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Tunisia

Use of the Data Extracted from the Application Dedicated to Budget Management (Adeb) in Public Sector (TN0015)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Tunisia, First Action Plan, 2014-16

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Economy and Finance

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

E-Government, Fiscal Transparency, Open Contracting and Procurement

IRM Review

IRM Report: Tunisia End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Data and information related to public structures budget and existing in the application dedicated to budget management (ADEB web) will be used and published in an easy and readable format. Also public procurement providers will be allowed to follow up their payments through this system.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

Clustered Commitments 13, 14, and 15: Open budget

13: Budget reports

Commitment Text: According to IBP-OECD international standards, 8 reports[Note 43: These are audit reports. Please see the IRM Midterm Progress Report 2014-2015 for further details, http://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Tunisia2014-15_IRM%20Progress%20Report_Eng.pdf.%5D related to budget must be published, but in Tunisia, only 6 reports are published. The proposal is to publish the two missing reports:

       Semi-annual report related to the budget.

       Audit report.

The 8 reports must be published in the appropriate deadlines according to international standards and also the citizen-budget must be published before the publication of the law of finance.

       Devoting fiscal transparency for public enterprises and institutions in order to oblige them to publish their financial statements.

Responsible Institutions: Ministry of Economy and Finance; the Unit of Follow-up of Public Enterprises and Institutions (Presidency of the Government)

Start Date: July 2014 End Date: June 2016

14: Open budget system

Commitment Text: Development of the open budget system in order to facilitate access to documents related to public finance and execution of the budget.  This will guarantee the reuse of data by all users. This system will include a set of global data, which will be disseminated through the exploitation of automated information systems regarding the implementation of the State budget system, especially the system of management of the budget “ADEB.” This will be considered as an important step towards transparency, corruption fight and avoiding waste of public resources.

Responsible Institution(s): Ministry of Economy and Finance

Start Date: July 2014 End Date: December 2015

15: Exploring data existing in the budget management platform (ADEB)

Commitment Text: Data and information related to public structures budget and existing in the application dedicated to budget management (ADEB) will be used and published in an easy and readable format. Also public procurement providers will be allowed to follow up their payments through this system.

Responsible Institution(s): Ministry of Finance and Economy

Start Date: July 2014 End Date: June 2016

Commitment aim

This cluster of commitments was concerned with open budget reporting. Up until 2013, Tunisia’s track record in budget openness was poor.[Note 44: International Budget Partnership, “Tunisia,” Open Budget Survey 2012, http://bit.ly/1ZjkNdI.%5D

With commitment 13, the government pledged to comply with international budget transparency standards by publishing the Budget Semi-Annual Report (produced by the Ministry of Finance), and the Audit Report (produced by the National Audit Court).

In commitment 14, the Ministry of Finance planned to set up an online platform, one that could be used easily by citizens with no background in finance or audits, for accessing and understanding budget information.

In commitment 15, the Ministry of Finance promised to implement an online tool to allow citizens to explore and reuse detailed data related to the budget and its execution from public institutions (ministries, government agencies, etc.). The tool was meant to be tailored to government contractors, and help them to track government payments.

Status

Midterm

Commitment 13 – Substantial: The Ministry of Finance published the 2014 Semi-Annual Budget Execution Report on May 2015.[Note 45: Republic of Tunisia, Ministry of Finance, “Semi-Annual Report on 2014 Budget Execution,” 2014, accessed, http://bit.ly/1mTVbrz.%5D This substantially completed this commitment. The audit report, which was the second part of the commitment, was not released. It was to be published after following internal feedback from the National Court of Audit.

Commitment 14 – Substantial: The Ministry of Finance secured support from the World Bank Group to set up an online citizen-friendly platform (ADEB) for exploring budget information. A prototype of the webiste was created and available through an unofficial website.[Note 46: BOOST, Open Budget Platform of the Minister of Economy and Finance of Tunisia, “Bienvenue sur le portail du budget ouvert du Ministère de l’Economie et des Finances de la Tunisie,” http://salasituacional.net/tunisia/template_fr/.%5D

Commitment 15 – Limited: The ADEB platform was not publically accessible at the time of the midterm assessment. The Ministry of Finance reported that the Computer Finance Center (CIMF) implemented the platform “ADEB Web” internally, but the platform was pending final validation.

