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Slovak Republic

Enable the Disclosure of Source Code and Development Using Open Methods for Newly Developed Plug-Ins and Extensions of Web Browsers and Client Applications. (SK0073)



Action Plan: Slovak Republic National Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Inactive


Lead Institution: the ministers, the head of the Government Office, the heads of other central government bodies

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Access to Information, Open Data

IRM Review

IRM Report: Slovakia Implementation Report 2017-2019, Slovak Republic Design Report 2017–2019

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i



The ongoing computerization of services of public administration has brought a number of applications, plug-ins and information systems which are often developed in so-called proprietary manner. Proprietary method of development does not allow free access to the source code, and it is therefore not possible to study and re-use the source code in other software or to develop new applications. The source code is part of software that most users do not see – it allows programmers to study and change how programs and applications behave.
Open source software is software with source code freely available to all in order to enable studying, modi-fication, and further development and improvement. By developing software as open source (with a careful assessment of this option in the case of specialized software containing classified information or sensitive data), and therefore by disclosing parts of code and making it possible for public administration entities to use open source software, effectiveness of use of resources is increased.
Commitment No. 16: Enable the disclosure of source code and development using open methods for newly developed plug-ins and extensions of web browsers and client applications.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

THEME - Open source software  
Comm 16, 17, 18, 19

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan[Note : The Office of the Plenipotentiary, “Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2017 – 2019”,]:

Commitment 16: “Enable the disclosure of source code and development using open methods for newly developed plug-ins and extensions of web browsers and client applications.”

Commitment 17: “Document the use of selected open source components in custom-made information systems, analyze the possibility of publishing parts of the code and documentation under an open license and publish selected parts of the code.”

Commitment 18: “Publish at the Open Data Portal the list of used open source software stating the purpose of each type of software, license type, as well as software for which a government body has a license for its use, distribution and publishing”

Commitment 19: “In cooperation with experts, carry out a study that will document the possibilities, advantages and disadvantages of using open source software and other licensing models in the state administration.”

Start Date: Not specified            

End Date: 31 December 2017 and ongoing    


Context and Objectives

According to, the state spends yearly app. 500 million euro on IT services[Note :, “Tlačová správa: Rašiho úrad neplní vlastné sľuby. Neprajú si to dodávatelia štátnych systémov” (Press release: Raši’s office does not fulfil its promises because suppliers of state IT systems do not wish so), (in Slovak)  ]. Given the ongoing criticism of e-government projects[Note : The Office of the President of the Slovak Republic, “Kiska: Minuli sme 900 miliónov a občania sú stále poštármi” (We have spent 900 millions and citizens are still postmen), (speech at the ITAPA 2015 conference in Slovak); Ján Hargaš, “Niečo špeciálne na záver“ (Something special at the end), (closing speech at the ITAPA 2018 conference in Slovak). ], mostly for lack of transparency and competitiveness in the procurement processes, the commitments signaling that the government will explore more its opportunities to use open source software (OSS) is positive. has continuously emphasized that IT bids should be divided into smaller parts to avoid vendor-lock-in (a situation when a customer, e.g. a state agency, cannot easily transition to a competition)[Note :, “Tlačová správa: Slovensko.Digital bude nákupy štátnych IT systémov hodnotiť trinástimi kritériami.” (Slovakia.Digital will evaluate the purchases of state IT systems with thirteen criteria), (in Slovak).   ]. It also promoted the use of OSS, as some of these problems could be mitigated by using it instead of proprietary or ‘closed source’ software. In particular, OSS could bring more transparency and lower implementation and running costs. An investigative journalist interviewed for this report who writes about overpriced IT projects[Note : Martin Turček, “Ľudia blízki Kažimírovi zarobili milióny. Na zákazke od jeho ministerstva” (People close to Kažimír earned millions on the order from his ministry),, (in Slovak);  Martin Turček, “Štát plánuje dať ďalšie 4 milióny eur na projekt, ktorý takmer nikto nevyužíva” (State plans to inject further four millions to the project that almost nobody uses)., (in Slovak); Martin Turček, “Kaliňákova skartovačka: zničili doklady z 277 obstarávaní” (Kaliňák’s shredder: they destroyed documents from 277 public procurement orders),, (in Slovak); Martin Turček, “Úrady preverujú utajené miliónové zmluvy. Daniari podpísali ďalšie” (Agencies examine secret million contracts. Financial Administration signed others),, (in Slovak); Martin Turček, “Počiatkovi vypadol zo skrine kostlivec. Predražené zmluvy za milión eur” (Počiatek has a skeleton in the closet – overpriced contracts for a million euro),, (in Slovak); Martin Turček, “Prokuratúra preverí predražené IT zákazky za Počiatka” (The prosecutor’s office will investigate overpriced IT tenders approved by Počiatek),, (in Slovak)] is convinced that OSS could eliminate the extent of overpriced contracts in the IT sector as it will not allow the agencies to sign an exclusive license, and maintenance and support agreements with suppliers[Note : Interview with Martin Turček (, 15 October 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.   ].

