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North Macedonia

Favorable Legal Environment for Social Contracts (MK0117)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Macedonia National Action Plan 2016-2018

Action Plan Cycle: 2016

Status: Inactive

Institutions

Lead Institution: Ministry of Labor and Social Policy

Support Institution(s): Ministry of Local Self-Government, Eli Chakar, State Adviser, elicakar@gmail.com, Local self-government units; SOS, Children’s Village, Macedonia, Zoran Bogdanovski, zoran.bogdanovski@sos.org.mk ; 070 260 957

Policy Areas

Civic Space, Freedom of Association, Legislation & Regulation, Public Service Delivery, Sustainable Development Goals

IRM Review

IRM Report: Macedonia Mid-Term Report 2016-2018

Starred: No

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: No

Relevant to OGP Values: Not Relevant

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

Status quo or problem addressed by the commitment: According to the existing legal regulation, different subjects can offer social services to the community, however, this process has not been developed enough yet. Basically all social services are provided from the central level. In order to improve services for the citizens, more factors need to appear as social service providers, including CO. This model has been practiced in many countries with a developed civil sector, with ensured cooperation with CO, sustainability of CO, as well as service providing in a more efficient way, without any additional binding to human resources. Social entrepreneurship concept in the Republic of Macedonia has not been adequately regulated within the legal system, though some laws and policies provide provisions as a support to future development of the social entrepreneurship. The Law on Civil Associations and Foundations regulates possibilities for the non-government organizations to have business activities, but there is a little exploitation of these opportunities. Many of the non-government organizations possess limited resources and/or face with a donator dependence, which diminishes the possibility for their long-term sustainability. Main objective: Improve social services to citizens in Macedonia pursuant to their needs by creating a favorable legal environment for social contracts, and improvement of national legislation and policies by developing mechanisms for social contracts in the field of social protection in the country. Further objective of this measure is to help create an appropriate environment for social entrepreneurship in civil society organizations (CSOs) and to improve their sustainability, financial viability and social impact. Brief description of commitment: Creating and improving conditions for social services delivery by creating a model for social contracts in the field of child protection and social services. Solving social problems through creative solutions based on business logic and delivered by non-profit organizations. OPG challenge addressed by the commitment: The introduction of this model provides an innovative approach to improve social services quality delivery by involving CSOs, expanding the scope of social services for marginalized groups, as well as greater financial sustainability of CSOs. On the other hand this measure is improving and facilitating citizens' access to social services and their sustainability. Reference to the global objectives of sustainable development: SDG 1 “End poverty in all its forms“ , Target 1.3: To implement national social protection systems and measures to include all and achieve sustainable inclusion of the poor and marginalized until 2030. These measures will improve social services to citizens by improving national legislation. Relevance: Creation of mechanisms for social services delivery by CSOs will increase trust and cooperation between government institutions and civil society, and contribute to greater use of the possibility for delegating functions / responsibilities and improve the quality of services to citizens. The introduction of this model will improve the capacity of the social security system, involving different stakeholders in the delivery of services, which will directly lead to greater competitiveness and quality in accordance with the specific needs of citizens’ social protection. Ambition: -Elaborated document (action plan) with procedures for effective implementation of social contracts for the upcoming 3 years; -Proposals to improve the legal framework for social protection in the country, in accordance with relevant international standards and regulations, which allows the conclusion of social contracts in the field of social protection; -Preparation of draft bylaws on standards for social services, the proposed procedures for the regulation of social contracts in the field of social protection, as well as establishing conditions and procedure for selection of other social services providers. -Promotion of social contract as a model for improving the social services quality and sustainability of civil society in Macedonia and strengthening inter-sectorial collaboration. -Strengthened capacities of 100 CSO representatives, central and local government, institutions and businesses by training for successful implementation of the model of social contracts in the field of social protection.-Establishing business activities and strengthen the social impact of 10 CSOs by re-grant of creative solutions to solve social problems -Improved environment for social entrepreneurship

IRM Midterm Status Summary

7.1 Favorable legal environment for social contracts

Improve social services to citizens in Macedonia pursuant to their needs by creating a favorable legal environment for social contracts, and improvement of national legislation and policies by developing mechanisms for social contracts in the field of social protection in the country. Further objective of this measure is to help create an appropriate environment for social entrepreneurship in civil society organizations (CSOs) and to improve their sustainability, financial viability and social impact.