For more information, please see the 2014-2015 IRM Midterm Progress Report.[Note 47: OGP, Tunisia IRM Midterm Progress Report 2014-15, http://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Tunisia2014-15_IRM%20Progress%20Report_Eng.pdf.%5D

End of term

Commitment 13 – Substantial: According to the government’s self-assessment report, the Semi-Annual Budget Report was published (May 2015), but the audit report was not released by the Court of Auditors. Thus, the commitment is not yet complete. The delay in publishing the audit report is due to internal issues within the Court of Auditors. According to the government’s self-assessment, the audit report is still being drafted.

Commitment 14 – Complete: The budget portal was launched in December 2015, and is currently open to the public at http://www.mizaniatouna.gov.tn, thereby completing this commitment. Information from the government’s internal financial tracking system (ADEB) is automatically pulled into the user-friendly plain language budget portal.

Commitment 15 – Substantial: The open budget portal contains open data sets, and allows users to track budgets and spending by goverment department.[Note 48: Portail Mizaniatouna Du Ministere Des Finances De La Tunisie, “Manuel de l’utilisateur de la base de données BOOST de la Tunisie,” http://www.mizaniatouna.gov.tn/tunisia/template_fr/Manuel_fr.php.%5D The government’s self-assessment reports that the commitment is substantially complete, and an implementation committee has been established to continue progress. However, the portal is still missing a few tools specified in the commitment text. For example, procurement providers are not yet able to follow up and track payments through the portal.

Did it open government?

Commitment 13

Access to information: Marginal

Publication of the Semi-Annual Budget Report improved Tunisia’s ranking in the International Budget Project (IBP) 2015 Open Budget Index, from 89th to 66th (or a score of 42 out of 100).[Note 49: International Budget Partnership, “Tunisia,” Open Budget Survey 2015, http://bit.ly/1W5odkg.%5D Although this is a positive step, the delayed audit report has affected Tunisia’s OGP eligibility requirements. In 2015, Tunisia fell below the eligibility criteria since it no longer published the audit report in the correct time frame. The government was given a year to increase its score above the threshold. As of May 2016, the Tunisian government submitted a request to the IMF for an extension of funds to continue carrying out economic and fiscal reforms, including updating and improving audit reporting.[Note 50: International Monetary Fund, “Tunisia: Request for an Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia,” IMF Country Report No. 16/138 (June 2016), https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2016/cr16138.pdf.%5D At the close of the commitment’s implementation period in June 2016, however, the audit reports still had not been released.

Commitment 14

Access to information: Major         

The Tunisian Ministry of Finance launched a new portal, together with the World Bank, to increase the transparency of public spending and enable citizens to monitor government’s use of public funds. The Mizaniatouna (Our Budget) portal acts as a single point of entry for all financial information dating to 2008. It is accessible in French and Arabic, and provides texts and graphs to improve citizens’ ability to understand budget information, including budget deficits, public debt, and the cost of public subsidies.

ADEB is the Ministry of Finance’s internal system used for tracking government financial information. The Mizaniatouna portal pulls information directly from ADEB, and display it publicly in an easy to use format. A World Bank Senior Public Sector Specialist noted, Tunisia’s transition from being one of the most secretive regimes in the region to becoming the frontrunner in terms of fiscal transparency is a very fulfilling experience. It offers great opportunities for deeper citizen engagement to improve the transparency and accountability of key public programs and services.”[Note 51: The Wolrd Bank, “Tunisia's Fiscal Transparency Revolution: from Secrecy to Full Openness”, 23 December 2015, http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2015/12/23/tunisia-fiscal-transparency-revolution-from-secrecy-to-full-openness%5D

Commitment 15

Access to Information: Marginal

The interactive Mizaniatouna budget site includes transparency tools, such as a “pivot table” with which citizens can download raw data on public spending in open formats.[Note 52: Portail Mizaniatouna, isdatabank.info/boost_tunisia_fr/ ] The data have been collected and integrated with the World Bank BOOST database system, and are organised by sector (public remuneration, interest on government debt, public funding, etc.) and year (from 2008). While it is too early to assess how citizens have used the site since it came online, and how this initiative has changed government practice, it does represent a positive step toward greater fiscal transparency. Some members of civil society believe that the portal could still be improved to make data easier to reuse.[Note 53: Al Bawsala Interview with IRM researcher, 1 February 2017.] Developing and implementing the portal has had a major impact on opening government by making fiscal information available, but it is less clear how useful the data tools, in their current format, will be in allowing citizens to analyse public spending.

