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Ukraine

Interactive Map of Mines (UA0080)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Ukraine Action Plan 2018-2020

Action Plan Cycle: 2018

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Defence Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources State Emergency Service

Support Institution(s): Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, OSCE Project Coordinator in Ukraine, other CSOs and international organizations (upon their consent)

Policy Areas

E-Government, Land Rights and Spatial Planning, Peace & Security, Public Service Delivery

IRM Review

IRM Report: Ukraine Design Report 2018-2020

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

Creating an interactive map of territories contaminated with mines and explosives As a result of an armed aggression of the Russian Federation, large territories of Donetsk and Luhansk oblast got contaminated with explosives. According to preliminary estimates, the liberated square footage which is considered contaminated with explosives is about 7,000 sq.km, and over 1.5 million people live there. Approximately 15,000 sq.km inhabited by some 3.8 million people are areas where the public authorities temporarily do not exercise their powers. There is evidence that part of this territory is also contaminated with mines and explosives. It should be demined after the public authorities restore their powers there. Mine action taking place in Ukraine includes mine risk education, humanitarian demining, exploration of the presence of mines and explosives, drawing up maps, marking and demining; providing assistance to victims, including rehabilitation; destruction of stocks of explosives; awareness raising and advocacy against the use of landmines. With this being said, it is necessary to establish the unified system to manage information on mine action, namely: • List of territories/areas that were or can be contaminated with explosives; • Data on these areas on a geographic map, their square footage, nature of soil, types of detected explosives, information on civilian casualties caused by explosions on these areas; • Location of health facilities around these areas, especially those that provide primary health care to persons injured by explosions and are located close to areas contaminated with explosives; • Types of economic activities that will run on the areas contaminated with explosives after demining. Actions Responsible Timeframe Partners Indicator 1. Establishing requirements to an interactive map of territories contaminated Ministry of Defence Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources December 2018 – April 2019 Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, OSCE Project Coordinator in ToR developed 19 with mines and explosives State Emergency Service Ukraine, other CSOs and international organizations (upon their consent) 2. Developing an interactive map of territories contaminated with mines and explosives Ministry of Defence Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources State Emergency Service January – May 2019 Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, OSCE Project Coordinator in Ukraine, other CSOs and international organizations (upon their consent) Design layout and software produced, texts, photo and video content produced, software installed 3. Beta testing of an interactive map of territories contaminated with mines and explosives -//- June – October 2019 -//- Interactive map put to beta testing; it is streamlined based on the beta testing findings and feedback from the CSOs; training to interactive map administrators provided 4. Putting an interactive map of territories contaminated with mines and explosives to operation -//- November – December 2019 -//- Adequate operation of all services of an interactive map and the use of an interactive map by executive authorities ensured Expected results of this activity are ensuring access to information on territories contaminated with mines and explosives for all actors engaged in mine action, as well as for the communities, local executive authorities, mass media; mitigating the risk of emergencies caused by unauthorized handling of explosives, of psychological stress of local population, reducing harm to environment caused by the explosives and enabling the economic use of demined territories and infrastructure assets.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

11. Create an interactive map of mined territories

Language of the commitment as it appears in the action plan: [95] Creating an interactive map of territories contaminated with mines and explosives

As a result of an armed aggression of the Russian Federation, large territories of Donetsk and Luhansk oblast got contaminated with explosives.

According to preliminary estimates, the liberated square footage which is considered contaminated with explosives is about 7,000 sq.km, and over 1.5 million people live there. Approximately 15,000 sq.km inhabited by some 3.8 million people are areas where the public authorities temporarily do not exercise their powers. There is evidence that part of this territory is also contaminated with mines and explosives. It should be demined after the public authorities restore their powers there.

Mine action taking place in Ukraine includes mine risk education, humanitarian demining, exploration of the presence of mines and explosives, drawing up maps, marking and demining; providing assistance to victims, including rehabilitation; destruction of stocks of explosives; awareness raising and advocacy against the use of landmines. With this being said, it is necessary to establish the unified system to manage information on mine action, namely:

  • List of territories/areas that were or can be contaminated with explosives;
  • Data on these areas on a geographic map, their square footage, nature of soil, types of detected explosives, information on civilian casualties caused by explosions on these areas;
  • Location of health facilities around these areas, especially those that provide primary health care to persons injured by explosions and are located close to areas contaminated with explosives;
  • Types of economic activities that will run on the areas contaminated with explosives after demining.

