assistance to public administration authorities on opening data (measurement method: 10 ministries or central authorities; unspecified number of regional authorities and municipalities)
4. Developing the National Open Data Catalogue (NODC) (measurement method: data.gov.cz available; compatibility with the EU standard: DCAT-AP)
Responsible institution: Ministry of the Interior
Supporting institution(s): Committees of Government Council for Information Society
Start date: 1 August 2016 End date: 31 December 2018
This commitment aims to support and develop the open data atmosphere. The four milestones focus on advancing and publishing the methods and standards for open data in a user-friendly manner to engage public administrations and guarantee the quality of datasets. Implementation of these methods and standards is supported by trainings and workshops for civil servants responsible for open data at public administrations. The commitment seeks three conferences on open data to advance knowledge among the public administration and share best practices. Lastly, further work on the National Open Data Catalogue (NODC) is planned in compliance with the DCAT Application Profile for Data Portals in Europe (DCAT-AP). This commitment is based on a project titled 'Implementation of open data strategies II (Open Data II),'[Note108: Ministry of the Interior, 'Otevrena data II' (2018), http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/otevrena-data-ii.aspx.] funded by the European Social Fund. The project runs from January 2017 until October 2019.
The coordinator and lead implementing agency provides methodological and training support to the public administration bodies, aiming to increase the number of datasets published in NODC in an open format. By achieving compatibility with the EU standard, the NODC will have improved functionality and usability. Trainings and workshops target only public employees, leaving no expectation for state agencies to publish open datasets. Given the limited scope of the milestones, the impact of the commitment is considered moderate.
The commitment was launched in parallel to the start of the project Open Data II in January 2017, five months later than planned.
Regarding Milestone 1, the standards and process for opening data is presented step-by-step and currently published on the front page of Open Data Portal[Note109: Otevrena dat, 'Otevrena data v CR: Portal pro poskytovatele' (27 Jul. 2018), https://opendata.gov.cz/.] in a user-friendly manner. This also includes information on EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)[Note110: European Parliament and The Council of the European Union, 'Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016' L119/1 (Official Journal of the European Union, 4 May 2016) http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32016R0679&from=EN.] and information on personal data protection. The available information serves as guidelines for public bodies starting the data opening process and includes tips on publication plans, dataset publication, local catalogues, privacy and GDPR, a template for publication and cataloguing open data, technical standards, and examples of bad practices in opening data. The milestone can be considered completed although the work under the project Open Data II is ongoing.
In terms of Milestone 2, the self-assessment report stated the lead implementing agency hosted six trainings on open data in the regions and the capital with 62 participants in total between the beginning of 2017 and the end of the self-assessment reporting period. The report also mentioned the three Office of Government workshops. The Office of Government started publishing its data in open format in July 2017. The annual conference, 'Open Data in Public Administration 2017,' was also held on 10 November 2017. It allowed international sharing (topics included open data policy in Poland and best European open data practices) as well as tackling national issues like open data in agriculture, the open data reality in the Czech Republic, municipality experiences with open data, and a presentation on the first hackathon based on public administration open data.[Note111: Otevrena data, 'Vyrocni konference Otevrena data ve verejne sprave 2017' (14 Nov. 2017), https://opendata.gov.cz/edu:konference:2017.] The government has been organizing several training activities in line with this commitment, in addition to the ten trainings and three conferences already held, indicating this milestone is ongoing.
As for Milestone 3, the self-assessment report indicated that the lead implementing agency organized 21 workshops on open data for state agencies but only six agencies requested and received this assistance. The IRM researcher was not able to fully verify the information, however the information gathered shows that implementation of the milestone is ongoing.
Milestone 4 is currently being developed by the government. The National Open Data Catalogue (NODC) 2.0 is being developed to be more user-friendly and a fully integrated platform for citizens. The government stated in the self-assessment report that the software prototype is already prepared to provide current NODC content of open datasets which will be fully compliant with the DCAT-AP standard.[Note112: Office of the Government of the Czech Republic Minister for Human Rights, Equal Opportunities and Legislation, 'Czech Republic 2017, Mid-Term Self-Assessment Open Government Partnership Action Plan Report of the Czech Republic for 2016-2018' (Aug. 2017), http://www.korupce.cz/assets/dokumenty/tiskove-zpravy/Prubezna-sebehodnotici-zprava-Akcniho-planu-Ceske-republiky-Partnerstvi-pro-otevrene-vladnuti-na-obdobi-let-2016-az-2018---verejne-konzultace.pdf.] Implementation of the milestone is ongoing.
