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France

Open Science (FR0047)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: France Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

E-Government, Environment and Climate, Open Data, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery, Records Management, Science & Technology

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Pending IRM Review

Relevant to OGP Values: Not Relevant

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Developing an “open science” ecosystem
Lead institution(s):
Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation
New commitment
OGP principles with which the commitment is associated:
Transparency; accountability; innovation and technology at the service of openness
Challenges
Open science is a movement in which research materials and results are disseminated without technical, legal, geographical or commercial obstacles, and ideally with no unnecessary delay.
It draws on the digital transformation of our societies in order to develop open access and open data, and, more generally, open scientific processes. It includes openness of assessment procedures, indicators, reuse licences, source codes and digital practices.
It seeks to develop an ecosystem in which science will be more cumulative, more effectively backed up by data, more transparent, more integrated, more rapid and more universally accessible. It leads to a democratisation of access to knowledge useful to research, training and society as a whole, and also provides an opportunity for participatory science. It fosters scientific advances, unforeseen advances (serendipity) in particular, along with economic and social progress in France and Europe, in developed and developing countries alike.
Ambitions
Developing an “open science” ecosystem
In France, open science is making very unequal headway, its level of maturity depending very much on branch, players, organisations and territories. The 2016 Digital Republic Law constituted a major advance, with provisions promoting open access along with text and data mining (TDM).
There is still much to be done, however, if open science is to come fully into its own in scientific practice.
The road map in detail

Setting up a “Committee for Open Science” to promote open national and international exchange on questions relating to open science (Access, data, metrics, codes, participatory science, etc.). 2018
Setting up a system for quantitative monitoring of the state of progress of open-access dissemination of national scientific literature. 2019
Setting up a system for rapid, transparent monitoring of expenditure on “article processing charges” and “book processing charges”. 2020
Setting up a system for transparent (public) monitoring of expenditure on electronic acquisitions in university libraries. Open- data dissemination of expenditure on the Ministry in charge of Higher Education’s open-data portal (Electronic Resources Survey [ERE]).
2018
Creating an open dataset on funding of research projects selected following calls for projects, and its beneficiaries (2019). 2019
National membership of ORCID (Open Research and Contributor ID – a single system for identification of researchers, enabling users to find out, more simply and with greater certainty, what scientific contributions any given researcher has made). 2018 or 2019
Speeding up development of the national open archive, HAL, with investment on simplicity of use and interoperability by increasing its resources. 2018 - 2020
Expanding the scanR R&D search engine and the Isidore research platform providing access to digital data on human and social sciences (HSS), raising awareness of their existence and developing their use, in particular to nourish public debate on research results 2018 - 2020
Communicating to scientific communities on the digital law’s implications with regard to openness of publications and data. 2018 or 2019
In the context of public support for reviews, recommending adoption of a policy on open data associated with articles and development of data papers.
Providing support for progressive universalisation of data management plans in calls for research projects, and encouraging the opening of data produced by funded programmes. 2019 and so on


France's Commitments

  1. Transparency of Public Services

    FR0030, 2018, E-Government

  2. Transparency of Public Procurement

    FR0031, 2018, E-Government

  3. Transparency of Development Aid

    FR0032, 2018, Aid

  4. Expand Open Data

    FR0033, 2018, E-Government

  5. Improved Data Policies and Administration

    FR0034, 2018, Capacity Building

  6. Transparency of Public Algorithms

    FR0035, 2018, E-Government

  7. Open Data at Sub-National Level

    FR0036, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. State AI Lab

    FR0037, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Administrative Capacity-Building

    FR0038, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Public Service Incubators

    FR0039, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. Streamline Data Flows

    FR0040, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Etat Forum

    FR0041, 2018, E-Government

  13. Online Procedures Dashboard

    FR0042, 2018, E-Government

  14. Govtech Summit

    FR0043, 2018, Capacity Building

  15. Imrove Public Consultation Mechanisms

    FR0044, 2018, E-Government

  16. International Transparency and Citizen Participation

    FR0045, 2018, Aid

  17. Public Pariticipation in Sustainable Development

    FR0046, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Open Science

    FR0047, 2018, E-Government

  19. Citizen Involvement in Cour Des Comptes

    FR0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Private Sector Transparency

    FR0049, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  21. Access to Information on Public Officials

    FR0050, 2018, Asset Disclosure

  22. Open Regional and Local Authorities' Data

    FR0001, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  23. Publish Municipal Council Decisions and Reports Online

    FR0002, 2015, E-Government

  24. Publish Building Permits in Open Data Format

    FR0003, 2015, Open Data

  25. Starred commitment Increase Transparency in Public Procurement

    FR0004, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  26. Improve Transparency in International Development Aid

    FR0005, 2015, Aid

  27. Open Access to Public Policy Evaluations

    FR0006, 2015, E-Government

  28. Involve Citizens in Cour Des Comptes Work

    FR0007, 2015, Fiscal Transparency

  29. Access to Public Officials Transparency Obligations

    FR0008, 2015, E-Government

  30. Starred commitment Beneficial Ownership

    FR0009, 2015, Beneficial Ownership

  31. Transparency in Extractive Industries

    FR0010, 2015, Extractive Industries

  32. Transparency in International Trade Commercial Negotiations

    FR0011, 2015, Labor

  33. Fix My Neighborhood

    FR0012, 2015, E-Government

  34. Digital Fix-It

    FR0013, 2015, Open Data

  35. Co-Produce Data Infrastructure with Civil Society

    FR0014, 2015, Open Data

  36. Starred commitment Open Legal Resources

    FR0015, 2015, Legislation & Regulation

  37. Reform Participatory Mechanisms

    FR0016, 2015, Public Participation

  38. Mediation and Justice

    FR0017, 2015, Judiciary

  39. Starred commitment Open and Circulate Data

    FR0018, 2015, Land & Spatial Planning

  40. Open Calculation Models and Simulators

    FR0019, 2015, Open Data

  41. Open Platform for Government Resources

    FR0020, 2015, E-Government

  42. Improve Public Services Through E-Government and User Interaction

    FR0021, 2015, E-Government

  43. Empower Civil Society to Support Schools

    FR0022, 2015, E-Government

  44. Diversify Recruitment Within Public Institutions

    FR0023, 2015, Capacity Building

  45. Culture Change

    FR0024, 2015, Capacity Building

  46. Spread Public Innovation

    FR0025, 2015, Capacity Building

  47. Starred commitment Protect Against Conflicts of Interest

    FR0026, 2015, Conflicts of Interest

  48. Civil Society & Transparency in COP21 Conference Planning

    FR0027, 2015, Environment and Climate

  49. Open Data and Climate/Sustainable Development

    FR0028, 2015, Open Data

  50. Collaborate with Civil Society on Climate and Sustainable Development

    FR0029, 2015, Environment and Climate