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Nigeria Implementation Report 2017-2019

Nigeria’s first action plan initiated open government reforms such as civic engagement in the budget process and open contracting. Ongoing civil society support often drove commitment implementation. Meanwhile, limited lead agency engagement and lengthy legislative processes inhibited the implementation of some commitments. Resultantly, 10 of 14 commitments will be continued in Nigeria’s ambitious second action plan.

The Open Government Partnership (OGP) is a global partnership that brings together government reformers and civil society leaders to create action plans that make governments more inclusive, responsive, and accountable. The Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) monitors all action plans to ensure governments follow through on commitments. Nigeria joined OGP in 2016. Since, Nigeria has implemented one action plan. This report evaluates the implementation of Nigeria’s first action plan.

Table 1. At a glance

Participating since: 2016
Action plan under review: 2017-2019
Report type: Implementation
Number of commitments: 14

Action plan development

Is there a multi-stakeholder forum: Yes
Level of public influence: Consult
Acted contrary to OGP process: No

Action plan design

Commitments relevant to OGP values: 12 (86%)
Transformative commitments : 2 (14%)
Potentially starred: 2 (14%)

Action plan implementation

Starred commitments: 0
Completed commitments: 0
Commitments with Major DIOG*: 1
Commitments with Outstanding DIOG*: 0
Level of public influence: Involve
Acted contrary to OGP process: No

*DIOG: Did it Open Government

General overview of action plan

Nigeria achieved an “involve” level of participation during implementation of its first action plan. Frequent Steering Committee and thematic working group meetings facilitated communication on the progress of commitment implementation between the government and civil society.

Nigeria gained notable open government achievements in the areas of open budget processes, open contracting, and ease of doing business. Important open government reforms include the creation of the Nigeria Open Contracting Portal and the first transparency portal for extractive-sector beneficial ownership in the region. Nigeria also laid groundwork for access to information and comprehensive beneficial ownership transparency in the second national action plan.

However, most commitments were not completed. Lead agencies’ failed engagement stalled implementation of commitments. Additionally, slow-moving legislative processes inhibited several commitments that required the passage of new laws. The multistakeholder forum should prioritize collaboration with lead agencies and legislators in facilitating Nigeria’s ambitious second action plan.

Table 2. Noteworthy commitments

Commitment description Status at the end of the implementation cycle
2: Full implementation of open contracting and adoption of open contracting data standards in the public sector. This commitment saw limited implementation with a marginal change in government practices. Establishing the open contracting portal was a notable achievement, but it had limited MDA participation and operational challenges. Additionally, the National Council on Public Procurement was not established. Continuation of this commitment in the next action plan is an opportunity to build on this work toward transformative change.
6: Establish a public register of Beneficial Owners of Companies. This commitment had a limited level of implementation and led to a marginal change in open government practices. The beneficial ownership registry is not yet established. However, recent passage of the revised CAMA Act has created the legal framework for full implementation of this commitment in the next action plan.
10 and 11. Improved compliance of public institutions with the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) in respect to the annual reporting obligations, responses to requests, and proactive disclosure provisions. Both Commitments 10 and 11 achieved limited completion and resulted in marginal changes in government practice. Commitment 10 increased the number of e-FOI portals, FOI Desk Officers, and training for MDAs and CSOs. However, FOI compliance did not change across a significant number of MDAs, and there are still no penalties for noncompliance. Related commitments were carried into the second action plan.

KEY IRM Recommendations

The IRM key recommendations are prepared in the IRM Design Report. They aim to inform the development of the next action plan and guide implementation of the current action plan. In Nigeria’s 2017−2019 Design Report, the IRM recommended the following:

Collaborate with civil society and the OGP Support Unit.
Consolidate and reaffirm the role of NSC Nigeria to enhance action plan delivery.
Build an enabling environment to strengthen implementation of OGP action plans.
Build on lessons from the first action plan to improve commitment implementation and action plan results.

 

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