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Brazil

Digital Educational Resources (BR0089)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Brazil National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Education

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Education Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) Educational Development National Fund (FNDE) Educational Research National Institute(INEP) Secretary of Education of the State of Ceará Secretary of Education of the State of Acre, Educational Action Innovation Center for Brazilian Education EducaDigital Veduca

Policy Areas

Capacity Building, E-Government, Education, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery

IRM Review

IRM Report: Brazil Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: Yes Starred

Early Results: Outstanding Outstanding

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information Civic Participation , Technology

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Lead government institution Ministry of Education Civil servant in charge for implementing at lead government institution Marlucia Amaral Position - Department General Coordinator/ Media and Digital Content Coordination E-mail marlucia.amaral@mec.gov.br Telephone 55 61 2022 9490 Other involved actors Government Ministry of Education Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) Educational Development National Fund (FNDE) Educational Research National Institute(INEP) Secretary of Education of the State of Ceará Secretary of Education of the State of Acre Civil society, private sector, group of workers and multilateral actors Educational Action Innovation Center for Brazilian Education EducaDigital Veduca Status quo or problem/issue to be addressed Need to have a bigger structure for the digital educational resources Main objective To incorporate the potential of digital culture into the educational policy, in order to foster the autonomy for continuous utilization, and adaptation of digital educational resources, valuing the plurality and diversity of Brazilian education. Commitment short description A national mobilization for a network establishment, in order to have evaluation benchmarks andRED's decentralized curatorial process. OGP Challenge addressed by the Commitment More effective public resources management Improving Public Services Commitment relevance Relevant for the use of digital educational resourcesin a dynamic and objective way, which will value the plurality and diversity of Brazilian education Goal Overcome difficulties related to the lack of infrastructure, teachers´ training, content making and digital resources, with the goal of having a new RED model for evaluation, acquisition, development and distribution.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

J 6. Digital Educational Resources

Commitment Text:

Establish a new model for assessing, purchasing, fostering and distributing Digital Educational Resources (RED), in the context of digital culture

The commitment seeks to incorporate the potential of digital culture into the educational policy, in order to foster the use of digital educational resources. In this context, the commitment built aims to overcome difficulties related to the lack of infrastructure, teachers´ training, content making and digital resources, with the goal of having a new RED model for evaluation, acquisition, development and distribution.

6.1 – National mobilization through regional meetings, for establishing a network with researchers, managers, teachers and entrepreneurs, in order to produce evaluation benchmarks and RED's decentralized curatorial process

6.2 – Network established

6.3 – Evaluation parameters and curatorship propositions are designed by the Network participants

6.4 – Evaluation platform and a set of plural and diverse digital educational resources release, prioritizing their continuous use and adaptation

6.5 – New acquisition model proposal submission for public consultation

Responsible institution: Ministry of Education

Supporting institutions: Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), Educational Development National Fund (FNDE), Educational Research National Institute(INEP), Secretary of Education of the State of Ceará, Secretary of Education of the State of Acre, Educational Action, Innovation Center for Brazilian Education, EducaDigital, Veduca

Start date: December 2016.. End date: June 2018

Editorial note: This commitment is a starred commitment because it is measurable, is clearly relevant to OGP values, has a transformative potential impact, and is substantially or completely implemented.

Context and Objectives

The Brazilian government spends significantly on educational resources and has fielded a growing demand for more diversity and inclusion in educational material production and consumption.[1] This commitment aims to foster the use of digital educational resources. This will be achieved by establishing a new model for assessing, purchasing, fostering, and distributing open educational resources (OER). This new model could address the current lack of infrastructure, training, content production, and digital material related to OER.

'OER' broadly refers to educational materials used for teaching, learning, and research in any medium, digital or otherwise. These materials reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits free access, use, adaptation, and redistribution with limited or no restrictions.[2] OER must be based on a copyright framework that incentivizes the shared use of, commenting on, editing of, and distribution of educational materials.[3] Thus, complying with the copyright framework of the country constitutes one of the many challenges in delivering such materials as a governmental policy.[4]

The commitment’s level of specificity is high. Few details exist about the expected characteristics of the new model for digital education resources. However, the government has outlined a clear process to finalize the details (e.g., the establishment of a collaborative network that will design the parameters).

