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Spain

Open Justice in Spain (ES0043)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Spain Action Plan 2017-2019

Action Plan Cycle: 2017

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Justice

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Justice, Autonomous Communities with jurisdiction in matters of Justice, the General Council of the Judiciary, the Attorney General's Office, Lawyers of the Justice Administration; Pro-transparency associations, data journalists, victims' associations, consumers, etc. Reusable Information Agents, General Councils of Attorneys, Lawyers and Social Graduates, State Technical Committee of the Electronic Court Administration(CTEAJE), National Judicial Statistics Commission, National Transparency Council

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Judiciary, Justice, Open Data, Open Justice, Public Service Delivery

IRM Review

IRM Report: Spain Design Report 2017-2019

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Ministry Responsible: Ministry of Justice; Other actors: Government: Ministry of Justice, Autonomous Communities with jurisdiction in matters of Justice, the General Council of the Judiciary, the Attorney General's Office, Lawyers of the Justice Administration; Civil society, private initiative, multilateral and working groups: Pro-transparency associations, data journalists, victims' associations, consumers, etc. Reusable Information Agents General Councils of Attorneys, Lawyers and Social Graduates State Technical Committee of the Electronic Court Administration(CTEAJE) National Judicial Statistics Commission National Transparency Council; Status quo or problem to be addressed: Many governments and parliaments have taken different measures to adopt a more open public action. However, the Justice Administration is still beginning to go down this road. The low valuation that the citizens have of the Law as a public service is largely conditioned by its operation, this circumstance contributes to the fact that the Administration of Justice, like other institutions, is also affected by a reduction in the confidence that the citizens have in it with it being necessary to equip itself with instruments that reinforce its outreach to society. It is therefore necessary to incorporate new instruments that open the Administration of Justice and place the citizen at its core. Transparency is one of them, understood within the context that stipulates the very nature of the Administration of Justice. A complex system where the powers are divided between the General Council of the Judiciary, the Ministry of Justice, the Autonomous Communities with powers transferred and the judges and magistrates themselves who are constitutionally independent and subject exclusively to the rule of law. On the other hand, the Justice ecosystem has traditionally been alien to the existence of a civil society sufficiently active and with capacity to demand and to influence in an adequate functioning of Justice. In addition, we start from a weak technological base that makes it difficult to take advantage of the potential of technology for increased transparency in the institutions. There is a great diversity and dispersion of information systems that currently support judicial activity. The data is obtained and processed by manual systems without guaranteeing the quality of the data. However, some advances have been made recently. The launch of the electronic auction service allows greater access to information, greater participation and competition between bidders as well as a greater return on the auctioned assets to the Administration. On the other hand, the "how is it going" service currently in operation at the Ministry of Justice electronic judicial headquarters (commitment of the Second Open Government Plan of Spain) is a first step to provide citizens with the right of access to information.; Main objective: The main objective is to achieve a more transparent and accessible Justice Administration: • Offering data that enables adequate control by civil society and citizens, a better understanding of the functioning of the Justice system and a greater stimulus of entrepreneurship, innovation and economic growth through its reuse. • Providing citizens with digital services that allow better access to information when they involved in legal proceedings. Brief description of the commitment: The commitment will fall within a specific public policy line on Open Justice, which will be included in the National Justice Strategy that the Government of Spain will launch, with the support and participation of the political, institutional and professional actors of the country and placing Judicial transparency as one of its main axes. It will be structured in 2 lines of action:
1. Open data as an instrument of transparency in the administration of Justice. The compromise includes taking the initial steps in order to evolve the current model of judicial statistics to another in which the aforementioned statistics will be improved as far as the quality of the data, its collection and management go. The publication will be made in reusable and friendly formats for easy citizen understanding. The role of the National Commission of Judicial Statistics will be strengthened and collaboration will be promoted through the CTEAJE.
2. Improve the right of access to justice information. The commitment includes access through the streaming of certain oral hearings and the access through the Electronic Judicial Headquarters to the judicial file of the parties involved in a case. Addressed challenge of the OGP by the commitment: Increasing the quality of information related to judicial activity, automating its extraction and improving the possibilities of exploitation and dissemination is a qualitative leap forward in order to advance greater transparency of the functioning of the Justice system and as a means to facilitate better accountability and control of the functioning of the judicial administration in Spain. All of this contributes to strengthening the Justice system as State Power and as a public service giving it extra legitimacy and greater social recognition which will serve to better protect citizens’ rights and guarantees as well as greater legal security in our country. In addition, data orientation and coordination through the CTEAJE will allow for more efficient processes that will result in a more efficient management of resources.
Finally, access to the Administration of Justice services will be provided by improving the functioning of this public service by removing barriers to citizens and helping to reduce the costs of third parties (for example, journalists or professionals to be able to telematically access trials and records respectively).; Relevance: The compromise described strengthens the OGP values as follows: • Improves access to information: o It is intended to make more and more information about the functioning of the Justice system available to citizens (statistics, data, oral hearings, documents of a judicial file). o It is intended to disclose the information in open formats or, failing that, in an easily understandable way for citizens. o It aims to strengthen the right to information, by reporting not only on the status of the judicial file but also on the content of the same. o The aim is to improve the quality of information on the activity of the information, by homogenizing the concepts and concrete. milestones to provide information to each indicator. o It is intended to reduce the costs of obtaining information, by promoting solutions that extract, debug, add and present data in real time. • Citizen participation: o It aims to consult and involve civil society actors and the information reuse sector, by creating specific forums for participation in the open data Justice policy. • Accountability: o The aim is to improve access to justice, by implementing simple system access to the judicial file and without usage costs. o It is intended to improve mechanisms for public scrutiny of the justice system by publishing data on its functioning and organization in friendly and reusable formats. Aim: It is hoped to contribute to better accountability and social control over the functioning of the Justice system, as well as to improve the service to citizens and strengthen their rights, such as through access to judicial information that is included in the procedural laws. In addition, this commitment will improve efficiency in management processes and decision making at the different levels of the Ministry of Justice and agents involved in the judicial activity.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

