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Nigeria

Anti-Corruption Informationi Sharing (NG0007)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Nigeria National Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Federal Ministry of Justice

Support Institution(s): Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission, Code of Conduct Bureau, Federal Inland Revenue Service, Nigeria Police Force, National Security Adviser, National Drug Law Enforcement Agency, Department of Security Services, National Intelligence Agency, Presidential Advisory Committee Against Corruption, Nigeria Communications Commission, Central Bank of Nigeria, Nigeria Maritime Authority, Nigeria Customs Service, Nigeria ports authority. Public What You Pay (PWYP), African Centre for Leadership, Strategy & Development (Centre LSD), Digital Forensics, African Network for Economic and Environmental Justice (ANEEJ), WANGONeT, PGL, PWYP, Association of Bureau de Change

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption, Anti-Corruption Institutions, Capacity Building, E-Government

IRM Review

IRM Report: Nigeria Design Report 2017-2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

This commitment is to set up two platforms, one for information sharing, co-ordination and synergy among anti-corruption and security agencies and the other, an accurate database of convicted companies and persons in Nigeria as required by the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

7. To establish a platform for sharing information among Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs), Anti-Corruption Agencies (ACAs), National Security Advisors (NSA) and financial sector regulators to detect, prevent and disrupt corrupt practices

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan:

“This commitment aims to set up two platforms, the first, for information sharing, co-ordination and synergy among anti-corruption and security agencies to detect and prevent corruption; and the second, for maintaining an accurate database of convicted companies and persons in Nigeria as required by the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015”.

Milestones:

7.1: Set up a technology-aided platform for sharing information.

7.2: Regularly update the platform.

7.3: Set up the inter-agency committee to co-ordinate the activities of Anti-Corruption Agencies (ACAs).

7.4: Establish and regularly update database of blacklisted and Convicted Companies and persons.

Start Date: January 2017 End Date: June 2019

Action plan is available here:

Context and Objectives

This commitment aims to institutionalize information-sharing among anticorruption agencies (ACAs) in Nigeria. Prior to the action plan, ACAs in Nigeria could not easily obtain information from each other, and information-sharing was based on informal contacts and relationships. [80] The Technical Unit on Governance and Anti-Corruption Reforms (TUGAR) was set up as a “one stop” federal agency for data, information, policy and diagnostic reports on anticorruption and governance initiatives across all sectors in Nigeria. [81] There was no other institutional or technical mechanism for information-sharing. [82] According to Ladidi Abdul, Head of the Asset Recovery Management Unit in the Federal Ministry of Justice, the lack of coordination among ACAs led to inefficiency, duplication of effort, and in some cases, controversy. [83] In August 2017, for example, the media reported on a number of examples of “inter-agency rivalry” that were hampering President Buhari’s “anti-corruption war.” These included an operation by the State Security Service (SSS) to search the homes of judges allegedly involved in corruption, a task many thought fell clearly within the purview of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC). [84]

The commitment was of unclear relevance to OGP values. Although several milestones proposed to share information between inter-governmental agencies, on regularly, updated technological platforms, there was no clarity as to whether this information would be made publicly available. This commitment could thus not be coded for access to information.

The milestones are mostly verifiable. For example, 7.1 and 7.2 identify the technology-aided platform. The milestones could nevertheless be more specific. For example, Milestone 7.2 could have been more measurable by specifying how frequently the technology-aided platform should be updated.

This commitment is expected to have a minor impact. Calls for anticorruption agencies to “join forces” in the fight against corruption predate the commitment. [85] The establishment of an information-sharing platform and an interagency committee are incremental and positive steps toward coordinating the work of Nigeria’s ACAs. However, failure to identify the respective agencies, clarify their legislative mandate (or to undertake legislative reform), and to outline details of the information-sharing platform lower the commitment’s potential impact.

Next Steps

Although this commitment’s focus is important to the fight against corruption, its scope could have been more ambitious. If this continues to be part of the open government agenda in the country, the IRM recommends:

  • Making non-sensitive information available to the public;
  • A legislative review of the mandate of ACAs;
  • Building a system of accountability, whether internal or public facing; and
  • Aiming beyond the scope of setting up information-sharing platforms to specifying how agency coordination will be carried out and setting timelines and indicators for coordination activities.
[80] Barbara Maigari (Partners West Africa Nigeria), interview by IRM researcher, 5 Mar. 2019.
[81] Technical Unit on Governance and Anti-Corruption Reforms, “About us” (accessed Nov. 2019), http://tugar.org.ng/us/.
[82] David Ugolor (ANEEJ), interview by IRM researcher, 6 Mar. 2019.
[83] Ladidi Abdul (FMoJ), interview by IRM researcher, 21 Nov. 2018.
[84] Unini Chioma, “Inter-agency rivalry hurting anti-corruption war” (The Nigeria Lawyer, 10 Aug. 2017), https://thenigerialawyer.com/inter-agency-rivalry-hurting-anti-corruption-war/.
[85] See Sani Tukur, “Anti-corruption agencies to join forces against corruption” (Premium Times 19 Sept. 2012), https://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/100687-anti-corruption-agencies-to-join-forces-against-corruption.html.

Commitments

  1. Participatory Budgeting

    NG0015, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  2. Implement Open Contracting and the Open Contracting Data Standard

    NG0016, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Transparent Tax Revenue Reporting

    NG0017, 2019, Legislation & Regulation

  4. Open Contracting and Licensing in Extractives

    NG0018, 2019, Access to Information

  5. Implement EITI Standard

    NG0019, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  6. Establish Beneficial Ownership Registry

    NG0020, 2019, Access to Information

  7. Strengthen Asset Recovery Legislation

    NG0021, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  8. Implement National Anti-Corruption Strategy

    NG0022, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  9. Improve Compliance with Freedom of Information Act with Focus on Records Management

    NG0023, 2019, Access to Information

  10. Improved Compliance with Mandatory Publication Provisions Requirement (FOIA)

    NG0024, 2019, Access to Information

  11. Implement Permanent Dialogue Mechanism

    NG0025, 2019, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  12. Aggregate Citizens' Feedback on Programs

    NG0026, 2019, E-Government

  13. Freedom of Association, Assembly, and Expression

    NG0027, 2019, Civic Space

  14. Enhance Participation of the Vulnerable

    NG0028, 2019, Capacity Building

  15. Implement New Computer Program in 6 Government Ministries to Improve Service Delivery

    NG0029, 2019, Capacity Building

  16. Legal Instrument to Strengthen SERVICOM

    NG0030, 2019, Legislation & Regulation

  17. Citizen Participation in Budget Cycle

    NG0001, 2017, Access to Information

  18. Open Contracting

    NG0002, 2017, Access to Information

  19. Extractive Sector Transparency

    NG0003, 2017, Access to Information

  20. Tax Reporting Standards

    NG0004, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  21. World Bank Doing Business Index

    NG0005, 2017, Infrastructure & Transport

  22. Beneficial Ownership Register

    NG0006, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  23. Anti-Corruption Informationi Sharing

    NG0007, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  24. Asset Recovery Legislation

    NG0008, 2017, Capacity Building

  25. Anti-Corruption Activity Coordination

    NG0009, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  26. FOIA Compliance for Annual Reporting

    NG0010, 2017, Access to Information

  27. FOIA Compliance for Disclosure

    NG0011, 2017, Access to Information

  28. Permanent Dialogue Mechanism

    NG0012, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  29. Joint Governmnet-Civil Society Legislation Review

    NG0013, 2017, Fiscal Openness

  30. Technology-Based Citizens' Feedback

    NG0014, 2017, E-Government

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