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Tunisia

Improve Transparency in the Area of Infrastructure Projects (TN0019)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Tunisia, First Action Plan, 2014-16

Action Plan Cycle: 2014

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of equipment, urban planning and sustainable development

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Infrastructure & Transport, Open Data, Subnational

IRM Review

IRM Report: Tunisia End-of-Term Report 2014-2016

Starred: No

Early Results: Marginal

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Development of a Geographic Information System for urban development models and its publication online.
The implementation of a Geographic Information System for urban development models (SIG WEB PAU) containing urban models approved and containing all related administrative and legal data (legal texts and urban regulation) taking into consideration geographic data to make it available for interested parties (ministries, municipalities, consulting firms...)
- Preparation of urban development guidelines projects and their publication
online.
- Online publication of governorates ATLAS including economic, environmental and social data.
Implementation of a database that includes natural, environmental, demographic, economic, social and urban specific data of each governorate in Tunisia in order to make a current diagnosis of the governorate and to establish specific and appropriate development programs.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

19: Transparency in infrastructure projects

Commitment Text:

       Development of a Geographic Information System for urban development plans and its publication online.

The implementation of a Geographic Information System for urban development plans containing urban plans approved and containing all related administrative and legal data (legal texts and urban regulation) taking into consideration geographic data to make it available for interested parties (ministries, municipalities, consulting firms…)

Responsible Institution(s): Ministry of Equipment, Territory Planning, and Sustainable Development

Start Date: July 2014                      End Date: December 2015

Commitment Text:

       Preparation of land use master plan projects and their publication online.

Responsible Institution(s): Ministry of Equipment, Territory Planning, and Sustainable Development

Start Date: July 2014 End Date: June 2016

Commitment Text:

       Online publication of governorates ATLAS including economic, environmental and social data.

Implementation of a database that includes natural, environmental, demographic, economic, social and urban specific data of each governorate in Tunisia in order to make a current diagnosis of the governorate and to establish specific and appropriate development programs.

Responsible Institution(s): Ministry of Equipment, Territory Planning, and Sustainable Development

Start Date: July 2014 End Date: December 2015

Commitment aim

This commitment aimed to improve the accessibility of public geographical information by publishing basic geographical data, urban plans, land use, and atlases. Historically, geographical information published by the government has been scarce in Tunisia, except for limited social and economic data available on the National Statistics Institute (INS) website.


Status

Midterm: Substantial

The development of a Geographical Information System (GIS) was limited. In early 2015, the Ministry of Equipment, Housing, and Urban Planning contracted a firm to develop the GIS. This was completed in April 2015. The system was to be deployed before the end of 2015 and the geographical data published online.

Completion of land use master plans was substantial. Over the course of 2015, the Ministry of Equipment, Housing, and Urban Planning published several digital geographical resources on its website.[Note 64: Ministry of Equipment website, including geographical resources, : http://www.equipement.tn/index.php?id=3&L=1 ] Additionally, the online ATLAS database, including economic, environmental, and social data, was substantially complete. By the time the midterm progress report was written, urban plans for six territorial zones and 16 out of 24 governorate atlases were available in PDF format. For more information, please see the 2014-2015 IRM Midterm Progress Report.[Note 65: OGP, Tunisia IRM Midterm Progress Report 2014-15, http://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2001/01/Tunisia2014-15_IRM%20Progress%20Report_Eng.pdf. ]

End of term: Substantial

According to the government’s self-assessment report, implementation of the first commitment activity, the development of a Geographical Information System, is substantially complete. The GIS for urban development planning was developed using mapping and remote sensing technology. It is expected to be fully updated before the end of 2017, and is available at http://geopau.gov.tn/.

Since the midterm evaluation, there has been no further progress on the preparation and online publication of land use master plan projects, or the third commitment activity. Therefore, both remain substantially complete. According to the self assessment report, studies on developing economic, environmental, and social data assessments have been published online http://www.mehat.gov.tn/index.php?id=347. Only one dataset related to indicators of housing and families has been published (http://www.equipement.tn/index.php?id=295&L=1).

Did it open government?

Access to information: Marginal

Publically available geographical information has been historically scarce in Tunisia. If fully implemented, this commitment could be a major step in providing public access to information and, thus, helping to expose corruption risks in urban planning.

According to Transparency International,[Note 66: Transparency International, “Consultancy to Product 2-3 Case Studies on Urban Corruption Issues that Urban Planners Are Exposed to in Fast Growing Cities in East and Southern Africa,” http://bit.ly/1PVz6Tn.] several corruption risks are associated with urban planning. These could have detrimental and, sometimes, fatal consequences (e.g., collapsing structures and lethal mudslides due to bribes paid by developers and slumlords who help dodge building standards and zoning laws, thereby creating extreme vulnerabilities and ineffective disaster responses). Dysfunctional urban planning remains an area prone to corruption. Funds for public works projects, land use, and zoning for vehicle use can be channeled to business, and speculative gains can be leveraged with powerful contractors and developers.[Note 67: Council of Europe Portal, Economic Crime and Cooperation Division, https://www.coe.int/t/dghl/cooperation/economiccrime/corruption/projects/snac/pdf/tp/SNACtun3%203_TP-RAdomaines-frREV.pdf.]

