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Greece

Usability and functionality improvements of the ‘Parliamentary Transparency’ section of the Hellenic Parliament website (GR0026)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Greece Second Action Plan for 2014-2016

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Hellenic Parliament

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

E-Government, Legislature

IRM Review

IRM Report: Greece End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Enhancement  and  improvement  of  the  functionality  offered  by  the  ‘Parliamentary  Transparency’  section   of the Hellenic Parliament portal. Provision of open structured information.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Commitment 4.2. ‘Parliamentary Transparency’ section of Parliament’s website

Commitment Text:

Enhancement and improvement of the functionality offered by the “Parliamentary Transparency” section of

the Hellenic Parliament portal. Provision of open structured information.

Milestones –Timescales

       Completion by February 2015:

o   4.2.1. “Parliamentary Transparency” website visitor experience: Evaluation of the current state of the section concerning visitor experience (e.g. by creating relevant questionnaire) regarding usability, accessibility and institutional level.

        Implementation (gradually) by June 2016:

o   4.2.2. Improvements to “Parliamentary Transparency” section:

o   Development of the “FAQ” section, for institutional and technological questions originating from visitor feedback.

§  Provision of the visitor information via RSS (Rich Site Summary) either by subject area or by type of decision.

§  Publication of statistical data.

§  Provision of structured information (based on open standards) for execution of the budget by the Parliament.

Editorial note: Commitments 4.1 and 4.2 have been clustered for the purpose of analysis in this report. They are discussed jointly in the narrative below.

Responsible institution: Hellenic Parliament

Supporting institution(s): None

Start date: December 2014              End date: June 2016

Commitment Aim:

The main goal of commitment 4.1 is to adopt a system that would allow public monitoring of all parliamentary actions in the legislative process. The system was designed to replace the current numerous, mainly non-digital processes and flows. Drafting and amending legislation texts is still largely a manual job. It does not allow for automatically tracking changes introduced at each processing stage, or for publishing electronic documents in reusable, machine-readable formats. Commitment 4.2 is aimed at improving functionality of the “Parliamentary Transparency” section on the Hellenic Parliament portal by providing more high quality, useable data.

Status

Commitment 4.1 Midterm: Substantial

Greece completed the commitment to track changes on bills (Milestone 4.1.1) on schedule. The government tested the new system by reviewing an existing piece of legislation. However, this test was not public. Regarding Milestone 4.1.2, the adoption of an international open standard XLM, the Hellenic Parliament had started discussions and favoured adopting the technical standard, Akoma Ntoso. The government made no final decisions. Milestone 4.1.3 had limited completion because the government had implemented only the initial design stage of the legislative document handling system.

Commitment 4.2 Midterm: Limited

The government has completed improving the transparency section of the website (Milestone 4.2.2), according to parliamentary staff; the Openwise IRM research team verified operation of the relevant section. However, the Openwise IRM research team found no evidence of any work toward creating a survey for website visitors’ experience (Milestone 4.2.1). Parliamentarians are still not required to track and publish decisions or changes made in documents, unless specifically mandated by the President of the Parliament. Therefore, the type, number, and timelines of publishing parliamentary decisions on the system remain unclear. Parliamentary staff have met with other stakeholders, but have not attempted to collaborate closely with relevant nongovernmental organizations, despite expressed interest (e.g. from Vouliwatch). The government was designing an evaluation questionnaire to assess the changes made so far. However, the drafting process was internal, with no outside consultation.

Commitment 4.1 End of term: Substantial

Based on the September 2016 inter-parliamentary group meeting attended by the Openwise IRM research team, there was no further progress on the implementation of an online system to track Parliamentary progress on legislation.

Commitment 4.2 End of term: Limited

Based on the September 2016 inter-parliamentary group meeting attended by the Openwise IRM research team, there was no further progress on improving the transparency section of the website, or on creating the evaluation questionnaire. Parliamentary staff stated that the continuing unavailability of required funding led to loss of ownership.

Did it open government?

Commitment 4.1

Access to information: Marginal

Civic participation: Did not change

The Hellenic Parliament wished to address the lack of transparency and the difficulty in accessing parliamentary session information. The bill-tracking system in use was seen as inadequate and the commitments sought to create a more streamlined version. It was designed to replace the numerous, mainly non-digital processes and operations that did not allow for automatically tracking legislative changes or for accessing machine readable and reusable electronic documents.

Bolstering the parliamentary transparency section of the Parliament’s website would also provide an easier way for the public to track parliamentary staff actions. The partially completed commitments did improve public access to parliamentary texts but fell significantly short of achieving the levels of information availability envisioned by the commitments. As implemented, this commitment only marginally affected the status quo.

The commitment, if fully implemented, would have allowed members of civil society and the public to interact with the Hellenic Parliament in a direct way, increasing civic participation. However, due to Parliament’s limited human resources, officials only implemented the initial stage of a bill-tracking system. Consequently, the ability of the public to participate during the passage of a bill through Parliament has not changed.

Commitment 4.2

Access to information: Marginal

Civic participation: Did not change

By partially completing this commitment to improve the transparency section of the Hellenic Parliament web portal, the government managed to make some updates to the system and increase access to information. However, this improvement is only marginal since no clear obligation exists specifying what information or documents must be published on the website.

If the government had completed improvements to the transparency section of the Hellenic Parliament’s website, specifically regarding accessing budget execution information, civic participation would have substantially increased. It would have been possible for citizens to examine, track and offer comments on a significant portion of decisions concerning Parliament’s internal operation. Civic participation has not changed due to the limited implementation of the commitment.

