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Slovak Republic

Publish Beneficial Ownership Data (SK0129)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Slovak Republic Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: NA

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Anti-Corruption, Beneficial Ownership, E-Government, Private Sector, Records Management

IRM Review

IRM Report: Slovakia Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion:

Description

The commitment is a follow-up to the previous action plan which implemented the measurein the adoption of the Counter-Pact Law 16 and takes into account the outcome of the transposition of the EU Directivesmoney laundering; AML (Anti - Money Laundering) Directives. The result of theseactivities is the existence of two official records of the end-users of the benefits, each of thempursues another purpose. The Public Sector Partners Register 17 is publicly available. Legal Registerpersons, entrepreneurs and public authorities, including registers from which they draw final databeneficiaries, it is non-public in the end user benefit data section 18 .In order to ensure greater transparency as well as the objectives of the new European DirectiveParliament and the EU Council against money laundering 19 , full publicity of data needs to be ensuredon end-users of benefits in the register of legal persons, entrepreneurs and public authorities.Because this Directive is not yet in preparation for the OGP 2019-2021 Action Plantransposed into the Slovak legal order, the task will be based on the validand effective legislation at the time of its implementation. The Slovak Republic is obligatory to the European Directiveto transpose the European Parliament and the Council against money laundering by 10 January 2020.In order to enhance transparency in the theme of the end users of the benefits of the Slovak Republicsigned the Declaration of National Commitment to Fulfillment of End User Benefit Principles 20 .It has thus become part of the coalition of Member States of the Open Government Initiative, which aims tothe development of a new global standard aimed at increasing transparency and reducing abuseresources for criminal activities. Information about the end users benefits to the Declarationsubmissions should be made publicly available in accordance with the End User Disclosure Policybenefits.In order to increase transparency, the USSR ROS will cooperate with the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republicwhen publishing end-user benefit statistics so that this information serves a wide rangepublic.

Specific milestone towards the goal:
8. Implement the Principles for Disclosure of End-Beneficiaries within Official Recordsend user benefits
Deadline: until 31 December 2021
Responsible: Minister of Justice of the Slovak Republic
Co-responsible: Chairman of the Statistical Office of the SR, Plenipotentiary of the Government of the Slovak Republic for Developmentcivil society

IRM Midterm Status Summary

4. Ensure full disclosure of beneficial ownership data

Main Objective

“Ensure full disclosure of beneficial ownership data in the register of legal entities, entrepreneurs and public authorities.” [40]   

Milestones

  1. Implement the Disclosure Principles for Beneficial Ownership Data into the framework of official registers on beneficial ownership.

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Slovakia’s action plan at https://www.opengovpartnership.org/documents/slovakia-action-plan-2019-2021/.

IRM Design Report Assessment

Verifiable:

Yes

Relevant:

Yes

Access to Information

Potential impact:

Transformative  

Commitment Analysis

This commitment seeks to apply and implement international beneficial ownership standards to the data held in the Register of Legal Entities, Businesses, and Public Authorities, which currently does not provide beneficial ownership data. Broadening access to information on beneficial ownership has been a priority of previous Slovak governments outside of the scope of OGP, [41] so Commitment 4 is new to Slovakia’s OGP action plan.

The commitment is relevant to the OGP value of access to information because successful implementation will mean information on beneficial owners of all legal entities registered in Slovakia will be publicly available, not just those that receive public money.

In the current system, [42] [43] any organization (other than a public administrative agency) that is in receipt of public money [44] is obliged to register in the Register of Public Sector Partners [45] and disclose their beneficial (real) owners. [46] The legislation includes robust sanction mechanisms if inaccurate information is provided, such as fines up to EUR 1 million, removal from the company register, and a ban on participating in public procurement. [47] The reform was well-received in Slovakia [48] and abroad. [49] Transparency International Slovakia (TIS) have reported that beneficial ownership information of companies participating in high-value public procurement contracts is publicly available. [50] It includes the name of the beneficial owner, their date of birth, address, and a unique identifier of the company. At the time of writing this report (April 2020), [51] more than 30,000 entities were registered in the Register of Public Sector Partners.

