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Slovak Republic

survey about open data (SK0065)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Slovak Republic National Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Plenipotentiary of the Government for the Development of Civil Society

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

E-Government, Open Data, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Slovakia Design Report 2017–2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Survey of the most requested datasets has become a useful tool to engage stakeholders in the process of selecting the datasets to be published at the Open Data Portal. This survey enables optimal allocation of technical and human resources necessary for the priority publication of the most requested datasets. The Office of the Plenipotentiary of the Government for the Development of the Civil Society aims to carry out surveys of demand for the most requested datasets regularly once a year. Based on the results of these surveys it will be necessary to initiate an active dialogue between central government bodies and the civil society in order to seek the optimal form, structure and scope of the published datasets.
Commitment No. 8: Conduct a survey of public demand for the most requested open data datasets.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

THEME - Update, publish and promote datasets
Comm 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan[Note : The Office of the Plenipotentiary, “Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2017 – 2019”, http://bit.ly/2QYIlHV ]:

Commitment 5: “Update and publish at the Open Data Portal the lists of all datasets of the ministries, organizations established by them, as well as other central government bodies, along with the plan of their publication at the Open Data Portal, including frequency of updates”.

Commitment 6: “Publish datasets in accordance with the plan of publication and updating at the Open Data Portal, based on the updated list of datasets in the sphere of influence of ministries and organizations established by them, as well as other central government authorities”.

Commitment 7: “Carry out a public campaign to promote the use of datasets published at the Open Data Portal and to support the development of innovation”.

Commitment 8: “Conduct a survey of public demand for the most requested open data datasets”.

Commitment 9: “Based on the results of the survey of public demand for the most requested datasets, publish the most requested datasets at the Open Data Portal in accordance with applicable legislation”.

Start Date: Not specified   

End Date: Ongoing

      

 

Context and Objectives

This cluster of commitments (5 - 9) builds on the previous commitments in the field. The commitments to publish datasets in the disposal of agencies and most demanded datasets were also present in the last action plan[Note : The Office of the Plenipotentiary, “Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2015”, http://bit.ly/2RevqCc ]. The previous IRM report[Note : Mária Žuffová, “Slovakia Special Accountability Report 2014 - 2015”, http://bit.ly/2EzH4Ws  ] concluded that many of those commitments had limited completion. In particular, the results of different agencies were uneven. Therefore, it is positive that these commitments were carried forward to the current action plan.

Commitment 5 to update and publish a list of available datasets is a crucial first step, as for agencies to be able to publish the datasets in a systematic way they first need to audit what data they collect or create. By making the list of datasets available, the public will know what data they can demand to be published as open data.      

Commitments 6 and 9 to publish datasets also have a potential impact on improving access to government data. However, the extent of it depends on the quality of published data and its relevance for its users. An investigative journalist who previously worked for Transparency International Slovakia (TI Slovakia) mentioned that although there have been several advancements in the publication of open data, some of them are not directly attributable to OGP and still a lot of useful data is not available[Note : The National Council of the Slovak Republic, “Zoznam verejných funkcionárov” (The list of public officers), http://bit.ly/2An0t7y (in Slovak). ]. For instance, he mentioned open API for the data on EU funds (ITMS+) as a good practice example. He also welcomed that the Agricultural Paying Agency opened some datasets up[Note : Interview with Martin Turček (Aktuality.sk), 15 October 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.   ]. Commitments 6 and 9 could have a moderate potential impact if key datasets were published, for instance, cadaster’s data or property declarations of public officials among others.     

Another CSO representative stated that the data she needs for her research work, for example, data on municipal companies, the number of public servants is unavailable on Data.gov.sk. She assumes this is a result of an unsystematic data collection[Note : Interview with Veronika Prachárová (Slovak Governance Institute), 16 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.   ]. Another problem she mentioned is that data is not linked, providing the website www.majetokstatu.sk, which gathers data on real estates owned by the state as an example. The data from the website is not available on Data.gov.sk. She also noted that the search function on Data.gov.sk does not work well, and concluded that all this summed up, she is often left with FOIA as the only resource. In this view, the commitments to continue and improve open data publication are essential.

