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Open Justice in Spain (ES0043)



Action Plan: Spain Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Inactive


Lead Institution: Ministry of Justice

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Justice, Autonomous Communities with jurisdiction in matters of Justice, the General Council of the Judiciary, the Attorney General's Office, Lawyers of the Justice Administration; Pro-transparency associations, data journalists, victims' associations, consumers, etc. Reusable Information Agents, General Councils of Attorneys, Lawyers and Social Graduates, State Technical Committee of the Electronic Court Administration(CTEAJE), National Judicial Statistics Commission, National Transparency Council

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Judiciary, Justice, Open Data, Open Justice, Public Participation

IRM Review

IRM Report: Spain Design Report 2017-2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


Ministry Responsible: Ministry of Justice; Other actors: Government: Ministry of Justice, Autonomous Communities with jurisdiction in matters of Justice, the General Council of the Judiciary, the Attorney General's Office, Lawyers of the Justice Administration; Civil society, private initiative, multilateral and working groups: Pro-transparency associations, data journalists, victims' associations, consumers, etc. Reusable Information Agents General Councils of Attorneys, Lawyers and Social Graduates State Technical Committee of the Electronic Court Administration(CTEAJE) National Judicial Statistics Commission National Transparency Council; Status quo or problem to be addressed: Many governments and parliaments have taken different measures to adopt a more open public action. However, the Justice Administration is still beginning to go down this road. The low valuation that the citizens have of the Law as a public service is largely conditioned by its operation, this circumstance contributes to the fact that the Administration of Justice, like other institutions, is also affected by a reduction in the confidence that the citizens have in it with it being necessary to equip itself with instruments that reinforce its outreach to society. It is therefore necessary to incorporate new instruments that open the Administration of Justice and place the citizen at its core. Transparency is one of them, understood within the context that stipulates the very nature of the Administration of Justice. A complex system where the powers are divided between the General Council of the Judiciary, the Ministry of Justice, the Autonomous Communities with powers transferred and the judges and magistrates themselves who are constitutionally independent and subject exclusively to the rule of law. On the other hand, the Justice ecosystem has traditionally been alien to the existence of a civil society sufficiently active and with capacity to demand and to influence in an adequate functioning of Justice. In addition, we start from a weak technological base that makes it difficult to take advantage of the potential of technology for increased transparency in the institutions. There is a great diversity and dispersion of information systems that currently support judicial activity. The data is obtained and processed by manual systems without guaranteeing the quality of the data. However, some advances have been made recently. The launch of the electronic auction service allows greater access to information, greater participation and competition between bidders as well as a greater return on the auctioned assets to the Administration. On the other hand, the "how is it going" service currently in operation at the Ministry of Justice electronic judicial headquarters (commitment of the Second Open Government Plan of Spain) is a first step to provide citizens with the right of access to information.; Main objective: The main objective is to achieve a more transparent and accessible Justice Administration: • Offering data that enables adequate control by civil society and citizens, a better understanding of the functioning of the Justice system and a greater stimulus of entrepreneurship, innovation and economic growth through its reuse. • Providing citizens with digital services that allow better access to information when they involved in legal proceedings. Brief description of the commitment: The commitment will fall within a specific public policy line on Open Justice, which will be included in the National Justice Strategy that the Government of Spain will launch, with the support and participation of the political, institutional and professional actors of the country and placing Judicial transparency as one of its main axes. It will be structured in 2 lines of action:
1. Open data as an instrument of transparency in the administration of Justice. The compromise includes taking the initial steps in order to evolve the current model of judicial statistics to another in which the aforementioned statistics will be improved as far as the quality of the data, its collection and management go. The publication will be made in reusable and friendly formats for easy citizen understanding. The role of the National Commission of Judicial Statistics will be strengthened and collaboration will be promoted through the CTEAJE.
2. Improve the right of access to justice information. The commitment includes access through the streaming of certain oral hearings and the access through the Electronic Judicial Headquarters to the judicial file of the parties involved in a case. Addressed challenge of the OGP by the commitment: Increasing the quality of information related to judicial activity, automating its extraction and improving the possibilities of exploitation and dissemination is a qualitative leap forward in order to advance greater transparency of the functioning of the Justice system and as a means to facilitate better accountability and control of the functioning of the judicial administration in Spain. All of this contributes to strengthening the Justice system as State Power and as a public service giving it extra legitimacy and greater social recognition which will serve to better protect citizens’ rights and guarantees as well as greater legal security in our country. In addition, data orientation and coordination through the CTEAJE will allow for more efficient processes that will result in a more efficient management of resources.
Finally, access to the Administration of Justice services will be provided by improving the functioning of this public service by removing barriers to citizens and helping to reduce the costs of third parties (for example, journalists or professionals to be able to telematically access trials and records respectively).; Relevance: The compromise described strengthens the OGP values as follows: • Improves access to information: o It is intended to make more and more information about the functioning of the Justice system available to citizens (statistics, data, oral hearings, documents of a judicial file). o It is intended to disclose the information in open formats or, failing that, in an easily understandable way for citizens. o It aims to strengthen the right to information, by reporting not only on the status of the judicial file but also on the content of the same. o The aim is to improve the quality of information on the activity of the information, by homogenizing the concepts and concrete. milestones to provide information to each indicator. o It is intended to reduce the costs of obtaining information, by promoting solutions that extract, debug, add and present data in real time. • Citizen participation: o It aims to consult and involve civil society actors and the information reuse sector, by creating specific forums for participation in the open data Justice policy. • Accountability: o The aim is to improve access to justice, by implementing simple system access to the judicial file and without usage costs. o It is intended to improve mechanisms for public scrutiny of the justice system by publishing data on its functioning and organization in friendly and reusable formats. Aim: It is hoped to contribute to better accountability and social control over the functioning of the Justice system, as well as to improve the service to citizens and strengthen their rights, such as through access to judicial information that is included in the procedural laws. In addition, this commitment will improve efficiency in management processes and decision making at the different levels of the Ministry of Justice and agents involved in the judicial activity.