However, despite its benefits, CSOs, TIS in particular, [52] pointed to several deficiencies in the publicly available information, e.g., data inconsistency and a lack of interoperability and interconnectedness of government registers, and demonstrated there is room for improvement. As a member of the Beneficial Ownership Leadership Group, [53] Slovakia has signed up to the principle that beneficial ownership data should be available as high-quality open data. [54] These deficiencies could, therefore, be addressed by implementing the beneficial ownership transparency disclosure principles as foreseen in the commitment. 

This commitment to implement the Disclosure Principles means that Slovakia would go further than other EU countries in its implementation of the fifth EU Anti-Money Laundering Directive. Slovakia is due to complete transposition of the Directive, [55] which aims to broaden access to beneficial ownership information through publicly available central registers. In February, the European Commission sent the letter of formal notice to the Slovak government [56] “for not having notified any implementation measures for the 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive”. [57] However, some steps had been taken already towards the Directive’s implementation. Government Resolution no. 496/2018 [58] appointed the Interior Ministry (in collaboration with the Finance Ministry and Justice Ministry) to submit the draft law that would ensure the transposition of the Directive by 31 March 2019. In May 2019, the government approved [59] the action plan to combat the use of the financial system for money laundering and terrorist financing for the period 2019-2022. [60] The resolution also stated that Article 32a of the 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive, [61] which requires the EU member states to establish centralized platforms for the publication of the beneficial ownership information of all companies, has to be transposed by 10 September 2020. 

The commitment reforms, in particular, the Register of Legal Entities, Businesses, and Public Authorities, operated by the Statistical Office. As the commitment pledges to ensure full disclosure of beneficial ownership data in the Register of Legal Entities, Businesses, and Public Authorities [62] it could have a transformative potential impact as it will substantially increase access to information on beneficial owners. Based on the information provided by the Statistical Office, [63] the number of economic entities in the Register of Legal Entities, Businesses, and Public Authorities (regardless of their legal form) was more than 630,000 in 2019. At the time of writing this report (April 2020), public access to the information in the register was limited without registration and an advanced search was available for registered users only. [64] At that time, it was also unclear whether the Register of Legal Entities, Businesses, and Public Authorities will only be modified to allow full disclosure of beneficial ownership data or whether it will also be merged with the Register of Public Sector Partners.

Data from the Register of Public Sector Partners has been instrumental in documenting true beneficiaries of companies who were known for winning government bids under dubious circumstances. The register confirmed that one of the beneficial owners of Váhostav - SK, a.s. (a construction company) [65] is Juraj Široký, [66] who is an alleged sponsor of the ruling Smer-SD party. [67] Using data from the Slovak register, Transparency International Czech Republic found out -despite claims to the contrary- [68] that Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babiš [69] continued to hold a conflict of interest as the beneficial owner of Agrofert (an agro-food conglomerate), the controlling company of the Agrofert Group. This qualifies as a conflict of interest, [70] as companies owned by politicians are not eligible for European Structural and Investment funds (ESIF), and companies belonging to the Agrofert Group received EUR 42 million in 2013 to EUR 82 million in 2017 in ESIF funds [71] and also participated in projects subsidized by the Rural Development Program of the Czech Republic. At the same time, Babiš acted as a chair of the Czech Council for the ESIF. The revelations prompted the European Parliament to adopt the resolution on conflicts of interest and the protection of the EU budget in the Czech Republic, [72] which urged the European Commission to recuperate “all funds that have been illegally or irregularly paid out”. [73]

In light of the above, the commitment to “ensure full disclosure of beneficial ownership data” is important and might have a transformative impact. If fully implementedt has the potential to significantly increase the number of registered entities in Slovakia that must provide access to information on the real owners of companies. While not an aim of the commitment, it is worth noting its implementation could aid watchdogs like investigative journalists and anti-corruption CSOs in uncovering examples of money laundering or other hidden criminal activity.