- Elaborated document (action plan) with procedures for effective implementation of social contracts for the upcoming 3 years;

- Proposals to improve the legal framework for social protection in the country, in accordance with relevant international standards and regulations, which allows the conclusion of social contracts in the field of social protection;

- Preparation of draft bylaws on standards for social services, the proposed procedures for the regulation of social contracts in the field of social protection, as well as establishing conditions and procedure for selection of other social services providers.

- Promotion of social contract as a model for improving the social services quality and sustainability of civil society in Macedonia and strengthening inter-sectorial collaboration.

- Strengthened capacities of 100 CSO representatives, central and local government, institutions and businesses by training for successful implementation of the model of social contracts in the field of social protection.

- Establishing business activities and strengthen the social impact of 10 CSOs by re-grant of creative solutions to solve social problems

- Improved environment for social entrepreneurship

(Ministry of Labor and Social Policy; Ministry of Local Self-Government, Local self-government units, SOS Children’s Village. July 2016 – June 2017)

Editorial Note: The commitment text provided above is a truncated version of the action plan. For the full text, please refer to https://www.opengovpartnership.org/sites/default/files/MK_NAP3_Eng_0.docx

Context and Objectives

In the Republic of Macedonia, almost all social services are provided at the central level. The existing legal regulation allows for different legal entities to offer social services to the community. However, this process has not been developed enough in terms of creating and improving conditions for social services delivery. This can be improved by creating a model for social contracts in the field of child protection and social services, as well as by enabling an appropriate environment for social entrepreneurship in civil society organizations (CSOs) to improve their sustainability, financial viability and social impact. This commitment aims to achieve this objective through five different activities: draft standards for social services delivery by CSOs and increase public awareness; develop and draft model for social agreements; create a proposal for improving the selection process and granting permission for social services delivery to CSOs; develop financial mechanisms to provide start-up grants for 10 NGOs for business ideas solving social problems; and promote social entrepreneurship and creative solutions to solve social problems.

This commitment is new, and previously no measures have been undertaken to comprehensively improve social services. If fully implemented, the commitment could have a moderate impact enabling an environment for CSOs to deliver social services. However, while these initiatives could lead to positive change in service delivery, as written this commitment is of unclear relevance to OGP values. It is not clear that new access to information, opportunities for civic participation in decision making, or accountability mechanisms will be implemented through the proposed commitment activities. However, these initiatives could improve the quality of social services and subsequently improve the sustainability of civil society in Macedonia and strengthen inter-sectoral cooperation.

Completion

According to the government self-assessment, this commitment is substantially completed. The model for social contracts was introduced on 28 July 2017, and the presentation is available at http://www.sos.mk/novosti-arhiva-ns_article-prestavuvanje-na-inicijativata-za-voveduvanje-na-modelot-na-socijalni-dogovori.nspx. All commitment activities have been fully completed by the CSOs involved, primarily led by SOS Children’s Village, Detsko Selo, and the Center for Research and Policy Making (CRPM).

With regards to the fourth commitment activity, a capacity-building program for social entrepreneurship involving 30 organizations has been developed by CRPM. Additionally, 10 start-up grants have been awarded to NGOs for social business and an 18-month mentoring program for new start-up social enterprises has also been developed.

Next Steps

It is unclear how responsibility will be shared between local self-government units and CSOs and therefore the commitment is not recommended to be carried forward.