Commitment 7 to promote datasets could have a moderate potential impact if key datasets are published. Given the criticism of limited opportunities for public engagement with data in the previous report[Note : Mária Žuffová, “Slovakia Special Accountability Report 2014 - 2015”, http://bit.ly/2EzH4Ws  ], it is a sensible and useful call to action. Also, several representatives of ministries and other central government agencies, as well as CSO representatives agreed that greater awareness raising about the data[Note : Interview with a representative of central government agency who wishes to remain anonymous, 5 November 2018. Interview with a ministry representative 1 who wishes to remain anonymous, 6 November 2018. Interview with Lukáš Jankovič (Ministry of Transport and Construction), 6 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.    ] and best practice examples are necessary[Note : Transparency International, „Open data to fight corruption. Case study: Slovakia’s health sector”, http://bit.ly/2r6nIPe ].

Commitment 8 to survey public demand for the datasets is also an on-going commitment, which was featured in the previous action plan[Note : The Office of the Plenipotentiary, “Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2015”, http://bit.ly/2RevqCc]. Also, the previous IRM report suggested[Note : Mária Žuffová, “Slovakia Special Accountability Report 2014 - 2015”, http://bit.ly/2EzH4Ws ] that surveys should be repeated in regular periods. All interviewees agreed that it is a useful measure, but some had reservations, mainly about the sample size and its representativeness[Note : Interview with a ministry representative 1 who wishes to remain anonymous, 6 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.   ].

Next steps

While all these commitments are important, and their implementation should be continued, interviewees had several other useful proposals that might advance access to government information and data.

  • Publish Data.gov.sk traffic statistics and analytics to document demand

While several representatives of ministries and public agencies found the survey realized by the Office of the Plenipotentiary useful, they agreed that in addition to that, the National Agency for Network and Electronic Services (NASES) should provide them with Data.gov.sk traffic statistics and analytics on a regular basis. They were particularly interested in a number of visitors for the datasets they publish[Note : Interview with a representative of central government agency who wishes to remain anonymous, 5 November 2018. Interview with a ministry representative 1 who wishes to remain anonymous, 6 November 2018. Interview with Lukáš Jankovič, (Ministry of Transport and Construction), 6 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.    ]. Free services, such as Google Analytics might be used for this. A representative of a central government agency argued that knowing the demand “is an absolute prerequisite for data publication”. He posited that “it is useless to publish data in which nobody is interested”[Note : Interview with a representative of central government agency who wishes to remain anonymous, 5 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.   ]. The provision of Data.gov.sk traffic statistics and analytics should not be a problem, as NASES has also identified this data as a key determinant of implementing the Strategy and action plan for open government data publication and use[Note : National Agency for Network and Electronic Services, “Otvorené údaje vo verejnej správe: Školenie pre zamestnancov verejnej správy, ktorých zamestnávateľ poveril zverejňovať otvorené data” (Open data in public administration: Training for public servants who are responsible for open data publication), http://bit.ly/2DVgea3 (Presentation in Slovak delivered on 15 December 2017). ].

  • Continue efforts in open data publication

All interviewees agreed that the on-going efforts to publish open data are important. One CSO representative argued that if public agencies publish their information pro-actively, they will be able to respond to FOI requests more easily and efficiently as they will only have to refer to information that has already been made available[Note : Interview with Marcel Zajac (Centre for Philanthropy), 5 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.   ]. Many argue that although there have been improvements, more key datasets need to be published. An investigative journalist who previously worked for TI Slovakia added that for his reporting he would welcome the publication of property declarations of public officials as defined by law, in particular, those of MPs, and structured notes to financial statements[Note : The National Council of the Slovak Republic, “Zoznam verejných funkcionárov” (The list of public officers), http://bit.ly/2An0t7y (in Slovak). ]. For instance, cadaster’s data that has been in high demand is still not available as open data. Interviewees also mentioned that the work of “Better data” working group needs to be resumed to advance systematic publication of open data.   