[40] Office of the Plenipotentiary, Open Government Partnership National Action Plan of the Slovak Republic 2020 – 2021, https://bit.ly/3bhUmmu
[41] Mária Žuffová, Open Government Partnership, IRM Slovakia Design Report 2017–2019, http://bit.ly/2nOTrpw
[42] Slov-lex (Legal and information portal), Ministry of Justice, Zákon č. 315/2016 Z. z. o registri partnerov verejného sektora a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov (The Act no. 315/2016 Coll. on the Register of public sector partners), http://bit.ly/2B71EbM (in Slovak).
[43] National Council of the Slovak Republic, Vládny návrh zákona o registri partnerov verejného sektora a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov (Government Act on the register of public sector partners), https://bit.ly/3cLlKtj (in Slovak).
[44] The exact definition of public sector partner is set in the legislation. The threshold in the legislation was a receipt of more than EUR 100,000 in a single instalment or more than EUR 250,000 per calendar year in the case of repeated renumeration.
[45] Ministry of Justice, Beneficial ownership register, https://rpvs.gov.sk/rpvs (in Slovak). 
[46] The exact definition of public sector partner is set in the legislation. The threshold in the legislation was a receipt of more than EUR 100,000 in a single instalment or more than EUR 250,000 per calendar year in the case of repeated renumeration.
[47] The Slovak Spectator, Parliament adopts anti-shell law, https://bit.ly/2VVYC4j
[48] Labant, Juraj and Gabriel Šípoš, The Register of Beneficial Ownership in Slovakia: Revolutionary transparency, questionable implementation, unsure benefits. Transparency International Slovakia, http://bit.ly/2B73dGG
[49] Open Government Partnership, Lessons from reformers, https://bit.ly/3cohAHm
[50] Labant, Juraj and Gabriel Šípoš, The Register of Beneficial Ownership in Slovakia: Revolutionary transparency, questionable implementation, unsure benefits. Transparency International Slovakia, http://bit.ly/2B73dGG
[51] In particular, 30,409 public sector partners were registered on 24 April 2020.
[52] Labant, Juraj and Gabriel Šípoš, The Register of Beneficial Ownership in Slovakia: Revolutionary transparency, questionable implementation, unsure benefits. Transparency International Slovakia, http://bit.ly/2B73dGG
[53] Open Government Partnership, Beneficial Ownership Leadership Group, https://bit.ly/3cPGzUC
[54] Beneficial Ownership Leadership Group, Declaration of national commitment to meet the Beneficial Ownership Transparency Disclosure Principles, https://www.openownership.org/uploads/oo-disclosure-principles.pdf
[55] Official Journal of the European Union, Directive (EU) 2018/843 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 amending Directive (EU) 2015/849 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, and amending Directives 2009/138/EC and 2013/36/EU, https://bit.ly/2xbvGgC
[56] European Commission, February infringements package: key decisions, https://bit.ly/3bOCoIc
[57] In February, the European Commission sent the letter of formal notice to the Slovak government  “for not having notified any implementation measures for the 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive. In line with the EU law, member states have two months to provide a detailed response. If the Commission concludes that the country is failing to abide by the EU law, it may send a reasoned opinion (a formal request to comply with the EU law). This two-month period for the Slovak government to respond passed during the change in government and the COVID-19 pandemic.
[58] Government Office, Government resolution no. 496/2018 (10 October 2018), https://rokovania.gov.sk/RVL/Resolution/17313/ (in Slovak).
[59] Government Office, Government resolution no. 207/2019 (16 May 2019), https://rokovania.gov.sk/RVL/Resolution/17689/1 (in Slovak).
[60] Slov-lex (Legal and information portal), Ministry of Justice, Akčný plán boja proti legalizácii príjmov z trestnej činnosti a financovaniu terorizmu na obdobie rokov 2019-2022, (Action plan to combat the use of the financial system for money laundering and terrorist financing for the period 2019-2022), https://bit.ly/2YqKXFg (in Slovak).
[61] Official Journal of the European Union, Directive (EU) 2018/843 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 amending Directive (EU) 2015/849 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, and amending Directives 2009/138/EC and 2013/36/EU, https://bit.ly/2xbvGgC
[62] The Register of legal entities, businesses, and public authorities, https://rpo.statistics.sk/rpo/#search (in Slovak).
[63] Statistical Office, Economic entities in Slovakia, https://bit.ly/36KNb4A (in Slovak).  
[64] The terms of use, https://rpo.statistics.sk/rpo/#login (in Slovak).
[65] Poracký, Marek (2017), Váhostav vyhral čudnú zákazku, rozhodoval o nej aj Širokého spoločník (Váhostav won a strange contract, Široký’s partner was one of the evaluators), sme.sk, https://bit.ly/2W9tsXF and Marek Nemec (2018), Váhostav ide na Hrad. Zinkasuje 16 miliónov (Váhostav goes to the Castle. It will collect EUR 16 million), hnonline.sk, https://bit.ly/2S5L8SD (in Slovak).
[66] Váhostav - SK, a.s. in the register of public sector partners, https://rpvs.gov.sk/rpvs/Partner/Partner/Detail/9678 and https://rpvs.gov.sk/rpvs/Partner/Partner/Detail/5539 (in Slovak) and The Slovak Spectator, Tycoon Široký is the real owner of Váhostav, https://bit.ly/2xV1NkP   
[67] The Slovak Spectator, Tycoon Široký is the real owner of Váhostav, https://bit.ly/2xV1NkP 
[68] Transparency International Czech Republic, Andrej Babiš is our beneficial owner, says Agrofert, https://bit.ly/2yzuns5
[69] Agrofert, a.s. in the Register of public sector partners, https://rpvs.gov.sk/rpvs/Partner/Partner/Detail/7859 (in Slovak).
[70] Jennifer Rankin (2018), Brussels urged to investigate Czech PM over business empire, The Guardian, https://bit.ly/3bEAius
[71] Ibid.
[72] Legislative Observatory of the European Parliament, 2018/2975(RSP) Resolution on conflicts of interest and the protection of the EU budget in the Czech Republic, https://bit.ly/3eYs1ns
[73] Ibid.

