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Indonesia

Strengthen and open access to beneficial ownership data (ID0127)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Indonesia Action Plan 2020-2022

Action Plan Cycle: 2020

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: 1. Ministry of Law and Human Rights 2. Ministry of Finance 3. Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Center 4. Ministry of Agriculture 5. Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources 6. Ministry of Small and Medium Enterprises Cooperatives 7. Ministry of Agrarian Affairs / National Land Agency 8. The Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment 9. Ministry of Environment and Forestry 10. Government Procurement Policy Agency 11. Financial Services Authority

Support Institution(s): State actors involved Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption, Beneficial Ownership, Sustainable Development Goals

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Pending IRM Review

Relevant to OGP Values: Pending IRM Review

Potential Impact: Pending IRM Review

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

What is the public problem that the commitment will address? During the Covid-19 Pandemic, the Indonesian government attempted to recover the economy by issuing various policy stimuli. One of them is by increasing tax revenue from various sectors, including the extractive industry. However, several challenges, such as corruption and a limited data collection system, have prevented state revenue from running optimally. Therefore, data transparency in the extractive sector needs to be accelerated. In this regard, the government is known to have taken some reasonable steps, especially since the issuance of Presidential Regulation Number 13/2018 concerning Application of Principles Regarding Beneficial Owners (BO) and Presidential Regulation Number 54/2018 concerning the National Strategy for Prevention of Corruption. In the last two years, the two bases of this policy have been followed up with several implementing regulations, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and a Cooperation Agreement between related 64 Ministries/Agencies. These may form a corporate administrative service system to prevent money laundering abuse, terrorism financing, and tax abuse. However, efforts to strengthen and utilise BO database in the extractive sector still need to be improved. Collaborative work (co-creation) is required to develop integrated data by encouraging BO utilisation by each Ministry / Institution. This is important to ensure a democratic and accountable development planning system, especially in the context of national economic recovery. Therefore, this program is a joint follow-up program between Ministries/Agencies and related parties based on the implementation evaluation of the 2018-2020 Action Plan which has so far progressed with the BO database's use as a condition for applying for permits in the extractive and palm oil sector. Besides, efforts to strengthen and utilise BO data disclosure are also aligned with the development agenda as stated in the 2020-2024 Medium-Term National Development Plan (RPJMN) and SDGs. What is the commitment? Accelerate BO data transparency to strengthen and utilise BO database through data integration. How will the commitment contribute to solving the public problem? BO data can be used to prevent conflicts of interest between the Ministry / Agency as the licensor and the company as the permit applicant. Through this data, the Ministry / Agency will be able to identify the affiliation relationship between the licensor and the applicant more accurately. Utilisation of BO data in preventing conflicts of interest can also overcome regulatory weaknesses in handling conflicts of interest that rely heavily on self-declaration from parties who feel they have a conflict of interest. This commitment will provide two significant benefits: (1) Optimising tax revenues and (2) Reducing the use of taxes. Also, the public is increasingly aware of the importance of having access to information. Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values? This commitment will support the Open Government values, namely transparency and participation. Until now, the public cannot access beneficial ownership data. However, with 65 beneficial ownership data disclosure, the public can be involved in the data verification process. Why is this commitment relevant to Indonesian Medium-Term National Development Plan (RPJMN) and SDGs? This commitment is in line with the 2020-2024 RPJMN, namely the General Law Administration Program, especially the supporting policies for preparing the academic manuscript for Business Entities Bill. In addition, this commitment is related to the target of Goal 17 SDGs: "Strengthen implementation and revitalize global partnerships for sustainable development", especially on target 17.1: "Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to increase domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection”. Additional information. - Milestone Activity with a verifiable deliverable Start Date End Date 1. Availability of BO database that have been integrated with related Ministries / Agencies January 2021 December 2022 2. Open public access to BO database January 2021 December 2022 3. Utilisation of BO data in accordance with the needs of law enforcement officials, licensing, and procurement of goods / services. January 2021 December 2022


Commitments

Open Government Partnership