  • Resume works on FOIA amendment

Interviewees mentioned several deficiencies of datasets that are currently available at the national open data portal Data.gov.sk. Although they believe that the efforts in open data publication should be preserved and continued, they would also welcome if OGP in Slovakia would focus more on FOI as a crucial tool for accessing government information. Some interviewees suggested that they have to entirely rely on FOI when the data they need is not available. Therefore, good application of FOIA is needed as much as open data publication. They argued that at the moment FOIA is often interpreted to the detriment of the requester[Note : Interview with Martin Turček (Aktuality.sk), 15 October 2018. Interview with Veronika Prachárová (Slovak Governance Institute), 16 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.   ]. Several CSOs and investigative journalists have a negative experience in accessing government information[Note : Transparency International Slovakia, “Prečo nemáme právo vidieť, ako so štátnym letiskom podniká Ryanair?” (Why we do not have a right to know how Ryanair does business with the state airport?), http://bit.ly/2Qjiw8K (in Slovak). ]. They noted that the FOIA amendment that had been prepared in a participative manner two years ago should be taken forward.


Slovak Republic's Commitments

  1. Open Data Portal

    SK0058, 2017, Open Data

  2. Submit a draft law on data to the Government.

    SK0059, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  3. public administration employee training

    SK0060, 2017, Capacity Building

  4. data publication standards

    SK0061, 2017, Capacity Building

  5. update open data portal

    SK0062, 2017, Open Data

  6. open data publication

    SK0063, 2017, Open Data

  7. open data awareness-raising

    SK0064, 2017, Open Data

  8. survey about open data

    SK0065, 2017, E-Government

  9. publish open data

    SK0066, 2017, Open Data

  10. analysis of open data

    SK0067, 2017, Open Data

  11. open data strategy

    SK0068, 2017, Open Data

  12. Develop standards for publicly available application programming interfaces and submit them to the Commission for the Standardization of Information Systems in Public Administration.

    SK0069, 2017, E-Government

  13. ensure open data publication

    SK0070, 2017, Open Data

  14. survey of public demand for Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0071, 2017, E-Government

  15. publish Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0072, 2017, Open Data

  16. Enable the disclosure of source code and development using open methods for newly developed plug-ins and extensions of web browsers and client applications.

    SK0073, 2017, Open Data

  17. custom-made information systems

    SK0074, 2017, Open Data

  18. publish open source software data

    SK0075, 2017, Open Data

  19. Study about open source software

    SK0076, 2017, Open Data

  20. Feasibility study on NGO satellite account

    SK0077, 2017, Civic Space

  21. Define the minimum scope and structure of the disclosed data on the use of Euro-pean structural and investment funds, the EEA Financial Mechanism, Norwegian Financial Mechanism, the Swiss Financial Mechanism and subsidy schemes from the state budget.

    SK0078, 2017, Aid

  22. publish financial data

    SK0079, 2017, Aid

  23. propose changes to Central Register of Contracts regulation

    SK0080, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  24. Create space for the publication of local self-government (municipality) contracts in a single central repository.

    SK0081, 2017, Open Contracting and Procurement

  25. Establish and operate a repository of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic for storage, long-term archiving and access to educational resources.

    SK0082, 2017, E-Government

  26. open education Resources

    SK0083, 2017, E-Government

  27. Reach out to partners who have provided educational resources after 2008 to the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic or to its directly managed or-ganizations, with a suggestion to make educational resources available under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) public license.

    SK0084, 2017, E-Government

  28. enforce public licensing

    SK0085, 2017, Education

  29. make educational resources available in local langage

    SK0086, 2017, Education

  30. ensure availability of university textbooks

    SK0087, 2017, E-Government

  31. introduce specific rules for open publication and the obligation to provide free access of selected publicly funded publica-tions

    SK0088, 2017, E-Government

  32. Analyze the possibility of applying Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) public license as standard for selected works mandatorily published in the Central Registry of Theses and Dis-sertations.

