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Israel

National Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (IL0028)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Not Attached

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Air Quality and Climate Change Department, Ministry of Environmental Protection

Support Institution(s): Relevant government ministries, mainly Energy (including the Electricity Authority), Economics and Industry, Transportation, Construction and Housing, Central Bureau of Statistics, Participants in the Interministerial Committee for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions (such as “Man, Nature and Law,” “Life and Environment,” “Green Trend”, The Manufacturers Association, Forum 15)

Policy Areas

Audits and Controls, E-Government, Environment and Climate

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

What is the public problem that the will commitment address?
The Paris Climate Accord requires countries (that ratified the accord) to set national targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and to perform monitoring and control over the implementation of measures to achieve the targets. As a part of Government Resolution No. 542, the government of Israel has set a target for itself to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 7.7 tons of CO2e per capita by 2030. In addition, targets were set for efficient energy use, renewable energy and minimizing the usage of private vehicles. In order to achieve those targets, the government has formulated a national action plan (Government Resolution 1403). A system to monitor and control the progress towards achieving this target is currently being established. ent?What is the commitm
The establishment of a system to control and report the progress towards the targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions (MRV - Measurement, Reporting, and Verification). The system will be based on annual monitoring of the implementation of the measures to reduce greenhouse gases, on procedures for evaluating the quality of the efforts, and on submitting reports to the government and to the UN). Within the scope of this process, the Ministry, together with representatives of an interministerial committee, are formulating methodologies to calculate the reductions and to estimate the improvement in the situation and the progress towards achieving the defined targets. Collecting and analyzing the information will enable the government’s work to be streamlined and changes to be made in the national plan as needed. How will the commitment contribute to solve the public problem?
The system will provide the government and the public with relevant information about the implementation of the National Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the achievement of the government's targets. This system will help in the preparation of progress reports to the government and to the UN Climate Change Committee and will allow examining of the plan's effectiveness, and updating it consequently. Furthermore, this commitment is consistent with one of the key issues in the Paris Accord – promoting transparency, so that the entire international community is kept abreast about the efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and enables global control over the progress to achieve the global target (maximum rise of 2C in global warming, with a desired target of 1.5C). Why is this commitment es?relevant to OGP valu
Transparency: The database makes information publicly accessible about the progress in implementing the National Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
Accountability: The database enables the public to understand the latest situation regarding greenhouse gases in Israel, and to monitor the implementation of the government plan to achieve the target set for 2030. Additional information: http://www.sviva.gov.il/English/ResourcesandServices/NewsAn-May/Israel-dEvents/NewsAndMessageDover/Pages/2017/05-Reduction-Gas-Greenhouse-Presenting-in-Nations-Other-JoinsMeeting.aspx-Climate-During-UN-to-Plan
http://www.pmo.gov.il/Secretary/GovDecisions/2015/Pages/dec542.aspx
http://www.pmo.gov.il/Secretary/GovDecisions/2016/Pages/des1403.aspx
Milestone Activity with a verifiable deliverable: Formulating the system’s infrastructure (monitoring methodologies, data collection tools, database and models for forecasts and analyses) and obtaining the approval of the government ministries involved.
01.01.2016
31.12.2017
Collecting data from the government ministries
01.01.2018
31.03.2018
Submitting an annual report to the government
30.06.2018

IRM Midterm Status Summary

6. Establishing a reporting and control system on the implementation of the measures in the National Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan: [18]

“The Paris Climate Accord requires countries (that ratified the accord) to set national targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and to perform monitoring and control over the implementation of measures to achieve the targets. As a part of Government Resolution No. 542, the government of Israel has set a target for itself to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 7.7 tons of CO2e per capita by 2030. In addition, targets were set for efficient energy use, renewable energy and minimizing the usage of private vehicles. In order to achieve those targets, the government has formulated a national action plan (Government Resolution 1403). A system to monitor and control the progress towards achieving this target is currently being established.

The establishment of a system to control and report the progress towards the targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions (MRV – Measurement, Reporting, and Verification). The system will be based on annual monitoring of the implementation of the measures to reduce greenhouse gases, on procedures for evaluating the quality of the efforts, and on submitting reports to the government and to the UN). Within the scope of this process, the Ministry, together with representatives of an interministerial committee, are formulating methodologies to calculate the reductions and to estimate the improvement in the situation and the progress towards achieving the defined targets. Collecting and analyzing the information will enable the government’s work to be streamlined and changes to be made in the national plan as needed.”

Milestones

6.1 Formulating the system’s infrastructure (monitoring methodologies, data collection tools, database, and models for forecasts and analyses) and obtaining the approval of the government ministries involved.

6.2 Collecting data from the government ministries

6.3 Submitting an annual report to the government

Start Date: January 2016

End Date: June 2018

Context and Objectives

The 2015 UN climate summit in Paris yielded an international agreement to fight global climate change. [19] Israel ratified this agreement in 2016. Consequently, the Ministry of Environment Protection created an inter-agency that is obliged to publish a report by the end of every year, reporting on the implementation of the measures included in the National Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. This commitment is the mechanism to fulfill this reporting obligation. [20] Specifically, the submission of the annual report with all the collected information on Israel’s progress in implementing the Paris Agreement will provide the public with access to important environmental data. According to “The National Plan for the Implementation of the Paris Accord” from September 2016, [21] the annual reports will include information on the National Emissions Inventory, implementation indicators, public and private spending as part of the program, and policy analysis and recommendations.