Milestones:

  1. Establishing requirements to an interactive map of territories contaminated with mines and explosives
  2. Developing an interactive map of territories contaminated with mines and explosives
  3. Beta testing of an interactive map of territories contaminated with mines and explosives
  4. Putting an interactive map of territories contaminated with mines and explosives to operation

Start Date: December 2018

End Date: December 2019

Context and objectives

As a result of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation, large parts of the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts (regions) are contaminated with explosives. [96] The government of Ukraine estimates that on Ukraine-controlled Donbas territories, the area contaminated with explosives equals around 7 thousand square kilometres hosting over 1.5 million people, with other territory currently not under Ukrainian control of around 15 thousand square kilometres hosting over 3.8 million people. In 2018, the Ministry of Defense (MoD) received over 1,000 requests to check for explosives around civilian infrastructure. [97] According to the mass media organization NV, Ukraine is currently one of the most mine-polluted countries in the world. [98]

This commitment aims to create an interactive map of mine territories in Ukraine. In October 2018, prior to the start of this action plan, the MoD published a simple online map of mined Donbas territories. [99] This interactive map [100] allows zooming and clicking on mine zones, with pop-up windows of various important details about the area according to the most recent survey. However, this publicly available information is far from being complete. According to an Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU) official, the existing map shows only the known border of mined areas. [101] Moreover, an expert from the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) pointed out the concern that the population might think that there are no mines on unmarked territories, [102] when in reality, mines may still exist even if an expedition did not find any. She also added that there is no research on many zones, especially the demarcation territories between the two sides. [103]

The government anticipates this commitment will ensure more accurate information on territories contaminated with mines and explosives for all actors engaged in mine action, as well as for the communities, local executive authorities, and media. [104] This could help mitigate the risk of emergencies caused by unauthorized handling of explosives, and reduce some of the psychological stress of local population. [105] Considering the major upgrade to the existing map’s information and its importance to the safety of civilians who live close to the conflict zone, this commitment has a moderate potential impact.

Next steps

To ensure completion of this commitment, the IRM researcher recommends that the MoD facilitates faster checks of IT solutions and host the future interactive map on the ministry’s servers. This recommendation is based on GICHD concerns [106] about up to three-year-long checks of IT solutions and the unsustainable location of the current map on external hosting services.

[96] “The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Decree on 18 December 2018 #1088-p” on The Government Portal, The Unified Web-portal of Executive Authorities of Ukraine (Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine Secretariat, 18 Dec. 2018), https://www.kmu.gov.ua/storage/app/media/17-civik-2018/partnerstvo/plan_2018%20-%202020.pdf.
[97] “The Ministry of Defense is Developing an Interactive Map of Mined Territories” (Ukrinform, 1 Feb. 2019), https://www.ukrinform.ua/rubric-ato/2631860-minoboroni-stvorue-interaktivnu-kartu-zaminovanih-teritorij.html.
[98] “Dangerous Territory. Ukraine is among Countries most Polluted with Mines” (NV, 3 Apr 2018), https://nv.ua/ukr/ukraine/events/nebezpechna-teritorija-ukrajina-sered-najbilsh-zabrudnenikh-minami-krajin-2461762.html.
[99] “MoD Published the Map of Mined Donbas Territories” (UNIAN, 7 Oct. 2018), https://www.unian.ua/war/10289166-minoboroni-opublikuvalo-kartu-zaminovanih-teritoriy-donbasu.html.
[100] “Territories Identified as Dangerous (Survey in Progress)” (Ministry of Defence, accessed: Apr. 2019, link no longer available as of Dec. 2019), http://halotrust.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapTools/index.html?appid=5e740f902a864403b360776dc291444e&extent=33.7715,46.7917,42.6760,49.6348.
[101] Oleksandr Chyzh (AFU), email exchange with IRM researcher, 1 Mar. 2019.
[102] Inna Kruz (GICHD), interview by IRM researcher, 7 Mar. 2019.
[103] Ibid.
[104]“The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Decree on 18 December 2018 #1088-p” (Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine Secretariat).
[105] Kruz, interview.
[106] Ibid.

Commitments

  1. Infrastructure Data Portal

    UA0070, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  2. Open Standard for e-System

    UA0071, 2018, E-Government

  3. Ensuring Openness and Transparency of Selling Public Assets and Property

    UA0072, 2018, E-Government

  4. Transparency in Public Procurement (Prozorro)

    UA0073, 2018, Access to Information

  5. Awarenss Raising About Social and Economic Development

    UA0074, 2018, Aid

  6. e-Calls for Proposals to Support CSOs

    UA0075, 2018, Civic Space

  7. Beneficial Ownership Registry

    UA0076, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  8. Anti-Corruption Training

    UA0077, 2018, Anti-Corruption

  9. Publishing Environmental Information

    UA0078, 2018, E-Government

  10. Database of Natural Resources

    UA0079, 2018, Access to Information

  11. Interactive Map of Mines

    UA0080, 2018, E-Government

  12. Priority Electronic Services

    UA0081, 2018, Citizenship & Immigration

  13. Online Platform for Executive Bodies and CSOs

    UA0082, 2018, Civic Space

  14. EITI Online Data

    UA0083, 2018, Access to Information

  15. Electronic Resources for Education

    UA0084, 2018, Access to Information

  16. Online Verification of Education Certificates

    UA0085, 2018, E-Government

  17. Free Access to National Repository for Academic Texts

    UA0086, 2018, E-Government

  18. Administrative Service Decentrilisation and Improvement

    UA0057, 2016, Capacity Building

  19. United State Portal Extension; Electronic Government Information Services Unification; Modern Tools for Electronic Identification

    UA0058, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. System for Entities Performing Government Functions

    UA0059, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  21. Free Urban Planning Documentation

    UA0060, 2016, E-Government

  22. Beneficial Ownership Verification System

    UA0061, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  23. CoST Beneficial Ownership Standards

    UA0062, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  24. Transpartent Budget System

    UA0063, 2016,

  25. Starred commitment Open Public Procurement

    UA0064, 2016, Access to Information

  26. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0065, 2016, Anti-Corruption

  27. Environmental Public Monitoring

    UA0066, 2016, Access to Information

  28. Community Policing System

    UA0067, 2016, Education

  29. Draft Law on Public Consultations

    UA0068, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  30. Development of E-Democracy.