North Macedonia's Commitments

  1. Awareness-Raising About Access to Information Rights

    MK0121, 2018, Capacity Building

  2. Public Access to Central Register of the Republic of Macedonia

    MK0122, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  3. Mapping Homeless and Socially Endangered Families and Individuals

    MK0123, 2018, E-Government

  4. Monitoring Property Status of Elected and Appointed Officials

    MK0124, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  5. Assessment of Anti-Corruption Legislation

    MK0125, 2018, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  6. Open Treasury

    MK0126, 2018, E-Government

  7. Publishing Procurement Information

    MK0127, 2018, E-Government

  8. Health Sector Transparency and Establish a Cost Impact Assessment Mechanism

    MK0128, 2018, Capacity Building

  9. Employment Program Transparency and Impact Assessment Mechanism

    MK0129, 2018, Capacity Building

  10. Cataloging Data Sets in State Institutions

    MK0130, 2018, E-Government

  11. Regional Open Data Initiatives

    MK0131, 2018, Open Data

  12. Financial Transparency Tools

    MK0132, 2018, E-Government

  13. Improvement in Local Public Service Delivery

    MK0133, 2018, Beneficial Ownership

  14. Inclusive Local Decision-Making

    MK0134, 2018, Gender

  15. To Resilient Skopje Via Data Availability

    MK0135, 2018, Infrastructure & Transport

  16. Access to Justice Development

    MK0136, 2018, Justice

  17. Improving Access to Justice for Marginalized Groups of Citizens

    MK0137, 2018, Capacity Building

  18. Awareness-Raisinga About Climate Change

    MK0138, 2018, Environment and Climate

  19. National Assembly Capacity-Building

    MK0139, 2018, Capacity Building

  20. Increasing the Financial Transparency of the Assembly of RM

    MK0140, 2018, Fiscal Transparency

  21. Parliamentary TV Channel

    MK0141, 2018, E-Government

  22. Citizen Participation in Assembly

    MK0142, 2018, E-Government

  23. #N/A

    MK0143, 2018, Legislature

  24. Creation of Open Data Standards

    MK0089, 2016, Legislation & Regulation

  25. Improvement of the Open Data Platform and Its Approximation to the Citizens

    MK0090, 2016, Capacity Building

  26. Rising Awareness of Open Data

    MK0091, 2016, Capacity Building

  27. Cataloging and Categorization of Data Sets Held by State Institutions

    MK0092, 2016, E-Government

  28. Open Data Linking on the State Institutions’ Portals

    MK0093, 2016, E-Government

  29. Improvement and Facilitation of the Access to Information

    MK0094, 2016, Capacity Building

  30. Implementation of the Law on Whistle-Blower Protection and Raising the Awareness for Whistle-Blowing

    MK0095, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  31. Open Data on Property Status of Elected and Appointed Persons

    MK0096, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  32. Promotion of Integrity, Transparency and Accountability on Local Level and Monitoring the Progress

    MK0097, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  33. Promotion of Cooperation and Increased Proactivity in the Prevention of Corruption and Conflict of Interests

    MK0098, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  34. Starred commitment Open Budget Initiative

    MK0099, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  35. Open Data on Health Programs

    MK0100, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  36. Creating a Legal Obligation for the Contracting Authorities for Mandatory Publication of Information Regarding the Public Procurement Contracts on Their Websites

    MK0101, 2016, Fiscal Transparency

  37. Involving Representatives of Associations and Foundations, As Well As Other Civil Society Organizations, in Transparent and Objective Manner in Sector Working Groups for Planning and Programming of IPA 2

    MK0102, 2016, Public Participation

  38. Publication of Data on Signed Contracts and Received Assistance Through Infrastructure Development Program (Orio) Netherlands

    MK0103, 2016, Aid

  39. Introduction of a Publicly Accessible Register of Concession Contracts

    MK0104, 2016, E-Government

  40. Increased Budgetary Fund Benefits in Preventive and Curative Health Protection for Citizens

    MK0105, 2016, Capacity Building

  41. Publication of Data on Planned and Realized Domestic and Foreign Assistance for Rural Development and Agriculture on a Quarterly Basis

    MK0106, 2016, Aid

  42. Determination of Data on State Assistance to Be Published and Their Publication

    MK0107, 2016, Aid

  43. Developing Standards for Transparency and Open Data on Local Level

    MK0108, 2016, Capacity Building

  44. Establishment of New Tools to Improve Financial Transparency and Accountability of Local Self-Government Units

    MK0109, 2016, Capacity Building

  45. Improvement of the Institutional Consultation Mechanism at the Local Level

    MK0110, 2016, Capacity Building

  46. Capacity Strengthening for Cooperation Between the Local Self-Government Units and Civil Organizations

    MK0111, 2016, Capacity Building

  47. Monitoring and Evaluation of Service Quality at the Local Level

    MK0112, 2016, Capacity Building

  48. Improvement of the Local Level Social Services

    MK0113, 2016, Capacity Building

  49. Improvement of Disabled People Social Inclusion at the Local Level

    MK0114, 2016, E-Government

  50. Improvement of the Local Level Communal Services

    MK0115, 2016, Capacity Building

  51. More Information for the Citizens on the Ombudsman Institution

    MK0116, 2016, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  52. Favorable Legal Environment for Social Contracts