CSOs[Note 68: Interview with Open Gov group, E-Gov Society, and Al Bawsala, 1 February 2017.] support the publication of geographic and land-use information online because it allows citizens to hold government officials accountable for calls for tender results and for the choices made regarding infrastructure contracts. The publication of atlases is a welcome step, but there is a need for more targeted promotional efforts so that citizens are aware of the available data and can use them accordingly. Nonetheless, members of the OpenGovTN group found that the publication format of the urban plans and the atlases lacks a re-usability function. While civil society supports the implementation of this commitment, the Ministry of Equipment has been vague on details of publication due to security concerns.

Carried forward?

This commitment was not carried over to the second action plan. However, to ensure full completion of this commitment and further progress in this area, the IRM researcher suggests continuing to publish and update urban plans and atlases, as well as data related to housing and urban planning within a pre-set publication schedule. To ensure more accountable spending on infrastructure projects, the government should hold public consultations on major urban planning projects and the related public spending.


Commitments

  1. Right to Information

    TN0036, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data Framework

    TN0037, 2018, Capacity Building

  3. Access to Geographic Information

    TN0038, 2018, E-Government

  4. Open Transport Data

    TN0039, 2018, E-Government

  5. Improve Water Resource Governance

    TN0040, 2018, E-Government

  6. Join EITI

    TN0041, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Open Contracting in Hydrocarbons

    TN0042, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Anti-Corruption Framework

    TN0043, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  9. Participatory Budgeting

    TN0044, 2018, Audits and Controls

  10. Youth Participation

    TN0045, 2018, Marginalized Communities

  11. Implement Initiatives to Apply the OGP at the Local Level

    TN0046, 2018, E-Government

  12. Online Administrative Services

    TN0047, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Access to Civil Service

    TN0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  14. Joining the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative "EITI"

    TN0021, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Modernizing the Regulatory Framework to Enforce The Right To Access to Information

    TN0022, 2016, Capacity Building

  16. The Completion of the Legal and Regulatory Framework of Open Data at the National Level

    TN0023, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Improve the Transparency and Local Gov Openness

    TN0024, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Enhance the Transparency in the Cultural Sector : “Open Culture”

    TN0025, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. Enhance the Transparency in the Environment and Sustainable Development Sector

    TN0026, 2016, Aid

  20. Enhancing Transparency in the Transport Sector

    TN0027, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Promoting Financial and Fiscal Transparency

    TN0028, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  22. Elaborating a Legal Framework for Citizen’S Petitions

    TN0029, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform

    TN0030, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  24. Developing New Mechanisms to Promote Interaction with the Youth and Enable Them to Pursue Dialogue About Public Policies

    TN0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Adopting the Corporate Governance Referential on the Sectoral Level

    TN0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Developing Mobile Applications Which Could Be Downloaded on the Mobile Phone to Reinforce Transparency of Government Activities and Participatory Approach

    TN0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Enhancing Access to the Archive

    TN0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. The Development of an Electronic Mechanism to Ensure Transparency of Public Servants Recruitment

    TN0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  29. Strengthening Legal Framework for Corruption Fight

    TN0001, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  30. Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform

    TN0002, 2014, E-Government

  31. Publishing an Annual Report on Audit Activities in Public Sector

    TN0003, 2014, Audits and Controls

  32. Review of the Legal Framework of Personal Data Protection and Ensuring Conformity with Article 24 of Tunisian Constitution

    TN0004, 2014, Human Rights

  33. Developing an Open Data Portal

    TN0005, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport

  34. Preparing a National Corporate Governance Repository

    TN0006, 2014, E-Government

  35. Establishing a Legal Framework That Regulates Communication and Interaction Within Public Sector and Between Public Structures and Citizens with Usage of ICT

    TN0007, 2014, E-Government

  36. Simplifying Administrative Procedures

    TN0008, 2014, E-Government

  37. Develop a Number of Administrative Services On-Line

    TN0009, 2014, E-Government

  38. Enhancing People Participation in the Decision-Making Process

    TN0010, 2014, E-Government

  39. Capacity-Building of Civil Servants and Citizens in the Area of Open Governance

    TN0011, 2014, Capacity Building

  40. Creation of a Structure Specialized in Training in the Governance Area

    TN0012, 2014, Capacity Building

  41. Publication of Budget Reports

    TN0013, 2014, Audits and Controls

  42. Development of the Open Budget System

    TN0014, 2014, Fiscal Transparency

  43. Use of the Data Extracted from the Application Dedicated to Budget Management (Adeb) in Public Sector

    TN0015, 2014, E-Government

  44. Publication of Reports Related to Attribution and Execution of Public Procurement and Audit Results

    TN0016, 2014, Audits and Controls

  45. Publication of Recommandations Included in Audit Reports of Public Procurement

    TN0017, 2014, Audits and Controls

  46. Development of an "Open Data" Platform Dedicated to Information Dealing with Oil and Mine Sector Investment

    TN0018, 2014, Extractive Industries

  47. Improve Transparency in the Area of Infrastructure Projects

    TN0019, 2014, Infrastructure & Transport

  48. Devoting Transparency in the Environment Field

    TN0020, 2014, E-Government