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Romania

Evaluate Open Data (RO0064)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Romania Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Secretariat General of the Government (SGG) — Directorate for Information Technology

Support Institution(s): The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Policy Areas

Access to Information, Capacity Building, E-Government, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Measuring the impact of the re-use of open data
2018-2020 Lead implementing agency/actor Secretariat General of the Government (SGG) — Directorate for Information Technology Other actors involved others The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) CSOs, private sector, multilaterals, working groups What is the public problem that the commitment will address? At the European Union level, open data maturity in member stated is assessed yearly (since 2015) by the European Commission. For the 2015-2017 reports, 2 main issues were assessed: open Data Readiness level, which is closely linked to the existence and implementation of the necessary policies and the maturity of the Open Data Portal. Starting with the 2018 analysis, 4 evaluation topics are being assessed: Open Data Policy, Open Data Impact, Open Data Portals and Open Data Quality. From the 2018 Report it resulted that Romania is lagging behind on open data re-use and measurement of OD re-use and impact. Commitment description What is the commitment? Under the project Capacity building in the field of public governance of Romania, re-use and impact indicators of open data will be developed. How will the commitment contribute to solve the public problem? Development of impact indicators on the publication of open data Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values? Increasing the re-use of open data from public administration Milestone activity with a verifiable deliverable Responsible agency / partner Start Date: End Date: Development of indicators and methodology for measuring open data reuse and impact SGG/OECD 2019 2019 39 Start monitoring and evaluation of open data re-use and impact SGG 2019 2020 Activities to promote the re-use of open data SGG 2019 2020 Additional information Budget EEA / Norwegian Financial Mechanism 2014-2021 Correlation with other government programs/strategies National Strategy for the Digital Agenda

IRM Midterm Status Summary

17. Measuring the impact of the re-use of open data

Commitment Text: "Under the project Capacity building in the field of public governance of Romania, re-use and impact indicators of open data will be developed."

Commitment Milestones:

    • Development of indicators and methodology for measuring open data re-use and impact
    • Start monitoring and evaluation of open data re-use and impact
    • Activities to promote the re-use of open data

Start Date: 2019

End Date: 2020

Editorial Note: The commitment text is abridged. The full text can be found in the OGP 2018-2020 national action plan.

Context and Objectives

Since 2018, the European Commission assesses open data maturity in Europe using four dimensions: (1) open data policy, (2) open data impact, (3) open data portals, and (4) open data quality. According to the European Commission’s 2018 findings, Romania lags on open data reuse and on the measurement of open data reuse and impact. [154] Moreover, according to an interviewed OGP representative, the lack of a methodology for and measurements of the (re)utilization and impact of open data is a problem that many countries are confronted with. [155] This commitment aims to develop impact and (re)utilization indicators, monitor and evaluate the (re)use and impact of open data, and promote its (re)use among civil society and the business sector. Through its activities, this commitment furthers access to information and civic participation.

The solutions proposed by this commitment are threefold:

  • The Secretariat General of the Government (SGG) will develop indicators and a methodology for measuring open data reuse and impact, in cooperation with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), through the project funded through the European Economic Area (EEA) and Norwegian Financial Mechanism 2014-2021. According to the OGP representative, the unofficial agreement and main concepts exist, whereas all else are still being defined. [156]

(2) SGG will start monitoring and evaluation of open data reuse and impact.

(3) SGG will promote the reuse of open data.

The milestones as written are specific enough to be verifiable, but lack key details. The OGP representative when interviewed, provided additional detail, such as that the OECD project "Capacity building - Data Centers of Government" will provide indicators and methodology to measure the (re)utilization of open data, and will tailor them to Romania. According to the SGG representative, the SGG plans to consult civil society on how to apply the indicators to the Romanian case, although tailoring details are missing. [157] Monitoring and evaluation will reportedly be done annually, and will be used to show the public administration the commercial and administrative benefits, but there are no details on how the monitoring will be done, on which methodology will be used, or the target group. Finally, SGG will measure the satisfaction of open data creators and users with the open data portal and ask them to identify high-value datasets; [158] collect examples of open data (re)utilization; [159] and add new examples of open data reutilization to a dedicated section "Activities" within the open data portal data.gov.ro, among other activities. Given this, while the commitment as elaborated will clearly help enable SGG to measure the (re)utilization of open data, the commitment as written has a minor potential impact.

Next steps

This commitment addresses an important policy area, but could benefit from a higher degree of specificity when carried forward:

  • SGG could detail what is meant by the tailoring of the OECD indicators to the Romanian context and how this will take place—e.g., though a survey, discussions with users, and data generators etc.
  • SGG could provide a detailed plan on how the monitoring of the open data reuse and impact will take place—e.g., define a monitoring methodology, a calendar, form testing hypotheses, and detail how the results of the monitoring will be published and how the recommendations and conclusions will be implemented.
  • Finally, in future versions of OGP commitments, SGG should specifically detail what is meant by ‘activities,’ so that the IRM reports can measure the true potential of what is planned.

[154] European Data Portal (2018) "Open Data Maturity in Europe", available at http://bit.ly/2kGyfAS.

[155] Interview with Larisa Panait, General Secretariat of the Government - Open Government Partnership point of contact (OGP contact), 15 April 2019.

[156] Interview with Larisa Panait, OGP contact, 15 April 2019.

[157] Ibid.

[158] "Chestionar data.gov.ro", OGP, available [in Romanian] at http://bit.ly/2mplQSj.

[159] "Exemple de reutilizare a datelor deschise", OGP Romania, 7 September 2018, available [in Romanian] at http://bit.ly/2kIQgi0.


Commitments

  1. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  4. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  6. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, Access to Information

  10. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, Access to Information

  11. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  12. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, Access to Information

  14. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  15. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, Access to Information

  16. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Access to Information

  17. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Access to Information

  18. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, Access to Information

  19. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Starred commitment Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  29. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Access to Information

  31. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  32. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Access to Information

  34. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  36. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Access to Information

  37. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, Access to Information

  38. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Access to Information

  39. Starred commitment Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  40. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Access to Information

  41. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Access to Information

  42. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Access to Information

  43. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  44. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  45. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Access to Information

  46. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Access to Information

  47. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014,

  48. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Access to Information

  49. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Access to Information

  50. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Access to Information

  51. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Access to Information

  52. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Access to Information

  53. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Access to Information

  54. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Access to Information

  55. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Access to Information

  56. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Access to Information

  57. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Access to Information

  58. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Access to Information

  59. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, Access to Information

  60. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, Access to Information

  61. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Access to Information

  62. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Access to Information

  63. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Access to Information

  64. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Access to Information

  65. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Access to Justice

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