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Ukraine

Community Policing System (UA0067)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Ukraine Third National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: National Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Education and Science, Regional and Kyiv Municipal State administrations.

Support Institution(s): European Union Advisory Mission in Ukraine (EUAM), IREX International organisation, Dream Kyiv non-governmental organisation, other civil society institutions and international organisations (by consent).

Policy Areas

Education, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery, Security

IRM Review

IRM Report: Ukraine End-of-Term Report 2016-2018, Ukraine Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Major Major

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Event: Creation of a “Community policing” system.; Implementation timeframe: 2016-2018; Entities responsible: National Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Education and Science, Regional and Kyiv Municipal State administrations.; Partners: European Union Advisory Mission in Ukraine (EUAM), IREX International organisation, Dream Kyiv non-governmental organisation, other civil society institutions and international organisations (by consent).; Expected results: Ensuring the: Training of patrol policemen, district policemen, juvenile prevention inspectors and inspectors of patrol police response groups in the principles of community policing (December 2017). Holding of information campaigns on matters related to community policing among the populace (June 2018). Establishment of citizen advisory groups in urban settlements (June 2018). Creation and launch of online resources for police and community support and cooperation (2017). Implementation of the “School and Police” project (June 2018).

IRM End of Term Status Summary

11. Create a “Community policing” system

Commitment Text:

Creation of a “Community policing” system

Expected results: Training of patrol policemen, district policemen, juvenile prevention inspectors and inspectors of patrol police response groups in the principles of community policing (December 2017). Holding of information campaigns on matters related to community policing among the populace (June 2018). Establishment of citizen advisory groups in urban settlements (June 2018). Creation and launch of online resources for police and community support and cooperation (2017). Implementation of the “School and Police” project (June 2018).

Responsible institutions: National Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Education and Science, Regional and Kyiv Municipal State administrations.

Supporting institutions: European Union Advisory Mission in Ukraine (EUAM), IREX International organization, Dream Kyiv non-governmental organization, other civil society institutions and international organizations (by consent).

Start date: December 2016..                                     End date: August 2018

Commitment Aim:

The commitment aims to create a community policing system. The commitment would reform the police force. It seeks to promote community policing and train police officers in the principles of community policing. It would conduct information campaigns on community policing and establish citizen advisory groups. The commitment would also create and launch online resources for police and community support and cooperation, and implement a School and Police project.

Status

Midterm: Substantial

According to the government’s self-assessment report, the police completed an unspecified number of trainings for police in six regions. The police were still in the process of conducting trainings in three other regions and had educated 614 police officers as trainers in community policing. [197] No significant media campaign had taken place at the midterm. Instead, the National Police had focused on organizing meetings between the police and both civil society representatives and the broader public. At midterm, 1,261 meetings had taken place. The government’s self-assessment report indicated that within the time frame of this commitment, the police had conducted as many as 9,523 instructional classes in Ukrainian high schools. [198] The School Police Officer module involved a patrol officer visiting a school and scheduling conversations with students. [199] According to the government’s self-assessment report, a majority of parents and children considered the crime prevention in schools program positive. To provide more online resources for the police and the public, the National Police launched a small pilot program in Kyiv collecting public feedback using a Facebook page called 'Secure Community.' [200] The page received 397 appeals from the public to address a variety of issues regarding local policing. Yet the National Police have not begun to form citizen advisory groups. Overall, by midterm, the commitment had made substantial progress. For more information, please see the 2016–2018 IRM midterm report. [201]

End of term: Substantial

By the end of the action plan, the government had substantially completed the commitment. The National Police continued conducting more trainings for police, launched new information campaigns, and continued updating online resources for police and community support and cooperation. To increase capacity according to the community policing approach, the police taught 258 trainers and held 383 workshops. These efforts taught 5,443 policemen. [202] Moreover, the government included the “Сommunity Policing” module in the basic training for police officers. [203] The National Police reported 3,771 meetings with citizens and 2,702 public events within the community policing framework. [204] Implementing the School and Police project, the police held 18,304 classes in schools, involving 527,621 children. The police conducted 3,301 camp trainings with 115,223 children participants. The police conducted 2,268 trainings in kindergartens, involving 86,556 children. [205]

The National Police extended the School and Police project to include Kharkiv, Dnipro, Severodonetsk, Lysychansk, Rubizhne, Chernivtsi, and Kropyvnytskyi. [206] Civil society activists, implementing community-police initiatives, also noted progress in introducing the community policing approach in police practice, [207] in particular as implemented by the Patrol Police (a division of the National Police). [208] However, the IRM researcher found no solid confirmation about citizen advisory groups.These efforts merit a ranking of substantial regarding completion of this commitment.

