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Follow the Money (Soldipubblici) (IT0021)


IRM Review

IRM Report: Italy End-of-Term Report 2014-2016, Italy IRM Progress Report 2014-2015

Starred: Yes Starred

Early Results: Major Major

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i



Improving data usability; establishing communities for data re-use; communication and awareness-raising initiatives; and training for data re-use: ñ for citizens: a) greater transparency; (b) clear understanding of public expenditure (c) possibility to be involved in participative budgeting initiatives; ñ for public administrations: a) rationalization of expenditure; b) encouraging open data reuse; (c) greater confidence; d) possibility to compare expenditure with other administrations.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

Commitment 5. Follow the Money (SoldiPubblici) ()

Commitment Text:

Improving data usability; establishing communities for data re-use; communication and awareness raising initiatives; and training for data re-use:

for citizens: a) greater transparency; (b) clear understanding of public expenditure (c) possibility to be involved in participative budgeting initiatives;

for public administrations: a) rationalization of expenditure; b) encouraging open data reuse; (c) greater confidence; d) possibility to compare expenditure with other administrations.

Specific objectives:

-SoldiPubblici: a web platform to monitor and analyze financial information from public institutions such as budgets, expenses and contracts.

-An open dataset which provides greater transparency and understanding of how public money is spent through a graphic representation of data and their processing. All the platform material will be released in open data format and open content. It will be mainly provided through open tools and available under an open license.

In particular, the site will allow citizens to:

- interrogate public administrations’ expenses using the SIOPE database;

- interrogate central administration expenses;

- display and interrogate local public administrations’ budgets according to a uniform ranking;

- explore the timeframe of spending with different levels of aggregation;

- download the datasets of interest in an open format;

- display charts and benchmarking indicators

Responsible institution: AgID

Supporting institution(s):

Start date:  January 2015                                         End date: December 2015

Commitment Aim:

This commitment aimed at improving understanding of public expenditure and engaging the public in participative budgeting initiatives through a unique open data portal dedicate to the public expenditures.

More specifically, the commitment set out to:

- disclose public administrations’ expenses using an ad-hoc database called SIOPE;

- search central administration expenses;

- search local public administrations’ budgets according to a uniform ranking;

- explore the timeframe of spending with different levels of aggregation, charts and benchmarking indicators;

- download the datasets of interest in an open format;

Status: Complete at the Mid-term

Based on the database SIOPE of the National Bank (Banca d'Italia)[Note 7:], the portal was released for the first time in December 2014, at the same time as the Second Action Plan.

This action was included as a commitment in the action plan because of its potential and meaningfulness, but the added value of the action plan to the existing commitment was unclear. The action aims at increasing usability of data through the creation of communities, communication initiatives and provision of training for data reuse.

At the time of the mid-term report not all of public administration entities were participating, particularly small municipalities that were having a hard time finding the resources to implement the initiative.

The interface was upgraded in November 2015 and the search engine was made more user friendly. Since then, new datasets have also been added including all local and central public administrations[Note 8:]. These new datasets include all annual payments and disbursements of any public entity divided by different classification codes. With this upgrade, the Soldipubblici platform now includes payments for expenses sustained by 22 public entities that include ministries, municipalities, medical services, universities and other local authorities[Note 9: Each payment has to be transferred to a main database called SIOPE where the Soldipubblici platform is linked. A new decree (Decreto 9 giugno 2016) about SIOPE has now extended the obligation to transfer payments for regions and local administrators.


Did it open government?

Access to information: Major aimed at promoting the civic access to public expenditures from all public administration bodies, including all central and local government agencies. This initiative has raised awareness about the Open Data ecosystem, and is seen as an innovative tool to fight corruption.  

From this website, citizens can find expenditures of many public authorities through a semantic search engine. According to government figures made available to the IRM researchers, more than 1.5 million queries have been made in the first 30 days of activities. From November 2015 to July 2016, the portal has registered 39.118 accesses and 82.909 page visualizations, with an average now of 4,436 monthly access.

This initiative provided better quantity and quality of the information. However due to the lack of common standards among administrations in collecting and presenting financial information and expenditures, this effect can be visible only in “vertical” analysis about each local or central administrations while it remains difficult to carry out “horizontal” analysis aiming at comparing costs and expenditures between administrations. This limits reflects on the scope and extent of the level of civic participation enabled by the initiative.

A major change is registered in the possibility now offered to dig further into the work of single administrations and influence decisions at local level or within single central administrations, while it remains challenging to “compare and contrast” data between different entities. The IRM researchers did not find cases of officials accountable for their actions as a result of this initiative. However, in accordance to civil society organizations interviewed by the IRM researcher, given its high potential in triggering answerability, it would be useful to monitor and evaluate the initiative on a regular basis over a longer timeframe in order to assess its real impact.

Carried forward?

This commitment was complete so no further action was needed. Therefore, it was not carried over to the next action plan.