Carried forward?

The third Greek Action Plan does not carry forward Commitments 4.1 and 4.2. During the September 2016 meeting of the interministerial OGP government group, the Openwise IRM research team suggested that Parliamentary staff could collaborate with relevant civil society groups in order to achieve some of the aims of these commitments despite the inability to attract the required funding.


Greece's Commitments

  1. Framework law on Open & Participative Governance

    GR0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  2. Participation in the Assessment of the Public Sector

    GR0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  3. Publicity of Organisational Charts & Entities of the Public Sector

    GR0033, 2016, E-Government

  4. Accountability and Settlement of Disputes between the citizens and the Public Sector

    GR0034, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  5. Guide and Standardization for the provision of Services & for Procedures per Service/entity

    GR0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  6. Improvement of the open deliberation procedure

    GR0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  7. National Register of Line Managers of the Public Administration (Register)

    GR0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  8. Implementation of the assessment of employees and services and control methods

    GR0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  9. Implementation of a System for the Selection of Managers

    GR0039, 2016, Capacity Building

  10. Digital Repository for Pubic Administration Studies

    GR0040, 2016, Capacity Building

  11. Provision of Open Cultural Data

    GR0041, 2016, E-Government

  12. Geospatial Maritime Data

    GR0042, 2016, E-Government

  13. Ship/Company and Seafarer Registers

    GR0043, 2016, E-Government

  14. Marine and Maritime Activity

    GR0044, 2016, E-Government

  15. Starred commitment Public Property Open Data

    GR0045, 2016, E-Government

  16. KPI’s for the implementation of Public and EU Financed Projects

    GR0046, 2016, E-Government

  17. Data and Statistics for Greek National Exams

    GR0047, 2016, E-Government

  18. Protocol Digitization

    GR0048, 2016, E-Government

  19. Informative Actions on open data for young people in Secondary and higher Education

    GR0049, 2016, Education

  20. Open Education

    GR0050, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Provision of open data for Justice

    GR0051, 2016, E-Government

  22. Enhanced statistical data of justice open to the public

    GR0052, 2016, E-Government

  23. Open provision of Geo-data

    GR0053, 2016, E-Government

  24. Open-Participatory Budget

    GR0054, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  25. Regional Council Platform (Open Regional Council)

    GR0055, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open - Participatory Budget

    GR0056, 2016, E-Government

  27. Capture and Evaluation Platform for Regional Technical Projects

    GR0057, 2016, E-Government

  28. City Dashboard

    GR0058, 2016, E-Government

  29. Online Consultation Platform

    GR0059, 2016, E-Government

  30. Open Data Index for cities and local administrations

    GR0060, 2016, E-Government

  31. Linked, Open and Participatory Budgets

    GR0061, 2016, E-Government

  32. School of data for public servants

    GR0062, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. The collaborative wikification of public services procedures

    GR0063, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Strengthening openness and accessibility of the Parliament

    GR0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Institutional and technological upgrading of Transparency Program

    GR0012, 2014, E-Government

  36. Public participation in decision making

    GR0013, 2014, Capacity Building

  37. Integration of PSI Directive on the re-use of public sector information

    GR0014, 2014, E-Government

  38. Regulatory amendments for the management and provision of open data

    GR0015, 2014, Capacity Building

  39. Implementation of platform for central distribution of public open data

    GR0016, 2014, E-Government

  40. Provision of open geospatial data

    GR0017, 2014, E-Government

  41. Provision of open cultural data

    GR0018, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  42. Provision of open data for offshore companies

    GR0019, 2014, E-Government

  43. Open provision of Public Sector critical data sets

    GR0020, 2014, E-Government

  44. Open invitations for filling posts in the public sector

    GR0021, 2014, E-Government

  45. Public administration organizational chart publication

    GR0022, 2014, Capacity Building

  46. Coordination and monitoring of Open Government policy

    GR0023, 2014, Audits and Controls

  47. Reorganization of inspectorate bodies and strategic alliance development against corruption

    GR0024, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  48. Tracking changes on bills (from submission to voting by Plenum)

    GR0025, 2014, E-Government

  49. Usability and functionality improvements of the ‘Parliamentary Transparency’ section of the Hellenic Parliament website

    GR0026, 2014, E-Government

  50. Improvement of the Hellenic Parliament Website and implementation of new standards-technologies

    GR0027, 2014, E-Government

  51. Provision of historical parliamentary documents to the public

    GR0028, 2014, E-Government

  52. Enhancement of Social Media Policy in the Hellenic Parliament

    GR0029, 2014, E-Government

  53. On line provision of Exhibitions

    GR0030, 2014, Capacity Building

  54. Increase number of legislative acts going through online deliberation

    GR0001, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  55. Capitalize on citizen comments and suggestions

    GR0002, 2012, Public Participation

  56. Operate central e-procurement information system

    GR0003, 2012, E-Government

  57. Operate central ERP information system

    GR0004, 2012, E-Government

  58. Operate central HRMS information system

    GR0005, 2012, E-Government

  59. Open data regarding prices, as collected by Prices Observatory

    GR0006, 2012, Open Data

  60. Resolve legal issues regarding state geo-data

    GR0007, 2012, Land & Spatial Planning

  61. Offer additional taxation data

    GR0008, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  62. Augment functionality of the Transparency Program

    GR0009, 2012, E-Government

  63. Publicise Public Sector procurement information

    GR0010, 2012, E-Government

  64. Enable open, transparent and safeguarded document circulation

    GR0011, 2012, E-Government