Did It Open Government?

Access to Information: Major

Civic Participation: Marginal

Community policing is a new concept in Ukraine. The approach constitutes part of the bigger police reform that started in 2014 and embodies the objective to change the low level of public trust toward the police. [209] Prior to implementation of this commitment, police did not proactively reach out to communities about crime prevention measures, and police did not traditionally interact with the public as part of building trust.

The commitment has led to a major improvement in access to information about police reform. It has also led to a change in the functioning of the police, including new channels for interaction with citizens. The commitment resulted in hundreds of workshops covering more than 5,000 police officials and over 6,000 meetings and public events. According to police officials, the information campaign covered the topics of gender violence, work with probation centers, work with people with disabilities, ecological initiatives, and sport events. [210] They also dealt with issues of family violence, bullying, wearable light reflectors, fraud, citizens' rights and duties, police activities, and community-police collaboration. [211] These efforts have changed the government practice in terms of providing information to citizens about the mandate and functioning of the police force, focus of the new Patrol Police reform, and how citizens can interact with police to prevent crime.

A civil society activist implementing community-police projects emphasized that due to a lack of resources, the government reformed only the Patrol Police according to the principles of community policing. [212] According to the activist, due to the preventive nature of their work, the Patrol Police are not fully acknowledged by the National Police. [213] Nevertheless, the activist felt that in communities covered by the community policing project, trust toward the police is higher than in communities without this project. [214] An official from the police acknowledged that due to the openness of police, on web pages and social media, people increasingly report to police officers more often. [215]

The citizen advisory groups had not been established by the end of the action plan. However, the National Police reported 12 joint police-community projects. These projects are closely connected to the School and Police project: SHOP (nationwide), POLiS (nationwide), Secure Community (Kyiv), Basic Self-Defense Course for Women (Dnipro), Community Mapping (Ivano-Frankivsk), Patrol Policemen Jointly with Ukrtransbezpeka and Transporters Work with Communities (Uzhgorod), Secure City (Kherson), Policemen Assistant (Lviv), Red Cross (Chernivtsi), Security Sector (Boryspil), Local Project (Odesa), and Neighbor Watch (Vinnytsia). [216] The National Police noted that as the local population became more engaged in ensuring community security, residents sent more requests to introduce School and Police and Neighbor Watch projects in their neigbhourhoods. [217] These projects have helped to improve cooperation between police and communities. For example, in Brovary, the police detained a gang of burglars due to cooperation between locals and police officers. [218]

A civic activist facilitating community-police collaboration noticed that decentralization reform and the Community Policing project had a synergy effect. Several communities must decide with whom to form amalgamated communities. So local residents deliberate which communities are better to unite with and seek those with police stations, patrol cars, and a track record of efficient policing. [219] While not all reported activities can be directly attributed to the “Community Policing” approach, overall there are notable advancements in policing practices, that indicate a marginal change in regarding citizen participation.

Carried Forward?

When this report was written, the government had not published the next action plan. Therefore, it was not clear if the government carried this commitment forward. Whether or not the government has included it in the next OGP plan, the government needs to have thorough evaluation mechanisms to ensure that the trainings have a sustained impact. Additionally, to be effective, community policing projects need to extend beyond schools and reach more community members. Such efforts would naturally fit under the activities of civic advisory boards. The IRM researcher recommends continuing National Police trainings and expanding the School and Police project. Joint citizen-police patrolling could help to advance the collaboration.

[197] “The Interim Report on the Realization of the Action Plan for the Implementation of the Open Government Partnership Initiative in 2016–2018,” Civil Society and Authorities: Governmental Website, accessed 13 September 2017 (link no longer accessible as of 25 April 2018) http://civic.kmu.gov.ua/consult_mvc_kmu/uploads/attach-3467-910681586.doc.

[198] Ibid.

[199] “September 1, Police Will Patrol School,” Ukraine Today, 1 September 2016,

[200] “Secure Community,” Facebook, https://www.facebook.com/bezpechna.gromada/?ref=br_rs.

