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Italy

TransPArenti+1 (IT0019)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Italy, Second Action Plan, 2014-2016

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: ANAC

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption Institutions, E-Government, Public Participation, Records Management, Right to Information

IRM Review

IRM Report: Italy End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

The initiative, called “trasPArenti+1” aims at promoting and fostering the active participation of citizens in the ANAC monitoring activity. This initiative has two main purposes: it aims at spreading the use of the access to information (accesso civico) by public entities and increasing the efforts to enhance transparency, as total accessibility of all information on institutional websites of public administrations (Legislative decree no. 33/2013, articles 1 and 2).

IRM Midterm Status Summary

Commitment 3. TransPArent + 1

Commitment Text:

The initiative, called “trasPArenti+1” aims at promoting and fostering the active participation of citizens in the ANAC monitoring activity. This initiative has two main purposes: it aims at spreading the use of the access to information (accesso civico) by public entities and increasing the efforts to enhance transparency, as total accessibility of all information on institutional websites of public administrations (Legislative decree no. 33/2013, articles 1 and 2).

Specific objectives

In order to attain the objective, we need to re-engineer the citizens’ communication web interface “Communicate with ANAC.” through specific actions aimed at:

-enhancing the functionality, simplifying the front-end interface data acquisition and their quality (participatory supervision);

-strengthening external communication tools online;

-developing the back-end functionality, creating a platform for the internal management and processing of data (database), which enables:

-to interpret – for corruption prevention purposes - all the information obtained also on the basis of corruption risk indicators that can be possibly identified by the Authority with reference to specific areas of activity of public administrations;

-to report externally (web publication) the results of supervisory activities operated by the citizen (accountability);

-encourage the use by citizens of the access to information (accesso civico) through appropriate awareness- raising and civic monitoring initiatives jointly developed with civil society organisations.

Responsible institution: ANAC

Supporting institution(s): -

Start date: January 2015                                                End date: June 2016

Commitment Aim:

This commitment aimed at improving citizen participation in monitoring anti-corruption activities carried out by the National Anti-corruption Authority set up by the government.   More specifically, the commitment set out to

· Expand the use of access to information provisions called “civic access”

· Increased the accessibility of transparency-relevant information on the institutional websites of all public administrations as required by the law (Legislative decree no. 33/2013, articles 1 and 2).

Status

Mid-term: Limited

The government had taken some preliminary steps in preparation to the implementation of this commitment. The aim of the initial activities was to continue and evolve an existing initiative: the Anti Corruption Authority (ANAC), a web platform developed in 2013 to facilitate communication between the Authorities and citizens:  “Comunica con l'Autorità”[Note 5: http://campagnatrasparenza.anticorruzione.it]. According to their self-assessment review, the government also started working on drafting the “Regulation concerning surveillance activities for transparency obligations and corruption prevention measures” which intends to reorganize and level out the surveillance activity carried out by ANAC in the field of transparency and anticorruption.

End of term: Limited

Based on the monitoring activity of the above website conducted by the IRM researcher, there was no further progress on the implementation. A post on the website made on October 2016 declared that the use of the web platform had been temporarily suspended. The website further indicated that the use of the platform was pending due to the need to comply with the provisions of the newly adopted legislative decree 97/2016 (so called Madia decree) aiming at simplifying provisions about corruption prevention and transparency[Note 6: On 5 October 2016, ANAC released an official note signed by its president Raffaele Cantone that “the use of the web platform (then called “Campagna Transparenza”) – would be temporarily suspended pending the necessary changes to make the system comply with the new provisions.” http://www.anticorruzione.it/portal/public/classic/AttivitaAutorita/AttiDellAutorita/_Atto?ca=6608

]. It is important to note that anti-corruption measures through increased transparency and scrutiny by the public has been a major component of the public administration reform. As stated in the government’s self-assessment, it was crucial to coordinate and align with the government’s anti-corruption body (ANAC). The reform had been widely promoted as a way to boost the economy, rebuild citizen trust in the government and modernize the provision of public services.

Did it open government?

Access to information: Did not change

Civic Participation: Did not change

In order to promote a more effective anti-corruption strategy, the government intended to engage the public and promote proactive disclosure of all relevant information on public authorities’ websites. To do so the government planned to strengthen an existing platform run by the Anti-corruption authority by improving the interface and the communication tools to better engage users. However, due to the need to comply with a new policy change the platform has been temporarily suspended thus hampering its potential to increase access to information and civic participation.

The commitment aimed at spreading access to information and enhancing total disclosure by public bodies by allowing citizens to exercise their right to "civic access". However, civic access was not in line with the international standards of FOIA legislation as it granted access only to specific information about the transparency obligations of any public bodies. This was recognized in the Legislative decree no. 33/2013, articles 1 and 2. In that sense, the right to civic access regarded only information on the institutional websites of public administrations and their obligation to disclose certain information on those websites. The platform allowed citizens to report those public administrations who were not in compliance with such provisions. This made it a tool provided to citizens to monitor compliance of public disclosure obligations.

However, civic access did not granted the right to access as envisaged by the international standards of FOIA legislation. Furthermore, this initiative had a limited timeframe during which no relevant changes occurred on the quantity and quality of the information disclosed and available to citizens.

Carried forward?