IRM Midterm Status Summary


5.3 Educación en Gobierno Abierto

Nota editorial: Este compromiso, tal como se formula en el tercer plan, consta de siete metas. A fin de facilitar su evaluación se reduce a cuatro metas. Se analizan conjuntamente por su conexión entre ellas: las metas 1 y 4 Diseño y testeo de las Guías en Gobierno Abierto; metas 2, 5 y 6 actividades complementarias y de difusión. Las metas 3 y 7 se analizan por separado.

Texto del compromiso como aparece en el plan de acción:

Formar a alumnos para el desarrollo de las competencias sociales y cívicas y, en concreto, sobre los principios del Gobierno Abierto. Formar al profesorado para la evaluación de las competencias sociales y cívicas. Preparar a los alumnos para el ejercicio de la ciudadanía democrática, la transparencia y para poder interactuar y participar en el ámbito público.

Fecha de inicio: Julio 2017 Fecha de término: Diciembre 2019

El texto completo del compromiso se encuentra en Tercer Plan de Acción de Gobierno Abierto 2017-2019 de la Alianza para el Gobierno Abierto, disponible aquí:

Contexto y objetivos

Objetivo general y relevancia

La infancia y juventud son públicos que tradicionalmente no se han tenido en cuenta a la hora de planificar políticas, ni siquiera para aquellas en las que son el público objetivo. La desafección o falta de interés en las administraciones es aún más acuciante en la sociedad juvenil europea. Por ello, es necesario conducir acciones para: “…animar a los jóvenes y dotarlos de los recursos necesarios para que se conviertan en ciudadanos activos, agentes de solidaridad y cambio positivo” [90].

Este compromiso propone la realización de las siguientes metas:

  1. Elaboración de guías de gobierno abierto.
  2. Difusión de los recursos.
  3. Formación online para el profesorado.
  4. Ejecución de la actividad formativa en Ceuta y Melilla y otras CCAA.