[201] “Ukraine Mid-Term Report 2016–2018,” Open Government Partnership, https://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/Ukraine_Mid-Term_Report_2016-2018_EN.pdf.

[202] Oleksandr Kotsar (National Police of Ukraine), email exchange with IRM researcher, 14 August 2018.

[203] Kateryna Belugina (National Police of Ukraine), interview with IRM researcher, 15 August 2018.

[204] Oleksandr Kotsar (National Police of Ukraine), email exchange with IRM researcher, 14 August 2018.

[205] Ibid.

[206] Ibid.

[207] Uliana Shadska (Expert Center for Human Rights), interview with IRM researcher, 8 August 2018.

[208] Lydmyla Yankina (Information Center on Human Rights), interview with IRM researcher, 13 August 2018.

[209] “The Attitude of the Citizens of Ukraine Towards Social Institutions, Electoral Attitudes: The Results of Sociological Research, April 2017,” Razumkov Center, http://razumkov.org.ua/uploads/socio/Press0417.pdf.

[210] Oleksandr Kotsar (National Police of Ukraine), email exchange with IRM researcher, 14 August 2018.

[211] Kateryna Belugina (National Police of Ukraine), email exchange with IRM researcher, 18 October 2018.

[212] Lydmyla Yankina (Information Center on Human Rights), interview with IRM researcher, 13 August 2018.

[213] Ibid.

[214] Ibid.

[215] Kateryna Belugina (National Police of Ukraine), interview with IRM researcher, 15 August 2018.

[216] Oleksandr Kotsar (National Police of Ukraine), email exchange with IRM researcher, 14 August 2018.

[217] Kateryna Belugina (National Police of Ukraine), interview with IRM researcher, 15 August 2018.

[218] Lydmyla Yankina (Information Center on Human Rights), interview with IRM researcher, 13 August 2018.

[219] Ibid.


Ukraine's Commitments

  1. Infrastructure Data Portal

    UA0070, 2018, E-Government

  2. Open Standard for e-System

    UA0071, 2018, E-Government

  3. Ensuring Openness and Transparency of Selling Public Assets and Property

    UA0072, 2018, E-Government

  4. Transparency in Public Procurement (Prozorro)

    UA0073, 2018, E-Government

  5. Awarenss Raising About Social and Economic Development

    UA0074, 2018, Aid

  6. e-Calls for Proposals to Support CSOs

    UA0075, 2018, Civic Space

  7. Beneficial Ownership Registry

    UA0076, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  8. Anti-Corruption Training

    UA0077, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  9. Publishing Environmental Information

    UA0078, 2018, E-Government

  10. Database of Natural Resources

    UA0079, 2018, E-Government

  11. Interactive Map of Mines

    UA0080, 2018, E-Government

  12. Priority Electronic Services

    UA0081, 2018, Citizenship and Immigration

  13. Online Platform for Executive Bodies and CSOs

    UA0082, 2018, Civic Space

  14. EITI Online Data

    UA0083, 2018, E-Government

  15. Electronic Resources for Education

    UA0084, 2018, E-Government

  16. Online Verification of Education Certificates

    UA0085, 2018, E-Government

  17. Free Access to National Repository for Academic Texts

    UA0086, 2018, E-Government

  18. Administrative Service Decentrilisation and Improvement

    UA0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. United State Portal Extension; Electronic Government Information Services Unification; Modern Tools for Electronic Identification

    UA0058, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. System for Entities Performing Government Functions

    UA0059, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Free Urban Planning Documentation

    UA0060, 2016, E-Government

  22. Beneficial Ownership Verification System

    UA0061, 2016, Beneficial Ownership

  23. CoST Beneficial Ownership Standards

    UA0062, 2016, E-Government

  24. Transpartent Budget System

    UA0063, 2016,

  25. Starred commitment Open Public Procurement

    UA0064, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0065, 2016, Extractive Industries

  27. Environmental Public Monitoring

    UA0066, 2016, Environment and Climate

  28. Community Policing System

    UA0067, 2016, Education

  29. Draft Law on Public Consultations

    UA0068, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  30. Development of E-Democracy.