    SK0089, 2017, E-Government

  33. awareness-raising about open education resources

    SK0090, 2017, E-Government

  34. Publish the outcomes of the approval process of educational resources on the web-site of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic.

    SK0091, 2017, E-Government

  35. To introduce the basic principles of Open Access to scientific publications under a public license under the Operational Program Research and Innovation.

    SK0092, 2017, E-Government

  36. Ensure the implementation of public license Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)

    SK0093, 2017, Open Data

  37. Establish Contact Office for Open Access.

    SK0094, 2017, Open Data

  38. Establish conditions for passportization of open research data under a public license and monitor its implementation in practice.

    SK0095, 2017, E-Government

  39. Establish and operate a repository to provide storage, long-term archiving and ac-cess to Slovak scientific and academic publications, research data and gray literature.

    SK0096, 2017, Open Data

  40. Design systematic benchmarking monitoring mechanisms for the measurement and comparison and propose further analyses related to acquiring, processing and re-use of research data and Open Access scientific publications.

    SK0097, 2017, E-Government

  41. raise awareness about Open Access in academic community

    SK0098, 2017, Education

  42. participate in international coordination on open education reforms

    SK0099, 2017, Education

  43. participatory public policy

    SK0100, 2017, E-Government

  44. citizen-traingin on public policy making

    SK0101, 2017, Capacity Building

  45. create engaging public policies

    SK0102, 2017, Capacity Building

  46. government employee peer-exchange

    SK0103, 2017, Capacity Building

  47. Evaluate identified participatory processes of creation and implementation of pub-lic policies and disseminate examples of good practice based on this evaluation.

    SK0104, 2017, Capacity Building

  48. Promote partnership and dialogue between public authorities, citizens and NGOs at national, regional and local level in the area of participatory public policy-making.

    SK0105, 2017, Capacity Building

  49. Propose a recommendation of internal guidelines on the use of free on-line tools in participatory creation of public policies.

    SK0106, 2017, Capacity Building

  50. Create learning tools in the field of participation.

    SK0107, 2017, Capacity Building

  51. Use educational tools about participation in formal education using informal learn-ing methods.

    SK0108, 2017, E-Government

  52. Develop recommendations for embedding participatory processes into organiza-tional processes, internal guidelines and other documents for the needs of central government bodies.

    SK0109, 2017, Capacity Building

  53. Reassess the implementation of the publication of assessments of judges in terms of the clarity and making further analysis easier

    SK0110, 2017, E-Government

  54. Specify which court decisions do not need to be published.

    SK0111, 2017, E-Government

  55. Standardize submission requirements for Slov-Lex portal

    SK0112, 2017, Capacity Building

  56. draft legislation about the responsibility of judges

    SK0113, 2017, E-Government

  57. draft legislation to ensure public scrutiny of judges

    SK0114, 2017, Judiciary

  58. Prepare legislation that will ensure the publication of the seat of office of individual prosecutors

    SK0115, 2017, E-Government

  59. Create draft legislation to extend the right to recommend candidates for the post of Attorney-General.

    SK0116, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  60. participatory analysis of prosecutor's affairs

    SK0117, 2017, E-Government

  61. In a participatory manner, analyze the selection procedures

    SK0118, 2017, Justice

  62. awareness-raising about anti-social activities

    SK0119, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  63. Analyze and evaluate preliminary information and reports on public participation in the process of drafting and commenting on draft legislation.

    SK0120, 2017, E-Government

  64. Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the Electronic Collective Petition.

    SK0121, 2017, E-Government

  65. Identify the person responsible for implementing the tasks of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019 in the organization.