The commitment is directly related to access to information and the use of technology and innovation, because OERs increase access to digital educational resources. The commitment is also relevant to civic participation because of the use of a participatory mechanism (including researchers, teachers, and entrepreneurs) to develop the model.

The commitment has a transformative potential impact, because it would create a formal framework to expand the adoption of OER materials in the country. OER is an active area of research[5] and is heavily promoted by civil society.[6] Still, the government has adopted it in ad hoc cases.[7] Among its benefits, OER incentivizes the production and collaboration of new formats of learning, such as the educational game platform REMAR.[8] OER also increases the availability of training opportunities for teachers,[9] allows linking educational materials through a community of content,[10] and is supported by the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization as a solution to make universities more accessible.[11] Researchers have identified other positive consequences, such as significant cost savings and greater student enthusiasm, engagement, and confidence.[12]

By providing a legal framework for the government purchase and use of OER, the commitment has the potential to (1) address an important demand of civil society and government agencies and (2) reap the benefits of OER listed above. Namely, Brazil would benefit from the reduced cost of public services, increased reach of educational materials, and diversity of sources and points of views.[13]

Completion

The commitment has seen substantial completion.

The government has engaged in national mobilization around the establishment of a participatory network. This network would develop evaluation benchmarks and a decentralized curatorial process for digital educational resources (milestones 6.1 and 6.2). The Center for Innovation in Brazilian Education – a non-profit association that uses innovation and technology to promote greater equality, quality, and contemporaneity in Brazilian public education – led the mobilization process. That process included periodic meetings (mostly monthly), with participation from both government and civil society representatives.[14] Two interviews from the civil society representatives (one from Unicamp, one from University of São Paulo) confirmed that the commitment resulted in the engagement of several actors.

The government presented a draft version of the methodology to analyze and curate digital educational materials (milestone 6.3)[15] in April 2017 at the Ministry of Education. Academics and civil society representatives participated.[16] The government presented a new version in July 2017. That action led to the creation of a working group on the topic. The government also presented part of the material at the 2nd World OER Congress in Slovenia, which was organized by United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization and the Commonwealth of Learning.[17]

The government had undertaken the creation of a platform with digital educational resources (milestone 6.4) at the time of writing. The government presented a draft version of the platform to more than 30 specialists from government and civil society in April 2017.[18] The terms of use were being developed with the participation of the civil society organization Educadigital Institute.[19]

At the time of writing, the submission of a new acquisition model for these digital educational resources (milestone 6.5) had not been initiated. Nonetheless, according to the timeline for implementation in the commitment text, this commitment remains on schedule.

Early Results (if any)

The civil society representatives interviewed by the IRM researcher (Colab and NIED/Unicamp) expressed their support for this commitment. As the interviewees argued, the use of open education resources lowers costs by avoiding repurchases of educational materials.[20] They stated that the use of these resources also enables better oversight of government purchases with public resources.[21] The interviewees noted that the use of open education resources further reduces the incentives to misuse copyrighted material.[22]

As for concrete results, the high level of civil society participation in the early stages of the commitment constitutes an important step forward. However, the main impact of the commitment depends on the release of the portal with open education resources (https://portalmec.c3sl.ufpr.br/home). It also depends on the information on related social media channels, and the release and use of a new government acquisition model for digital education resources. The government had not completed these deliverables at the time of this evaluation. The full results of the commitment will therefore be assessed in the upcoming IRM end-of-term report.

Next Steps

Besides the full implementation of the commitment, possible next steps include evaluating the use of digital education resources to lower the cost of education[23] and fight corruption in the procurement of resources.[24] The new model of acquisition for digital education resources also represents an opportunity to promote active transparency more broadly and to adopt principles of open contracting in education.[25] The government should also map the impact of digital education resources on important outcomes such as inclusion and school attendance rates.