    UA0069, 2016,

  31. Improve Government Rules on CSO Involvement

    UA0031, 2014, E-Government

  32. Financing of Charities

    UA0032, 2014, Civic Space

  33. Not-For-Profit Status for CSOs

    UA0033, 2014, Civic Space

  34. Public Participation Law

    UA0034, 2014, E-Government

  35. Establishing Rules on Processing Official Information

    UA0035, 2014, E-Government

  36. Access to Urban Planning Documents

    UA0036, 2014, E-Government

  37. Starred commitment Access to Communist-Era Archives

    UA0037, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  38. Starred commitment Draft Law on Open Data

    UA0038, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  39. Starred commitment Supervisory Mechanism for the Right to Information

    UA0039, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  40. Compliance with EITI

    UA0040, 2014, Extractive Industries

  41. Monitoring of Infrastructure Projects

    UA0041, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  42. Adopt Regional Anti-Corruption Programmes

    UA0042, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  43. Corruption Risk Assessment Methodology

    UA0043, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  44. Starred commitment Asset Disclosure on a Single Web Portal

    UA0044, 2014, Asset Disclosure

  45. Law on Administrative Procedure

    UA0045, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  46. Law on Streamlining Payment of Administrative Fees

    UA0046, 2014, E-Government

  47. Administrative Services Portal

    UA0047, 2014, E-Government

  48. Draft Law on Decentralisation of Administrative Services

    UA0048, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  49. Draft Law on Social Services

    UA0049, 2014, E-Government

  50. e-Government Laws

    UA0050, 2014, E-Government

  51. Electronic Readiness Assessment

    UA0051, 2014, E-Government

  52. Government Regulations on Open Data

    UA0052, 2014, E-Government

  53. Electronic Democracy Development Roadmap

    UA0053, 2014, E-Government

  54. Open Budget Initiatives

    UA0054, 2014, E-Government

  55. e-Petitions

    UA0055, 2014, E-Government

  56. e-Governance Training for Local Government

    UA0056, 2014, Capacity Building

  57. Laws on Public Participation

    UA0001, 2012, Civic Space

  58. Amendments to the Law on Community Associations

    UA0002, 2012, Civic Space

  59. Amendments to Resolutions on Collaboration with Civil Society

    UA0003, 2012, E-Government

  60. Training for Public Servants on Consultations

    UA0004, 2012, Capacity Building

  61. Harmonisation of Access to Information Laws

    UA0005, 2012, E-Government

  62. By-Laws on Access to Information

    UA0006, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  63. Guidelines for Classifying Data

    UA0007, 2012, Public Participation

  64. Public Information Recording Systems

    UA0008, 2012, Records Management

  65. Law on Public Broadcasting

    UA0009, 2012, Civic Space

  66. Public Access to Information in State Registers

    UA0010, 2012, E-Government

  67. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0011, 2012, E-Government

  68. Law for Controlling Declarations of Public Servants

    UA0012, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  69. Public Declarations of Officials’ Assets

    UA0013, 2012, Asset Disclosure

  70. Guidelines on Conflicts of Interest

    UA0014, 2012, Conflicts of Interest

  71. Updated Anti-Corruption Laws

    UA0015, 2012, E-Government

  72. Regional Anti-Corruption Programmes

    UA0016, 2012, E-Government

  73. Law on Competitive e-Government Procurement

    UA0017, 2012, E-Government

  74. Starred commitment Administrative Services Reforms

    UA0018, 2012, E-Government

  75. Electronic Access to Administrative Services

    UA0019, 2012, E-Government

  76. Governmental Web Portal of Administrative Services

    UA0020, 2012, E-Government

  77. Administrative Services in a Digital Format

    UA0021, 2012,

  78. Starred commitment Regional Administrative Service Centres

    UA0022, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  79. Programme for Promotion of e-Government

    UA0023, 2012, E-Government

  80. Electronic Collaboration Between Executive Agencies

    UA0024, 2012,

  81. Web-Based Petitions System

    UA0025, 2012,

  82. One Stop Shop for e-Reporting

    UA0026, 2012, E-Government

  83. e-Region Pilot Project

    UA0027, 2012, E-Government

  84. Network of e-Government Practitioners

    UA0028, 2012, Public Participation

  85. Public Libraries as Bridges Towards e-Governance

    UA0029, 2012, E-Government

  86. e-Government Knowledge Management Portal

    UA0030, 2012,