The design of OSS is publicly accessible and thus, allows anyone to inspect, modify and improve the software. This public element is the greatest advantage of OSS[Note :, “What is open source?”, ] and embodies OGP values. It encourages transparent processes, and collaborative participation and enables public control of the software. One of the interviewees for this report and the author of the analysis on the possibilities, advantages and disadvantages of using OSS in the public administration, argued that governments worldwide have embedded OSS because they want to increase the security of their systems, which is in contrast with the biggest myth about OSS, i.e. it is not secure enough[Note : Interview with Ján Gondoľ (worked for Deputy Prime Minister’s Office for Investments and Informatization of the Slovak Republic as a consultant on OGP commitments during the action plan implementation), 5 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.    ]. For instance, the UK[Note : Crown Commercial Service, “Collabora deal will provide savings on Open Source office software”,; Government Digital Service, “Be open and use open source”,; GDS Technology in Government blog: open source,    ] and the US[Note : The White House – President Barack Obama, The People’s Code, and, “Sharing America's Code Unlock the tremendous potential of the Federal Government’s software”, ] are one of the frontrunners in using OSS in the government.   

The topic of OSS in Slovakia is not new although it has appeared in OGP action plan for the first time only now. For instance, the Ministry of Finance had published in 2009 the Methodical guidelines for the procurement of software products in public administration[Note : The Ministry of Finance, “Príručka k Metodickému usmerneniu pre obstarávanie

softvérových produktov vo verejnej správe“ (Methodical guidelines for the procurement of software products in public administration), (in Slovak)], mentioning the need to explore the possibility of obtaining OSS. [Note : ibid.  ]. Although the Strategy on the use of software products in public administration was approved by the government in 2009[Note : The Government of the Slovak Republic, “Government resolution no. 523/2009 on the Strategy on the use of software products in public administration” (15 July 2009), (in Slovak).  ], the practice often did not follow recommendations set in the strategy. Therefore, commitments 16 – 18 to document and publish the use of open source components in custom-made public administration information systems are important. They help to trigger the discussion about OSS in public administration, explore who uses it and last but not least to send a signal to IT companies that this will be a trending topic[Note : Interview with Ján Gondoľ (worked for Deputy Prime Minister’s Office for Investments and Informatization of the Slovak Republic as a consultant on OGP commitments during the action plan implementation), 5 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details.    ]. One interviewee argued that big IT companies – state suppliers – often profit the most from the current status quo with limited use of OSS and exclusive license and maintenance agreements. All interviewed stakeholders agreed that in this situation commitment 16, to disclose source code for newly developed plug-ins and applications, could have a substantial potential impact, nonetheless only for new projects where vendor-lock-in does not already exist.

In order to achieve success, it is important to get buy-in from public servants. Therefore, commitment 19 to analyze pros and cons of using OSS in public administration is useful and could have a potential impact if it provides convincing arguments and reaches a critical audience of public servants who are in a position to decide what software solutions will be chosen.

Next steps

The consultations with experts confirmed that the current commitments on OSS represent an important first step to advance the use of OSS in public administration. Therefore, the IRM researcher recommends taking this topic forward to the next action plan. There have already been some good practice examples of the use of OSS in public administration on which other public agencies can build[Note : The monitoring platform for the use of EU structural funds (ITMS+), (in Slovak).    ]. While there is not much that can be done retroactively in relation to the overpriced proprietary IT projects, as it is unlikely that suppliers will be willing to give up their rights arising from past contracts. Nonetheless, the practice can be changed for future projects. However, that would require a holistic approach across different sectors. It would also require the amendment of laws and regulations governing public procurement. For instance, another OGP area – open education includes a commitment to create a repository for open educational resources. If public agencies had a broader approach, then they would have considered using OSS for the repository. As one interviewee stated, instead they went for proprietary software without exploring possibilities. As a result, it is impossible to assess the ‘value for money’ the public would get from this repository, because “everything is hidden from public sight”. Moreover, he stressed that the ministry will most probably never be able to change the supplier[Note : Interview with Ján Gondoľ (worked for Deputy Prime Minister’s Office for Investments and Informatization of the Slovak Republic as a consultant on OGP commitments during the action plan implementation), 5 November 2018. See Section ‘VI. Methodology and sources for details. ]. OSS commitments, as well as OGP commitments more broadly, should not be implemented isolated.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

For details on each commitment, see Slovakia Implementation Report 2017-2019.