EJE FORMACIÓN

5.3 Educación en Gobierno Abierto

Nota editorial: Este compromiso, tal como se formula en el tercer plan, consta de siete metas. A fin de facilitar su evaluación se reduce a cuatro metas. Se analizan conjuntamente por su conexión entre ellas: las metas 1 y 4 Diseño y testeo de las Guías en Gobierno Abierto; metas 2, 5 y 6 actividades complementarias y de difusión. Las metas 3 y 7 se analizan por separado.

Texto del compromiso como aparece en el plan de acción:

Formar a alumnos para el desarrollo de las competencias sociales y cívicas y, en concreto, sobre los principios del Gobierno Abierto. Formar al profesorado para la evaluación de las competencias sociales y cívicas. Preparar a los alumnos para el ejercicio de la ciudadanía democrática, la transparencia y para poder interactuar y participar en el ámbito público.

Fecha de inicio: Julio 2017 Fecha de término: Diciembre 2019

El texto completo del compromiso se encuentra en Tercer Plan de Acción de Gobierno Abierto 2017-2019 de la Alianza para el Gobierno Abierto, disponible aquí: https://bit.ly/2Wubeyk.

Contexto y objetivos

Objetivo general y relevancia

La infancia y juventud son públicos que tradicionalmente no se han tenido en cuenta a la hora de planificar políticas, ni siquiera para aquellas en las que son el público objetivo. La desafección o falta de interés en las administraciones es aún más acuciante en la sociedad juvenil europea. Por ello, es necesario conducir acciones para: “…animar a los jóvenes y dotarlos de los recursos necesarios para que se conviertan en ciudadanos activos, agentes de solidaridad y cambio positivo” [90].

Este compromiso propone la realización de las siguientes metas:

  1. Elaboración de guías de gobierno abierto.
  2. Difusión de los recursos.
  3. Formación online para el profesorado.
  4. Ejecución de la actividad formativa en Ceuta y Melilla y otras CCAA.

