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Implement National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NG0022)



Action Plan: Nigeria Action Plan 2019-2022

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active


Lead Institution: Federal Ministry of Justice

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Justice, Office of the Chief Justice of Nigeria, Ministry of Information and Culture, National Orientation Agency, Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Code of Conduct Bureau, Nigeria Bar Association, MSME-ASI, Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences Commission (ICPC), lead MDAs in the NAP and National Assembly Committees on Anti-Corruption, Financial Crimes and Public Accounts. Publish What You Pay (PWYP), African Centre for Leadership, Strategy & Development (Centre LSD), ANEEJ, Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC), African Network for Environmental Justice (ANEEJ), Freedom of Information Coalition, Global Network for Cyber Solutions, Nigeria Bar Association, WANGONeT, Nigeria Labour Congress, Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria, MSME-ASI, Association of National Accountants of Nigeria, Open Judiciary Institute, Youths in Africa Anti-corruption Network, , Inter-Religious Bodies/Council, the Christian Association of Nigeria, Council of Ulamahs. Partners West Africa Nigeria (PWAN), Initiative for Leadership Foundation (ILF), Centre for Health Equity and Justice (CEHEJ)

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption, Anti-Corruption Institutions

IRM Review

IRM Report: Nigeria Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review


Brief description:
This commitment will take deliberate actions that will lead to the implementation of the anti-corruption strategy for Nigeria.

General problem:
There is a culture of corruption in Nigeria that fuels corrupt practices, with impunity. The mechanisms, systems and institutions are too weak to tackle the level of impunity associated with corrupt practices. In the first NAP, there was a commitment to among other things develop a National Anti-Corruption strategy. This commitment is a follow up to take appropriate actions to implement the national anti-corruption strategy.

Specific OGP issue:
This commitment is meant to address the challenge of transparency and accountability

Rationale for the commitment:
Over the years, corruption has become widespread across governments, private sector and the civil society. This has impacted negatively on all aspects of life in Nigeria. There is therefore the need to take a range of actions to reduce the negative impact of corruption and promote transparency and accountability in governance.

Main objective:
To take appropriate actions to implement the national anti-corruption strategy and alter the culture of corruption and promote transparency and accountability in Nigeria.

Anticipated impact:
Reduction of corruption in Nigeria

See action plan for milestone activities

IRM Midterm Status Summary

8. Implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy

Main Objective

“To take appropriate actions to implement the national anti-corruption strategy and alter the culture of corruption and promote transparency and accountability in Nigeria.”


  1. Conduct Corruption Risk Assessment (CRA) for OGP lead MDAs and put in place integrity mechanism
  2. Ministry of Justice to Publish Half-yearly report on the status of the implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy
  3. CJN office to publish Half-yearly report the state of anti-corruption cases in Nigeria
  4. Promote ethical orientation for improved personal ethics through strategic communication, drama, arts, music and reward for integrity by honoring deserving organizations
  5. TUGAR to deploy a framework for the continuous monitoring and reporting of anti-corruption cases by CSOs and MDAs

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Nigeria’s action plan at

Commitment Analysis

The commitment aims to implement Nigeria’s National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NACS). Under Commitment 9 of Nigeria’s 2017–2019 national action plan, the Federal Executive Council adopted NACS in 2017, after 18 years of effort. In 2018, Mr. Abubakar Malami, Nigeria’s attorney general and minister of Justice, launched an inter-institutional monitoring and evaluation committee on NACS implementation, [121] providing oversight to more than 800 MDAs. [122] A critical activity that was not completed under the previous action plan was passage of the Whistleblower Protection Bill, which is still at the National Assembly. [123]

Under the current action plan, this commitment includes several milestones outlining steps to consolidate implementation of NACS. These activities plan to release reports on the status of implementation of the strategy and the number of corruption cases. The Office of the Attorney General and law enforcement agencies will be the main agencies responsible for penalties. [124] They also seek to develop a monitoring framework by CSOs and government agencies, conduct corruption risk assessments for OGP lead agencies, set up integrity mechanisms, and encourage public awareness of ethics. This commitment is relevant to the OGP value of access to information, as it seeks to publish information on the status of anti-corruption cases in Nigeria and NACS implementation.

Implementation of this commitment could lead to minor potential impact on anti-corruption efforts given its milestones and expected goals. NACS intends to increase coordination between government, private sector, and civil society stakeholders in the fight against corruption. Anti-corruption agencies are expected to update strategic plans and develop implementation plans. NACS also includes a monitoring and evaluation component with monthly, quarterly, and annual reports by government agencies and central committees. However, the strategy does not include a concrete macro-level implementation plan and represents a continuation of preexisting efforts on corruption prevention, punitive sanctions, ethics, and asset recovery. [125]

Currently there is no publicly available information on the number of corruption cases initiated or the status of investigations. The National Judicial Council’s website does not offer any relevant information. [126] Publication of these data as foreseen by this commitment could shed light on the prevalence of certain types of corruption-related offences. This could contribute to monitoring the work of law enforcement agencies and detection, investigation, and prosecution of corruption cases. However, the action plan does not specify which details will be published and whether the format of publication will allow for nuanced and systematic analysis. Additionally, the milestones on encouraging ethics and engaging CSOs are vaguely formulated and are not measurable.

The IRM recommends engaging all stakeholders, particularly civil society, in implementation and monitoring of NACS. Another important priority is passage of the Whistleblower Protection Bill, a pending item from Nigeria’s previous action plan.

[122] “Nigeria: Prospects of NaCS As Weapon of Anti-Corruption Fight,” Allafrica/The Guardian, 15 November 2018, in
[123] “Nigeria 2019-2021 National Action Plan”, Open Government Partnership,, p.11; Nigeria – Relevant Legislation – Summary, PPLAAF, in; Nigeria – Whistleblowing, UUBO, in, P.4; “7 THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT NIGERIA’S WHISTLE BLOWER POLICY,” Federal Ministry of Finance Whistleblowing  Portal, Federal Republic of Nigeria, in
[124] Fatima Waziri – Azi, “AN EVALUATION OF THE NIGERIAN NATIONAL ANTI CORRUPTION STRATEGY,”  European Journal of Research in Social Sciences Vol. 5 No. 5, 2017, in
[125] Fatima Waziri – Azi, “AN EVALUATION OF THE NIGERIAN NATIONAL ANTI CORRUPTION STRATEGY,”  European Journal of Research in Social Sciences Vol. 5 No. 5, 2017, in
[126] National Judicial Council


Open Government Partnership