5 Actividades complementarias en centros educativos.

  1. Difusión de la actividad a través de la Comisión General de Educación.
  2. Evaluación de la formación.

Respecto a la relevancia de las metas propuestas, la formación y divulgación suponen un aspecto crucial para el cambio cultural que implica la apertura del Gobierno, sobre todo cuando se trata de acciones dirigidas a la comunidad educativa. La formación orientada a este colectivo es relevante para mejorar las capacidades, condiciones y espacios para la promoción de la participación ciudadana, en la medida en que suponen la formación y empoderamiento de una ciudadanía activa que siembre las semillas del cambio cultural que entraña la apertura del Gobierno. Sin embargo, no se les puede asignar una relevancia directa en relación al acceso a la información: las acciones divulgativas mejoran las condiciones para el acceso a la información, pero no implican per se una mayor divulgación de información pública o de mejor calidad. Respecto a la rendición de cuentas, no se observan mecanismos de asunción de responsabilidades y consecuencias claras en correlación con las mismas.

Las metas contenidas en el presente compromiso, las guías de gobierno abierto, la formación online dirigida al profesorado (MOOCs [91]) así como las acciones complementarias y divulgativas, introducirán los conceptos de acceso a la información, participación y colaboración entre la comunidad educativa de las ciudades autónomas de Ceuta y Melilla así como en las comunidades autónomas de Asturias, Galicia, Madrid y Valencia entre otras.

Verificabilidad e impacto potencial

Las metas del compromiso son verificables porque resultan en productos tangibles como formaciones online. Las acciones divulgativas, si bien se pueden comprobar, resultan menos específicas.

Las guías de gobierno abierto son herramientas con un impacto potencial moderado, puesto que formar a alumnos sobre los principios del gobierno abierto a través de herramientas adaptadas a su edad y a sus intereses contribuye a generar una cultura de gobierno abierto, a formar a la ciudadanía del futuro, una ciudadanía activa, democrática, y comprometida con estos valores.

Que el alumnado pueda conocer e interiorizar qué supone una cultura de gobierno abierto es un resultado del compromiso que estará supeditado a que su implementación venga acompañada de una formación específica para los equipos docentes responsables de impartir sus contenidos. Si la comunidad educativa no se involucra en su diseño, implementación y evaluación, los materiales no tendrán el impacto deseado. En este sentido se valora el impacto de los cursos MOOC orientados a los docentes como menor (los cursos contienen competencias específicas para formadores, diferenciándose de los cursos MOOC orientados a la ciudadanía). Las actividades complementarias vendrían a completar los contenidos presentados en las guías, ayudando al alumnado a comprender mejor la labor de los empleados públicos. Por esta razón también se valoran con un impacto potencial menor. Por su parte las actividades de difusión son un pilar necesario para ampliar el conocimiento sobre los materiales didácticos y poder dotar a las guías de un impacto mayor, tal como se viene trasladando a lo largo de este informe como recomendación transversal.

Siguientes pasos

La investigadora del IRM recomienda continuar con la implementación de las guías de gobierno abierto y expandir su uso a otras comunidades autónomas, sin necesidad de que estas formen parte del próximo plan de acción, al entenderse que sus bases están lo suficientemente consolidadas para continuar su desarrollo y expansión. Asimismo recomienda:

  • Analizar la posibilidad de realizar materiales online [92] sobre la base de las guías elaboradas, en una sola herramienta digital dirigida a distintos públicos: escolares, sociedad civil y empleados públicos.
  • Tener en cuenta que el interés y la motivación de todos los participantes en un proceso multiactor está fuertemente conectada con el grado de impacto que su participación pueda alcanzar. Ello es primordial para ofrecer a los participantes una mejor comprensión de los intereses de cada parte, así como una orientación clara sobre las áreas en las que los participantes pueden influir y aquellas en las que la decisión es retenida por la administración responsable del compromiso. De lo contrario se desincentivará la participación de los distintos actores involucrados en el proceso de cocreación.
[90] Estrategia de la Unión Europea para la Juventud 2019-2027, Consejo de la Unión Europea, 27 de noviembre de 2018:   
[91] “Massive Open Online Course-MOOC” son cursos en línea dirigidos a un número ilimitado de participantes a través de Internet según el principio de educación abierta y masiva.
[92] “Rutas para la promoción de la integridad, la transparencia y el sentido de lo público”, Secretaría de Transparencia, Presidencia de la República de Colombia. Elaboradas con el apoyo de la Comisión Europea:


  1. Reform laws related to transparency and access to information

    ES0044, 2020, Access to Information

  2. Establish transparency certification system for public and private institutions

    ES0045, 2020, E-Government

  3. Improve central government's transparency website

    ES0046, 2020, E-Government

  4. Incorporate EU direction on open public sector data

    ES0047, 2020, Access to Information

  5. Increase publication of budget and public contracting information

    ES0048, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  6. Open data related to training of civil servants

    ES0049, 2020, Access to Information

  7. Improve access to information in Business Registry

    ES0050, 2020, E-Government

  8. Promote citizen participation in public affairs

    ES0051, 2020, Capacity Building

  9. Improve traceability of regulatory draft and approval processes

    ES0052, 2020, Capacity Building

  10. Diagnose and strengthen public integrity systems

    ES0053, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  11. Establish law regarding lobbying transparency

    ES0054, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  12. Reform law regarding conflicts of interest

    ES0055, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  13. Identify and encourage ethical uses of artificial intelligence within public sector

    ES0056, 2020, Automated Decision-Making

  14. Establish legal whistleblower protections

    ES0057, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  15. Provide open government training to public

    ES0058, 2020, Capacity Building

  16. Prepare guide on open government

    ES0059, 2020, Sustainable Development Goals

  17. Provide professional training and materials for women in rural communities

    ES0060, 2020, Capacity Building

  18. Implement and evaluate open government training for civil servants

    ES0061, 2020, Capacity Building

  19. Disseminate information and raise awareness of open government principles

    ES0062, 2020, E-Government

  20. Promote research on open government principles

    ES0065, 2020, Capacity Building

  21. Disseminate research on open government principles

    ES0066, 2020, E-Government

  22. Observatory of Open Government

    ES0067, 2020, E-Government

  23. Create Observatory of best open government practices in Spain

    ES0068, 2020, E-Government

  24. Creation of a Committee of Patients and Users

    ES0069, 2020, Health

  25. Incorporate patient associations in developing Clinical Practise Guides

    ES0070, 2020, Health

  26. Incorporate patient associations in new working groups

    ES0071, 2020, Health

  27. Increase participation of Roma People in health policy

    ES0072, 2020, Health

  28. Prevent and manage health supply problems

    ES0073, 2020, Health

  29. Publish data regarding adverse reactions to medications

    ES0074, 2020, E-Government

  30. Publish open data for the Spanish Tourism Quality System

    ES0075, 2020, Access to Information

  31. Extend access to digital infrastructure

    ES0076, 2020, Infrastructure & Transport

  32. Promote integration of open geographic data

    ES0077, 2020, Access to Information

  33. Publish significant data regarding housing sector

    ES0078, 2020, E-Government

  34. Promote citizen participation in debating the Safe, Sustainable and Connected Mobility Strategy

    ES0079, 2020, E-Government

  35. Create website for open climate data

    ES0080, 2020, Access to Information

  36. Create Open Registry of Climate Information of Spain (RAICES)

    ES0081, 2020, Access to Information

  37. Regulate citizen collaboration on meterology

    ES0082, 2020, Environment and Climate

  38. Facilitate public participation in marine NATURA 2000 NETWORK

    ES0083, 2020, Environment and Climate

  39. Open participation process regarding MeteoAlerta plan

    ES0084, 2020, Environment and Climate

  40. Modify decree on State Council for the Natural Heritage and Biodiversity

    ES0085, 2020, Environment and Climate

  41. Establish mechanisms to reconsider coastal governance

    ES0086, 2020, Environment and Climate

  42. Increase public participation in coastal protection strategies

    ES0087, 2020, Environment and Climate

  43. Increase access to and comprehension of legal knowledge

    ES0088, 2020, E-Government

  44. Establish channels for citizens to propose research topics to Sociological Research Centre

    ES0089, 2020, Public Participation

  45. Publish information related to financing and performance of science and innovation

    ES0090, 2020, E-Government

  46. Publish information regarding Aneca accreditation process

    ES0091, 2020, Education

  47. Promote participation of university community in regulatory design processes

    ES0092, 2020, E-Government

  48. Publish mandate commitments to allow for social auditing

    ES0093, 2020, E-Government

  49. Encourage citizen participation through online platform

    ES0094, 2020, Capacity Building

  50. Create citizen Monitoring Space for anti-corruption strategy

    ES0095, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  51. Publish open data to promote gender equality policies