[1] Produção de Recursos Educacionais Abertos com Foco na Disseminação do Conhecimento: Uma Proposta de Framework, 2015, https://repositorio.ufsc.br/bitstream/handle/123456789/135513/334502.pdf?sequence=1.

[2] Center for Educational Research and Innovation, Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources, 2007, https://www.oecd.org/edu/ceri/38654317.pdf.

[3] 'Common Questions,' Recursos Educacionais Abertos, http://www.rea.net.br/site/faq/#a2.

[4] Instituto EducaDigital, 'Sergio Branco—Direitos Autorais e Recursos Educacionais Abertos,' YouTube, 8 September 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NNQWjhu51qQ.

[5] Edmea Santos and Elena Maria Mallmann, 'Dossier: Open Educational Resources,' Em Foco 5, no. 1 (2017), http://eademfoco.cecierj.edu.br/index.php/Revista/article/view/616.

[6] 'Na OER book on OER,' Recursos Educacionais Abertos, http://www.rea.net.br/site/livro-rea/.

[7] 'Map REA Brasil,' Recursos Educacionais Abertos, http://www.rea.net.br/site/mapa-rea/.

[8] 'REMAR,' Annals of the Workshops of the Brazilian Congresso of Informatics in Education, http://www.br-ie.org/pub/index.php/wcbie/article/view/7396/5192.

[9] 'Tecnologias da Informação em Educação,' Centro de Investigação em Didática e Tecnologia na Formação de Formadores, http://revistas.ua.pt/index.php/ID/article/view/5074/4459.

[10] 'Mappings,' Recursos Educacionais Abertos, http://www.rea.net.br/site/mapeamentos/

[11] Organização das Nações Unidas para a Educação a Ciência e a Cultura, Diretrizes para Recursos Educacionais Abertos (REA) No Ensino Superior, 2015, http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0023/002328/232852por.pdf.

[12] Martin Weller, Bea de Los Arcos, Rob Farrow, Beck Pitt, and Patrick McAndrew, 'The Impact of OER on Teaching and Learning Practice,' Open Praxis 7, no. 4 (October-December 2015): 351–361, http://oro.open.ac.uk/44963/1/227-1106-2-PB-3.pdf.

[13] 'Common Questions,' Recursos Educacionais Abertos.

[14] See 'Details on the Open Innovation in Education Study,' Open Government Partnership, Brazil Federal Government, last modified 5 December 2016, http://www.governoaberto.cgu.gov.br/noticias/2016/centro-de-inovacao-para-a-educacao-brasileira-lanca-estudo-sobre-inovacao-aberta-em-educacao-em-parceria-com-o-instituto-educadigital.

[15] Centro de Inovação para a Educação Brasileira, CIEB Technical Notes: Guidelines for Selection and Evaluation of Digital Content and Resources, http://www.cieb.net.br/cieb-notas-tecnicas-orientacoes-para-selecao-e-avaliacao-de-conteudos-e-recursos-digitais/.

[16] Ministerio da Transparencia, Fiscalizacao e Controladoria-Geral da Uniao, Relatorio de Status de Execucao de Compromisso, http://www.governoaberto.cgu.gov.br/central-de-conteudo/documentos/2017-18-agosto-rse_6.pdf.

[17] Priscila Gonsales, '2nd REA World Congress: Plano of Action Towards the 4th ODS,' Iniciativa Educação Aberta, http://aberta.org.br/2o-congresso-mundial-de-rea-plano-de-acao-rumo-ao-4o-ods/

[18] Centro de Inovação para a Educação Brasileira, Advances the Construction of the New Platform of Digital Educational Resources of the MEC, http://www.cieb.net.br/avanca-a-construcao-da-nova-plataforma-de-recursos-educacionais-digitais-do-mec/.

[19] Ministerio da Transparencia, Fiscalizacao e Controladoria-Geral da Uniao, Relatorio de Status de Execucao de Compromisso.

[20] 'US Begin to Adopt Books with Free Content to Cut Costs in Higher Education,' Porvir, 19 April 2017, http://porvir.org/eua-comecam-adotar-livros-conteudo-livre-para-cortar-custos-ensino-superior/.

