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Sweden

Make Open Data Accessible (SE0018)

Overview

At-a-Glance

Action Plan: Sweden Action Plan 2019-2021

Action Plan Cycle: 2019

Status: Active

Institutions

Lead Institution: Agency for Digital Government

Support Institution(s): NA

Policy Areas

Access to Information, E-Government, Health, Infrastructure & Transport, Labor, Land Rights & Spatial Planning, Local Commitments, Open Data, Public Participation, Public Service Delivery, Science & Technology

IRM Review

IRM Report: Sweden Design Report 2019-2021

Starred: Pending IRM Review

Early Results: Pending IRM Review

Design i

Verifiable: Yes

Relevant to OGP Values: Access to Information , Civic Participation

Potential Impact:

Implementation i

Completion: Pending IRM Review

Description

As a first step and as a way for the public sector to lead the way, government bodies should be appointed to make such data that is considered to have high potential in terms of development, innovation, collaboration and commercial exploitation as accessible as possible. Collaboration with civil society forms part of this commitment, including representatives from civil society joining DIGG’s reference group to conduct a needs analysis and to survey impacts at opendata.se. This work will be launched with three workshops in late summer 2019.

The Government has tasked DIGG with particularly promoting data domains with major potential (I2019/01416/DF, I2019/01020/DF). Within this remit, the agency is initially to prioritise data in the following areas: traffic, labour market, health, geodata and open research data. The work is to be carried out in dialogue and consultation with a range of agencies and other actors affected, including sectoral agencies responsible for these areas and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR). DIGG must also take into account the Swedish Research Council’s work on open research data and Vinnova’s work on open innovation. As well as increasing the capacity of the public sector to make open data accessible, DIGG is also to develop support and guidelines particularly geared towards the needs of those making further use of the data.
• Responsible actor: Agency for Digital Government (DIGG).
• Report to be submitted by: January 31st, 2021.
• Contributes towards OGP principles: Transparency, Technology and Innovation.

IRM Midterm Status Summary

2. Make open data that can best benefit society accessible

Main Objective

"As a first step and as a way for the public sector to lead the way, government bodies should be appointed to make such data that is considered to have high potential in terms of development, innovation, collaboration and commercial exploitation as accessible as possible. Collaboration with civil society forms part of this commitment, including representatives from civil society joining DIGG's reference group to conduct a needs analysis and to survey impacts at opendata.se. This work will be launched with three workshops in late summer 2019.

The Government has tasked DIGG with particularly promoting data domains with major potential (I2019/01416/DF, I2019/01020/DF). Within this remit, the agency is initially to prioritise data in the following areas: traffic, labour market, health, geodata and open research data. The work is to be carried out in dialogue and consultation with a range of agencies and other actors affected, including sectoral agencies responsible for these areas and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR). DIGG must also take into account the Swedish Research Council's work on open research data and Vinnova's work on open innovation. As well as increasing the capacity of the public sector to make open data accessible, DIGG is also to develop support and guidelines particularly geared towards the needs of those making further use of the data."

Editorial Note: For the complete text of this commitment, please see Sweden's 2019-2021 action plan at https://www.opengovpartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/Sweden_Action-Plan_2019-2021_EN.pdf

IRM Design Report Assessment

Verifiable:

Yes

Relevant:

Access to Information, Civic Participation

Potential impact:

Minor

Commitment Analysis

This commitment aims to identify and make more accessible certain priority datasets with "high potential in terms of development, innovation, collaboration and commercial exploitation". According to the commitment, priority data will be identified for the following categories: traffic, labour market, health, geodata, and open research data.

The Agency for Digital Government (DIGG) will lead three workshops with primary data users to inform a needs assessment on the availability and usability of data on Sweden's national open data portal opendata.se. DIGG will also develop guidelines for the public sector on best practices for sharing high-quality open data. According to a DIGG representative, DIGG will update the portal in accordance with the findings of the users' needs assessment. In addition, DIGG will also develop a national application programming interface (API) catalogue to improve the searchability of data on the portal. Moreover, DIGG aims to standardise the frameworks and processes of publishing data in machine-readable formats on the national data portal. Finally, to facilitate communication in digital practices, DIGG will establish a forum for data users and create a section on the portal to publish articles of good examples of re-use in society. [15]

The opening of prioritised datasets makes the commitment relevant to the OGP value of access to information. Furthermore, the planned workshops with civil society stakeholders to assist in data prioritisation makes the commitment relevant to civic participation. The workshops and guidelines are verifiable, though the commitment could have benefited from specific milestones and activities.