    UA0069, 2016, E-petitions

  31. Improve Government Rules on CSO Involvement

    UA0031, 2014, E-Government

  32. Financing of Charities

    UA0032, 2014, Civic Space

  33. Not-For-Profit Status for CSOs

    UA0033, 2014, Civic Space

  34. Public Participation Law

    UA0034, 2014, E-Government

  35. Establishing Rules on Processing Official Information

    UA0035, 2014, Access to Information

  36. Access to Urban Planning Documents

    UA0036, 2014, E-Government

  37. Starred commitment Access to Communist-Era Archives

    UA0037, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  38. Starred commitment Draft Law on Open Data

    UA0038, 2014, Access to Information

  39. Starred commitment Supervisory Mechanism for the Right to Information

    UA0039, 2014, Access to Information

  40. Compliance with EITI

    UA0040, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  41. Monitoring of Infrastructure Projects

    UA0041, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  42. Adopt Regional Anti-Corruption Programmes

    UA0042, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  43. Corruption Risk Assessment Methodology

    UA0043, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  44. Starred commitment Asset Disclosure on a Single Web Portal

    UA0044, 2014, Anti-Corruption

  45. Law on Administrative Procedure

    UA0045, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  46. Law on Streamlining Payment of Administrative Fees

    UA0046, 2014, E-Government

  47. Administrative Services Portal

    UA0047, 2014, Access to Information

  48. Draft Law on Decentralisation of Administrative Services

    UA0048, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  49. Draft Law on Social Services

    UA0049, 2014, E-Government

  50. e-Government Laws

    UA0050, 2014, E-Government

  51. Electronic Readiness Assessment

    UA0051, 2014, E-Government

  52. Government Regulations on Open Data

    UA0052, 2014, Access to Information

  53. Electronic Democracy Development Roadmap

    UA0053, 2014, E-Government

  54. Open Budget Initiatives

    UA0054, 2014, Access to Information

  55. e-Petitions

    UA0055, 2014, Dispute Resolution & Legal Assistance

  56. e-Governance Training for Local Government

    UA0056, 2014, Capacity Building

  57. Laws on Public Participation

    UA0001, 2012, Civic Space

  58. Amendments to the Law on Community Associations

    UA0002, 2012, Civic Space

  59. Amendments to Resolutions on Collaboration with Civil Society

    UA0003, 2012, E-Government

  60. Training for Public Servants on Consultations

    UA0004, 2012, Capacity Building

  61. Harmonisation of Access to Information Laws

    UA0005, 2012, Access to Information

  62. By-Laws on Access to Information

    UA0006, 2012, Access to Information

  63. Guidelines for Classifying Data

    UA0007, 2012, Public Participation

  64. Public Information Recording Systems

    UA0008, 2012,

  65. Law on Public Broadcasting

    UA0009, 2012, Civic Space

  66. Public Access to Information in State Registers

    UA0010, 2012, E-Government

  67. Starred commitment Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

    UA0011, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  68. Law for Controlling Declarations of Public Servants

    UA0012, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  69. Public Declarations of Officials’ Assets

    UA0013, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  70. Guidelines on Conflicts of Interest

    UA0014, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  71. Updated Anti-Corruption Laws

    UA0015, 2012, E-Government

  72. Regional Anti-Corruption Programmes

    UA0016, 2012, E-Government

  73. Law on Competitive e-Government Procurement

    UA0017, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  74. Starred commitment Administrative Services Reforms

    UA0018, 2012, E-Government

  75. Electronic Access to Administrative Services

    UA0019, 2012, E-Government

  76. Governmental Web Portal of Administrative Services

    UA0020, 2012, E-Government

  77. Administrative Services in a Digital Format

    UA0021, 2012,

  78. Starred commitment Regional Administrative Service Centres

    UA0022, 2012, Public Service Delivery

  79. Programme for Promotion of e-Government

    UA0023, 2012, E-Government

  80. Electronic Collaboration Between Executive Agencies

    UA0024, 2012,

  81. Web-Based Petitions System

    UA0025, 2012, E-petitions

  82. One Stop Shop for e-Reporting

    UA0026, 2012, E-Government

  83. e-Region Pilot Project

    UA0027, 2012, E-Government

  84. Network of e-Government Practitioners

    UA0028, 2012, Public Participation

  85. Public Libraries as Bridges Towards e-Governance

    UA0029, 2012, E-Government

  86. e-Government Knowledge Management Portal

    UA0030, 2012,

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