Carried forward?

These commitments were not included in the second action plan. The IRM researcher suggests collecting feedback and working with CSOs and Mizaniatouna site users to assess how the portal and data are being used, and whether the tools can be improved.


Tunisia's Commitments

  1. Right to Information

    TN0036, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data Framework

    TN0037, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Access to Geographic Information

    TN0038, 2018, E-Government

  4. Open Transport Data

    TN0039, 2018, E-Government

  5. Improve Water Resource Governance

    TN0040, 2018, E-Government

  6. Join EITI

    TN0041, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Open Contracting in Hydrocarbons

    TN0042, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Anti-Corruption Framework

    TN0043, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  9. Participatory Budgeting

    TN0044, 2018, Audits and Controls

  10. Youth Participation

    TN0045, 2018, Marginalized Communities

  11. Implement Initiatives to Apply the OGP at the Local Level

    TN0046, 2018, E-Government

  12. Online Administrative Services

    TN0047, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Access to Civil Service

    TN0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  14. Joining the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative "EITI"

    TN0021, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Modernizing the Regulatory Framework to Enforce The Right To Access to Information

    TN0022, 2016, Capacity Building

  16. The Completion of the Legal and Regulatory Framework of Open Data at the National Level

    TN0023, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Improve the Transparency and Local Gov Openness

    TN0024, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Enhance the Transparency in the Cultural Sector : “Open Culture”

    TN0025, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. Enhance the Transparency in the Environment and Sustainable Development Sector

    TN0026, 2016, Aid

  20. Enhancing Transparency in the Transport Sector

    TN0027, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Financial and Fiscal Transparency

    TN0028, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  22. Elaborating a Legal Framework for Citizen’S Petitions

    TN0029, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform

    TN0030, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  24. Developing New Mechanisms to Promote Interaction with the Youth and Enable Them to Pursue Dialogue About Public Policies

    TN0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Adopting the Corporate Governance Referential on the Sectoral Level

    TN0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Developing Mobile Applications Which Could Be Downloaded on the Mobile Phone to Reinforce Transparency of Government Activities and Participatory Approach

    TN0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Enhancing Access to the Archive

    TN0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. The Development of an Electronic Mechanism to Ensure Transparency of Public Servants Recruitment

    TN0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  29. Strengthening Legal Framework for Corruption Fight

    TN0001, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  30. Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform

    TN0002, 2014, E-Government

  31. Publishing an Annual Report on Audit Activities in Public Sector

    TN0003, 2014, Audits and Controls

  32. Review of the Legal Framework of Personal Data Protection and Ensuring Conformity with Article 24 of Tunisian Constitution

    TN0004, 2014, Human Rights

  33. Developing an Open Data Portal

    TN0005, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport

  34. Preparing a National Corporate Governance Repository

    TN0006, 2014, E-Government

  35. Establishing a Legal Framework That Regulates Communication and Interaction Within Public Sector and Between Public Structures and Citizens with Usage of ICT

    TN0007, 2014, E-Government

  36. Simplifying Administrative Procedures

    TN0008, 2014, E-Government

  37. Develop a Number of Administrative Services On-Line

    TN0009, 2014, E-Government

  38. Enhancing People Participation in the Decision-Making Process

    TN0010, 2014, E-Government

  39. Capacity-Building of Civil Servants and Citizens in the Area of Open Governance

    TN0011, 2014, Capacity Building

  40. Creation of a Structure Specialized in Training in the Governance Area

    TN0012, 2014, Capacity Building

  41. Publication of Budget Reports

    TN0013, 2014, Audits and Controls

  42. Development of the Open Budget System

    TN0014, 2014, Fiscal Transparency

  43. Use of the Data Extracted from the Application Dedicated to Budget Management (Adeb) in Public Sector

    TN0015, 2014, E-Government

  44. Publication of Reports Related to Attribution and Execution of Public Procurement and Audit Results

    TN0016, 2014, Audits and Controls

  45. Publication of Recommandations Included in Audit Reports of Public Procurement

    TN0017, 2014, Audits and Controls

  46. Development of an "Open Data" Platform Dedicated to Information Dealing with Oil and Mine Sector Investment

    TN0018, 2014, Extractive Industries

  47. Improve Transparency in the Area of Infrastructure Projects

    TN0019, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport

  48. Devoting Transparency in the Environment Field

    TN0020, 2014, E-Government