    ES0096, 2020, Access to Information

  52. Develop regulation for evaluating public service quality

    ES0097, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  53. Draft Institutional Integrity Framework Programme

    ES0098, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  54. Develop and monitor ICSS platform for citizen feedback and information requests

    ES0099, 2020, Access to Information

  55. Offer electronic administrative services and channels for citizen participation

    ES0100, 2020, E-Government

  56. Improve transparency and accessiblity of open government website

    ES0101, 2020, E-Government

  57. Implement open government training plan for civil servants

    ES0102, 2020, Capacity Building

  58. Publish data on Open Data Website

    ES0103, 2020, Access to Information

  59. Draft Strategic Transparency Plan

    ES0104, 2020, Capacity Building

  60. Draft citizen participation law

    ES0105, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  61. Draft code of ethics for administration

    ES0106, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  62. Improve public access to transparency and open data websites

    ES0107, 2020, Access to Information

  63. Create catalogue of public information for transparency and open data websites

    ES0108, 2020, Access to Information

  64. Strengthen institutional integrity of Murcia region

    ES0109, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  65. Promote youth participation in designing public policies

    ES0110, 2020, E-Government

  66. Preparation and implementation of a Valencian strategy of open data

    ES0111, 2020, Access to Information

  67. Promote citizen participation in developing budgets

    ES0112, 2020, E-Government

  68. Strengthen institutional integrity in Valencia

    ES0113, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  69. Increase citizen participation in designing public services

    ES0114, 2020, Local Commitments

  70. Ensure greater accessibility in participating in public decisions

    ES0115, 2020, E-Government

  71. Improve youth participation in Aragón

    ES0116, 2020, Capacity Building

  72. Increase democratic innovation and participation through LAAAB Space

    ES0117, 2020, E-Government

  73. Improve citizen participation in drafting public policies

    ES0118, 2020, E-Government

  74. Develop transparency training course for civil servants

    ES0119, 2020, Access to Information

  75. Centralize open data catalogues through website

    ES0120, 2020, Access to Information

  76. Create Canary Islands Network of Open Government

    ES0121, 2020, Local Commitments

  77. Publish and encourage use of open data

    ES0122, 2020, Access to Information

  78. Encourage participation of children and teens in Navarra

    ES0123, 2020, Capacity Building

  79. Streamline processing of right to information requests

    ES0124, 2020, Access to Information

  80. Create citizen laboratories for improving public services

    ES0125, 2020, E-Government

  81. Implement electronic processing of conflict of interest reporting

    ES0126, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  82. Open participation channels for citizen evaluation of public services