    MK0117, 2016, Civic Space

  53. Developing Climate Policies at National Level in a Transparent and Participatory Manner

    MK0118, 2016, Environment and Climate

  54. Open Data on Climate Change at National and Local Level

    MK0119, 2016, Capacity Building

  55. Ensuring Private Sector Accountability and Involvement in National Climate Change Action

    MK0120, 2016, E-Government

  56. Advancement of the Consultation Process with Stakeholders in the Policy Creating Process

    MK0087, 2016, E-Government

  57. Cooperation Advancement with the Civil Sector

    MK0088, 2016, Capacity Building

  58. Enhancement of the ENER Portal and Optimization of the Process of Public Consultation

    MK0036, 2014, E-Government

  59. Implementation of the Measures from the Strategy for Cooperation of the Government with the Civil Society (2012-2017)

    MK0037, 2014, E-Government

  60. Strengthening the Rules for Work and Use of ENER

    MK0038, 2014, E-Government

  61. Publication of the Results of Using ENER - " Mirror of the Government "

    MK0039, 2014, E-Government

  62. Monitoring of Openness of Government Institutions in the Processes of Policy Making and Law Drafting "Mirror of the Government: Public Participation in the Process of Law Drafting" Annual Report – Assessment Of:

    MK0040, 2014, Public Participation

  63. Capacity Building of Civil Society Organizations to Monitor the Implementation of Policies

    MK0041, 2014, Capacity Building

  64. Raising the Awareness About the Benefits of Open Government Partnership:

    MK0042, 2014, Capacity Building

  65. Greater Public Awareness and Use of Participatory Policy Making Through the Internet Portal e-Democracy by the Institutions, Companies, Chambers, Civil Society and Citizens

    MK0043, 2014, E-Government

  66. Starred commitment Establishing of an Advisory Body to Promote Cooperation, Dialogue and Encourage the Development of the Civil Society, Composed of Representatives of the Government, Administrative Bodies and Civil Society Organizations

    MK0044, 2014, Public Participation

  67. Improved Implementation of the Code of Good Practice for the Participation of Civil Society in the Policy Making Process

    MK0045, 2014, Capacity Building

  68. Open Data of the Bodies and Public Sector Institutions According to Their Technical Features Which They Create in Exercise of Their Powers That Will Be Made Available for Use

    MK0046, 2014, Open Data

  69. Setting of Technical Standards for the Data Format and the Manner of Its Publication Prescribed by the Minister of Information Society and Administration.

    MK0047, 2014, Open Data

  70. Establishing a Central Catalog of Public Sector Data Published for Use Based on a Catalog of Data from the Bodies and the Institutions of the Public Sector Www.Otvorenipodatoci.Gov.Mk (Opendata.Gov.Mk)

    MK0048, 2014, E-Government

  71. Establishing a Database for the Contact Person in the Bodies and Institutions of the Public Sector Where a Contact Person Shall Be Appointed Responsible for the Technical Adaptation and Publishing of Data for Use, Their Publication on the Website of the Authority and Responsibilities for the Accuracy of the Catalog Data Www.Opendata.Gov.Mk.