  1. Publish Implementation Plans for Regulations

    SK0126, 2019, E-Government

  2. Regularly Publish Government Datasets

    SK0127, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Publish Data on Use of EU Grant Funding

    SK0128, 2019, Aid

  4. Publish Beneficial Ownership Data

    SK0129, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  5. Educational Resources Portal

    SK0130, 2019, Capacity Building

  6. National Open Science Strategy

    SK0131, 2019, Capacity Building

  7. Continuous Education for Participatory Policymaking

    SK0132, 2019, Capacity Building

  8. Report on Public Participation in Lawmaking

    SK0133, 2019, Public Participation

  9. Civil Society - Government Partnerships

    SK0134, 2019, Local Commitments

  10. Legislation Materials Portal

    SK0135, 2019, Access to Information

  11. Monitor Fulfillment of the Next Action Plan

    SK0136, 2019, Public Participation

  12. Open Data Portal

    SK0058, 2017, Access to Information

  13. Submit a Draft Law on Data to the Government.

    SK0059, 2017, Access to Information

  14. Public Administration Employee Training

    SK0060, 2017, Access to Information

  15. Data Publication Standards

    SK0061, 2017, Access to Information

  16. Update Open Data Portal

    SK0062, 2017, Access to Information

  17. Open Data Publication

    SK0063, 2017, Access to Information

  18. Open Data Awareness-Raising

    SK0064, 2017, Access to Information

  19. Survey About Open Data

    SK0065, 2017, Access to Information

  20. Publish Open Data

    SK0066, 2017, Access to Information

  21. Analysis of Open Data

    SK0067, 2017, Access to Information

  22. Open Data Strategy

    SK0068, 2017, Access to Information

  23. Develop Standards for Publicly Available Application Programming Interfaces and Submit Them to the Commission for the Standardization of Information Systems in Public Administration.

    SK0069, 2017, E-Government

  24. Ensure Open Data Publication

    SK0070, 2017, Access to Information

  25. Survey of Public Demand for Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0071, 2017, E-Government

  26. Publish Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0072, 2017, Access to Information

  27. Enable the Disclosure of Source Code and Development Using Open Methods for Newly Developed Plug-Ins and Extensions of Web Browsers and Client Applications.

    SK0073, 2017, Access to Information

  28. Custom-Made Information Systems

    SK0074, 2017, Access to Information

  29. Publish Open Source Software Data

    SK0075, 2017, Access to Information

  30. Study About Open Source Software

    SK0076, 2017, Access to Information

  31. Feasibility Study on NGO Satellite Account

    SK0077, 2017, Access to Information

  32. Define the Minimum Scope and Structure of the Disclosed Data on the Use of European Structural and Investment Funds, the EEA Financial Mechanism, Norwegian Financial Mechanism, the Swiss Financial Mechanism and Subsidy Schemes From the State Budget.

    SK0078, 2017, Aid

  33. Publish Financial Data

    SK0079, 2017, Access to Information

  34. Propose Changes to Central Register of Contracts Regulation

    SK0080, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  35. Create Space for the Publication of Local Self-Government (Municipality) Contracts in a Single Central Repository.

    SK0081, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  36. Establish and Operate a Repository of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic for Storage, Long-Term Archiving and Access to Educational Resources.

    SK0082, 2017, Access to Information

  37. Open Education Resources

    SK0083, 2017, Access to Information

  38. Reach Out to Partners Who Have Provided Educational Resources After 2008 to the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic Or to Its Directly Managed OrGanizations, with a Suggestion to Make Educational Resources Available Under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) Public License.

    SK0084, 2017, E-Government

  39. Enforce Public Licensing

    SK0085, 2017, Education

  40. Make Educational Resources Available in Local Langage

    SK0086, 2017, Education

  41. Ensure Availability of University Textbooks

    SK0087, 2017, Access to Information

  42. Introduce Specific Rules for Open Publication and the Obligation to Provide Free Access of Selected Publicly Funded Publica-Tions

    SK0088, 2017, Access to Information

  43. Analyze the Possibility of Applying Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) Public License As Standard for Selected Works Mandatorily Published in the Central Registry of Theses and Dissertations.