[21] 'Free and Legal Sharing for Better Learning,' Current Affairs, Correio, http://pt.unesco.org/courier/julho-setembro-2017/compartilhamento-livre-e-legal-uma-melhor-aprendizagem.

[22] Mara Denize Mazzardo, Ana Maria Ferreira Nobre, and Elena maria Mallmann, 'Open Educational Resources: Free Access to Knowledge?' Em Foco, 30 April 2017, http://eademfoco.cecierj.edu.br/index.php/Revista/article/viewFile/446/228.

[23] 'Public Policy Experiences for OER,' Iniciativa Educação Aberta, http://aberta.org.br/experiencias-de-politica-publica-para-rea/.

[24] TV Morena, 'Fraud in Bids Have Caused Losses of at Least R $670 Thousand in Paranhos, Says PF de MS,' Globo.com 5 March 2017, https://g1.globo.com/mato-grosso-do-sul/noticia/pf-aponta-que-fraudes-em-licitacoes-causaram-prejuizo-de-pelo-menos-r-670-mil-em-paranhos-ms.ghtml.

[25] Home page, Open Contracting Partnership, https://www.open-contracting.org/.


Commitments

  1. Subnational Good Governance

    BR0100, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Open Data Policy

    BR0101, 2018, E-Government

  3. Scientific Data Governance

    BR0102, 2018, E-Government

  4. Capacity-Building and Oversight on Nutrition Policy

    BR0103, 2018, Capacity Building

  5. Transport Data

    BR0104, 2018, E-Government

  6. Transparency and Oversight in Infrastructure Repair Processes

    BR0105, 2018, Capacity Building

  7. Increase Participation in Legislative Process

    BR0106, 2018, Capacity Building

  8. Urban and Rural Land Registers

    BR0107, 2018, E-Government

  9. Climate Change Policy Evaluation

    BR0108, 2018, E-Government

  10. Water Resource Management

    BR0109, 2018, Capacity Building

  11. National Electronic System/ATI implementation

    BR0110, 2018, E-Government

  12. Open Data on the Federal Government

    BR0084, 2016, Capacity Building

  13. Transparency of Public Funds

    BR0085, 2016, Capacity Building

  14. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Promptness and Effectiveness to Information Requests

    BR0086, 2016, Capacity Building

  15. Access to Information Policy in the Federal Government – Requesters’ Personal Information Safeguard

    BR0087, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  16. Effectiveness of National Policy for Social Participation Mechanisms

    BR0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  17. Starred commitment Digital Educational Resources

    BR0089, 2016, Capacity Building

  18. Open Data and Information Governance in Health

    BR0090, 2016, E-Government

  19. Prevention to Torture and Mean, Inhuman, or Humiliating Treatments in the Penitentiary System

    BR0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  20. Innovation Spaces for Management in Public Services

    BR0092, 2016, Capacity Building

  21. Assessment and Streamline of Public Services

    BR0093, 2016, E-Government

  22. Open Innovation and Transparency in the Legislative

    BR0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  23. Fostering Open Government in States and Municipalities

    BR0095, 2016, Capacity Building

  24. Transparency and Innovation in the Judiciary

    BR0096, 2016, Capacity Building

  25. Social Participation in Federal Government’S Planning Cycle

    BR0097, 2016, E-Government

  26. Open Data and Active Transparency in Environment Issues

    BR0098, 2016, Environment and Climate

  27. Mapping and Participatory Management for Culture

    BR0099, 2016, Capacity Building

  28. Probity Defense and Asset Recovery

    BR0033, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  29. Development of a Methodology for Social Participation on the Monitoring of the Pluriannual Plan (PPA) and on the Formulation of the Federal Public Budget

    BR0034, 2013, Capacity Building

  30. Development of the Monitoring System for the Social Movements Demands

    BR0035, 2013, Capacity Building

  31. Capacity-Building of Educators, Political Agents, Public Managers, Councilors for Social Policies and Community Leaderships