The first two milestones of the commitment are not easily verified, as they are based mostly on internal government affairs. However, the third milestone is more verifiable, which is important because it is the one from which the implementation of the first two commitments can be assessed. The potential impact of the commitment on access to information is assessed as moderate. It falls short of transformative, as it reports on activities the convention already obligated and such that are normally available, according to Israel’s FOI law, but without the national aggregate and the comparison to Paris Accord commitments, which are important to better understand the overall situation. Article 6A of the law, as amended in 2005, requires all agencies holding information “substances that were emitted, spilled, disposed or released to the environment and the results of measurements of noise, odors and radiation, not in the private domain” to proactively publish such data on their websites. [22]

However, the publication of the report may contribute significantly to Israel’s success in meeting its reporting obligations under the Paris Agreement. It will do so by empowering environmental activists and mobilizing their impact on decision-makers. By having access to such information CSOs will be able to better mobilize public opinion and point out government shortcomings, for instance, in meeting their commitments under the Paris Accord. It will also help them in preparing shadow reports. For non-experts, this information is much more useful than that currently released under the FOI law, as it is given within the context of international requirements and standards and is not so detailed as to overwhelm the lay person with too much data.

Next steps

The IRM researchers recommend that in future publications of annual reports under the Paris Agreement, more thought could be given to presenting the information in a manner more easily understandable to laypersons. It is also recommended to include comparative information with previous reporting periods to demonstrate trends in implementation of the convention.

[18] Government OCT Authority, Open Government Action Plan for 2018–2019, pgs. 27-30
https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Israel_Action-Plan_2017-2019_EN.pdf
[19] The Paris Agreement (2015) available at: https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/english_paris_agreement.pdf
[20] The government of Israel ratified the agreement on Nov. 14, 2016.
[21] Available at: http://www.sviva.gov.il/infoservices/reservoirinfo/doclib2/publications/p0801-p0900/p0836.pdf [in Hebrew]
[22] Freedom of Information Law, 5758-1998, For an English version of the Law as amended go to: http://www.sviva.gov.il/English/Legislation/Documents/Freedom%20of%20Information%20Laws%20and%20Regulations/FreedomOfInformationLaw1988.pdf.

Commitments

  1. Civic Participation Processes in Government

    IL0023, 2017, Capacity Building

  2. Resolution Implementation Reports

    IL0024, 2017, E-Government

  3. Action Plan Performance Indicators

    IL0025, 2017, E-Government

  4. Government Call Centers

    IL0026, 2017, Marginalized Communities

  5. National Legislation Database

    IL0027, 2017, E-Government

  6. National Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    IL0028, 2017, Audits and Controls

  7. Transparency Criteria

    IL0029, 2017, Public Participation

  8. Publication of Information Legislative Amendments

    IL0030, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  9. Transparency, Participation, Accessibility of Information in Local Authorities and Ministry of the Interior

    IL0031, 2017, E-Government

  10. Publicly Accessible Databases

    IL0032, 2017, E-Government

  11. Remotely Accessing Government Services

    IL0033, 2017, Capacity Building

  12. Paperless Government

    IL0034, 2017, E-Government

  13. Open-Source Code

    IL0035, 2017, E-Government

  14. Evaluation of Open Government Plan

    IL0036, 2017, OGP

  15. Contracting Between the Government and Private Sector

    IL0016, 2015, Open Contracting and Procurement

  16. Unified Website for Government Offices

    IL0017, 2015, Records Management

  17. Data.Gov

    IL0018, 2015, Open Data

  18. Public's Satisfaction with Government Services

    IL0019, 2015, Public Participation

  19. ATI on Legislation

    IL0020, 2015, Records Management

  20. Civic Participation Tools

    IL0021, 2015, E-Government

  21. Civic Participation

    IL0022, 2015, Public Participation

  22. Review of the Governmental Freedom of Information Unit's Authority

    IL0014, 2015, Capacity Building

  23. Web for FOI

    IL0015, 2015, Right to Information

  24. Establishing a Cross-Sector Forum That Promotes Open Government Programs

    IL0001, 2012, Public Participation

  25. State Budget Information Accessibility

    IL0002, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  26. Publication of Work Plans in Government Offices

    IL0003, 2012, E-Government

  27. Establishing a System of Measurement and Review and Publicizing a Government Service Report to the Public

    IL0004, 2012, Capacity Building

  28. Cooperation Between the Government and the Public in Developing Online Applications

    IL0005, 2012, Private Sector

  29. Public Participation in Policymaking Processes

    IL0006, 2012, Public Participation

  30. Establishing a Freedom of Information Unit in the Ministry of Justice

    IL0007, 2012, Judiciary

  31. Developing Technology Infrastructure for Providing Government Services

    IL0008, 2012, E-Government

  32. Inter-Office Committee for Improving Business Processes

    IL0009, 2012, E-Government

  33. Creating a Government Contact Center (NAMAL - Meeting Point for Citizens)

    IL0010, 2012, E-Government

  34. Online Catalog of Government Services

    IL0011, 2012, E-Government

  35. Establishing a Unit for Government Service to the Public

    IL0012, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  36. Establishing a National Information Technology (IT) Unit Headed by a Government CIO

    IL0013, 2012, E-Government