Commitments

  1. Publish Implementation Plans for Regulations

    SK0126, 2019, E-Government

  2. Regularly Publish Government Datasets

    SK0127, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Publish Data on Use of EU Grant Funding

    SK0128, 2019, Aid

  4. Publish Beneficial Ownership Data

    SK0129, 2019, Anti-Corruption

  5. Educational Resources Portal

    SK0130, 2019, Capacity Building

  6. National Open Science Strategy

    SK0131, 2019, Capacity Building

  7. Continuous Education for Participatory Policymaking

    SK0132, 2019, Capacity Building

  8. Report on Public Participation in Lawmaking

    SK0133, 2019, Public Participation

  9. Civil Society - Government Partnerships

    SK0134, 2019, Local Commitments

  10. Legislation Materials Portal

    SK0135, 2019, Access to Information

  11. Monitor Fulfillment of the Next Action Plan

    SK0136, 2019, Public Participation

  12. Open Data Portal

    SK0058, 2017, Access to Information

  13. Submit a Draft Law on Data to the Government.

    SK0059, 2017, Access to Information

  14. Public Administration Employee Training

    SK0060, 2017, Access to Information

  15. Data Publication Standards

    SK0061, 2017, Access to Information

  16. Update Open Data Portal

    SK0062, 2017, Access to Information

  17. Open Data Publication

    SK0063, 2017, Access to Information

  18. Open Data Awareness-Raising

    SK0064, 2017, Access to Information

  19. Survey About Open Data

    SK0065, 2017, Access to Information

  20. Publish Open Data

    SK0066, 2017, Access to Information

  21. Analysis of Open Data

    SK0067, 2017, Access to Information

  22. Open Data Strategy

    SK0068, 2017, Access to Information

  23. Develop Standards for Publicly Available Application Programming Interfaces and Submit Them to the Commission for the Standardization of Information Systems in Public Administration.