    MK0049, 2014, Open Data

  72. Introducing the Possibility for Submission of a Request by the Interested Parties for New Datasets for Use.

    MK0050, 2014, Open Data

  73. Establishing a Platform for Data Mashing (Pilot 11 Institutions)

    MK0051, 2014, E-Government

  74. Trainings for Implementation of the Law on Use of Data from the Public Sector

    MK0052, 2014, Capacity Building

  75. Raising Public Awareness About the Right to Free Access to Public Information Through the Created and Conducted Media Presentations and Educational Campaign

    MK0053, 2014, Capacity Building

  76. Establishing of Inter-Sector Working Group for Determining the Compliance with the Convention of the Council of Europe for Access to Public Documents and Setting National Legal Requirements for Accession to the Convention

    MK0054, 2014, Public Participation

  77. Educating Officers and Officials at the Information Holders (Commission for Protection of the Right to Free Access to Public Information)

    MK0055, 2014, Capacity Building

  78. Making a New Web Site of the Commission (Ministry of Information Society and Administration)

    MK0056, 2014, E-Government

  79. Regular Posting and Updating the List of Information Holders

    MK0057, 2014, Capacity Building

  80. Availability of All Public Information on the Web Sites of the Information Holders (All Holders)

    MK0058, 2014, Capacity Building

  81. Improving the Financial and Human Resources of the Commission (Ministry of Finance, the Commission for Protection of the Right to Free Access to Public Information and the Ministry of Information Society and Administration)

    MK0059, 2014, Capacity Building

  82. Increasing the Cooperation of the Commission with Associations and Foundations and Municipalities in RM Through Memorandum of Cooperation

    MK0060, 2014, Capacity Building

  83. Publishing Information About Budget and Program Implementation of Health Budgets, with Particular Focus on the Budgetary and Financial Implementation of Preventive Programs of the Ministry of Health, Obtained Through a Procedure of Access to Public Information Www.Esem.Org.Mk

    MK0061, 2014, E-Government

  84. Amending the Law on Free Access to Public Information (Ministry of Justice)

    MK0062, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  85. Starred commitment Adoption of Amendments to the Law on Prevention of Corruption in the Direction Of:

    MK0063, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  86. Implementation of Activities to Raise Awareness of Public Administration and Citizens to Report Corruption and Other Unlawful and Impermissible Actions

    MK0064, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  87. Introducing Guidelines to the Integrity System and Their Further Piloting in the Municipalities and Central Level Institutions

    MK0065, 2014, Capacity Building

  88. Defining a Methodology for Assessing the Risks of Corruption by Updating the Concept of Integrity

    MK0066, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  89. Developing a Methodology for Monitoring the Progress of Implementation of Integrity Systems (Integrity Index) for Local Self Governments

    MK0067, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  90. Developing a Methodology for Monitoring Progress in Implementation of Integrity Systems by the Civil Society (Through Tools for Social Responsibility)

    MK0068, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  91. Continuously Promote the Use of It Tools for Social Responsibility in the Municipalities and Other Institutions

    MK0069, 2014, Capacity Building

  92. Building the Capacity of Civil Society Organizations to Monitor Anti-Corruption Practices At the Local Level Through Research and a LOTOS Study

    MK0070, 2014, Anti-Corruption Institutions

  93. Defining the Scope of the Elected and Appointed Persons Who Are Obliged to Submit Declarations of Assets and Interests Statement - Preparation of the Register

    MK0071, 2014, Asset Disclosure

  94. Implementation of the Open Budget Initiative

    MK0072, 2014, Fiscal Transparency

  95. Starred commitment Public Procurement

    MK0073, 2014, Open Contracting and Procurement

  96. Foreign Aid and Foreign Investment

    MK0074, 2014, Aid

  97. Developing Capacities at Local Level for the Implementation of Mechanisms for Proactive Communication with Citizens

    MK0075, 2014, Capacity Building

  98. Establish an Electronic Platform (Dashboard) with Indicators for the Budget and Delivery of Local Services

    MK0076, 2014, E-Government

  99. Improving Local Services Through Direct Collaboration with Citizens

    MK0077, 2014, Public Participation

  100. Transforming the Part of Local Services in e- Services

    MK0078, 2014, E-Government

  101. Participatory Policy Making at the Local Level- Obligatory Consultations with Citizens in Drafting/Amending of the Most Important Acts and Documents in the Local Government (Budget, Strategies, Urban Plans, Statute)

    MK0079, 2014, Legislation & Regulation

  102. Increasing Accountability and Promoting the Concept of Informed Consumers and Citizens, Service Users and Rights Through:

    MK0080, 2014, Capacity Building

  103. Publication of the Results of the Projects for Evaluation of Public Administration

    MK0081, 2014, Capacity Building

  104. Inclusive Elementary and Secondary Education for Persons with Disabilities

    MK0082, 2014, Education

  105. Enforcement Activities of the Center for Safer Internet Action Plan in Accordance with (Inhope Macedonia)

    MK0083, 2014, Capacity Building

  106. Analysis of the Results Obtained in Field Research at the National Level to Implement the Program

    MK0084, 2014, Capacity Building

  107. Informing Women on the Rights and the Services Available to Them with the Programme

    MK0085, 2014, Capacity Building

  108. Increasing Responsibilities and Promote the Concept of Environmental Protection (DEM – AD Treska, Makedonski Brod and Other Stakeholders):

    MK0086, 2014, Environment and Climate

  109. ENER online Participatory Tool in Legislation Drafting

    MK0001, 2012, Public Participation

  110. Www.E-Demokratija.Gov.Mk - on Line Tool for Participatory Policy Making

    MK0002, 2012, E-Government

  111. Introduction of Online Petitions

    MK0003, 2012,

  112. Implementation of the Strategy for Cooperation of the Government with the Civil Society Sector

    MK0004, 2012, Public Participation

  113. Code of Best Practices for NGO Involvement

    MK0005, 2012, Capacity Building

  114. Www.Opendata.Gov.Mk

    MK0006, 2012, E-Government

  115. Development of Business Model for Open Data

    MK0007, 2012, Open Data

  116. Prioritizing Opening of Data

    MK0008, 2012, Open Data

  117. Use of Inter-Operable Services as Guidance in Opening Data

    MK0009, 2012, Open Data

  118. Plan and Monitor the Implementation of the Plans for Opening the State Institutions Information.

    MK0010, 2012, Open Data

  119. Analyses of the Legal Framework Enabling Open Data.

    MK0011, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  120. Improving Services Through Www.Uslugi.Gov.Mk

    MK0012, 2012, E-Government

  121. Integration of Citizen Logs, Their Update and Publishing

    MK0013, 2012, E-Government

  122. ‘Traffic Light’ Project for Citizens’ Evaluation of the Administration.

    MK0014, 2012, Public Participation

  123. Provision of the Government Services Through Cloud Computing.

    MK0015, 2012, E-Government

  124. Introduction of One-Off Request for the Information from the Citizens.

    MK0016, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  125. Use of Harm Test. and 2. Publication of Information Gathered Through the Free Access Law

    MK0017, 2012, Right to Information

  126. Publication of Easy to Search Public Information.

    MK0018, 2012, Right to Information

  127. Ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on Access to Public Documents.

    MK0019, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  128. Electronic Submission of Requests for Access to Public Character Information.

    MK0020, 2012, E-Government

  129. Training of Access to Information Officers.

    MK0021, 2012, E-Government

  130. Identification of Low Interest Areas for Business Investments. 2.Publication of Research.

    MK0022, 2012, Education

  131. Scientific and Research Cooperation Through the Internet.

    MK0023, 2012, E-Government

  132. Publication of Information from the State Statistical Office for Further Scientific Purposes.

    MK0024, 2012, Education

  133. Available Information About the Inspectorates

    MK0025, 2012, Justice

  134. Introduce Integrity Systems for Anticorruption Policies in the Public Administration.

    MK0026, 2012, Capacity Building

  135. Open Budget Initiative

    MK0027, 2012, Fiscal Transparency

  136. Public Procurements

    MK0028, 2012, E-Government

  137. Foreign Assistance and Foreign Investments

    MK0029, 2012, Aid

  138. Opening of Information by the Municipalities

    MK0030, 2012, Open Data

  139. Free Access to Information Training Local Self-Government Officials

    MK0031, 2012, Capacity Building

  140. Integrity System on Local Level.1. Established Methodology. 2. Piloting in 10 Municipalities.

    MK0032, 2012, Conflicts of Interest

  141. Promotion of Consumers Information in Selected Areas.

    MK0033, 2012, Gender

  142. Availability of Information Related To: Roads Safety, Air Quality, Safety of Workers

    MK0034, 2012, E-Government

  143. Public Health Information

    MK0035, 2012, Health