    BR0036, 2013, Capacity Building

  32. Encourage States and Municipalities to Endorse the OGP Four Principles

    BR0037, 2013, Capacity Building

  33. Implementation of the ODP.Nano

    BR0038, 2013, Oversight of Budget/Fiscal Policies

  34. Strengthening of the Office of the Comptroller General (CGU)

    BR0039, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  35. Online Accountability of Resources for Education Within the National Fund for Education Development

    BR0040, 2013, E-Government

  36. Generation of Knowledge and Capacity-Building of Managers and Public Resources Operator’S Partners and of Councilors for Social Control

    BR0041, 2013, Capacity Building

  37. National Program for Strengthening School Councils

    BR0042, 2013, Capacity Building

  38. Development of a Unified and Interactive Information Panel on the Implementation of the Water for All Program, Which Can Be Publicly Accessed Through the Internet

    BR0043, 2013, Capacity Building

  39. Digital Inclusion of Health Councils

    BR0044, 2013, E-Government

  40. Starred commitment Development of Tools for Increasing Transparency and Enhancing Land Governance

    BR0045, 2013, E-Government

  41. Implementation of the Document Management Policy in the Federal Government

    BR0046, 2013, Capacity Building

  42. Development of the “Access to Information Library”

    BR0047, 2013, Capacity Building

  43. Disclosure of Data from the Execution of the Union Budget and from Government Purchases

    BR0048, 2013, Fiscal Transparency

  44. Dissemination of the Public Open Data Culture to the Local Governments

    BR0049, 2013, Capacity Building

  45. Development of Support Technologies and Licensing Models for the Disclosure of Open Data

    BR0050, 2013, E-Government

  46. Disclosure of Information from Government Systems in an Open Data Format

    BR0051, 2013, Open Data

  47. Corporative Information Management in Social Security (E-Governance)

    BR0052, 2013, E-Government

  48. Improvement of Active Transparency and of the Unique Health System’ Ombudsman Unit

    BR0053, 2013, Health

  49. Strengthening of the National Audit System of the Unique Health System (SUS)

    BR0054, 2013, Audits and Controls

  50. Increasing Public Transparency of the Labor Relations Secretariat of the Ministry of Labor and Employment

    BR0055, 2013, E-Government

  51. Disclosure of Recommendations to Carry Out Public Audiences to Serve as Reference for the Government

    BR0056, 2013, Capacity Building

  52. Development of a Database of the Federal Public Administration Purchases Prices

    BR0057, 2013, E-Government

  53. Participatory Audits on the Constructions of Brazilian Host Cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

    BR0058, 2013, Audits and Controls

  54. Development of an Indicators Model for Transparency of Brazilian Municipalities Institutional Development

    BR0059, 2013, Capacity Building

  55. Development of a Brazilian Portal for the Open Government Partnership (OGP)

    BR0060, 2013, E-Government

  56. Development of Monitoring Reports on the Electronic Citizen Information System (e-SIC)

    BR0061, 2013, E-Government

  57. Encouragement of Social Participation

    BR0062, 2013, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  58. Formulation and Implementation of the Ministry of Defense’S Information Management Policy