    SK0122, 2017, E-Government

  66. Coordinate the Working Group on the implementation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0123, 2017, OGP

  67. Develop the final evaluation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0124, 2017, E-Government

  68. Prepare and submit for the Government of the Slovak Republic the OGP National Action Plan for the following period.

    SK0125, 2017, E-Government

  69. List of open data datasets

    SK0023, 2015, E-Government

  70. Publish open data

    SK0024, 2015, E-Government

  71. Survey of open data

    SK0025, 2015, Open Data

  72. Publish relevant open datasets

    SK0026, 2015, E-Government

  73. Starred commitment open data publication strategy

    SK0027, 2015, Open Data

  74. Grant scheme open data portal

    SK0028, 2015, E-Government

  75. web portal promotion campaign

    SK0029, 2015, E-Government

  76. Evaluate grant funding open data application

    SK0030, 2015, E-Government

  77. Digital education resources

    SK0031, 2015, Education

  78. Map existing repositories

    SK0032, 2015, Education

  79. Analyze procurement process for education resources

    SK0033, 2015, E-Government

  80. Textbook procurement process

    SK0034, 2015, E-Government

  81. Pilot procurement process

    SK0035, 2015, E-Government

  82. Raise awareness of education resources

    SK0036, 2015, Education

  83. Join multilateral activities in Europe and beyond that support the creation, improvement, sharing and re-use of open educational resources.

    SK0037, 2015, Education

  84. Map existing scientific repositories

    SK0038, 2015, Open Data

  85. Identify barriers to open data access

    SK0039, 2015, Open Data

  86. Submit analysis of open data publication

    SK0040, 2015, Open Data

  87. data publication mechanism

    SK0041, 2015, E-Government

  88. Raise awareness about Open Access in academic community

    SK0042, 2015, Capacity Building

  89. Assist other countries with open access strategy

    SK0043, 2015, E-Government

  90. participatory policy-making

    SK0044, 2015, Public Participation

  91. Workshops on public involvement in policymaking

    SK0045, 2015, Capacity Building

  92. Starred commitment Develop public policy with civil society

    SK0047, 2015, Civic Space

  93. Starred commitment develop criteria for evaluating participation in policymaking

    SK0048, 2015, Public Participation

  94. Evaluate policy creation

    SK0049, 2015, Public Participation

  95. map legislative environments

    SK0050, 2015, Legislature

  96. Carry out a public campaign to promote the Collective Electronic Petitions.

    SK0051, 2015, Capacity Building

  97. publish evaluation of justices

    SK0052, 2015, Judiciary

  98. Analyze publication of judicial decisions

    SK0053, 2015, Judiciary

  99. Uniform reporting of judicial decisions

    SK0054, 2015, Judiciary

  100. publish list of names of prosecutors

    SK0055, 2015, Judiciary

  101. Final evaluation of OGP action plan

    SK0056, 2015, OGP

  102. Develop next action plan

    SK0057, 2015, OGP

  103. Starred commitment Open Data Portal Launch

    SK0001, 2012, Open Data

  104. Publishing Datasets

    SK0002, 2012, Open Data

  105. Datasets Mapping

    SK0003, 2012, Open Data

  106. Data Standards

    SK0004, 2012, Open Data

  107. Improved Register of Contracts

    SK0005, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  108. Starred commitment Continuous Dataset Publising

    SK0006, 2012, Open Data

  109. Starred commitment ITMS Dataset

    SK0007, 2012, Open Data

  110. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring

    SK0008, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  111. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Prepare Tender for Web Application

    SK0009, 2012, Open Contracting and Procurement

  112. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Portal Launch

    SK0010, 2012, E-Government

  113. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0011, 2012, Capacity Building

  114. Starred commitment Apply Participatory Policy Making

    SK0012, 2012, Public Participation

  115. Lawmaking Public Participation Rules

    SK0013, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  116. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0014, 2012, Public Participation

  117. Collective e-Petitions

    SK0015, 2012,

  118. Collective e-Petitions – Draft Amendment

    SK0016, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  119. OGP Steering Committee

    SK0017, 2012, OGP

  120. Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0018, 2012, Capacity Building

  121. Develop criteria for Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0019, 2012, Capacity Building

  122. Conduct First Evaluation Using Openess Barometer

    SK0020, 2012, Capacity Building

  123. Whistleblowers Protection Act

    SK0021, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  124. 2014-2015 Action Plan Development

    SK0022, 2012, OGP