According to a DIGG representative, the specific categories of data for this commitment (health, geodata, etc.) have high potential to encourage data-driven innovation and improve Sweden's open data maturity. [16] DIGG will work with responsible agencies who produce data in these categories to improve the standardisation, quality, and access to the data. The point of contact to OGP at the Ministry of Infrastructure also informed the IRM that the Swedish Cadastral and Land Registration Agency (Lantmäteriet) and the Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket) will produce geodata and transport data for this commitment, respectively. [17]

The Swedish Transport Administration publishes its own open data regarding infrastructure and events on state-owned roads and the railway network. However, there is currently no common database for all transport data, even though the dataportal.se has data sources in several different areas, including transport. [18] Furthermore, according to a representative of the Swedish Transport Administration, transport data is in great demand in Sweden with respect to shorter travel times and smarter choices for modes of transport. [19] Mobility is also a priority area in the EU's open data strategy. [20] The Lantmäteriet currently has several e-services for the public to access maps and aerial photos. The data is digitalised according to national and international standards to facilitate reuse. However, the Lantmäteriet currently must charge fees for accessing its geodata. [21]

According to recent analysis by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on digital governance in Sweden, the relevance of the potential benefits of open data for social value is not yet fully acknowledged in Sweden. [22] Therefore, strengthening the publishing practices around certain data categories of high social value could help improve the opendata.se portal as well as Sweden's overall open data maturity. Furthermore, the guidelines to be developed by DIGG could help standardise open data practices across the public sector, particularly around searchability, format, and re-usability. Ultimately, the potential impact of the commitment will depend on the amount of high-value data that is made available and the extent of the improvements to the opendata.se portal. As written in the action plan, the commitment could lead to minor but important improvements in open data in Sweden.

[15] Kristine Ulander, Agency for Digital Government, email correspondence with IRM, 18 September 2020.
[16] Ibid.
[17] Sumbat Daniel Sarkis, point of contact to OGP, Ministry of Infrastructure, email correspondence with IRM, 3 September 2020.
[18] Information provided to the IRM during the pre-publication period of this report by Lars-Olof Hjärp, Swedish Transportation Administration, 20 October 2020.
[19] Ibid.
[21] Information provided to the IRM during the pre-publication period of this report by David Boman, Swedish Cadastral and Land Registration Agency, 7 October 2020.
[22] OECD Digital Government Studies, Digital Government Review of Sweden: Towards a Data-driven Public Sector: Chapter 5, Opening up government data in Sweden: User engagement and value co-creation, https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/sites/f1b77740-en/index.html?itemId=/content/component/f1b77740-en

Commitments

  1. Open Data Plan

    SE0017, 2019, Access to Information

  2. Make Open Data Accessible

    SE0018, 2019, Access to Information

  3. Capacity-Building in Digital Sector

    SE0019, 2019, Access to Information

  4. Dialogue with Civil Society

    SE0020, 2019, Access to Information

  5. Starred commitment Citizen-Centered e-Government

    SE0013, 2016, Access to Information

  6. Re-Use of Public Administration Documents and Open Data

    SE0014, 2016, Access to Information

  7. Transparency in Aid Management

    SE0015, 2016, Aid

  8. Developing a New Format for Dialogue with CSOs

    SE0016, 2016, Public Participation

  9. Putting Citizens at the Centre (Egovernment) of Government Administration Reforms

    SE0008, 2014, Access to Information

  10. A Step Further on the Re-Use of Public Administration Documents

    SE0009, 2014, Capacity Building

  11. Increased Access to Swedish Aid Information

    SE0010, 2014, Access to Information

  12. Improved Opportunities for Dialogue and Transparency in Aid Management and Implementation

    SE0011, 2014, Aid

  13. Increased Aid Transparency at Global Level

    SE0012, 2014, Aid

  14. Continuing the Development of the Openaid.Se Platform

    SE0001, 2012, Aid

  15. Ensuring Full Implementation of the IATI Standard by 2015

    SE0002, 2012, Access to Information

  16. Implementing the Commitments in the Busan Partnership Document

    SE0003, 2012, Access to Information

  17. Playing a Leading Role in the Building Block on Transparency

    SE0004, 2012, Capacity Building

  18. Contributing to Further Define the Work Towards an EU Transparency Guarantee

    SE0005, 2012, Capacity Building

  19. Engaging in the Open Aid Partnership and Promoting ICT4D

    SE0006, 2012, Aid

  20. Broadening Open Government Commitments

    SE0007, 2012,

Open Government Partnership