    SK0069, 2017, E-Government

  24. Ensure Open Data Publication

    SK0070, 2017, Access to Information

  25. Survey of Public Demand for Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0071, 2017, E-Government

  26. Publish Application Programming Interfaces

    SK0072, 2017, Access to Information

  27. Enable the Disclosure of Source Code and Development Using Open Methods for Newly Developed Plug-Ins and Extensions of Web Browsers and Client Applications.

    SK0073, 2017, Access to Information

  28. Custom-Made Information Systems

    SK0074, 2017, Access to Information

  29. Publish Open Source Software Data

    SK0075, 2017, Access to Information

  30. Study About Open Source Software

    SK0076, 2017, Access to Information

  31. Feasibility Study on NGO Satellite Account

    SK0077, 2017, Access to Information

  32. Define the Minimum Scope and Structure of the Disclosed Data on the Use of European Structural and Investment Funds, the EEA Financial Mechanism, Norwegian Financial Mechanism, the Swiss Financial Mechanism and Subsidy Schemes From the State Budget.

    SK0078, 2017, Aid

  33. Publish Financial Data

    SK0079, 2017, Access to Information

  34. Propose Changes to Central Register of Contracts Regulation

    SK0080, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  35. Create Space for the Publication of Local Self-Government (Municipality) Contracts in a Single Central Repository.

    SK0081, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  36. Establish and Operate a Repository of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic for Storage, Long-Term Archiving and Access to Educational Resources.

    SK0082, 2017, Access to Information

  37. Open Education Resources

    SK0083, 2017, Access to Information

  38. Reach Out to Partners Who Have Provided Educational Resources After 2008 to the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic Or to Its Directly Managed OrGanizations, with a Suggestion to Make Educational Resources Available Under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) Public License.

    SK0084, 2017, E-Government

  39. Enforce Public Licensing

    SK0085, 2017, Education

  40. Make Educational Resources Available in Local Langage

    SK0086, 2017, Education

  41. Ensure Availability of University Textbooks

    SK0087, 2017, Access to Information

  42. Introduce Specific Rules for Open Publication and the Obligation to Provide Free Access of Selected Publicly Funded Publica-Tions

    SK0088, 2017, Access to Information

  43. Analyze the Possibility of Applying Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) Public License As Standard for Selected Works Mandatorily Published in the Central Registry of Theses and Dissertations.

    SK0089, 2017, E-Government

  44. Awareness-Raising About Open Education Resources

    SK0090, 2017, E-Government

  45. Publish the Outcomes of the Approval Process of Educational Resources on the Web-Site of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic.

    SK0091, 2017, Access to Information

  46. To Introduce the Basic Principles of Open Access to Scientific Publications Under a Public License Under the Operational Program Research and Innovation.

    SK0092, 2017, Access to Information

  47. Ensure the Implementation of Public License Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)

    SK0093, 2017, Access to Information

  48. Establish Contact Office for Open Access.

    SK0094, 2017, Access to Information

  49. Establish Conditions for Passportization of Open Research Data Under a Public License and Monitor Its Implementation in Practice.

    SK0095, 2017, Access to Information

  50. Establish and Operate a Repository to Provide Storage, Long-Term Archiving and Ac-Cess to Slovak Scientific and Academic Publications, Research Data and Gray Literature.

    SK0096, 2017, Access to Information

  51. Design Systematic Benchmarking Monitoring Mechanisms for the Measurement and Comparison and Propose Further Analyses Related to Acquiring, Processing and Re-Use of Research Data and Open Access Scientific Publications.

