Skip Navigation
Tunisia

Developing New Mechanisms to Promote Interaction with the Youth and Enable Them to Pursue Dialogue About Public Policies (TN0031)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Tunisia Second National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry in charge of Civil Service, Governance and Fight against Corruption

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, Marginalized Communities, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery

IRM Review

IRM Report: Tunisia End-of-Term Report 2016-2018, Tunisia Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Did Not Change

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Developing new mechanisms to promote interaction with the youth and enable them to pursue dialogue about public policies

IRM Midterm Status Summary

11. Develop new mechanisms to promote interaction with the youth and enable them to pursue dialogue about public policies

Commitment Text:

Involving youth in the development and implementation of open government principals in order to foster their participation and find tools to enable them to express their aspirations and express their voice to public officials and decision-makers regarding different public policies.

Milestones:

  • Development of an e-platform allowing youth to provide feedback on the delivery of selected public services and that requires the responsible public structures to respond and address the issues raised.
  • Co-creation (Government/CSO) of local councils which must include representatives of civil society and public authorities with a significant presence for the young people. The main goal of this action is to create a space facilitating discussion about key pain points and opportunities as articulated by youth CSOs which government could respond to.

Responsible institution: Ministry of Youth and Sports

Supporting institution(s):

As mentioned in the NAP: Jamaity Association

As evaluated: World Bank, UNESCO, OECD

Start date: June 2016        End date: July 2018

Context and Objectives

Tunisia’s revolution of 2011 has been dubbed a youth revolution, with young Tunisians going out to the streets to express their disenchantment with Ben Ali’s regime and contributing to his fall. Since then, the relationship between the state and the youth has been fragile. Tunisian youth have been underrepresented on the political landscape dominated by an older generation. [40]

The fracture between the youth and the state was characterized by three major alarming findings. First, youth participation in the latest elections (2014) in both parliamentary and presidential was low. Youth did not run for positions and did not vote either. Second, Tunisia suffers from high rates of legal and illegal migration to Europe, brain drain and smuggling, affecting mostly the youth. Third, there is a growing concern that Tunisian youths are being recruited to extremist militant groups like ISIS or Al Qaida, domestically and abroad.

Recognizing the problem, international organizations and Tunisian authorities started programs to increase youth participation and motivate them to take part in the democratic process. With this commitment, the Tunisian Ministry of Youth and Sports is hoping to find a new way to foster youth participation via an online platform and to establish a pilot of eight youth councils.

Since 2010, the Tunisian Ministry of Youth and Sports has tried to come up with a national strategy for youth but has not been able to deliver any substantial result. [41] [42]

This commitment contains two milestones. The first entails creation of an e-platform for providing government feedback to youth on public policies, but it is not clear which policies would be selected and assessed. This is relevant to the values of Tech and Innovation for transparency and accountability. The second milestone involves creation of local councils with youth representation, but without specifying what these councils would do and how youth selection and participation would be ensured. This commitment is relevant to the OGP value of civic participation. When interviewed, youth-led NGOs in Tunisia expressed their skepticism, due to previous failed experiences of the Tunisian Ministry of Youth and Sports with online platforms and creation of youth councils’ pilots. Prior to this commitment, the ministry had initiated a number of projects to involve youth, however, these projects have not led to the expected meaningful outcomes in terms of youth reach out. Therefore, youth CSOs interviewed for this report are not convinced that this commitment represents a departure from the previous practices of the ministry. Hence, the potential impact of the commitment if fully implemented is minor.

Completion

This commitment completion is limited. The researcher confirmed that the Terms of Reference for the e-platform have been developed.

Commitment implementation has suffered from the lack of clear definition of roles and responsibilities. Since the start of the action plan, four different focal points have changed within the ministry.

In addition, during the interview with partners for the IRM research, coordination between different partners has been a challenge. Multiple development partners have been helping the Ministry of Youth and Sports with overlapping projects for the creation of a platform and youth councils. UNESCO, OECD and the World Bank are directly or indirectly involved on this commitment. UNESCO is indirectly involved as it recruited a consultant that is working to develop Terms of References for the new e-platform. OECD held a conference that gathered youth leaders from NGOs, government officials and staff from the Ministry of Youth and Sports to discuss the implementation of a platform. The World Bank agreed to partner with the ministry to implement this commitment as part of its engagement to support Tunisia in its OGP efforts.