On 17 July 2017, the Office of Government of the Czech Republic launched its open data portal[Note113: Vlada Ceske republiky, 'Otevrena data' (25 Jul. 2017), https://www.vlada.cz/cz/urad-vlady/otevrena_data/otevrena-data-158324/.] and consequently registered several datasets on NODC as of 25 July 2017. The Office of Government has led these actions autonomously and published some of their datasets in open format. Published data includes a list of consultative bodies; a register of certified experts in drug prevention and gambling; analytical, statistical, and strategic documents for the Office of Government; a price list of energy commodities; and a dataset from the National Information System for Research, Experimental Development and Innovation (IS VaVal). The Office of Government plans to publish new datasets and encourage line ministries to improve their open data methods.[Note114: Vlada Ceske republiky, 'Urad vlady zacal yverejnovat otevrena data' (25 Jul. 2017), https://www.vlada.cz/cz/media-centrum/aktualne/urad-vlady-zacal-zverejnovat-otevrena-data--158897/]
Implementation of the commitment is and will be ongoing in line with the implementation of the Open Data II project. Given that the project has been approved, is it unlikely that extensive modifications will occur. The government self-assessment stated that despite the methodical and technical support offered, there is insufficient interest in training from relevant information system administrators. Therefore, recommendations include:
· A workshop can be organized for the Open Data Working Group established by the Government Council for Information Society that coordinates interministerial cooperation. A multistakeholder impact assessment on secondary use of open data could be developed under the Open Data II project, medialized, and used in public discussions in support of open data policy; and,
· The Ministry of Interior can hold workshops for other stakeholders like business and civil society, using their cooperation with the EU for funding the workshops.
Czech Republic's Commitments
quality management in service authorities
CZ0022, 2018, Legislation & Regulation
judiciary annual report
CZ0023, 2018, E-Government
publishing lower court decision
CZ0024, 2018, E-Government
raising awareness about whistle-blowers
CZ0025, 2018, Capacity Building
open education data
CZ0026, 2018, E-Government
inspIS information system
CZ0027, 2018, E-Government
open data from school inspector
CZ0028, 2018, E-Government
publication of education information on creative commons
CZ0029, 2018, E-Government
Implementing the Civil Service Act
CZ0016, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Priority Data Sets of Public Administration
CZ0017, 2016, E-Government
Public Administration of the Czech Republic’s Open Data Ecosystem
CZ0018, 2016, Capacity Building
National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy
CZ0019, 2016, Legislation & Regulation
CZ0020, 2016, Civic Space
Improving Local Level Safety
CZ0021, 2016, E-Government
Adoption of the new act on Civil Service
CZ0007, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Implementing legislation for the new act on civil service
CZ0008, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions
Institutional measures to implement the new act on civil service
CZ0009, 2014, Capacity Building
Selection, recruitment, and appointment of civil servants/high-ranking civil servants
CZ0010, 2014, Capacity Building
Systematization of service positions and service authorities
CZ0011, 2014, Labor
Streamline the free access to information system
CZ0012, 2014, Legislation & Regulation
Support for open data publishing
CZ0013, 2014, Capacity Building
Open data catalogue
CZ0014, 2014, E-Government
Open data legal framework
CZ0015, 2014, Legislation & Regulation
Adoption of an Act on Civil Servants
CZ0001, 2012, Legislation & Regulation
Amendments of the Free Access to Information Act
CZ0002, 2012, Legislation & Regulation
Reaching the Open Data Standards : Identification and removal of legal and technical obstacles
CZ0003, 2012, Open Data
Reaching the Open Data Standards : Creation of an open data infrastructure in the public procurement sector
CZ0004, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement
Reaching the Open Data Standards : Converting the most important data sources to open data standards
CZ0005, 2012, Open Data
Reaching the Open Data Standards : Creation of a catalogue of public administration data
CZ0006, 2012, Open Data