Israel Design Report 2017-2019
- Action Plan: Israel Action Plan 2017-2019
- Dates Under Review: 2017-2019
- Report Publication Year: 2019
- Researcher: Guy Dayan and Roy Peled
Israel’s third action planAction plans are at the core of a government’s participation in OGP. They are the product of a co-creation process in which government and civil society jointly develop commitments to open governmen... continues to focus on disclosing government-held information, strengthening transparencyAccording to OGP’s Articles of Governance, transparency occurs when “government-held information (including on activities and decisions) is open, comprehensive, timely, freely available to the pub... More legislationCreating and passing legislation is one of the most effective ways of ensuring open government reforms have long-lasting effects on government practices. Technical specifications: Act of creating or r..., and using technology to improve access to government services. The consultation process to develop the action plan was rushed and offered few opportunities for stakeholders the opportunity to influence the contents of the plan. Moving forward, Israel could improve the consultation process of future action plans by holding more in-person meetings and allowing stakeholders to shape the thematic focus. Future action plans could also be improved by making sure that commitments are directly relevant to OGP values broadly and continue improving the Freedom of Information law specifically.
|Table 1. At a glance
Participating since: 2012
Action plan under review: Third
Report type: Design
Number of commitments: 14
Action plan development
Action plan design
Action plan implementation
**DIOG: Did it Open Government?
The Open Government PartnershipThe Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a multi-stakeholder initiative focused on improving government transparency, ensuring opportunities for citizen participation in public matters, and strengthen... More (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM)The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) is OGP’s accountability arm and the main means of tracking progress in participating countries. The IRM provides independent, evidence-based, and objective ... monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. Israel joined OGP in 2012. Since then, it has implemented two action plans. This report evaluates the design of Israel’s third action plan.
General overview of action plan
Israel enters its third action plan with a strong civil society, and the government continues to show willingness to consult civil society on a number of policy issues. Access to information remains an important area in Israel, particularly regarding the country’s Freedom of Information (FOI) law, which has been included in previous action plans. Commitments in the third action plan seek to continue improving government transparency, access to information, and the availability of government services through technological solutions.
The Government Information & Communication Authority continues to coordinate the OGP process in Israel. The development of the third action plan included one in-person stakeholder meeting, which was followed up with an online consultation on the draft commitments. However, these consultations were held late in the development process, and civil society stakeholders expressed that they did not have sufficient opportunities to influence the final action plan commitments.
The commitments in Israel’s third action plan mainly focus on the use of technology to improve public access to government services and to improve transparency and information disclosure. However, several commitments represent small steps whereas others are not directly relevant to OGP values.
Notable commitments in Israel’s third action plan include publishing secondary legislation (CommitmentOGP commitments are promises for reform co-created by governments and civil society and submitted as part of an action plan. Commitments typically include a description of the problem, concrete action... 5) and fulfilling Israel’s reporting obligations for greenhouse gas emissions under the Paris Agreement (Commitment 6). Commitment 8 is also noteworthy, as it seeks to amend the Freedom of Information Law in order to increase disclosure obligations of government agencies.
Table 2. Noteworthy commitments
|Commitment description||Moving forward||Status at the end of implementation cycle|
|5. Increasing the transparency of information about primary and secondary legislation
Make secondary legislation information publicly available through the “Legislation Depository” in the Knesset website
|The IRM researchers recommend adding to the legislation website tools that could allow the public to offer feedback during the legislative process and engage more directly with Knesset members.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of action plan cycle.|
|6. Establishing a reporting and control system on the implementation of the measures in the National Plan for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Establish a system to report on progress toward the targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
|Moving forward, the government could ensure that the annual reports under the Paris Agreement present the information in a manner that is easily understandable to the public. The government could also include comparative information with previous reporting periods to demonstrate trends in implementation of the convention.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of action plan cycle.|
|8. Promoting Legislative Amendments regarding active publication of information
Amend the Freedom of Information Law to increase disclosure obligations for government agencies.
|The government could clarify what categories of information it intends to be disclosed through the amendments and which categories of public authorities will be covered. It is also recommended that the FOI law be harmonized with modern technology to facilitate easier submissions and improve publication practices.||Note: this will be assessed at the end of action plan cycle.|
The IRM recommendations aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan.
Table 3. Five KEY IRM Recommendations
|Seek high-level political support (after formation of the new government) to oversee the OGP process.|
|Conduct at least three consultation meetings for the multi-stakeholder forumRegular dialogue between government and civil society is a core element of OGP participation. It builds trust, promotes joint problem-solving, and empowers civil society to influence the design, imple... and provide reasoned responseOngoing dialogue between stakeholders during the development of an OGP action plan is critical to the plan’s success. Specifically, communicating back to stakeholders the ideas received and decision... to participants.|
|Consider other government agencies, such as the Governance and Society division, to lead and coordinate the OGP process|
|Consider in detail whether future commitments will lead to changes in government practice along core OGP values of access to information, civic participation, and public accountabilityAccording to OGP’s Articles of Governance, public accountability occurs when ”rules, regulations, and mechanisms in place call upon government actors to justify their actions, act upon criticisms ... More.|
|Have more ambitious and specific goals in future commitments in general and improve the FOI law in particular.|
* In 2017, OGP updated its Procedural Review policy, establishing the level of “Involve” on the International Association for Public Participation (IAP2) spectrum as the minimum requirement during the development of the action plan (see Table 3.1 in this report). However, during the co-creation period for Israel’s 2017–2019 action plan, the minimum requirement was “Consult.” Therefore, Israel is not considered to have acted contrary to OGP process for the 2017–2019 action plan period. For more information about the Procedure Review policy, visit: https://www.opengovpartnership.org/procedural-review/.
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