Organizations listed as partners do not seem to be involved in the implementation of this commitment. For example, Jamaity Association were surprised to be mentioned in the OGP action plan and confirmed to the IRM that they are not participating in the project.

Next Steps

This commitment could be carried forward due to its potential impact on open government and on the engagement of multiple multilateral agencies to support it along with the ministry.

To ensure successful implementation of the commitment:

  • The Ministry of Youth and Sports needs to coordinate with OECD, UNESCO and the World Bank to define specific roles and contributions.
  • The ministry needs to include CSOs in the implementation of this commitment.
  • The commitment should be reviewed to include more specific details and clarify the milestones in the next action plan.

IRM End of Term Status Summary

11. Developing new mechanisms to promote interaction with the youth and enable them to pursue dialogue about public policies

Commitment Text:

This commitment aims to involve youth in the development and implementation of open government principals in order to foster their participation and find tools to enable them to express their aspirations and express their voice to public officials and decision-makers regarding different public policies and programs especially actions included In the NAP-OGP 2016-2018.

Milestones:

  • Development of an e-platform allowing youth to provide feedback on the delivery of selected public services and that requires the responsible public structures to respond and address the issues raised.
  • Co-creation (Government/CSO) of local councils which must include representatives of civil society and public authorities with a significant presence for the young people. The main goal of this action is to create a space facilitating discussion about key pain points and opportunities as articulated by youth CSOs which government could respond to.

Responsible institution: Ministry of Youth and Sports

Start date: June 2016 End date: July 2018

Editorial Note: This is an abbreviated version of the commitment text. For the full commitment text from the Tunisia National Action Plan, see here.

Commitment Aim:

The commitment aimed to bridge the gap between government and youth in Tunisia,

by offering online and offline measures to increase youth participation in decision making. The measures include:

  • The creation of an online interactive platform
  • The creation of local councils

Status

Midterm: Limited

UNESCO, OECD, and the World Bank worked with the government on the implementation of this commitment. [50] UNESCO was involved in the recruitment of a consultant to work to develop the terms of reference for the new e-platform. [51] OECD organized a conference and invited youth leaders from NGOs, government officials, and staff from the Ministry of Youth and Sports to discuss the implementation of the platform. [52] The World Bank agreed to partner with the Ministry of Youth and Sports to implement this commitment in line with its role to support Tunisia in its OGP efforts. [53] The Ministry of Youth and Sports and the three partners decided to create a pilot for this project by selecting five Houses of Youth in different regions of Tunisia to create the local councils. These locations were Ettadhamen, Testour, Douar Hicher, Kalaat Senan, and Hazoua. [54] By the midterm assessment, the terms of reference for the online platform was drafted.

End of term: Limited

Besides the selection of targeted localities and draft terms of reference for the online platform, the implementation of the youth councils and the development of the website were not completed. Therefore, the completion of this commitment is limited. [55]

Did It Open Government?

Civic Participation: Did Not Change

This commitment did not open government with respect to civic participation due to its limited completion. CSO members of the MSG expressed their skepticism about the realization of the commitment, they attributed the challenges of the commitment to the top-down approach. [56]

Carried Forward?

This commitment has been carried forward with some variations.

[54] Interview with Ibrahim El Ghandour and Mootaz Chaouachi, World Bank Tunisia, 17 May 2018.
[55] Interview with Salma Ben Khalifa Negra, UNESCO, 10 May 2018.
[56] Interview with Asma Cherifi, 10 May 2018.