    ES0127, 2020, Capacity Building

  83. Analyze and simplify regulations on open government

    ES0128, 2020, Local Commitments

  84. Training for civil servants on open government principles

    ES0129, 2020, Capacity Building

  85. Draft and approve law on transparency

    ES0130, 2020, Access to Information

  86. Draft and approve regulations regarding transparency and right to information

    ES0131, 2020, Access to Information

  87. Design online platform for local citizen participation

    ES0132, 2020, E-Government

  88. Design and implement public hearings for matters of general interest

    ES0133, 2020, Local Commitments

  89. Implement indicators to evaluate public policy

    ES0134, 2020, E-Government

  90. Design tools to improve transparency website

    ES0135, 2020, Capacity Building

  91. Ensure clear and transparent communication to citizens

    ES0136, 2020, Capacity Building

  92. Create online catalogue of public information

    ES0137, 2020, E-Government

  93. Draft and approve law on transparency and right to information

    ES0138, 2020, Access to Information

  94. Publish all information related to drafting regulations

    ES0139, 2020, E-Government

  95. Update design of transparency website

    ES0140, 2020, E-Government

  96. Approve regulation related to transparency and open government

    ES0141, 2020, Legislation & Regulation

  97. Training for civil servants on open government principles

    ES0142, 2020, Capacity Building

  98. Raise awareness among civil society on participating in transparency efforts

    ES0143, 2020, Local Commitments

  99. Promote commitment of youth in citizen participation

    ES0144, 2020, Fiscal Openness

  100. Create plan to strengthen the Network of Local Entities in Transparency and Participation

    ES0145, 2020, Anti-Corruption

  101. Creation of an Open Government Forum

    ES0024, 2017, Public Participation

  102. Sectoral Commision on Open Government

    ES0025, 2017, Capacity Building

  103. Local Authorities for Transparency and Citizen Participation

    ES0026, 2017, Access to Information

  104. Open Government Initiatives Abroad

    ES0027, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  105. Participatory Web Space on Open Government

    ES0028, 2017, Capacity Building

  106. Observatory on Participation

    ES0029, 2017, Capacity Building

  107. Participatory Budgeting

    ES0030, 2017, E-Government

  108. Young People in Public Policies

    ES0031, 2017, Capacity Building

  109. Transparency Portal and the Right of Access

    ES0032, 2017, Access to Information

  110. Information Disclosure Program and Its Reuse

    ES0033, 2017, Access to Information

  111. Citizen’S Folder

    ES0034, 2017, E-Government

  112. ARCHIVE System

    ES0035, 2017, Access to Information

  113. Regulations for the Transparency Law

    ES0036, 2017, Access to Information

  114. Expand Economic-Financial Center

    ES0037, 2017, Access to Information

  115. Coordination of the Cadastre and the Land Registry

    ES0038, 2017, Capacity Building

  116. Information on Gender-Based Violence

    ES0039, 2017, Gender

  117. Training of Public Employees

    ES0040, 2017, Capacity Building

  118. Awareness-Raising and Training of Civil Society

    ES0041, 2017, Capacity Building

  119. Education in Open Government

    ES0042, 2017, Capacity Building

  120. Open Justice in Spain

    ES0043, 2017, Access to Information

  121. Transparency Portal

    ES0014, 2014, Access to Information

  122. Spanish Archives Portal, PARES

    ES0015, 2014, E-Government

  123. Open Education Resources

    ES0016, 2014, Education

  124. Accessibility of National Health System Microdata

    ES0017, 2014, Access to Information

  125. Access to and Re-Use of Geographic Information

    ES0018, 2014, Public Participation

  126. Programmes on Opening up Information and Its Re-Use in the Public Sector

    ES0019, 2014, Access to Information

  127. Portal of the Administration of Justice

    ES0020, 2014, Access to Information

  128. Starred commitment Greater Control and Transparency in Public Grants

    ES0021, 2014, Civic Space

  129. Creation of the Spanish Council on Drug Dependence

    ES0022, 2014, Health

  130. Increased Participation of Sector Stakeholders in Defining the Goals of the National Maritime Rescue Plans.

    ES0023, 2014, Environment and Climate

  131. Starred commitment Law on Transparency, Access to Public Information and Good Governance

    ES0001, 2012, Access to Information

  132. Starred commitment Transparency and Accountability in the Official Development Assistance

    ES0002, 2012, Aid

  133. Law of Budgetary Stability and Financial Sustainability

    ES0003, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  134. Law Reform Grants

    ES0004, 2012, Civic Space

  135. E-Justice

    ES0005, 2012, E-Government

  136. Promotion of Social Networks to Facilitate Citizen Participation

    ES0006, 2012, E-Government

  137. Publication of Statistical Data on Crime

    ES0007, 2012, E-Government

  138. Review and Regulatory Simplification

    ES0008, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  139. Starred commitment E-Health

    ES0009, 2012, Health

  140. RED System

    ES0010, 2012, E-Government

  141. Streamlining Environmental Assessment Procedures

    ES0011, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  142. Streamlining Procedures for Business Creation

    ES0012, 2012, E-Government

  143. Reduction of Administrative Burdens for Farmers and Ranchers

    ES0013, 2012, Local Commitments

Open Government Partnership