Publishing Lower Court Decision (CZ0024)
Publishing the decisions of lower courts
Start and end date of commitment: 1 September 2018 – 31 August 2020
Lead implementing agency: Ministry of Justice
Description of the commitment
Which public problem will be resolved by this commitment?
The decisions of lower courts are not currently sufficiently transparent in the Czech Republic, since the public and the courts themselves do not have access to the database of all court decisions. Publishing all court decisions in anonymised form will reinforce the unity of the judiciary and increase the transparency of court decision-making. Currently only the three highest courts publish their decisions. It is necessary to support greater transparency in the whole decision-making process in the court system, and to make it accessible to the public in a suitable form, along with the option of searching the decisions.
What is the commitment?
The publication (disclosure) of the texts of the final and enforceable decisions of the high, regional and district courts in electronic format (online).
How will the commitment contribute to solving a public problem?
Publishing the decisions of lower courts will lead to reinforced, supported access to justice and increased transparency in court decision-making. Even though the Czech Republic does not have the system of precedent, publishing all court decisions will reinforce the principle of consistency in court decision-making and legitimate expectations.
How does the commitment relate to OGP values?
The commitment meets the basic OGP values (principles):
• - access to information (transparency)
• - civil participation
• - accountability (the implementation of the highest quality
standards in the Civil Service)
• - technology and innovation.
The commitment meets 2 of the 3 OGP Grand Challenges:
• - improving public services (justice)
• - increasing public integrity.
Link to other government programmes:
This commitment is directly linked to the government strategy “The Departmental eJustice Development Strategy for 2016 – 2020”, adopted by the Government ́s Resolution No. 505 of
8 June 2016 (supplemented and revised by the Government ́s Resolution No. 170 of 14 March 2018).
The strategy’s objective is the further development of electronic justice (see point 1.2). One of the specific eJustice strategic objectives is Strategic Objective 4.2 – “Form – to enable easy and pleasant communication with participants in the process, the public and other local authorities performing some state functions, including improving the quality and extending the scope of information provided”.
This strategic objective has 7 specific targets. One of the specific targets is no 4.2.7, under the name “Providing information on court decisions”.
Link to other relevant plans, such as the national anti- corruption strategy:
The commitment may also partially fulfil the tasks arising from other government missions and strategies, such as action plans for the fight against corruption or missions relating to open data.
Failure to meet the obligation to publish selected decisions is also noted in the Ombudsman’s Annual Report for 2016 (see page 57 of the report).
The problem further resonates in the professional press or general news publications (media).
The electronic Slov-lex system of the Ministry of Justice of the Slovak Republic containing all final and binding court decisions.
Korbel, F. – Melzer, F. Společenské a právní základy zveřejňování judikatury a způsoby jeho realizace. Právní rozhledy, 2011, no 9, pp. 1-7.
Králík, L. Hromadné zveřejňování soudních rozhodnutí (in press).
Králík, L. Tvorba a publikace judikatury. Právník, 2018, no 4, pp. 320-332.
Králík, L. Publikace judikatury v USA. Právník, 2018, no 2, pp. 131-142.
Králík, L. Citace judikatury. Právník, 2017, no 1, pp. 60- 65.
Králík, L. Soudní rozhodnutí versus judikát a jejich zveřejňování. In: sborník příspěvků z konference Weyrův den právní teorie, Brno: PF MU, 2015, online: http://www.pravniprostor.cz.
Milestone activity with verifiable output
Creation of an anonymiser
Publication of judgments in one judicial agenda
Name of the responsible person from the implementing agency: Dominik Divák
Assistant Deputy Minister for Management of the Economic Section
Email and telephone
DDivak@msp.justice.cz, +420 737 244 230
Other stakeholders involved: NA
Quality Management in Service Authorities
CZ0022, 2018, Legislation & Regulation
Judiciary Annual Report
CZ0023, 2018, E-Government
Publishing Lower Court Decision
CZ0024, 2018, E-Government
Raising Awareness About Whistle-Blowers
CZ0025, 2018, Anti-Corruption
Open Education Data
CZ0026, 2018, E-Government
InspIS Information System
CZ0027, 2018, E-Government
Open Data from School Inspector
CZ0028, 2018, E-Government
Publication of Education Information on Creative Commons
CZ0029, 2018, E-Government
Implementing the Civil Service Act
CZ0016, 2016, Anti-Corruption
Priority Data Sets of Public Administration
CZ0017, 2016, E-Government
Public Administration of the Czech Republic’s Open Data Ecosystem
CZ0018, 2016, Capacity Building
National Open Access to Scientific Information Strategy
CZ0019, 2016, Legislation & Regulation
CZ0020, 2016, Civic Space
Improving Local Level Safety
CZ0021, 2016, E-Government
Adoption of the New Act on Civil Service
CZ0007, 2014, Anti-Corruption
Implementing Legislation for the New Act on Civil Service
CZ0008, 2014, Anti-Corruption
Institutional Measures to Implement the New Act on Civil Service
CZ0009, 2014, Capacity Building
Selection, Recruitment, and Appointment of Civil Servants/High-Ranking Civil Servants
CZ0010, 2014, Capacity Building
Systematization of Service Positions and Service Authorities
CZ0011, 2014, Labor
Streamline the Free Access to Information System
CZ0012, 2014, Legislation & Regulation
Support for Open Data Publishing
CZ0013, 2014, Capacity Building
Open Data Catalogue
CZ0014, 2014, E-Government
Open Data Legal Framework
CZ0015, 2014, Legislation & Regulation
Adoption of an Act on Civil Servants
CZ0001, 2012, Legislation & Regulation
Amendments of the Free Access to Information Act
CZ0002, 2012, Legislation & Regulation
Identification and Removal of Legal and Technical Obstacles
CZ0003, 2012, Open Data
Creation of an Open Data Infrastructure in the Public Procurement Sector
CZ0004, 2012, Anti-Corruption
Converting the Most Important Data Sources to Open Data Standards
CZ0005, 2012, Open Data
Creation of a Catalogue of Public Administration Data
CZ0006, 2012, Open Data