The scope of this commitment is now included in commitment 8 of the third action plan which has the same responsible authority (ANAC) and has the overall goal of clarifying and simplifying the procedures for the publication of data by public authorities. This commitment aims to encourage widespread forms of control by citizens, the exercise of institutional functions and the use of public resources. It would do so by developing guidelines for the publication of documents, information and data that the law requires published on the websites of administrations and entities subject to the legislation on anti-corruption and transparency. Commitment 8 also mentions the activation of initiatives of civic monitoring on such provisions.


Italy's Commitments

  1. Open Data

    IT0057, 2019, E-Government

  2. Transparency

    IT0058, 2019, E-Government

  3. Register of Beneficial Owners

    IT0059, 2019, Beneficial Ownership

  4. Support to Participation

    IT0060, 2019, Capacity Building

  5. Regulation of Stakeholders

    IT0061, 2019, E-Government

  6. Culture of Open Government

    IT0062, 2019, E-Government

  7. Corruption Prevention

    IT0063, 2019, E-Government

  8. Simplification, Performance, and Equal Opportunities

    IT0064, 2019, E-Government

  9. Shared national agenda for the enhancement of public data

    IT0023, 2016, Capacity Building

  10. Opening data on mobility through OpenTrasporti

    IT0024, 2016, Capacity Building

  11. Istat Linked Open Data

    IT0025, 2016, Capacity Building

  12. Access and reuse of data from the education system

    IT0026, 2016, Capacity Building

  13. OpenCUP Portal –National registry of public investment projects

    IT0027, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Firenze Open Data

    IT0028, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. FOIA: implementation and monitoring

    IT0029, 2016, Capacity Building

  16. (More) Transparent Administration

    IT0030, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Social networks for transparency in PA

    IT0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Transparency of data on penitentiaries

    IT0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. Consip Tenders’ Dashboard

    IT0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Transparent Milan: public registry of elected and appointed representatives

    IT0034, 2016, E-Government

  21. Starred commitment Open Administration Week

    IT0035, 2016, OGP

  22. Strategy for Participation

    IT0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Public Works 2.0

    IT0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Starred commitment Rome cooperates

    IT0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Bologna decides and transforms

    IT0039, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Supporting and Protecting Whistleblowers

    IT0040, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  27. Follow the UBB

    IT0041, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. OpenCoesione Plus

    IT0042, 2016, Aid

  29. OPENAID 2.0

    IT0043, 2016, Aid

  30. Anticorruption Academy

    IT0044, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  31. Network of digital animators

    IT0045, 2016, E-Government

  32. Schoolkit: a strategy to value best practices in education

    IT0046, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Monitor the education reform “La Buona Scuola”

    IT0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  34. Transparency Registry of the Ministry for Economic Development

    IT0048, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Roma Capitale - Transparent Agenda

    IT0049, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Transparent Milan: Public agenda of meetings of public decision-makers

    IT0050, 2016, E-Government

  37. Italia.it

    IT0051, 2016, Capacity Building

  38. Deployment of SPID to support innovation

    IT0052, 2016, E-Government

  39. Observatory on Digital Rights

    IT0053, 2016, Capacity Building

  40. Lecce - Start-up in the City

    IT0054, 2016, Capacity Building

  41. Promoting digital skills

    IT0055, 2016, Capacity Building

  42. Becoming Digital Citizens

    IT0056, 2016, Capacity Building

  43. Participa!

    IT0017, 2014, E-Government

  44. Equip Public Administrations (PA) for Participation

    IT0018, 2014, Capacity Building

  45. TransPArenti+1

    IT0019, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  46. Open Data Portal

    IT0020, 2014, E-Government

  47. Starred commitment Follow the Money (SoldiPubblici)

    IT0021, 2014, Audits and Controls

  48. Digital Citizenship

    IT0022, 2014, Capacity Building

  49. Transparency Portal

    IT0001, 2012, E-Government

  50. Better regulatory framework against corruption within the public administration

    IT0002, 2012, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  51. Starred commitment Information system on the status of actions falling under the unitary regional planning

    IT0003, 2012, E-Government

  52. Cost Measurement and Reduction

    IT0004, 2012, Public Participation

  53. How to... (Initiative to Promote Transparency on Public Authority’s websites)

    IT0005, 2012, E-Government

  54. Quantitative and qualitative development of relations with citizens and PA stakeholders

    IT0006, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  55. Facilitate publication and reuse of public data

    IT0007, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  56. Enhancing the national open data portal (www.dati.gov.it)

    IT0008, 2012, Open Data

  57. Promoting national open data standards

    IT0009, 2012, Open Data

  58. National Open Data Contest

    IT0010, 2012, Open Data

  59. Preparation of the National Plan for smart communities

    IT0011, 2012, Subnational

  60. Public consultation on new policies and new legislations

    IT0012, 2012, Public Participation

  61. Enhancing participation and collaboration in territorial innovative actions

    IT0013, 2012, Subnational

  62. Opening up of new areas for public service development and delivery

    IT0014, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  63. ICT Infrastructure Enhancement in Public Administrations

    IT0015, 2012, E-Government

  64. Cloud computing strategic Plan, creation of PA data centres within a Public-Private Partnership

    IT0016, 2012, E-Government