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Romania

Open Data (RO0065)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Romania Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministries, subordinated and/or under coordination authorities and agencies (according to the Annex)

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Pending IRM Review

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Publication of open data
2018-2020 Lead implementing agency/actor Ministries, subordinated and/or under coordination authorities and agencies (according to the Annex) What is the public problem that the commitment will address? The publication of open data managed by public authorities and institutions is one of the modern means of increasing transparency and administrative efficiency, but the process is rather slow. On the one hand, the administration does not provide enough data and, on the other hand, the developers and CSOs does not re-use the datasets already published. Commitment description What is the commitment? The centralised publication on data.gov.ro of a minimum of 535 open datasets, as set out in the Annex. Datasets can be new or updates of older datasets. How will the commitment contribute to solve the public problem? Increasing the quality and number of open data sets published by public institutions Increasing the reuse of open data Why is this commitment relevant to OGP values? Increasing transparency and efficiency in public administration, as well as encouraging the participation of all stakeholders in the re-use of the published open data. Milestone activity with a verifiable deliverable Responsible agency / partner Start Date: End Date: Publication of a minimum of 535 open datasets (as per Annex) as set out in the Annex 2018 2020 Encourage and support public institutions in organising competitions on the reuse of open data (data challenges), for the benefit of both citizens and administration. SGG 2019 2020 Identification, in consultation with civil society, and publication of relevant new datasets SGG 2019 2020

IRM Midterm Status Summary

18. Publication of open data

Commitment Text: "The centralised publication on data.gov.ro of a minimum of 535 open datasets, as set out in the Annex. Datasets can be new or updates of older datasets."

Milestones:

    • Publication of a minimum of 535 open datasets (as per Annex)
    • Encourage and support public institutions in organising competitions on the reuse of open data (data challenges), for the benefit of both citizens and administration.
    • Identification, in consultation with civil society, and publication of relevant new datasets

Start Date: 2018 ...............................................

End Date: 2020

Editorial Note: The commitment text is abridged. The full text can be found in the OGP 2018-2020 national action plan.

Context and Objectives

This commitment is continued from the third action plan (2016-2018). The publication of open data managed by public authorities and institutions is one of the modern means of increasing transparency and administrative efficiency, but the process is rather slow. On the one hand, the administration does not provide enough data, and on the other hand, citizens, developers, and civil society organizations do not reuse the datasets already published. This commitment aims to address both challenges, furthering access to information and civic participation. Some of the milestones are specific enough to be verifiable, with the first including an exact target number.

This is the fourth reiteration of this commitment, [160] which makes it a positive—but small—step forward. According to an interviewed government representative, in the absence of hard rulings that mandate the permanent opening of public interest datasets, this soft-law mechanism remains relevant and useful. [161] Still, the 535 target includes some already opened datasets that public administrations are committing to keeping open. [162] Also, the need-based hackathons [163] in Milestone 2, while possibly supporting a creative dialogue between users and providers of open data, do not provide clarity with respect to their operationalization. Consequently, the potential impact of this commitment as written is minor. However, the actual improvements to open data publication will depend on the content and publication of the collected suggestions for high value datasets (Milestone 3). [164]

Next steps

The IRM researcher recommends the following to help with the implementation of the commitment and with the design of a more ambitious commitment in the fifth action plan, if it is carried forward:

  • The General Secretariat of the Government (SGG) could make an action plan with more clarity with respect to the organization of targeted hackathons. For example, SGG could first identify the public administration partners that have voiced needs for which they lacked the necessary technical skills resources (e.g., the citizen’s budget brochure, a system to ensure that different open research repositories are interoperable, projects that GovITHub was not able to start or to finish), and assess whether a problem suited for a hackathon can be formulated around this need.
  • For a commitment with higher potential impact, the government could create a National Strategy on Open Data, to replace the fragmented vision [165] that guides the open data efforts in Romania. By doing so, the government would give the needed impetus to the open data efforts and comply with the requirements of the EU for an integrated vision on open data. [166]

[160] Interview with Larisa Panait, General Secretariat of the Government - Open Government Partnership point of contact (OGP contact, 15 April 2019.

[161] Interview with Larisa Panait, OGP contact, 15 April 2019.

[162] Annex is available [in Romanian] at http://bit.ly/2kLoktT.

[163] SGG will first ask the administration to formulate a specific application that would be used in day-to-day practice, and only then ask the crowds to design it through a hackathon.

[164] "Chestionar data.gov.ro", OGP, available [in Romanian] at http://bit.ly/2mplQSj.

[165] Law 109/2007 transposes the EU Public Sector Information Directive, OUG 41/2016 mandates the administration to publish their datasets on the open data portal, the Strategy for the Digital Agenda of Romania refers to the OGP and open data duties, and membership in OGP helps push for publication of open data.

[166] European Data Portal (2018) "Open Data Maturity in Europe", available at http://bit.ly/2kGyfAS.