    SK0097, 2017, Access to Information

  52. Raise Awareness About Open Access in Academic Community

    SK0098, 2017, Access to Information

  53. Participate in International Coordination on Open Education Reforms

    SK0099, 2017, Access to Information

  54. Participatory Public Policy

    SK0100, 2017, E-Government

  55. Citizen-Traingin on Public Policy Making

    SK0101, 2017, Capacity Building

  56. Create Engaging Public Policies

    SK0102, 2017, Capacity Building

  57. Government Employee Peer-Exchange

    SK0103, 2017, Capacity Building

  58. Evaluate Identified Participatory Processes of Creation and Implementation of Pub-Lic Policies and Disseminate Examples of Good Practice Based on This Evaluation.

    SK0104, 2017, Capacity Building

  59. Promote Partnership and Dialogue Between Public Authorities, Citizens and NGOs at National, Regional and Local Level in the Area of Participatory Public Policy-Making.

    SK0105, 2017, Capacity Building

  60. Propose a Recommendation of Internal Guidelines on the Use of Free On-Line Tools in Participatory Creation of Public Policies.

    SK0106, 2017, Capacity Building

  61. Create Learning Tools in the Field of Participation.

    SK0107, 2017, Capacity Building

  62. Use Educational Tools About Participation in Formal Education Using Informal Learn-Ing Methods.

    SK0108, 2017, E-Government

  63. Develop Recommendations for Embedding Participatory Processes Into Organiza-Tional Processes, Internal Guidelines and Other Documents for the Needs of Central Government Bodies.

    SK0109, 2017, Capacity Building

  64. Reassess the Implementation of the Publication of Assessments of Judges in Terms of the Clarity and Making Further Analysis Easier

    SK0110, 2017, E-Government

  65. Specify Which Court Decisions Do Not Need to Be Published.

    SK0111, 2017, E-Government

  66. Standardize Submission Requirements for Slov-Lex Portal

    SK0112, 2017, Access to Information

  67. Draft Legislation About the Responsibility of Judges

    SK0113, 2017, E-Government

  68. Draft Legislation to Ensure Public Scrutiny of Judges

    SK0114, 2017, Judiciary

  69. Prepare Legislation That Will Ensure the Publication of the Seat of Office of Individual Prosecutors

    SK0115, 2017, E-Government

  70. Create Draft Legislation to Extend the Right to Recommend Candidates for the Post of Attorney-General.

    SK0116, 2017, Legislation & Regulation

  71. Participatory Analysis of Prosecutor's Affairs

    SK0117, 2017, E-Government

  72. In a Participatory Manner, Analyze the Selection Procedures

    SK0118, 2017, Justice

  73. Awareness-Raising About Anti-Social Activities

    SK0119, 2017, Anti-Corruption

  74. Analyze and Evaluate Preliminary Information and Reports on Public Participation in the Process of Drafting and Commenting on Draft Legislation.

    SK0120, 2017, E-Government

  75. Analyze and Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Electronic Collective Petition.

    SK0121, 2017, E-Government

  76. Identify the Person Responsible for Implementing the Tasks of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019 in the Organization.

    SK0122, 2017, E-Government

  77. Coordinate the Working Group on the Implementation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0123, 2017,

  78. Develop the Final Evaluation of the OGP National Action Plan 2017-2019.

    SK0124, 2017, E-Government

  79. Prepare and Submit for the Government of the Slovak Republic the OGP National Action Plan for the Following Period.

    SK0125, 2017, E-Government

  80. List of Open Data Datasets

    SK0023, 2015, Access to Information

  81. Publish Open Data

    SK0024, 2015, Access to Information

  82. Survey of Open Data

    SK0025, 2015, Access to Information

  83. Publish Relevant Open Datasets

    SK0026, 2015, Access to Information

  84. Starred commitment Open Data Publication Strategy

    SK0027, 2015, Access to Information

  85. Grant Scheme Open Data Portal

    SK0028, 2015, Access to Information

  86. Web Portal Promotion Campaign

    SK0029, 2015, Access to Information

  87. Evaluate Grant Funding Open Data Application

    SK0030, 2015, Access to Information

  88. Digital Education Resources

    SK0031, 2015, Access to Information

  89. Map Existing Repositories

    SK0032, 2015, Access to Information

  90. Analyze Procurement Process for Education Resources

    SK0033, 2015, Access to Information

  91. Textbook Procurement Process

    SK0034, 2015, Access to Information

  92. Pilot Procurement Process

    SK0035, 2015, Access to Information

  93. Raise Awareness of Education Resources

    SK0036, 2015, Access to Information

  94. Join Multilateral Activities in Europe and Beyond That Support the Creation, Improvement, Sharing and Re-Use of Open Educational Resources.