    BR0063, 2013, Records Management

  59. Development of a Database of Administrative Documents Produced by Brazil’S Navy

    BR0064, 2013, Public Participation

  60. Open Educational Data

    BR0065, 2013, Education

  61. Improvement of Data Transparency from the National Consumer Protection Information System (Sindec)

    BR0066, 2013, Legislation & Regulation

  62. Restructuring of the Brazilian Federal Government Transparency Portal

    BR0067, 2013, E-Government

  63. Electronic System for Public Consultations

    BR0068, 2013, E-Government

  64. Improvement of Health Services Through the Increased Use of the National Health Card

    BR0069, 2013, Health

  65. Participatory Development of the Federal Ombudsman System

    BR0070, 2013, Justice

  66. “Brazil Transparent” Program

    BR0071, 2013, Capacity Building

  67. Development of the Unique Health System Letter

    BR0072, 2013, Health

  68. Digital Cities Project

    BR0073, 2013, E-Government

  69. Development of the National System for the Promotion of Racial Equality (SINAPIR)

    BR0074, 2013, Human Rights

  70. Improvement of Mechanisms for Social Participation in the Formulation of Public Policies

    BR0075, 2013, Public Participation

  71. Brazilian Portal for Social Participation

    BR0076, 2013, E-Government

  72. Open Data in the Ministry of Justice

    BR0077, 2013, Justice

  73. Improvement of the Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0078, 2013, Private Sector

  74. Expansion of the Database of the National Debarment List (CEIS):

    BR0079, 2013, Open Contracting and Procurement

  75. Monitoring of the National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security (PLANSAN)

    BR0080, 2013, Health

  76. Development of an Information System on the Maria Da Penha Law (Law No. 11,340/2006)

    BR0081, 2013, Gender

  77. Development of Processes for Prior Consultation Under the 169 Convention of the International Labour Organization’S (ILO)

    BR0082, 2013, Labor

  78. Redesign of the Current Protection Programs

    BR0083, 2013, Human Rights

  79. Capacity Building Programs

    BR0001, 2011, Capacity Building

  80. Distance Education Program

    BR0002, 2011, Capacity Building

  81. Guide for Public Officials on Access to Information

    BR0003, 2011, Capacity Building

  82. Information Services Model

    BR0004, 2011, E-Government

  83. Diagnostic Study on the Transparency Values of Executive Branch

    BR0005, 2011, Right to Information

  84. Diagnostic Study on Role of Federal Ombudsman Units (FOUs)

    BR0006, 2011, Justice

  85. Research Study to Identify the Demands of Society in Regard to Access to Information

    BR0007, 2011, Right to Information

  86. Preparation of a Catalogue of Public Data and Information

    BR0008, 2011, Capacity Building

  87. Organization of a Meeting of the Inter-Council Forum Multi-Year Plan 2012–15 (Phase 2)

    BR0009, 2011, Capacity Building

  88. Organization of the 1st National Conference on Transparency and Social Control (1St Consocial)

    BR0010, 2011, Capacity Building

  89. Organization of the 1st National Open Data Meeting

    BR0011, 2011, Capacity Building

  90. Organization of the National Seminar on Social Participation

    BR0012, 2011, Capacity Building

  91. Partnership with the Digital Culture Laboratory

    BR0013, 2011, Capacity Building

  92. Partnership with World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Brazil

    BR0014, 2011, Capacity Building

  93. Development of the National Open Data Infrastructure (INDA)

    BR0015, 2011, E-Government

  94. INDA Capacity Building Plan

    BR0016, 2011, Capacity Building

  95. INDA Awareness- Raising Activities

    BR0017, 2011, Capacity Building

  96. Launch of the Brazil Open Data Portal

    BR0018, 2011, E-Government

  97. Resource Transfer Agreements and Contract System (SICONV)

    BR0019, 2011, Fiscal Transparency

  98. Aquarius Platform

    BR0020, 2011, E-Government

  99. Data Warehouse

    BR0021, 2011, E-Government

  100. Restructuring the Transparency Portal

    BR0022, 2011, E-Government

  101. Facilitate Access to Specific Databases

    BR0023, 2011, E-Government

  102. Interactive School Development Plan

    BR0024, 2011, E-Government

  103. Control Panel for the Integrated Monitoring and Oversight System (Public Module)

    BR0025, 2011, E-Government

  104. United Suppliers Registry (SICAF)

    BR0026, 2011, E-Government

  105. Registry of National Education Prices

    BR0027, 2011, Education

  106. Contractual Management of IT Services

    BR0028, 2011, E-Government

  107. Implementation of Pro-Ethics Company Registry

    BR0029, 2011, Private Sector

  108. Systemic Integration of Ombudsman Units

    BR0030, 2011, E-Government

  109. Continued Training for Public Ombudsman Units

    BR0031, 2011, Capacity Building

  110. Public Services Portal

    BR0032, 2011, Open Data