Commitments

  1. Standardize Public Consultation Practices

    RO0048, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Local Government

    RO0049, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Citizen Budgets

    RO0050, 2018, Capacity Building

  4. Youth Participation

    RO0051, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Register of Civil Society Proposals

    RO0052, 2018, E-Government

  6. Access to Information – Local

    RO0053, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Online Business Sector Information

    RO0054, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Digital Consular Services

    RO0055, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency in the Funding of Political Parties

    RO0056, 2018, Access to Information

  10. National Investment Fund Transparency

    RO0057, 2018, Access to Information

  11. Civil Servant Training

    RO0058, 2018, Capacity Building

  12. Raise Awareness About Corruption

    RO0059, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Seized Assets

    RO0060, 2018, Access to Information

  14. Access to Social Services

    RO0061, 2018, E-Government

  15. Open Access to Research

    RO0062, 2018, Access to Information

  16. Open Education

    RO0063, 2018, Access to Information

  17. Evaluate Open Data

    RO0064, 2018, Access to Information

  18. Open Data

    RO0065, 2018, Access to Information

  19. Improving the Legal Framework and Practices Regarding Access to Public Interest Information

    RO0030, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Centralized Publishing of Public Interest Information on the Single Gateway Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Open Parliament Principles

    RO0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  22. Starred commitment Improved Management of the Applications Submitted for Granting Citizenship

    RO0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Standardization of Transparency Practices in the Decision-Making Procedures

    RO0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Centralised Publication of Legislative Projects on the Single Gateway Consultare.Gov.Ro

    RO0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Citizens Budgets

    RO0036, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Improve Youth Consultation and Public Participation

    RO0037, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Subnational Open Government

    RO0038, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Promoting Transparency in the Decision-Making Process By Setting Up a Transparency Register (RUTI)

    RO0039, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  29. Access to Performance Indicators Monitored in the Implementation of the National Anticorruption Strategy (SNA)

    RO0040, 2016, Access to Information

  30. Improve Transparency in the Management of Seized Assets

    RO0041, 2016, Access to Information

  31. Annual Mandatory Training of Civil Servants on Integrity Matters

    RO0042, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  32. Improving Access to Cultural Heritage

    RO0043, 2016, Capacity Building

  33. Open Data and Transparency in Education

    RO0044, 2016, Access to Information

  34. Virtual School Library and Open Educational Resources

    RO0045, 2016, Capacity Building

  35. Open Contracting

    RO0046, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  36. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0047, 2016, Access to Information

  37. Publishing the Public Interest Information on a Single Government Portal: Transparenta.Gov.Ro

    RO0019, 2014, Access to Information

  38. Making an Inventory of the Datasets Produced by the Ministries and Subordinate Agencies

    RO0020, 2014, Access to Information

  39. Starred commitment Ensuring the Free Online Access to National Legislation

    RO0021, 2014, E-Government

  40. Amending Law 109/2007 on the Re-Use of Public Sector Information

    RO0022, 2014, Access to Information

  41. Opening Data Collected from the National Health System

    RO0023, 2014, Access to Information

  42. Opening Data Collected from the Monitoring of Preventive Measures as Part of the National Anticorruption Strategy 2012-2015

    RO0024, 2014, Access to Information

  43. Open Contracting

    RO0025, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  44. Opening up Data Resulted from Publicly-Funded Research Projects

    RO0026, 2014, E-Government

  45. Increasing the Quality and Quantity of Published Open Data

    RO0027, 2014, Access to Information

  46. Human Resource Training in the Field of Open Data

    RO0028, 2014, Access to Information

  47. Disseminating Information on the OGP Principles and Promoting the Open Data Concept in an Accessible Manner

    RO0029, 2014,

  48. Designating a Person Responsible for Publishing Open Data in Each Public Institution

    RO0001, 2012, Access to Information

  49. Identifying Regulatory Needs, Logistical and Technical Solutions

    RO0002, 2012, Access to Information

  50. Making an Inventory of Available (High-Value) Data-Sets

    RO0003, 2012, Access to Information

  51. Priority Publishing on the Web Pages of Public Institutions of Specific Data-Sets

    RO0004, 2012, Access to Information

  52. Initiating Pilot-Projects, in Partnerships

    RO0005, 2012, Access to Information

  53. Organizing Public Debates on the Utility of Open Data, in Partnerships

    RO0006, 2012, Access to Information

  54. Uniform, Machine-Readable Publishing Format for Open Data

    RO0007, 2012, Access to Information

  55. Procedures for Publication of Data-Sets Based on Civil Society Recommendations

    RO0008, 2012, Access to Information

  56. Procedures for Citizen Complaints Pertaining to Open Data

    RO0009, 2012, Access to Information

  57. Consultation Mechanism Between Suppliers and Beneficiaries of Open Data

    RO0010, 2012, Access to Information

  58. Creating a Rating System for the Assessment of High-Value Data-Sets

    RO0011, 2012, Access to Information

  59. Routinely Publishing Specific Data-Sets on Web Pages of Public Institutions

    RO0012, 2012, Access to Information

  60. Integrating Open Data from Public Institutions in a Single National Platform

    RO0013, 2012, Access to Information

  61. Inventories of Data, in Order to Facilitate Public Access

    RO0014, 2012, Access to Information

  62. Institute a Monitoring Mechanism of Compliance for Open Data

    RO0015, 2012, Access to Information

  63. Stimulating the Market for Innovative Use of Open Data

    RO0016, 2012, Access to Information

  64. Routinely Publishing Data-Sets on the National Platform, 25% High-Value

    RO0017, 2012, Access to Information

  65. The Public Procurement Electronic System (SEAP). the Electronic Allocation System for Transports (SAET)/B.1 C) Expanding the On-Line Submission of Fiscal Forms. Ensuring the Free On-Line Access to National Legislation. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage Subpoenas and Facilitate Access Toinformation Regarding Legal Proceedings. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to Obtaining the Romanian Citizenship. Developing Electronic Tools to Manage the Procedures Related to the Creation of Non-Profit Legal Persons. the Integrated System for Electronic Access to Justice (SIIAEJ)

    RO0018, 2012, Access to Justice

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