    SK0089, 2017, E-Government

  44. Awareness-Raising About Open Education Resources

    SK0090, 2017, E-Government

  45. Publish the Outcomes of the Approval Process of Educational Resources on the Web-Site of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic.

    SK0091, 2017, Access to Information

  46. To Introduce the Basic Principles of Open Access to Scientific Publications Under a Public License Under the Operational Program Research and Innovation.

    SK0092, 2017, Access to Information

  47. Ensure the Implementation of Public License Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)

    SK0093, 2017, Access to Information

  48. Establish Contact Office for Open Access.

    SK0094, 2017, Access to Information

  49. Establish Conditions for Passportization of Open Research Data Under a Public License and Monitor Its Implementation in Practice.

    SK0095, 2017, Access to Information

  50. Establish and Operate a Repository to Provide Storage, Long-Term Archiving and Ac-Cess to Slovak Scientific and Academic Publications, Research Data and Gray Literature.

    SK0096, 2017, Access to Information

  51. Design Systematic Benchmarking Monitoring Mechanisms for the Measurement and Comparison and Propose Further Analyses Related to Acquiring, Processing and Re-Use of Research Data and Open Access Scientific Publications.

    SK0097, 2017, Access to Information

  52. Raise Awareness About Open Access in Academic Community

    SK0098, 2017, Access to Information

  53. Participate in International Coordination on Open Education Reforms

    SK0099, 2017, Access to Information

  54. Participatory Public Policy

    SK0100, 2017, E-Government

  55. Citizen-Traingin on Public Policy Making

    SK0101, 2017, Capacity Building

  56. Create Engaging Public Policies

    SK0102, 2017, Capacity Building

  57. Government Employee Peer-Exchange

    SK0103, 2017, Capacity Building

  58. Evaluate Identified Participatory Processes of Creation and Implementation of Pub-Lic Policies and Disseminate Examples of Good Practice Based on This Evaluation.

    SK0104, 2017, Capacity Building

  59. Promote Partnership and Dialogue Between Public Authorities, Citizens and NGOs at National, Regional and Local Level in the Area of Participatory Public Policy-Making.

    SK0105, 2017, Capacity Building

  60. Propose a Recommendation of Internal Guidelines on the Use of Free On-Line Tools in Participatory Creation of Public Policies.

    SK0106, 2017, Capacity Building

  61. Create Learning Tools in the Field of Participation.

    SK0107, 2017, Capacity Building

  62. Use Educational Tools About Participation in Formal Education Using Informal Learn-Ing Methods.

    SK0108, 2017, E-Government

  63. Develop Recommendations for Embedding Participatory Processes Into Organiza-Tional Processes, Internal Guidelines and Other Documents for the Needs of Central Government Bodies.

    SK0109, 2017, Capacity Building

  64. Reassess the Implementation of the Publication of Assessments of Judges in Terms of the Clarity and Making Further Analysis Easier

    SK0110, 2017, E-Government

  65. Specify Which Court Decisions Do Not Need to Be Published.

    SK0111, 2017, E-Government

  66. Standardize Submission Requirements for Slov-Lex Portal

    SK0112, 2017, Access to Information

  67. Draft Legislation About the Responsibility of Judges

    SK0113, 2017, E-Government

  68. Draft Legislation to Ensure Public Scrutiny of Judges

    SK0114, 2017, Judiciary

  69. Prepare Legislation That Will Ensure the Publication of the Seat of Office of Individual Prosecutors

    SK0115, 2017, E-Government

  70. Create Draft Legislation to Extend the Right to Recommend Candidates for the Post of Attorney-General.

    SK0116, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  71. Participatory Analysis of Prosecutor's Affairs

    SK0117, 2017, E-Government

  72. In a Participatory Manner, Analyze the Selection Procedures

    SK0118, 2017, Justice

  73. Awareness-Raising About Anti-Social Activities

    SK0119, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  74. Analyze and Evaluate Preliminary Information and Reports on Public Participation in the Process of Drafting and Commenting on Draft Legislation.

    SK0120, 2017, E-Government

  75. Analyze and Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Electronic Collective Petition.

    SK0121, 2017, E-Government

  76. Identify the Person Responsible for Implementing the Tasks of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019 in the Organization.

