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Open Data and AI Policy (FI0033)



Action Plan: Finland Action Plan 2019-2023

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active


Lead Institution: Ministry of Finance

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Access to Information, Automated Decision-Making, Digital Governance, E-Government, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Finland Implementation Report 2017-2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Pending IRM Review

Relevant to OGP Values: Pending IRM Review

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


The commitment and measures on open data contribute in particular to the OGP initiatives of transparency and technology & innovation. The measures are in line with the Act on Data Management in Public Administration, data policies and implementation thereof.

Open data:
The public sector promotes government openness by opening public interfaces if there are no specific reasons to keep them restricted. The process will prioritise the most influential data resources. Easy-to-use, developer-friendly interfaces that follow the outlines of standard architecture will be developed to access public administration data resources. The data available on the interfaces will be recorded using standard procedures into a machine-readable and -interpretable format in order to make it easier to benefit from. The guidance needed in order to open the data and create the interfaces will be provided. A successful user experience of the data and its easy accessibility will lower the threshold of using the data and increase its usage. As a result, data producers will be more motivated to improve the quality and usability of data and data resources. The objective of this is to achieve a virtuous circle in which the quality of data will be improved and it will provide benefits, and the benefits of open data will spread far and wide inside the society, also when companies join to become producers of open data. These measures will acknowledge the outlines and development measures of European Union within this theme, including the Open Data Directive (EU/2019/1024), also known as the PSI directive.

The requirements concerning data protection and the data confidentiality regulation will be taken into account when plans are made for opening up data.

The project will be completed in a cross-administrative effort of cooperation, so that the cumulation of data will not put the data security of public administration at risk.
Quality criteria: Quality criteria intended to facilitate the utilisation of data will be prepared.
Quality improvement measures following the quality criteria will be primarily applied to the most significant data resources in the data opening process. Setting quality criteria and the extent of their validity will be planned to make up part of putting the quality criteria into practice.

Ethical guidelines: A general set of guidelines on the ethical use of artificial intelligence will be prepared in order to ensure that the artificial intelligence will not utilise directly or indirectly discriminatory operational models in the AI systems.
The measures to open public sector data will promote a data and AI policy that is ethically, financially and socially sustainable. Meta data that contributes to data resources management of high quality will also contribute to the creation of unified information resources required by machine-learning and AI in our linguistic area and, subsequently, the realisation of linguistic rights in an indirect manner.

Special groups will be consulted and the standards laid down in international human rights conventions and UN recommendations on the ethics of AI as well as data security questions will be acknowledged as a part of the preparatory process.


  1. Improving Understandability and Inclusion of Government Information

    FI0030, 2019, Capacity Building

  2. Open Government Strategy

    FI0031, 2019, Capacity Building

  3. Register of Government Decision-Making

    FI0032, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  4. Open Data and AI Policy

    FI0033, 2019, Access to Information

  5. Supporting Everyone’s Possibility to Participate.

    FI0023, 2017, E-Government

  6. Clear Government Reforms and Services

    FI0024, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  7. Access to Information on Incorporated Public Services

    FI0025, 2017, Access to Information

  8. Access to Information Knowledge in the Public Administration

    FI0026, 2017, Access to Information

  9. Publishing State Procurement Data to Citizens

    FI0027, 2017, Access to Information

  10. Regional Reform Information

    FI0028, 2017, Infrastructure & Transport

  11. Training Regional Administration in Open Government Principles

    FI0029, 2017, Capacity Building

  12. Clear Administration

    FI0019, 2015, E-Government

  13. Government as an Enabler

    FI0020, 2015, Access to Information

  14. Open Procedures

    FI0021, 2015, Access to Information

  15. Engage Children, Youth, Elderly

    FI0022, 2015, Open Regulations

  16. Enhancing the Openness of Preparatory Processes

    FI0001, 2013, E-Government

  17. Emphasizing Dialogue Skills in the Job Descriptions of Civil Servants

    FI0002, 2013, Capacity Building

  18. Strengthening Proactive Publishing and Communication

    FI0003, 2013, Capacity Building

  19. Promoting Participatory Budgeting

    FI0004, 2013, Fiscal Openness

  20. Increasing Openness and Customer Orientation in ICT and e-Services Development

    FI0005, 2013, E-Government

  21. Increasing the Number of Open and Online Meetings

    FI0006, 2013, E-Government

  22. Standard Language Titles and Resumes Will Be Drafted of the Government Proposals.

    FI0007, 2013, Capacity Building

  23. Visualization of Decisions

    FI0008, 2013, E-Government

  24. Training Will Be Organised for Civil Servants in Use of Clear Language and Plain Language In- Cluding Committing to Use of Terms Already Known.

    FI0009, 2013, Capacity Building

  25. The Comprehensibility of the Texts Produced by Public Administration Will Be Tested To- Gether with Citizens and Service Users.

    FI0010, 2013, Capacity Building

  26. Standardizing and Clarifying the Terms and Concepts Used in Public Administration and Ser- Vice Production.

    FI0011, 2013, Capacity Building

  27. The Comprehensibility of Customer Letters and Decisions Will Be Enhanced, Especially When Using Standard Texts.

    FI0012, 2013, Capacity Building

  28. Opening and Publishing New Data and Changing Existing Open Data Into a Machine- Readable Form.

    FI0013, 2013, Access to Information

  29. Clear Terms for Use of for Open Data and Knowledge

    FI0014, 2013, Access to Information

  30. Strengthening Skills Needed to Understand Combining Privacy and Open Data and Strength- Ening the Citizen’S Right to His/Her Own Personal Information “The Right to Be Anonymous”

    FI0015, 2013, Access to Information

  31. Tearing Down Barriers of Action of the Civil Society

    FI0016, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. The Proactive Presence and Accessibility of Civil Servants

    FI0017, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Providing Tools and Training to Organizations

    FI0018, 2013, Capacity Building

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