5 Actividades complementarias en centros educativos.

  1. Difusión de la actividad a través de la Comisión General de Educación.
  2. Evaluación de la formación.

Respecto a la relevancia de las metas propuestas, la formación y divulgación suponen un aspecto crucial para el cambio cultural que implica la apertura del Gobierno, sobre todo cuando se trata de acciones dirigidas a la comunidad educativa. La formación orientada a este colectivo es relevante para mejorar las capacidades, condiciones y espacios para la promoción de la participación ciudadana, en la medida en que suponen la formación y empoderamiento de una ciudadanía activa que siembre las semillas del cambio cultural que entraña la apertura del Gobierno. Sin embargo, no se les puede asignar una relevancia directa en relación al acceso a la información: las acciones divulgativas mejoran las condiciones para el acceso a la información, pero no implican per se una mayor divulgación de información pública o de mejor calidad. Respecto a la rendición de cuentas, no se observan mecanismos de asunción de responsabilidades y consecuencias claras en correlación con las mismas.

Las metas contenidas en el presente compromiso, las guías de gobierno abierto, la formación online dirigida al profesorado (MOOCs [91]) así como las acciones complementarias y divulgativas, introducirán los conceptos de acceso a la información, participación y colaboración entre la comunidad educativa de las ciudades autónomas de Ceuta y Melilla así como en las comunidades autónomas de Asturias, Galicia, Madrid y Valencia entre otras.

Verificabilidad e impacto potencial

Las metas del compromiso son verificables porque resultan en productos tangibles como formaciones online. Las acciones divulgativas, si bien se pueden comprobar, resultan menos específicas.

Las guías de gobierno abierto son herramientas con un impacto potencial moderado, puesto que formar a alumnos sobre los principios del gobierno abierto a través de herramientas adaptadas a su edad y a sus intereses contribuye a generar una cultura de gobierno abierto, a formar a la ciudadanía del futuro, una ciudadanía activa, democrática, y comprometida con estos valores.

Que el alumnado pueda conocer e interiorizar qué supone una cultura de gobierno abierto es un resultado del compromiso que estará supeditado a que su implementación venga acompañada de una formación específica para los equipos docentes responsables de impartir sus contenidos. Si la comunidad educativa no se involucra en su diseño, implementación y evaluación, los materiales no tendrán el impacto deseado. En este sentido se valora el impacto de los cursos MOOC orientados a los docentes como menor (los cursos contienen competencias específicas para formadores, diferenciándose de los cursos MOOC orientados a la ciudadanía). Las actividades complementarias vendrían a completar los contenidos presentados en las guías, ayudando al alumnado a comprender mejor la labor de los empleados públicos. Por esta razón también se valoran con un impacto potencial menor. Por su parte las actividades de difusión son un pilar necesario para ampliar el conocimiento sobre los materiales didácticos y poder dotar a las guías de un impacto mayor, tal como se viene trasladando a lo largo de este informe como recomendación transversal.

Siguientes pasos

La investigadora del IRM recomienda continuar con la implementación de las guías de gobierno abierto y expandir su uso a otras comunidades autónomas, sin necesidad de que estas formen parte del próximo plan de acción, al entenderse que sus bases están lo suficientemente consolidadas para continuar su desarrollo y expansión. Asimismo recomienda:

  • Analizar la posibilidad de realizar materiales online [92] sobre la base de las guías elaboradas, en una sola herramienta digital dirigida a distintos públicos: escolares, sociedad civil y empleados públicos.
  • Tener en cuenta que el interés y la motivación de todos los participantes en un proceso multiactor está fuertemente conectada con el grado de impacto que su participación pueda alcanzar. Ello es primordial para ofrecer a los participantes una mejor comprensión de los intereses de cada parte, así como una orientación clara sobre las áreas en las que los participantes pueden influir y aquellas en las que la decisión es retenida por la administración responsable del compromiso. De lo contrario se desincentivará la participación de los distintos actores involucrados en el proceso de cocreación.
[90] Estrategia de la Unión Europea para la Juventud 2019-2027, Consejo de la Unión Europea, 27 de noviembre de 2018: http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-14944-2018-INIT/es/pdf   
[91] “Massive Open Online Course-MOOC” son cursos en línea dirigidos a un número ilimitado de participantes a través de Internet según el principio de educación abierta y masiva.
[92] “Rutas para la promoción de la integridad, la transparencia y el sentido de lo público”, Secretaría de Transparencia, Presidencia de la República de Colombia. Elaboradas con el apoyo de la Comisión Europea: http://www.anticorrupcion.gov.co/multimedia/index.html