    SK0037, 2015, Access to Information

  95. Map Existing Scientific Repositories

    SK0038, 2015, Access to Information

  96. Identify Barriers to Open Data Access

    SK0039, 2015, Access to Information

  97. Submit Analysis of Open Data Publication

    SK0040, 2015, Access to Information

  98. Data Publication Mechanism

    SK0041, 2015, Access to Information

  99. Raise Awareness About Open Access in Academic Community

    SK0042, 2015, Access to Information

  100. Assist Other Countries with Open Access Strategy

    SK0043, 2015, Access to Information

  101. Participatory Policy-Making

    SK0044, 2015, Public Participation

  102. Workshops on Public Involvement in Policymaking

    SK0045, 2015, Capacity Building

  103. Starred commitment Develop Public Policy with Civil Society

    SK0047, 2015, Civic Space

  104. Starred commitment Develop Criteria for Evaluating Participation in Policymaking

    SK0048, 2015, Public Participation

  105. Evaluate Policy Creation

    SK0049, 2015, Public Participation

  106. Map Legislative Environments

    SK0050, 2015, Open Parliaments

  107. Carry Out a Public Campaign to Promote the Collective Electronic Petitions.

    SK0051, 2015, Capacity Building

  108. Publish Evaluation of Justices

    SK0052, 2015, Judiciary

  109. Analyze Publication of Judicial Decisions

    SK0053, 2015, Judiciary

  110. Uniform Reporting of Judicial Decisions

    SK0054, 2015, Judiciary

  111. Publish List of Names of Prosecutors

    SK0055, 2015, Judiciary

  112. Final Evaluation of OGP Action Plan

    SK0056, 2015, Public Participation

  113. Develop Next Action Plan

    SK0057, 2015, Public Participation

  114. Starred commitment Open Data Portal Launch

    SK0001, 2012, Access to Information

  115. Publishing Datasets

    SK0002, 2012, Access to Information

  116. Datasets Mapping

    SK0003, 2012, Access to Information

  117. Data Standards

    SK0004, 2012, Access to Information

  118. Improved Register of Contracts

    SK0005, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  119. Starred commitment Continuous Dataset Publising

    SK0006, 2012, Access to Information

  120. Starred commitment ITMS Dataset

    SK0007, 2012, Access to Information

  121. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring

    SK0008, 2012, Fiscal Openness

  122. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Prepare Tender for Web Application

    SK0009, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  123. EU Funds and Subsidies Monitoring – Portal Launch

    SK0010, 2012, E-Government

  124. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0011, 2012, Capacity Building

  125. Starred commitment Apply Participatory Policy Making

    SK0012, 2012, Public Participation

  126. Lawmaking Public Participation Rules

    SK0013, 2012, Legislation & Regulation

  127. Participatory Policy Making

    SK0014, 2012, Public Participation

  128. Collective e-Petitions

    SK0015, 2012, E-petitions

  129. Collective e-Petitions – Draft Amendment

    SK0016, 2012, E-petitions

  130. OGP Steering Committee

    SK0017, 2012,

  131. Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0018, 2012, Access to Information

  132. Develop Criteria for Transparency Council and Openess Barometer

    SK0019, 2012, Access to Information

  133. Conduct First Evaluation Using Openess Barometer

    SK0020, 2012, Access to Information

  134. Whistleblowers Protection Act

    SK0021, 2012, Anti-Corruption

  135. 2014-2015 Action Plan Development

    SK0022, 2012,

Open Government Partnership