  1. Open Data

    IT0057, 2019, Access to Information

  2. Transparency

    IT0058, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Register of Beneficial Owners

    IT0059, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  4. Support to Participation

    IT0060, 2019, Capacity Building

  5. Regulation of Stakeholders

    IT0061, 2019, E-Government

  6. Culture of Open Government

    IT0062, 2019, E-Government

  7. Corruption Prevention

    IT0063, 2019, Access to Information

  8. Simplification, Performance, and Equal Opportunities

    IT0064, 2019, E-Government

  9. Digital Services

    IT0065, 2019, Capacity Building

  10. Digital Citizenship and Skills

    IT0066, 2019, Capacity Building

  11. Shared National Agenda for the Enhancement of Public Data

    IT0023, 2016, Access to Information

  12. Opening Data on Mobility Through Opentrasporti

    IT0024, 2016, Access to Information

  13. Starred commitment Istat Linked Open Data

    IT0025, 2016, Access to Information

  14. Access and Reuse of Data from the Education System

    IT0026, 2016, Access to Information

  15. OpenCUP Portal – National Registry of Public Investment Projects

    IT0027, 2016, Access to Information

  16. Firenze Open Data

    IT0028, 2016, Access to Information

  17. FOIA: Implementation and Monitoring

    IT0029, 2016, Access to Information

  18. (More) Transparent Administration

    IT0030, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. Social Networks for Transparency in PA

    IT0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Transparency of Data on Penitentiaries

    IT0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Consip Tenders’ Dashboard

    IT0033, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  22. Transparent Milan: Public Registry of Elected and Appointed Representatives

    IT0034, 2016, E-Government

  23. Starred commitment Open Administration Week

    IT0035, 2016, Public Participation

  24. Strategy for Participation

    IT0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Public Works 2.0

    IT0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Starred commitment Rome Cooperates

    IT0038, 2016, Access to Information

  27. Bologna Decides and Transforms

    IT0039, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Supporting and Protecting Whistleblowers

    IT0040, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  29. Follow the UBB

    IT0041, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Opencoesione Plus

    IT0042, 2016, Access to Information

  31. OPENAID 2.0

    IT0043, 2016, Access to Information

  32. Anticorruption Academy

    IT0044, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  33. Network of Digital Animators

    IT0045, 2016, E-Government

  34. Schoolkit: a Strategy to Value Best Practices in Education

    IT0046, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Monitor the Education Reform “La Buona Scuola”

    IT0047, 2016, Capacity Building

  36. Transparency Registry of the Ministry for Economic Development

    IT0048, 2016, Capacity Building

  37. Roma Capitale - Transparent Agenda

    IT0049, 2016, Capacity Building

  38. Transparent Milan: Public Agenda of Meetings of Public Decision-Makers

    IT0050, 2016, E-Government

  39. Italia.It

    IT0051, 2016, Capacity Building

  40. Starred commitment Deployment of SPID to Support Innovation

    IT0052, 2016, E-Government

  41. Observatory on Digital Rights

    IT0053, 2016, Capacity Building

  42. Lecce - Start-Up in the City

    IT0054, 2016, Capacity Building

  43. Promoting Digital Skills

    IT0055, 2016, Capacity Building

  44. Becoming Digital Citizens

    IT0056, 2016, Capacity Building

  45. Open public procurement data

    IT0067, 2016, Access to Information

  46. Transparent regulations

    IT0068, 2016, E-Government

  47. Digitalize administrative processes

    IT0069, 2016, Access to Information

  48. Environmental evaluations portal

    IT0070, 2016, E-Government

  49. Digital system for waste managment data

    IT0071, 2016, E-Government

  50. Guidelines for Senate consultations

    IT0072, 2016, Open Regulations

  51. Participa!

    IT0017, 2014, E-Government

  52. Equip Public Administrations (PA) for Participation

    IT0018, 2014, Capacity Building

  53. TransPArenti+1

    IT0019, 2014, Access to Information

  54. Open Data Portal

    IT0020, 2014, Access to Information

  55. Starred commitment Follow the Money (Soldipubblici)

    IT0021, 2014, Access to Information

  56. Digital Citizenship

    IT0022, 2014, Capacity Building

  57. Transparency Portal

    IT0001, 2012, E-Government

  58. Better Regulatory Framework Against Corruption Within the Public Administration

    IT0002, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  59. Starred commitment Information System on the Status of Actions Falling Under the Unitary Regional Planning

    IT0003, 2012, E-Government

  60. Cost Measurement and Reduction

    IT0004, 2012, Public Participation

  61. How To... (Initiative to Promote Transparency on Public Authority’S Websites)

    IT0005, 2012, E-Government

  62. Quantitative and Qualitative Development of Relations with Citizens and PA Stakeholders

    IT0006, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  63. Facilitate Publication and Reuse of Public Data

    IT0007, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  64. Enhancing the National Open Data Portal (Www.Dati.Gov.It)

    IT0008, 2012, Access to Information

  65. Promoting National Open Data Standards

    IT0009, 2012, Access to Information

  66. National Open Data Contest

    IT0010, 2012, Access to Information

  67. Preparation of the National Plan for Smart Communities

    IT0011, 2012, Subnational

  68. Public Consultation on New Policies and New Legislations

    IT0012, 2012, Public Participation

  69. Enhancing Participation and Collaboration in Territorial Innovative Actions

    IT0013, 2012, Subnational

  70. Opening up of New Areas for Public Service Development and Delivery

    IT0014, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  71. ICT Infrastructure Enhancement in Public Administrations

    IT0015, 2012, E-Government

  72. Cloud Computing Strategic Plan, Creation of PA Data Centres Within a Public-Private Partnership

    IT0016, 2012, E-Government

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