Commitments

  1. Creation of an Open Government Forum

    ES0024, 2017, Public Participation

  2. Sectoral Commision on Open Government

    ES0025, 2017, Capacity Building

  3. Local Authorities for Transparency and Citizen Participation

    ES0026, 2017, Access to Information

  4. Open Government Initiatives Abroad

    ES0027, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  5. Participatory Web Space on Open Government

    ES0028, 2017, Capacity Building

  6. Observatory on Participation

    ES0029, 2017, Capacity Building

  7. Participatory Budgeting

    ES0030, 2017, E-Government

  8. Young People in Public Policies

    ES0031, 2017, Capacity Building

  9. Transparency Portal and the Right of Access

    ES0032, 2017, Access to Information

  10. Information Disclosure Program and Its Reuse

    ES0033, 2017, Access to Information

  11. Citizen’S Folder

    ES0034, 2017, E-Government

  12. ARCHIVE System

    ES0035, 2017, Access to Information

  13. Regulations for the Transparency Law

    ES0036, 2017, Access to Information

  14. Expand Economic-Financial Center

    ES0037, 2017, Access to Information

  15. Coordination of the Cadastre and the Land Registry

    ES0038, 2017, Capacity Building

  16. Information on Gender-Based Violence

    ES0039, 2017, Gender

  17. Training of Public Employees

    ES0040, 2017, Capacity Building

  18. Awareness-Raising and Training of Civil Society

    ES0041, 2017, Capacity Building

  19. Education in Open Government

    ES0042, 2017, Capacity Building

  20. Open Justice in Spain

    ES0043, 2017, Access to Information

  21. Transparency Portal

    ES0014, 2014, Access to Information

  22. Spanish Archives Portal, PARES

    ES0015, 2014, E-Government

  23. Open Education Resources

    ES0016, 2014, Education

  24. Accessibility of National Health System Microdata

    ES0017, 2014, Access to Information

  25. Access to and Re-Use of Geographic Information

    ES0018, 2014,

  26. Programmes on Opening up Information and Its Re-Use in the Public Sector

    ES0019, 2014, Access to Information

  27. Portal of the Administration of Justice

    ES0020, 2014, Access to Information

  28. Starred commitment Greater Control and Transparency in Public Grants

    ES0021, 2014, Civic Space

  29. Creation of the Spanish Council on Drug Dependence

    ES0022, 2014, Health

  30. Increased Participation of Sector Stakeholders in Defining the Goals of the National Maritime Rescue Plans.

    ES0023, 2014, Environment and Climate

  31. Starred commitment Law on Transparency, Access to Public Information and Good Governance

    ES0001, 2012, Access to Information

  32. Starred commitment Transparency and Accountability in the Official Development Assistance

    ES0002, 2012, Aid

  33. Law of Budgetary Stability and Financial Sustainability

    ES0003, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  34. Law Reform Grants

    ES0004, 2012, Civic Space

  35. E-Justice

    ES0005, 2012, E-Government

  36. Promotion of Social Networks to Facilitate Citizen Participation

    ES0006, 2012, E-Government

  37. Publication of Statistical Data on Crime

    ES0007, 2012, E-Government

  38. Review and Regulatory Simplification

    ES0008, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  39. Starred commitment E-Health

    ES0009, 2012, Health

  40. RED System

    ES0010, 2012, E-Government

  41. Streamlining Environmental Assessment Procedures

    ES0011, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  42. Streamlining Procedures for Business Creation

    ES0012, 2012, E-Government

  43. Reduction of Administrative Burdens for Farmers and Ranchers

    ES0013, 2012, Subnational

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