Commitments

  1. Right to Information

    TN0036, 2018, Access to Information

  2. Open Data Framework

    TN0037, 2018, Access to Information

  3. Access to Geographic Information

    TN0038, 2018, Access to Information

  4. Open Transport Data

    TN0039, 2018, Access to Information

  5. Improve Water Resource Governance

    TN0040, 2018, E-Government

  6. Join EITI

    TN0041, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  7. Open Contracting in Hydrocarbons

    TN0042, 2018, Access to Information

  8. Anti-Corruption Framework

    TN0043, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  9. Participatory Budgeting

    TN0044, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  10. Youth Participation

    TN0045, 2018, Marginalized Communities

  11. Implement Initiatives to Apply the OGP at the Local Level

    TN0046, 2018, E-Government

  12. Online Administrative Services

    TN0047, 2018, Capacity Building

  13. Access to Civil Service

    TN0048, 2018, Capacity Building

  14. Joining the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative "EITI"

    TN0021, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  15. Modernizing the Regulatory Framework to Enforce The Right To Access to Information

    TN0022, 2016, Access to Information

  16. The Completion of the Legal and Regulatory Framework of Open Data at the National Level

    TN0023, 2016, Access to Information

  17. Improve the Transparency and Local Gov Openness

    TN0024, 2016, Access to Information

  18. Enhance the Transparency in the Cultural Sector : “Open Culture”

    TN0025, 2016, Access to Information

  19. Enhance the Transparency in the Environment and Sustainable Development Sector

    TN0026, 2016, Access to Information

  20. Enhancing Transparency in the Transport Sector

    TN0027, 2016, Access to Information

  21. Promoting Financial and Fiscal Transparency

    TN0028, 2016, Fiscal Openness

  22. Elaborating a Legal Framework for Citizen’S Petitions

    TN0029, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform

    TN0030, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  24. Developing New Mechanisms to Promote Interaction with the Youth and Enable Them to Pursue Dialogue About Public Policies

    TN0031, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Adopting the Corporate Governance Referential on the Sectoral Level

    TN0032, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Developing Mobile Applications Which Could Be Downloaded on the Mobile Phone to Reinforce Transparency of Government Activities and Participatory Approach

    TN0033, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Enhancing Access to the Archive

    TN0034, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. The Development of an Electronic Mechanism to Ensure Transparency of Public Servants Recruitment

    TN0035, 2016, Capacity Building

  29. Strengthening Legal Framework for Corruption Fight

    TN0001, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  30. Developing an Integrated Electronic Civil Petition and Corruption Reporting Platform

    TN0002, 2014, E-Government

  31. Publishing an Annual Report on Audit Activities in Public Sector

    TN0003, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  32. Review of the Legal Framework of Personal Data Protection and Ensuring Conformity with Article 24 of Tunisian Constitution

    TN0004, 2014, Access to Information

  33. Developing an Open Data Portal

    TN0005, 2014, Access to Information

  34. Preparing a National Corporate Governance Repository

    TN0006, 2014, E-Government

  35. Establishing a Legal Framework That Regulates Communication and Interaction Within Public Sector and Between Public Structures and Citizens with Usage of ICT

    TN0007, 2014, E-Government

  36. Simplifying Administrative Procedures

    TN0008, 2014, E-Government

  37. Develop a Number of Administrative Services On-Line

    TN0009, 2014, E-Government

  38. Enhancing People Participation in the Decision-Making Process

    TN0010, 2014, E-Government

  39. Capacity-Building of Civil Servants and Citizens in the Area of Open Governance

    TN0011, 2014, Capacity Building

  40. Creation of a Structure Specialized in Training in the Governance Area

    TN0012, 2014, Capacity Building

  41. Publication of Budget Reports

    TN0013, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  42. Development of the Open Budget System

    TN0014, 2014, Fiscal Openness

  43. Use of the Data Extracted from the Application Dedicated to Budget Management (Adeb) in Public Sector

    TN0015, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  44. Publication of Reports Related to Attribution and Execution of Public Procurement and Audit Results

    TN0016, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  45. Publication of Recommandations Included in Audit Reports of Public Procurement

    TN0017, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  46. Development of an "Open Data" Platform Dedicated to Information Dealing with Oil and Mine Sector Investment

    TN0018, 2014, Access to Information

  47. Improve Transparency in the Area of Infrastructure Projects

    TN0019, 2014, Access to Information

  48. Devoting Transparency in the Environment Field

    TN0020, 2014, Access to Information

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!