    SK0122, 2017, E-Government

  77. Coordinate the Working Group on the Implementation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0123, 2017,

  78. Develop the Final Evaluation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0124, 2017, E-Government

  79. Prepare and Submit for the Government of the Slovak Republic the OGP National Action Plan for the Following Period.

    SK0125, 2017, E-Government

  80. List of Open Data Datasets

    SK0023, 2015, Access to Information

  81. Publish Open Data

    SK0024, 2015, Access to Information

  82. Survey of Open Data

    SK0025, 2015, Access to Information

  83. Publish Relevant Open Datasets

    SK0026, 2015, Access to Information

  84. Starred commitment Open Data Publication Strategy

    SK0027, 2015, Access to Information

  85. Grant Scheme Open Data Portal

    SK0028, 2015, Access to Information

  86. Web Portal Promotion Campaign

    SK0029, 2015, Access to Information

  87. Evaluate Grant Funding Open Data Application

    SK0030, 2015, Access to Information

  88. Digital Education Resources

    SK0031, 2015, Access to Information

  89. Map Existing Repositories

    SK0032, 2015, Access to Information

  90. Analyze Procurement Process for Education Resources

    SK0033, 2015, Access to Information

  91. Textbook Procurement Process

    SK0034, 2015, Access to Information

  92. Pilot Procurement Process

    SK0035, 2015, Access to Information

  93. Raise Awareness of Education Resources

    SK0036, 2015, Access to Information

  94. Join Multilateral Activities in Europe and Beyond That Support the Creation, Improvement, Sharing and Re-Use of Open Educational Resources.

    SK0037, 2015, Access to Information

  95. Map Existing Scientific Repositories

    SK0038, 2015, Access to Information

  96. Identify Barriers to Open Data Access

    SK0039, 2015, Access to Information

  97. Submit Analysis of Open Data Publication

    SK0040, 2015, Access to Information

  98. Data Publication Mechanism

    SK0041, 2015, Access to Information

  99. Raise Awareness About Open Access in Academic Community

    SK0042, 2015, Access to Information

  100. Assist Other Countries with Open Access Strategy

    SK0043, 2015, Access to Information

  101. Participatory Policy-Making

    SK0044, 2015, Public Participation

  102. Workshops on Public Involvement in Policymaking

    SK0045, 2015, Capacity Building

  103. Starred commitment Develop Public Policy with Civil Society

    SK0047, 2015, Civic Space

  104. Starred commitment Develop Criteria for Evaluating Participation in Policymaking

    SK0048, 2015, Public Participation

  105. Evaluate Policy Creation

    SK0049, 2015, Public Participation

  106. Map Legislative Environments

    SK0050, 2015, Open Parliaments

  107. Carry Out a Public Campaign to Promote the Collective Electronic Petitions.

    SK0051, 2015, Capacity Building

  108. Publish Evaluation of Justices

    SK0052, 2015, Judiciary

  109. Analyze Publication of Judicial Decisions

    SK0053, 2015, Judiciary

  110. Uniform Reporting of Judicial Decisions

    SK0054, 2015, Judiciary

  111. Publish List of Names of Prosecutors

    SK0055, 2015, Judiciary

  112. Final Evaluation of OGP Action Plan

    SK0056, 2015, Public Participation

  113. Develop Next Action Plan

    SK0057, 2015, Public Participation

  114. Starred commitment Open Data Portal Launch

    SK0001, 2012, Access to Information

  115. Publishing Datasets

    SK0002, 2012, Access to Information

  116. Datasets Mapping

    SK0003, 2012, Access to Information

  117. Data Standards

    SK0004, 2012, Access to Information

  118. Improved Register of Contracts

    SK0005, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  119. Starred commitment Continuous Dataset Publising

    SK0006, 2012, Access to Information

  120. Starred commitment ITMS Dataset

    SK0007, 2012, Access to Information

  121. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring

    SK0008, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  122. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Prepare Tender for Web Application

    SK0009, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  123. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Portal Launch

    SK0010, 2012, E-Government

  124. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0011, 2012, Capacity Building

  125. Starred commitment Apply Participatory Policy Making

    SK0012, 2012, Public Participation

  126. Lawmaking Public Participation Rules

    SK0013, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  127. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0014, 2012, Public Participation

  128. Collective e-Petitions

    SK0015, 2012, E-petitions

  129. Collective e-Petitions – Draft Amendment

    SK0016, 2012, E-petitions

  130. OGP Steering Committee

    SK0017, 2012,

  131. Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0018, 2012, Access to Information

  132. Develop Criteria for Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0019, 2012, Access to Information

  133. Conduct First Evaluation Using Openess Barometer

    SK0020, 2012, Access to Information

  134. Whistleblowers Protection Act

    SK0021, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  135. 2014-2015 Action Plan Development

    SK0022, 2012,

Open Government Partnership